Suzuki Forenza (2008 year). Instruction - part 10

 

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Suzuki Forenza (2008 year). Instruction - part 10

 

 

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
If the warning continues and you have not
If there seems to be no leak, with the
stopped, pull over, stop, and park your
WARNING
engine on, check to see if the electric
vehicle right away.
engine cooling fan is running. If the engine
An electric engine cooling fan under
is overheating, the fan should be running.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle
the hood can start up even when the
If it isn’t, your vehicle needs service.
the engine for three minutes while you’re
engine is not running and can injure
parked. If you still have the warning, turn
you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
CAUTION
off the engine and get everyone out of the
away from any underhood electric
vehicle until it cools down.
fan.
Engine damage from running your
engine without coolant isn’t covered
You may decide not to lift the hood, but to
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank
by your warranty.
get service help right away.
is boiling, don’t do anything else until it
cools down. The vehicle should be parked
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Cooling System
on a level surface. Make sure that the air
Surge Tank
conditioning is turned off.
CAUTION
The coolant level should be between the
MIN and MAX marks on the coolant surge
This vehicle has a specific coolant fill
tank when the engine is cool. If it isn’t, you
procedure. Failure to follow this pro-
may have a leak at the pressure cap or in
cedure could cause your engine to
the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator,
overheat and be severely damaged.
water pump or somewhere else in the cool-
ing system.
If you haven’t found a problem yet, check
to see if coolant is visible in the surge tank.
WARNING
If coolant is visible but the coolant level
isn’t between the MIN and MAX marks,
Heater and radiator hoses, and other
add a 60/40 mixture of clean, drinkable
engine parts, can be very hot. Don’t
water and proper coolant at the coolant
touch them. If you do, you can be
surge tank, but be sure the cooling system,
The engine coolant surge tank is located in
burned.
including the coolant surge tank pressure
the rear of the engine compartment on the
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak.
cap, is cool before you do it. See “Engine
driver’s side.
If you run the engine, it could lose all
Coolant” in this section for more informa-
of the coolant. That could cause an
tion.
engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank,
the vehicle.
add coolant as follows:
5-15

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
WARNING
CAUTION
Never turn the cap when the cooling
In cold weather, water can freeze and
system, including the coolant surge
crack the engine, radiator, heater
tank pressure cap, is hot.
core and other parts. Use the recom-
Steam and scalding liquids from a
mended coolant and the proper cool-
hot cooling system can blow out and
ant mixture.
burn you badly. They are under pres-
sure, and if you loosen the coolant
WARNING
surge tank pressure cap - even a lit-
tle - they can come out at high
You can be burned if you spill coolant
speed. Wait for the cooling system
on hot engine parts. Coolant con-
and coolant surge tank pressure cap
L3U5019A
tains ethylene glycol and it will burn
to cool if you ever have to loosen the
if the engine parts are hot enough.
pressure cap.
Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
WARNING
Adding only plain water to your cool-
1) Park the vehicle on a level surface. You
ing system can be dangerous. Plain
can remove the coolant surge tank
water, or some other liquid such as
pressure cap when the cooling system,
alcohol, can boil before the proper
including the coolant surge tank pres-
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s
sure cap and upper radiator hose, is no
coolant warning system is set for the
longer hot. Turn the pressure cap
proper coolant mixture. With plain
slowly counterclockwise (left) about two
water or the wrong mixture, your
or two and one-half turns. If you hear a
engine could get too hot but you
hiss, wait for that to stop. This will allow
wouldn’t get the overheat warning.
any pressure still left to be vented out
Your engine could catch fire and you
the discharge hose.
or others could be burned. Use a 60/
40 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and a proper coolant.
5-16

