Toyota Avalon (2019 year). Manual - part 31

 

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Toyota Avalon (2019 year). Manual - part 31

 

 

481

8-1. Specifications

8

Ve
hicle

 spe
cifi

cations

Typical tire size information
The illustration indicates typical
tire size.

Tire use 
(P  =  Passenger  car  [some-
times omitted], 
T = Temporary use)
Section width (millimeters)
Aspect ratio 
(tire height to section width)
Tire construction code (R = Radial, D = Diagonal)
Wheel diameter (inches)
Load index (2 digits or 3 digits)
Speed symbol (alphabet with one letter)

Tire dimensions

Section width
Tire height
Wheel diameter

Tire size

1

2
3

4
5
6
7

1
2
3

482

8-1. Specifications

Bead
Sidewall
Shoulder
Tread
Belt
Inner liner
Reinforcing rubber
Carcass
Rim lines
Bead wires
Chafer

Tire section names

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

10

11

483

8-1. Specifications

8

Ve
hicle

 spe
cifi

cations

This  information  has  been  prepared  in  accordance  with  regulations
issued  by  the  National  Highway  Traffic  Safety Administration  of  the
U.S. Department of Transportation.
It  provides  the  purchasers  and/or  prospective  purchasers  of  Toyota
vehicles with information on uniform tire quality grading.

Your Toyota  dealer  will  help  answer  any  questions  you  may  have  as

you read this information.

DOT quality grades
All passenger vehicle tires must conform to Federal Safety Require-
ments  in  addition  to  these  grades.  Quality  grades  can  be  found
where applicable on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and
maximum section width.

For example: Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A

Treadwear
The  treadwear  grade  is  a  comparative  rating  based  on  the  wear
rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a speci-
fied government test course.

For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half (1 - 1/2)

times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100.

The  relative  performance  of  tires  depends  upon  the  actual  condi-

tions of their use. Performance may differ significantly from the norm

due to variations in driving habits, service practices and differences

in road characteristics and climate.

Traction AA, A, B, C
The  traction  grades,  from  highest  to  lowest,  are AA, A,  B  and  C,
and  they  represent  the  tire’s  ability  to  stop  on  wet  pavement  as
measured under controlled conditions on specified government test
surfaces of asphalt and concrete.

A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking

(straight ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering (turn-

ing) traction.

Uniform Tire Quality Grading

484

8-1. Specifications

Temperature A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing
the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissi-
pate  heat  when  tested  under  controlled  conditions  on  a  specified
indoor laboratory test wheel.

Sustained  high  temperature  can  cause  the  material  of  the  tire  to

degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead

to sudden tire failure.
Grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger

car  tires  must  meet  under  the  Federal  Motor  Vehicle  Safety  Stan-

dard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the labo-

ratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grades of a tire assume that it is properly

inflated and not overloaded.

Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either sepa-

rately  or  in  combination,  can  cause  heat  buildup  and  possible  tire

failure.

485

8-1. Specifications

8

Ve
hicle

 spe
cifi

cations

Glossary of tire terminology

Tire related term

Meaning

Cold tire inflation pres-

sure

Tire  pressure  when  the  vehicle  has  been

parked  for  three  hours  or  more,  or  has  not

been driven more than 1 mile or 1.5 km under

that condition

Maximum 

inflation

pressure

The maximum cold inflated pressure to which

a tire may be inflated, shown on the sidewall

of the tire

Recommended  infla-

tion pressure

Cold tire inflation pressure recommended by a

manufacturer

Accessory weight

The combined weight (in excess of those stan-

dard  items  which  may  be  replaced)  of  auto-

matic  transmission,  power  steering,  power

brakes,  power  windows,  power  seats,  radio

and heater, to the extent that these items are

available  as  factory-installed  equipment

(whether installed or not)

Curb weight

The  weight  of  a  motor  vehicle  with  standard

equipment, including the maximum capacity of

fuel,  oil  and  coolant,  and  if  so  equipped,  air

conditioning  and  additional  weight  optional

engine

Maximum loaded vehi-

cle weight

The sum of:

