Suzuki Forenza (2008 year). Instruction - part 9

 

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Suzuki Forenza (2008 year). Instruction - part 9

 

 

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
5) Determine the combined weight of lug-
Actual weight of the loaded vehicle and
gage and cargo being loaded on the
WARNING
actual loads at the front and rear axles can
vehicle. That weight may not safely
only be determined by weighing the vehicle
Never overload your vehicle. Over-
exceed the available cargo and luggage
using a vehicle scale. To measure the
loading your vehicle can cause dam-
load capacity calculated in Step 4.
weight and load, try taking your vehicle to
age to your tires and lead to poor
a highway weighing station, shipping com-
steering and braking which can result
Vehicle Loading Example
pany or inspection station for trucks, etc.
in an accident. The gross vehicle
As an example, suppose that the Tire and
Compare these weights to the GVWR and
weight (sum of the weights of the
Loading Information label on your vehicle
GAWR (front and rear) listed on the Safety
loaded vehicle, driver and passen-
indicates that your vehicle’s total load
Certification Label. If the gross vehicle
gers) must never exceed the Gross
capacity is 950 lbs. If you were to drive
weight or the load on either axle exceeds
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) listed
your vehicle with one passenger, and the
these ratings, you must remove enough
on the Safety Certification Label. In
total combined weight of you and your pas-
weight to bring the load down to the rated
addition, never distribute a load so
senger was 350 lbs, then the cargo and
capacity.
that the weight on either the front or
luggage capacity of your vehicle would be
rear axle exceeds the Gross Axle
600 lbs (950 - 350 = 600 lbs).
Steps for Determining Correct Load
Weight Rating (GAWR) listed on the
If you later added 2 more passengers, hav-
Limit
Safety Certification Label.
ing a combined weight of
325 lbs, the
1)
Locate the statement “The combined
cargo and luggage capacity of your vehicle
weight of occupants and cargo should
would be reduced from 600 lbs to 275 lbs
never exceed XXX pounds” on your
If you put things inside your vehicle - like
(600 - 325 = 275 lbs). As you can see, as
suitcases, tools, packages, or anything
vehicle placard.
the number and combined weight of vehi-
2)
Determine the combined weight of the
else - they will go as fast as the vehicle
cle occupants increase, the vehicle’s cargo
goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or
driver and passengers that will be riding
and luggage capacity decreases. Do not
in your vehicle.
if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
carry more than 123 lbs (56 kg) in your
3)
Subtract the combined weight of the
trunk.
driver and passengers from XXX kilo-
grams or XXX pounds.
4)
The resulting figure equals the available
amount of cargo and luggage load
capacity. For example, if the
“XXX”
amounts equals 1,400 lbs and there will
be five 150 lb passengers in your vehi-
cle, the amount of available cargo and
luggage load capacity is 650 lbs (1,400
- 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
4-18

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
the tires when the vehicle is at its GVWR
Towing a Trailer
WARNING
or GAWR limit. Never use replacement
tires that have a load-carrying capacity
Things you put inside your vehicle
less than the original tires on your vehicle.
can strike and injure people in a sud-
Tire load-carrying capacity information is
den stop or turn, or in a crash.
molded into the tire sidewall typically
Put things in the trunk or rear area
shown as “Max. Load”. Use of replacement
of your vehicle. In a trunk, put them
tires with a lower load-carrying capacity
as far forward as you can. Try to
than the original tires, or failure to keep the
spread the weight evenly. If you
tires inflated to recommended tire pres-
have fold-down rear seats, you’ll
sure, may reduce the GVWR or GAWR
find four anchors on the back wall
limit of your vehicle.
of your trunk. You can use these
anchors to tie down lighter loads.
NOTE:
They’re not strong enough for
Use of replacement tires with a higher
L3U4030A
heavy things, however, so put them
load-carrying capacity than the original
as far forward as you can in the
tires, or using a tire inflation pressure
Do not use your vehicle to tow a trailer. The
trunk or rear area.
higher than the recommended tire inflation
vehicle is not designed or intended for
• Never stack heavier things, like
pressure, will not increase the GVWR or
such use. Towing a trailer can adversely
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that
GAWR limit of your vehicle.
affect handling, durability and fuel econ-
some of them are above the tops of
omy.
the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child
restraint in your vehicle.
When you carry something inside
the vehicle, secure it whenever you
can.
Don’t leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
Determining Compatibility of Tire and
Vehicle Load Limits
The tires on your vehicle, when they are
inflated to the recommended tire inflation
pressure, have a load-carrying capacity
that is greater than the load that will be on
4-19