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
level is lower than the MAX mark, add
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
more of the proper mixture to the cool-
ant surge tank until the level reaches
the MAX mark.
2) Then keep turning the pressure cap
slowly, and remove it.
5) Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure
the pressure cap is hand-tight and fully
seated. See your SUZUKI dealer, if
necessary.
Turn the key off and then check the fluid
level. The level should be between the MIN
Power Steering Fluid
and MAX marks on the reservoir. If the
3)
Fill the coolant surge tank with the
The power steering fluid reservoir is
level is below the MIN mark, add power
proper mixture to the MAX mark on the
located toward the front of the engine com-
steering fluid.
coolant surge tank. Wait about five min-
partment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
utes, then check to see if the level is
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in
What to Use
below the MAX mark. If the level is
this section for more information on loca-
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
below the MAX mark, add additional
tion.
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in
coolant to bring the level up to the MAX
section 6. Always use the proper fluid. Fail-
mark. Repeat this procedure until the
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
ure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks
level remains constant at the MAX mark
It is not necessary to regularly check
and can damage hoses and seals.
for at least five minutes.
power steering fluid unless you suspect
4)
With the coolant surge tank pressure
there is a leak in the system or you hear an
cap off, start the engine and let it run
unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
until you can feel the upper radiator
could indicate a problem. Have the system
hose getting hot. Watch out for the
inspected and repaired.
engine cooling fan.
By this time, the coolant level inside the
coolant surge tank may be lower. If the
5-17

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Windshield Washer Fluid
Adding Washer Fluid
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is
located near the back of the engine com-
partment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid. See
“Engine Compartment Overview” in this
section for the location of the reservoir.
Open the cap with the washer symbol on it.
There are only two reasons why the brake
Add washer fluid until the tank is full.
fluid level in the reservoir might go down.
The first is that the brake fluid goes down
CAUTION
to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear.
When using concentrated washer
fluid, follow the manufacturer’s
When new linings are put in, the fluid level
instructions for adding water.
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use
is leaking out of the brake system. If it is,
located in the front of the engine compart-
washer fluid. Water can cause the
you should have your brake system fixed,
ment on the driver’s side. See
“Engine
solution to freeze and damage your
since a leak means that sooner or later
Compartment Overview” in this section for
washer fluid tank and other parts of
your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work
more information on location.
the washer system. Also, water
at all.
What to Use
doesn’t clean as well as washer
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your
When you need windshield washer fluid,
fluid.
brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t correct
Fill your washer fluid tank only
be sure to read the manufacturer’s instruc-
a leak. If you add fluid when your linings
tions before use. If you will be operating
three-quarters full when it’s very
are worn, then you’ll have too much fluid
your vehicle in an area where the tempera-
cold. This allows for expansion if
when you get new brake linings. You
ture may fall below freezing, use a fluid
freezing occurs, which could dam-
should add (or remove) brake fluid, as nec-
that has sufficient protection against freez-
age the tank if it is completely full.
essary, only when work is done on the
ing.
Don’t use engine coolant
(anti-
brake hydraulic system.
freeze) in your windshield washer.
It can damage your washer system
and paint.
5-18

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
WARNING
CAUTION
WARNING
If you have too much brake fluid, it
Using the wrong fluid can badly
The brake wear warning sound
can spill on the engine. The fluid will
damage brake system parts. For
means that soon your brakes won’t
burn if the engine is hot enough. You
example, just a few drops of min-
work well. That could lead to an acci-
or others could be burned, and your
eral-based oil, such as engine oil,
dent. When you hear the brake wear
vehicle could be damaged.
in your brake system can damage
warning sound, have your vehicle
brake system parts so badly that
serviced.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level,
they’ll have to be replaced. Don’t let
your brake warning light will come on. See
someone put in the wrong kind of
fluid.
CAUTION
“Brake System Warning Light” in section 3.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehi-
Continuing to drive with worn-out
What to Add
cle’s painted surfaces, the paint fin-
brake pads could result in costly
When you do need brake fluid, use only
ish can be damaged. Be careful not
brake repair.
DOT-3 brake fluid. Use new brake fluid
to spill brake fluid on your vehicle.
from a sealed container only. See “Recom-
If you do, wash it off immediately.
Some driving conditions or climates may
mended Fluids and Lubricants” in section
See
“Appearance Care” in the
cause a brake squeal when the brakes are
6.
Index.
first applied or lightly applied. This does
not mean something is wrong with your
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap
Brake Wear
and the area around the cap before remov-
brakes.
Your vehicle has front and rear disc brakes.
ing it. This will help keep dirt from entering
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary
the reservoir.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indica-
to help prevent brake pulsation. When tires
tors that make a high-pitched warning
are rotated, inspect brake pads for wear
WARNING
sound when the brake pads are worn and
and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the proper
new pads are needed. The sound may
sequence to SUZUKI torque specifica-
With the wrong kind of fluid in your
come and go or be heard all the time your
tions.
brake system, your brakes may not
vehicle is moving (except when you are
work well, or they may not even work
Brake linings should always be replaced as
pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
at all. This could cause a crash.
complete axle sets.
Always use the proper brake fluid.
See “Brake System Inspection” in section
6.
5-19