(a) Curb weight

(b) Accessory weight

(c) Vehicle capacity weight

(d) Production options weight

Normal 

occupant

weight

150 lb. (68 kg) times the number of occupants

specified  in  the  second  column  of  Table  1

*

that follows

Occupant distribution

Distribution of occupants in a vehicle as speci-

fied in the third column of Table 1

*

 below

486

8-1. Specifications

Production 

options

weight

The combined weight of installed regular pro-

duction options weighing over 5 lb. (2.3 kg) in

excess  of  the  standard  items  which  they

replace,  not  previously  considered  in  curb

weight  or  accessory  weight,  including  heavy

duty  brakes,  ride  levelers,  roof  rack,  heavy

duty battery, and special trim

Rim

A  metal  support  for  a  tire  or  a  tire  and  tube

assembly  upon  which  the  tire  beads  are

seated

Rim diameter

(Wheel diameter)

Nominal diameter of the bead seat

Rim size designation

Rim diameter and width

Rim type designation

The industry manufacturer’s designation for a

rim by style or code

Rim width

Nominal distance between rim flanges

Vehicle 

capacity

weight 

(Total 

load

capacity)

The rated cargo and luggage load plus 150 lb.

(68 kg) times the vehicle’s designated seating

capacity

Vehicle maximum load

on the tire

The  load  on  an  individual  tire  that  is  deter-

mined by distributing to each axle its share of

the  maximum  loaded  vehicle  weight,  and

dividing by two

Vehicle normal load on

the tire

The  load  on  an  individual  tire  that  is  deter-

mined by distributing to each axle its share of

curb  weight,  accessory  weight,  and  normal

occupant  weight  (distributed  in  accordance

with Table 1

*

 below), and dividing by two

Weather side

The surface area of the rim not covered by the

inflated tire

Bead

The part of the tire that is made of steel wires,

wrapped or reinforced by ply cords and that is

shaped to fit the rim

Bead separation

A  breakdown  of  the  bond  between  compo-

nents in the bead

Tire related term

Meaning

487

8-1. Specifications

8

Ve
hicle

 spe
cifi

cations

Bias ply tire

A  pneumatic  tire  in  which  the  ply  cords  that

extend  to  the  beads  are  laid  at  alternate

angles  substantially  less  than  90  degrees  to

the centerline of the tread

Carcass

The  tire  structure,  except  tread  and  sidewall

rubber which, when inflated, bears the load

Chunking

The  breaking  away  of  pieces  of  the  tread  or

sidewall

Cord

The strands forming the plies in the tire

Cord separation

The  parting  of  cords  from  adjacent  rubber

compounds

Cracking

Any parting within the tread, sidewall, or inner-

liner of the tire extending to cord material

CT

A  pneumatic  tire  with  an  inverted  flange  tire

and  rim  system  in  which  the  rim  is  designed

with  rim  flanges  pointed  radially  inward  and

the  tire  is  designed  to  fit  on  the  underside  of

the  rim  in  a  manner  that  encloses  the  rim

flanges inside the air cavity of the tire

Extra load tire

A tire designed to operate at higher loads and

at  higher  inflation  pressures  than  the  corre-

sponding standard tire

Groove

The space between two adjacent tread ribs

Innerliner

The  layer(s)  forming  the  inside  surface  of  a

tubeless tire that contains the inflating medium

within the tire

Innerliner separation

The parting of the innerliner from cord material

in the carcass

Intended 

outboard

sidewall

(a) The  sidewall  that  contains  a  whitewall,

bears  white  lettering,  or  bears  manufac-

turer,  brand,  and/or  model  name  molding

that  is  higher  or  deeper  than  the  same

molding on the other sidewall of the tire, or

(b) The  outward  facing  sidewall  of  an  asym-

metrical tire that has a particular side that

must always face outward when mounted

on a vehicle

Tire related term

Meaning

488

8-1. Specifications

Light truck (LT) tire

A  tire  designated  by  its  manufacturer  as  pri-

marily  intended  for  use  on  lightweight  trucks

or multipurpose passenger vehicles

Load rating

The maximum load that a tire is rated to carry

for a given inflation pressure

Maximum load rating

The load rating for a tire at the maximum per-

missible inflation pressure for that tire

Maximum  permissible

inflation pressure

The maximum cold inflation pressure to which

a tire may be inflated

Measuring rim

The  rim  on  which  a  tire  is  fitted  for  physical

dimension requirements

Open splice

Any parting at any junction of tread, sidewall,

or innerliner that extends to cord material

Outer diameter

The overall diameter of an inflated new tire

Overall width

The  linear  distance  between  the  exteriors  of

the sidewalls of an inflated tire, including ele-

vations due to labeling, decorations, or protec-

tive bands or ribs

Passenger car tire

A  tire  intended  for  use  on  passenger  cars,

multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks,

that  have  a  gross  vehicle  weight  rating

(GVWR) of 10,000 lb. or less.