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Service
5-1
Fuel
5-1
Checking Things Under the Hood
5-4
Headlamp Aiming
5-23
Bulb Replacement
5-23
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
5-28
Tires
5-28
5
Tire Pressure Monitoring System
5-33
Appearance Care
5-45
Vehicle Identification
5-49
Electrical System
5-49
Capacities and Specifications
5-54

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Service
Fuel
WARNING
Your SUZUKI dealer knows your vehicle
Use of the recommended fuel is an impor-
best and wants you to be happy with it. We
You can be injured and your vehicle
tant part of the proper maintenance of your
hope you’ll go to your SUZUKI dealer for
could be damaged if you try to do
vehicle.
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine
service work on a vehicle without
SUZUKI parts and SUZUKI trained and
knowing enough about it.
Gasoline Octane
supported service people.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowl-
Use only unleaded gasoline with a posted
edge, experience, the proper
octane rating of 87 or higher. In an emer-
We hope you’ll want to keep your SUZUKI
replacement parts and tools before
gency, you may be able to use a lower
vehicle all SUZUKI.
you attempt any vehicle mainte-
octane rating - as low as 85 - if heavy
nance task.
knocking does not occur. Refill your tank
Doing Your Own Service Work
• Be sure to use the proper nuts,
with proper fuel as soon as possible. Oth-
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before
bolts
and other fasteners.
erwise, you might damage your engine. If
attempting to do your own service work,
“English” and
“metric” fasteners
you are using 87 or higher-octane rating
see
“Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
can be easily confused. If you use
fuel and you hear heavy knocking, your
Vehicle” in section 1.
the wrong fasteners, parts can later
engine needs service.
You should keep a record with all parts
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
receipts and list the mileage and the date
California Fuel
of any service work you perform. See
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
If your vehicle is certified to meet California
“Maintenance Record” in section 6.
Your Vehicle
Emission Standards (see the underhood
emission control label), it is designed to
Things you might add to the outside of your
vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This
operate on fuels that meet California spec-
ifications. If this fuel is not available in
may cause wind noise and affect wind-
shield washer performance. Check with
states adopting California emissions stan-
dards, your vehicle will operate satisfacto-
your SUZUKI dealer before adding equip-
ment to the outside of your vehicle.
rily on fuels meeting federal specifications,
but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp may turn on (see Malfunction Indica-
tor Lamp in section 3) and your vehicle
may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs,
return to your SUZUKI dealer for diagno-
sis.
5-1

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Additives
tadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT);
Filling Your Tank
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the
ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
United States are now required to contain
whether the fuel contains MMT. SUZUKI
WARNING
additives that will help prevent engine and
does not recommend the use of such gas-
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel
fuel system deposits from forming, allow-
olines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce
fire can cause severe injuries. To help
ing your emission control system to work
the life of spark plugs and the performance
avoid injuries to you and others, read
properly. You should not have to add any-
of the emission control system may be
and follow all the instructions on the
thing to your fuel. However, some gaso-
affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
pump island. Turn off your engine
lines contain only the minimum amount of
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
when you are refueling. Don’t smoke
additive required to meet U.S. Environ-
SUZUKI dealer for service.
if you’re near fuel or are refueling
mental Protection Agency regulations.
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames
SUZUKI recommends that you buy gaso-
Fuels in Foreign Countries
and smoking materials away from
lines that are advertised to help keep fuel
If you plan on driving in another country
fuel. Don’t leave the fuel pump unat-
injectors and intake valves clean. If your
outside the United States or Canada, the
tended when refueling your vehicle -
vehicle experiences problems due to dirty
proper fuel may be hard to find. Never use
this is against the law in some
injectors or valves, try a different brand of
leaded gasoline or any other fuel not rec-
places. Keep children away from the
gasoline.
ommended in the previous text on fuel.
fuel pump; never let children pump
Costly repairs caused by use of improper
Gasoline containing oxygenates, such as
fuel.
fuel wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gas-
olines may be available in your area to
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto
contribute to clean air. SUZUKI recom-
club, or contact a major oil company that
mends that you use these gasolines.
does business in the country where you’ll
be driving.
CAUTION
Your vehicle was not designed for
fuel that contains methanol. Don’t
use fuel containing methanol. It can
corrode metal parts in your fuel sys-
tem and also damage the plastic and
rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated
for low emissions may contain an octane-
enhancing additive called methylcyclopen-
5-2