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Brake Pedal Travel
Battery
Jump Starting
See your SUZUKI dealer if the brake pedal
Your new vehicle comes with a mainte-
If your battery has run down, you may want
does not return to normal height, or if there
nance free battery. When it’s time for a new
to use another vehicle and some jumper
is a rapid increase in pedal travel. This
battery, get one that has the replacement
cables to start your vehicle. Be sure to fol-
could be a sign of brake trouble.
number shown on the original battery’s
low the steps below to do it safely.
label. See
“Engine Compartment Over-
Brake Adjustment
view” in this section for battery location.
WARNING
Every time you make a moderate brake
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
stop, your disc brakes adjust for wear. If
WARNING
dangerous because:
you rarely make a moderate or heavier
Battery posts, terminals and related
• They contain acid that can burn
stop, then your brakes might not adjust
accessories contain lead and lead
you.
correctly. If you drive in that way, then -
compounds, chemicals known to the
• They contain gas that can explode
very carefully
- make a few moderate
State of California to cause cancer
or ignite.
brake stops about every
1,000 miles
and reproductive harm. Wash hands
• They contain enough electricity to
(1,600 km), so your brakes will adjust prop-
after handling.
burn you.
erly.
If you don’t follow these steps
Vehicle Storage
exactly, some or all of these things
Replacing Brake System Parts
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for
can hurt you.
The braking system on a vehicle is com-
plex. Its many parts have to be of top qual-
25 days or more, remove the black, nega-
ity and work well together if the vehicle is
tive
(-) cable from the battery. This will
CAUTION
to have really good braking. When you
help keep your battery from running down.
replace parts of your braking system - for
Ignoring the following steps could
example, when your brake linings wear
WARNING
result in costly damage to your vehi-
down and you need new ones put in - be
cle that wouldn’t be covered by your
Batteries have acid that can burn you
sure you get new approved SUZUKI
warranty.
and gas that can explode. You can be
replacement parts. If you don’t, your
Trying to start your vehicle by push-
badly hurt if you aren’t careful. See
brakes may no longer work properly. For
ing or pulling it won’t work, and it
the next section, “Jump Starting”, for
example, if someone puts in brake linings
could damage your vehicle.
tips on working around a battery
that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
without getting hurt.
between your front and rear brakes can
1) Check the other vehicle. It must have a
change - for the worse. The braking per-
12-volt battery with a negative ground
Contact your SUZUKI dealer to learn how
formance you’ve come to expect can
system.
to prepare your vehicle for longer storage
change in many other ways if someone
periods.
puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
5-20