Ply

A layer of rubber-coated parallel cords

Ply separation

A  parting  of  rubber  compound  between  adja-

cent plies

Pneumatic tire

A  mechanical  device  made  of  rubber,  chemi-

cals, fabric and steel or other materials, that,

when  mounted  on  an  automotive  wheel,  pro-

vides the traction and contains the gas or fluid

that sustains the load

Radial ply tire

A  pneumatic  tire  in  which  the  ply  cords  that

extend to the beads are laid at substantially 90

degrees to the centerline of the tread

Reinforced tire 

A tire designed to operate at higher loads and

at  higher  inflation  pressures  than  the  corre-

sponding standard tire

Tire related term

Meaning

489

8-1. Specifications

8

Ve
hicle

 spe
cifi

cations

*

: Table 1 

 Occupant loading and distribution for vehicle normal load for

various designated seating capacities

Section width

The  linear  distance  between  the  exteriors  of

the sidewalls of an inflated tire, excluding ele-

vations due to labeling, decoration, or protec-

tive bands

Sidewall

That  portion  of  a  tire  between  the  tread  and

bead

Sidewall separation

The parting of the rubber compound from the

cord material in the sidewall

Snow tire

A tire that attains a traction index equal to or

greater  than  110,  compared  to  the ASTM  E-

1136  Standard  Reference  Test  Tire,  when

using  the  snow  traction  test  as  described  in

ASTM  F-1805-00,  Standard  Test  Method  for

Single  Wheel  Driving  Traction  in  a  Straight

Line on Snow-and Ice-Covered Surfaces, and
which is marked with an Alpine Symbol ( 

 )

on at least one sidewall

Test rim

The rim on which a tire is fitted for testing, and

may  be  any  rim  listed  as  appropriate  for  use

with that tire

Tread

That  portion  of  a  tire  that  comes  into  contact

with the road

Tread rib

A  tread  section  running  circumferentially

around a tire

Tread separation

Pulling away of the tread from the tire carcass

Treadwear  indicators

(TWI)

The  projections  within  the  principal  grooves

designed  to  give  a  visual  indication  of  the

degrees of wear of the tread

Wheel-holding fixture

The  fixture  used  to  hold  the  wheel  and  tire

assembly securely during testing

Tire related term

Meaning

490

8-1. Specifications

Designated seating 

capacity, Number of 

occupants

Vehicle normal load, 

Number of occupants

Occupant distribution 

in a normally loaded 

vehicle

2 through 4

2

2 in front

5 through 10

3

2 in front, 1 in second 

seat

11 through 15

5

2 in front, 1 in second 

seat, 1 in third seat, 1 

in fourth seat

16 through 20

7

2 in front, 2 in second 

seat, 2 in third seat, 1 

in fourth seat

491

8

Ve
hicle

 spe
cifi

cations

8-2. Customization

When customizing vehicle features, ensure that the vehicle is parked
in a safe place with the shift lever in P and the parking brake set.

Changing on the audio system screen

Press the “MENU” button.
Select “Setup” on the “Menu” screen.
Select “General” or “Vehicle” on the “Setup” screen.

Various setting can be changed. Refer to the list of settings that can
be changed for details.

Changing using the multi-information display
P. 91

Customizable features

Your vehicle includes a variety of electronic features that can be
personalized to suit your preferences. The settings of these fea-
tures can be changed using the multi-information display, on the
audio system screen, or at your Toyota dealer.

Customizing vehicle features

1
2
3

492

8-2. Customization

Some function settings are changed simultaneously with other func-
tions being customized. Contact your Toyota dealer for further details.