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
3)
Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.
CAUTION
Unplug unnecessary accessories
WARNING
plugged into the cigarette lighter or in
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt sys-
Using a match near a battery can
the accessory power outlet. Turn off the
tem with a negative ground, both
cause battery gas to explode. People
radio and all lamps that aren’t needed.
vehicles can be damaged. Only use
have been hurt doing this, and some
This will avoid sparks and help save
vehicles with
12-volt systems with
have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
both batteries. And it could save your
negative grounds to jump start your
you need more light.
radio!
vehicle.
Be sure the battery has enough
4)
Open the hoods and locate the batter-
water. You don’t need to add water to
ies. Find the positive (+) and negative
2)
Get the vehicles close enough so the
the battery installed in your new vehi-
(-) terminal locations on each vehicle.
jumper cables can reach, but be sure
cle. But if a battery has filler caps, be
Your vehicle’s positive
(+) terminal is
the vehicles aren’t touching each other.
sure the right amount of fluid is
located under a red tethered cap on the
If they are, it could cause a ground con-
there. If it is low, add water to take
battery. The negative
(-) terminal is
nection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be
care of that first. If you don’t, explo-
located under a black tethered cap on
able to start your vehicle, and the bad
sive gas could be present.
the battery. See “Engine Compartment
grounding could damage the electrical
Battery fluid contains acid that can
Overview” in this section for more infor-
systems.
burn you. Don’t get it on you. If you
mation on location. Flip the caps up to
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles
accidentally get it in your eyes or on
access the positive (+) and negative (-)
rolling, set the parking brake firmly on
your skin, flush the place with water
terminals.
both vehicles involved in the jump start
and get medical help immediately.
procedure. Put an automatic transmis-
WARNING
sion in PARK (P) or a instruction transmis-
5) Check that the jumper cables don’t
sion in NEUTRAL before setting the
An electric fan under the hood can
have loose or missing insulation. If they
parking brake.
start up and injure you even when the
do, you could get a shock. The vehicles
engine is not running. Keep hands,
could be damaged, too.
CAUTION
clothing and tools away from any
Before you connect the cables, here are
underhood electric fan.
some basic things you should know.
If you leave your radio or other acces-
Positive (+) will go to positive (+) or to a
sories on during the jump starting
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehi-
procedure, they could be damaged.
cle has one. Negative (-) will go to a
The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or
your warranty. Always turn off your
to a remote negative (-) terminal if the
radio and other accessories when
vehicle with the dead battery has one.
jump starting your vehicle.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative
(-) or you’ll get a short that would dam-
5-21

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
age the battery and maybe other parts,
trical connection is just as good there,
too. And don’t connect the negative (-)
and the chance of sparks getting back
cable to the negative (-) terminal on the
to the battery is much less.
dead battery because this can cause
10)Now start the vehicle with the good bat-
sparks.
tery and run the engine for a while.
11)Try to start the vehicle that had the
WARNING
dead battery. If it won’t start after a few
tries, it probably needs service.
An electric fan under the hood can
7)
Don’t let the other end touch metal.
start up and injure you even when the
Connect it to the positive (+) terminal of
CAUTION
engine is not running. Keep hands,
the good battery. Use a remote positive
clothing and tools away from any
Damage to your vehicle may result
(+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
underhood electric fan.
from electrical shorting if jumper
cables are removed incorrectly. To
prevent electrical shorting, take care
that the cables don’t touch each
other or any other metal. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your war-
ranty.
8) Now connect the black negative
(-)
cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
good battery. Use a remote negative (-)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything
until the next step. The other end of the
negative
(-) cable doesn’t go to the
dead battery. It goes to a heavy,
6) Connect the red positive (+) cable to
unpainted metal engine part or to a
the positive
(+) terminal of the dead
remote negative
(-) terminal on the
battery. Use a remote positive (+) termi-
vehicle with the dead battery.
nal if the vehicle has one.
9) Connect the other end of the negative
(-) cable at least 18 inches (45 cm)
away from the dead battery, but not
near engine parts that move. The elec-
5-22

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Jumper Cable Removal
Headlamp Aiming
Bulb Replacement
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident,
For the type of bulb to use, see “Replace-
the headlamp aim may be affected. Aim
ment Bulbs” in this section. For any bulb
adjustment of the low beam may be neces-
changing procedure not listed in this sec-
sary if it is difficult to see lane markers, for
tion, contact your SUZUKI dealer.
horizontal aim, or if oncoming drivers flash
their high beams at you, for vertical aim. If
Halogen Bulbs
you believe your headlamps need to be re-
aimed, we recommend that you take your
WARNING
vehicle to the dealer for service. However,
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas
it is possible for you to re-aim your head-
inside and can burst if you drop or
lamps by following the procedure in the
scratch the bulb. You or others could
service instruction for your vehicle.
be injured. Be sure to read and follow
the instructions on the bulb package.
CAUTION
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
To make sure your headlamps are
B. Good Battery
aimed properly, read all the instruc-
C. Dead Battery
tions before beginning. Failure to fol-
low these instructions could cause
To disconnect the jumper cables from both
damage to headlamp parts.
vehicles, do the following:
1) Disconnect the black negative (-) cable
from the vehicle that had the dead bat-
tery.
2) Disconnect the black negative (-) cable
from the vehicle with the good battery.
3) Disconnect the red positive (+) cable
from the vehicle with the good battery.
4) Disconnect the red positive (+) cable
from the other vehicle.
5) Return the terminal cover to its original
position.
5-23

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Headlamps
10)Reverse the steps 1 and 2 to reinstall
7) Install the socket into the lamp housing
the headlamp assembly. Then, check
by turning it clockwise.
the lamps.
8) Reverse the steps 1 and 2 to reinstall
the headlamp assembly. Then, check
Front Turn Signal Lamps
the lamps.
Front Side marker Lamps
To replace a headlamp bulb:
1)
Open the hood.
2)
Remove the two bolts and one nut
shown in the illustration that retain the
To replace a front turn signal lamp bulb:
headlamp assembly.
3)
Disconnect the wiring harness connec-
1) Open the hood.
To replace a front sidemarker lamp bulb:
tor from the rear of the bulb.
2) Remove the two bolts and one nut and
4)
Remove the headlamp cap by turning it
remove the headlamp assembly.
1) Open the hood.
counterclockwise.
3) Turn the front turn signal bulb socket
2) Rotate the front side marker bulb socket
5)
Release the spring that retains the bulb.
counterclockwise.
counterclockwise.
6)
Remove the old bulb.
4) Pull the front turn signal bulb socket out
3) Pull the front side marker bulb socket
7)
Install the new bulb. See “Replacement
of the lamp housing.
out of the front bumper.
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
5) Press the bulb inward and turn it coun-
4) Pull the old bulb straight out of the bulb
bulb.
terclockwise to remove it from the bulb
socket.
8)
Install the bulb retaining spring.
socket.
5) Push a new bulb straight into the
9)
Install the wiring harness connector to
6) Install the new bulb into the bulb socket
socket.
the bulb and replace the headlamp cap
by pressing it in and turning it clock-
6) Reverse the steps 1 through 4 to rein-
by turning it clockwise.
wise. See “Replacement Bulbs” in this
stall the bulb socket.
section for the proper bulb.
5-24

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Front Fog Lamps
Center High-Mounted Stop Lamp
Center High-Mounted Stop Lamp
(Sedan)
(Wagon)
N5U5003A
To replace a front fog lamp bulb:
To replace a center high-mounted stop
To replace a center high-mounted stop
1)
Disconnect the wiring harness connec-
lamp bulb:
lamp bulb:
tor from the front fog lamp bulb.
2)
Rotate the front fog lamp bulb counter-
1) Open the trunk lid.
1) Open the lift gate.
clockwise and remove it.
2) Remove the two screws which are
2) Remove the two screws and the lift gate
3)
Replace the bulb. See “Replacement
recessed on the underside of the hood.
trim cover.
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
3) Disconnect the wiring harness connec-
3) Remove the bulb socket from the lamp
bulb.
tor before removing the lamp housing.
housing.
4)
Connect the wiring harness connector
4) Remove the lamp housing.
4) Remove the bulb by pulling it straight
to the front fog lamp bulb.
5) Remove the two screws and the reflec-
out of the bulb socket.
tor assembly.
5) Install the appropriate bulb into the
6) Remove the bulb by pulling it straight
socket. See
“Replacement Bulbs” in
out of the bulb socket.
this section.
7) Install the new bulb. See “Replacement
6) Replace the lamp housing and trim in
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
reverse order.
bulb.
8) Reverse the steps 1 through 5 to rein-
stall the lamp housing.
5-25