Settings that can be changed on the audio system screen
Settings that can be changed by your Toyota dealer

Definition of symbols: O = Available, — = Not available

Gauges, meters and multi-information display (

P. 82, 85)

*

: The default setting varies according to country.

Customizable features

1
2

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Language

English

French

O —

Spanish

Units

*

miles (MPG US)

miles (MPG Imperial)

O —

km (L/100 km)

km (km/L)

Convenience services 
(Suggestion function)

On

On

(when the vehicle is 

stopped)

O O

Off

1 2

493

8-2. Customization

8

Ve
hicle

 spe
cifi

cations

Door lock (

P. 115, 121, 452)

Smart key system and wireless remote control 
(

P. 115, 121, 125)

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Unlocking 

using 

a

mechanical key

Driver’s door 

unlocked in one 

step, all doors 

unlocked in two 

steps

All doors unlocked in 

one step

— O

Automatic door lock

Shift position 

linked door lock-

ing operation

Off

O O

Speed linked door 

locking operation

Automatic door unlock

Shift position 

linked door

unlocking opera-

tion

Off

O O

Driver’s door linked 

door unlocking oper-

ation

Locking/unlocking  of  the
trunk when all doors are
locked/unlocked

On

Off

— O

1 2

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Operating signal 
(Buzzers)

5

Off to 7

O O

Operation signal 
(Emergency flashers) 

On

Off

O O

Time  elapsed  before
automatic 

door 

lock

function  is  activated  if
door  is  not  opened  after
being unlocked

60 seconds

Off

O O

30 seconds

120 seconds

Open 

door 

warning

buzzer

On

Off

— O

1 2

494

8-2. Customization

Smart key system (

P. 115, 121, 125)

Wireless remote control (

P. 112, 115, 121)

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Smart key system

On

Off

— O

Smart door unlocking

All the doors

Driver’s door

O O

Time  elapsed  before
unlocking  all  the  door
when  gripping  and  hold-
ing the driver’s door han-
dle

2 seconds

Off

— O

Number  of  consecutive
door lock operations

2 times

As many as desired — O

1 2

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Wireless remote control

On

Off

— O

Unlocking operation

Driver’s door 

unlocked in one 

step, all doors 

unlocked in two 

steps

All doors unlocked in 

one step

O O

Trunk  unlocking  opera-
tion

Press and hold 

(short)

One short press

— O

Push twice

Press and hold (long)

Off

Panic function

On

Off

— O

Reservation lock

On

Off

O O

1 2

495

8-2. Customization

8

Ve
hicle

 spe
cifi

cations

Power windows and moon roof

*

 (

P. 150, 154)

*

: If equipped

Moon roof

*

 (

P. 154)

*

: If equipped

Driving position memory

*

 (

P. 136)

*

: If equipped

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Mechanical  key  linked
operation

Off

On

— O

Wireless  remote  control
linked operation

Off

On (open only)

— O

Wireless  remote  control
linked  operation  signal
(buzzer)

On

Off

— O

1 2

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Linked operation of com-
ponents  when  mechani-
cal  key  is  used  (open
only)

Slide only

Tilt only

— O

Linked operation of com-
ponents  when  wireless
remote control is used

Slide only

Tilt only

— O

1 2

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Selecting doors linked to
the  memory  recall  func-
tion

Driver’s door

All doors

— O

Driver’s  seat  movement
when exiting the vehicle

Standard

Off

O O

Partial

Steering  wheel  move-
ment

Tilt only

Telescopic only

O O

Tilt & telescopic

Off

1 2

496

8-2. Customization

Automatic light control system (

P. 192)

Lights (

P. 192)

*

: Except for Canada

Intuitive parking assist

*

 (

P. 266)

*

: If equipped

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Light sensor sensitivity

Standard

-2 to 2

O O

Time  elapsed  before
headlights  automatically
turn  off  after  doors  are
closed

30 seconds

Off

O O

60 seconds

90 seconds

1 2

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Daytime  running  light
system

On

Off

*

O O

Welcome lighting

On

Off

— O

Windshield  wiper  linked
headlight illumination

On

Off

— O

1 2

Function

Default setting

Customized setting

Detection distance of the
front center sensor

Far

Near

— O

Detection distance of the
rear center sensor

Far

Near

— O

1 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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