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Luggage Compartment Lamp
Tail/Stop Lamps, Turn Signal Lamps
Tail/Stop Lamps, Turn Signal Lamps
and Backup Lamps (Sedan)
and Backup Lamps (Wagon)
N5U5004A
To replace a luggage compartment lamp
bulb:
To replace a tail/stop lamp bulb, a rear turn
To replace a tail/stop lamp bulb, a rear turn
signal lamp bulb, or a rear backup lamp
signal lamp bulb, or a rear backup lamp
1)
Use a flat screwdriver to pry the lamp
bulb:
bulb:
assembly from the lamp assembly
holder.
1) Open the trunk.
1) Open the lift gate.
2)
Replace the bulb. See “Replacement
2) Open the trim cover.
2) Remove the two screws shown in the
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
3) Remove the bulb socket by turning it
illustration and the lamp assembly.
bulb.
counterclockwise.
3) Remove the bulb socket from the lamp
3)
Reinstall the lamp assembly.
4) Remove the bulb from the socket by
housing by turning the bulb socket
pressing the bulb and turning it counter-
counterclockwise.
clockwise.
4) Remove the bulb from the socket by
5) Install the appropriate bulb into the
pressing the bulb and turning it counter-
socket. See
“Replacement Bulbs” in
clockwise.
this section.
5) Install the appropriate bulb into the
6) Replace the bulb socket into the lamp
socket. See
“Replacement Bulbs” in
housing. Turn the bulb socket clockwise
this section.
to secure it.
6) Replace the bulb socket into the lamp
7) Replace the trim cover.
housing.
8) Close the trunk.
5-26

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
7) Replace the lamp housing into the vehi-
Rear Side marker Lamps
Replacement Bulbs
cle using the two screws removed ear-
lier.
Wattages
Bulb
8) Close the lift gate.
Bulb
x
No.
Quantity
License Plate Lamps
High-Beam
55W x 2
H1
Headlamp
Low-Beam
55W x 2
H7
Headlamp
Front Turn Signal
28/8W x 2
2357NA
Lamp
Front Sidemarker
5W x 2
168
Lamp
To replace a rear side marker lamp bulb:
Stop Lamp/
27/8W x 4
1157
Tail Lamp
1)
Insert your hand into the inside of the
rear bumper and hold the socket.
N4U5029B
Rear Turn Signal
2)
Rotate the rear side marker bulb socket
27W x 2
1156NA
Lamp
counterclockwise.
To replace a license plate lamp bulb:
3)
Pull the rear side marker bulb socket
Backup Lamp
27W x 2
1156
1) Remove the two screws shown in the
out of the rear bumper.
License Plate
illustration and the lamp cover.
4)
Pull the old bulb straight out from the
5W x 2
168
Lamp
2) To remove the bulb holder from the
bulb socket.
lamp housing, rotate the bulb holder
5)
Push a new bulb straight into the
Center
counterclockwise.
socket.
High-Mounted
5W x 5
168
3) Pull the bulb out from the bulb holder.
6)
Reverse the steps 1 through 3 to rein-
Stop Lamp
4) Replace the bulb. See “Replacement
stall the bulb socket.
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
Rear Sidemarker
5W x 2
168
bulb.
Lamp
5) Install the bulb holder into the lamp
housing by rotating the bulb holder
clockwise.
6) Replace the lamp cover.
5-27

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Windshield Wiper Blade
Tires
WARNING
Replacement
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality
tires made by a leading tire manufacturer.
(Continued)
Windshield wiper blades should be
If you ever have questions about your tire
• Worn, old tires can cause acci-
inspected at least twice a year for wear or
warranty and where to obtain service, see
dents. If your tread is badly worn,
cracking. If the wiper blades become brittle
your SUZUKI Warranty booklet for details.
or if your tires have been damaged,
or damaged, or make streaks when wiping,
replace them.
replace the wiper blades for optimum driv-
For additional information refer to the tire
ing visibility. Replacement blades come in
manufacturer’s booklet included with your
different types and are removed in different
vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
ways.
Useful information about a tire is molded
into its sidewall. The examples below show
WARNING
Here’s how
to
remove
the
Shepherd’s
a typical passenger car tire and a spare
Hook type:
Poorly maintained and improperly
tire sidewall.
used tires are dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause
Passenger Car Tire Example
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out
and a serious accident. See “Load-
ing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Under inflated tires pose the same
danger as overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could cause
serious injury. Check all tires fre-
quently to maintain the recom-
mended pressure. Tire pressure
should be checked when your tires
are cold.
Overi nflated tires are more likely to
1)
Pull the windshield
wiper
arm
away
be cut, punctured or broken by a
from the windshield.
sudden impact - such as when you
2)
Press the retaining clip (A) and pull the
hit a pothole. Keep tires at the rec-
A. Tire Size
wiper blade off the arm.
The tire size is a combination of let-
ommended pressure.
3)
Install a new blade by reversing the
(Continued)
ters and numbers used to define a
steps 1 and 2.
particular tire’s width, height, aspect
ratio, construction type and service
description. See the “Tire Size” illus-
5-28

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
tration later in this section for more
inflation pressure. The higher the
Compact Spare Tire Example
detail.
number is, the greater the load carry-
B. Department of Transportation (DOT)
ing capacity. The letter symbol
Code
denotes the speed at which a tire is
The Department of Transportation
designed to be driven for extended
(DOT) code indicates that the tire is in
periods of time.
(Ratings are listed
compliance with the U.S. Department
below.)
of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
Letter Rating
Speed Rating
C. Tire Identification Number (TIN)
Q
99 mph
The letters and numbers following the
DOT code are the Tire Identification
R
106 mph
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
manufacturer and plant code, tire size
S
112 mph
and the date the tire was manufac-
T
118 mph
tured. The TIN is molded on to both
A. Temporary Use Only Marking
sides of the tire, although only one
U
124 mph
The compact spare tire should not be
side may have the date of manufac-
driven at speeds over 50 mph (80 km/
ture.
H
130 mph
h). The compact spare tire is for
D. Tire Ply Material
V
149 mph
emergency use when a regular road
The type of cord and number of plies
tire has lost air and gone flat. See
in the sidewall and under the tread.
W
168 mph*
“Compact Spare Tire” and “If a Tire
E. Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
Y
186 mph*
Goes Flat” in this section.
Tire manufacturers are required to
B. Tire Ply Material
grade tires based on three perfor-
The type of cord and number of plies
mance factors: treadwear, traction
*The letters ZR may be used on tires with a
in the sidewall and under the tread.
and temperature resistance.
maximum speed capability over 149 mph
C. Tire Identification Number (TIN)
F. Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit
and will always be used on tires with a
The Tire Identification Number (TIN)
Maximum load that can be carried
maximum speed capability over 186 mph.
shows the manufacturer and plant
and the maximum pressure needed to
code, tire size, and date the tire was
support that load.
manufactured. The TIN is molded
G. Load Index and Speed Rating
onto both sides of the tire, although
The two- or three-digit number is the
only one side may have the date of
tire’s load index, the maximum load a
manufacture.
tire can carry at the speed indicated
D. Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit
by its speed symbol at the maximum
Maximum load that can be carried
5-29

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
and the maximum pressure needed to
tire’s sidewall is 70% as high as it is
support that load. See
“Compact
wide.
Spare Tire” in this section and “Load-
D. Construction Code
ing Your Vehicle” in section 4.
A letter code is used to indicate the
E. Tire Inflation Pressure
type of ply construction in the tire. The
The temporary use tire or compact
letter “R” means radial ply construc-
spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi
tion, the letter “D” means diagonal or
(420 kPa). For more information on
bias ply construction; and the letter
tire pressure and inflation, see “Tire
“B” means belted-bias ply construc-
Inflation Pressure” in this section.
tion.
F. Tire Size
E. Rim Diameter
A combination of letters and numbers
Diameter of the wheel in inches.
defining a tire’s width, height, aspect
F. Service Description
ratio, construction type and service
These characters represent the load
description. The letter “T” as the first
range and the speed rating of a tire.
character in the tire size means the
The following illustration shows an exam-
The load range represents the load
tire is for temporary use only.
ple of a typical passenger car tire size.
carrying capacity a tire is certified to
carry. The speed rating is the maxi-
A. Tire Type
Tire Size
mum speed a tire is certified to carry
This letter code indicates the primary
a load. Speed ratings range from “A”
intended use of the tire. The “P” as
WARNING
to “Z”.
the first character in the tire size
Your SUZUKI is equipped with tires
means a passenger vehicle tire engi-
which are all the same type and size.
neered to standards set by the U.S.
This is important to ensure proper
Tire and Rim Association.
steering and handling of the vehicle.
B. Tire Width
Never mix tires of different size or
The three-digit number indicates the
type on the four wheels of your vehi-
tire section width in millimeters from
cle. Mixing tires could cause you to
sidewall to sidewall.
lose control while driving which may
C. Aspect Ratio
lead to an accident. The size and type
A two-digit number that indicates the
of tires used should be only those
tire height-to-width measurements.
approved by SUZUKI Motor Corpora-
For example, if the tire size aspect
tion as standard or optional equip-
ratio is “70”, as shown in item “C” of
ment for your vehicle.
the illustration, it would mean that the
5-30

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Glossary of Tire Terminology
Cold Inflation Pressure:
Kilopascal (kPa):
The amount of air pressure in a tire, mea-
The metric unit for air pressure. There are
Air Pressure:
sured in pounds per square inch
(psi)
6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
The amount of air inside the tire pressing
before a tire has built up heat from driving.
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire:
pressure is expressed in pounds per
Curb Weight:
A tire used on light duty trucks and some
square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
This means the weight of a motor vehicle
multipurpose passenger vehicles.
with standard and optional equipment
Accessory Weight:
Load Index:
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil
This means the combined weight of
An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279
and coolant, but without passengers and
optional accessories. Some examples of
that corresponds to the load carrying
cargo.
optional accessories are automatic trans-
capacity of a tire.
mission, power steering, power brakes,
DOT Markings:
Maximum Inflation Pressure:
power windows, power seats, and air con-
A code molded into the sidewall of a tire
The maximum air pressure to which a cold
ditioning.
signifying that the tire is in compliance with
tire may be inflated. The maximum air
the U.S. Department of Transportation
Aspect Ratio:
pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT
The relationship of a tire’s height to its
code includes the Tire Identification Num-
Maximum Load Rating:
width.
ber
(TIN), an alphanumeric designator
The load rating for a tire at the maximum
Belt:
which can also identify the tire manufac-
permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
A rubber coated layer of cords that is
turer, production plant, brand and date of
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight:
located between the plies and the tread.
production.
The sum of curb weight; accessory weight;
Cords may be made from steel or other
GVWR:
vehicle capacity weight; and production
reinforcing materials.
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating.
options weight.
Bead:
This is the maximum permissible overall
Normal Occupant Weight:
The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
weight of the fully loaded vehicle (including
The number of occupants a vehicle is
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the
all occupants, accessories and cargo).
designed to seat multiplied by 150 pounds
rim.
GAWR:
(68 kg).
Bias Ply Tire:
Gross Axle Weight Rating.
Occupant Distribution:
A pneumatic tire in which the plies are laid
This is the maximum permissible weight on
Distribution of occupants in a vehicle as
at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to
an individual axle.
specified in the third column of Table 1
the centerline of the tread.
Intended Outboard Sidewall:
(shown below).
The side of an asymmetrical tire that must
Outward Facing Sidewall:
always face outward when mounted on a
The side of a asymmetrical tire that has a
vehicle.
particular side that faces outward when
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