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
While refueling, hang the tethered cap
inside the fuel door.
WARNING
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the
If a fire starts while you’re refueling,
left (counterclockwise).
don’t remove the nozzle. Shut off the
flow of fuel by shutting off the pump
WARNING
or by notifying the station attendant.
Leave the area immediately.
If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Fuel can spray out on you if you open
CAUTION
the fuel cap too quickly. This spray
can happen if your tank is nearly full,
If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to
get a genuine SUZUKI cap or its
and is more likely in hot weather.
Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for
equivalent. Your SUZUKI dealer can
get one for you. If you get the
any
“hiss” noise to stop. Then
To open the fuel filler door, pull up on the
unscrew the cap all the way.
improper type, it may not fit properly.
fuel filler door release lever located on the
This may cause your malfunction
floor to the left of the driver’s seat.
indicator lamp to light and may dam-
Be careful not to spill fuel. Don’t top off or
age your fuel tank and emissions
overfill your tank, and wait a few seconds
system. See “Malfunction Indicator
after you’ve finished pumping before you
Lamp” in the Index.
remove the nozzle. Clean fuel from painted
surfaces as soon as possible. See “Clean-
ing the Outside of Your Vehicle” in this sec-
tion.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it
to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a
clicking sound. Make sure you fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can deter-
mine if the fuel cap has been left off or is
improperly installed. This would allow fuel
N4U5041A
to evaporate into the atmosphere. See
“Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in section 3.
The fuel cap is located on the passenger’s
side of your vehicle.
5-3

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the
Hood Release
To
open the
hood, do the following.
Hood
WARNING
Never fill a portable fuel container
WARNING
while it is in your vehicle. Static elec-
tricity discharge from the container
An electric fan under the hood can
can ignite the gasoline vapor. You
start up and injure you even when the
can be badly burned and your vehicle
engine is not running. Keep hands,
can be damaged if this occurs. To
clothing and tools away from any
help avoid injury to you and others:
under hood electric fan.
• Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
WARNING
• Do not fill a container while it is
inside a vehicle, in a vehicle’s
Things that burn can get on hot
trunk, pickup bed or on any surface
engine parts and start a fire. These
other than the ground.
include liquids like fuel, oil, coolant,
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with
brake fluid, windshield washer and
1)
Pull the hood release handle located at
the inside of the fill opening before
other fluids, and plastic or rubber.
the lower left side of the instrument
operating the nozzle. Contact
You or others could be burned. Be
panel.
should be maintained until the fill-
careful not to drop or spill things that
ing is complete.
will burn onto a hot engine.
• Don’t smoke while pumping gaso-
line.
5-4

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
2) Then go to the front of the vehicle and
3) Lift the hood, release the hood prop
4) Before closing the hood, be sure all the
lift the bottom of the secondary hood
from its retainer and place the hood
filler caps are on properly. Then lift the
release lever upward. The secondary
prop into the slot in the hood.
hood to relieve pressure on the hood
hood release lever is located near the
prop. Remove the hood prop from the
front center of the hood.
slot in the hood and return the prop to
its retainer. Lower the hood 12 in (30
cm) above the vehicle and release it to
latch fully. Check to make sure the hood
is closed and repeat the process if nec-
essary.
5-5

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the engine, you’ll see the following:
A
B
C
D
E
I
H
G
F
N5U5007A
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
F. Battery
B. Engine Oil Filler Cap
G. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
C. Brake/Clutch Fluid Reservoir
H. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
D. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
I. Engine Oil Dipstick
E. Underhood Fuse Block
5-6

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Engine Oil
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil pressure light appears on the
1.0 L
instrument cluster, it means you need to
check your engine oil level right away.
For more information, see “Oil Pressure
Light” in section 3.
L3U5011A
Use the engine oil dipstick to check the oil
You should check your engine oil level reg-
level. The dipstick’s handle will be a yellow
If the oil is at or below the MIN mark, then
ularly; this is an added reminder.
ring. See “Engine Compartment Overview”
you’ll need to add at least one quart of oil.
in this section for the location of the engine
But you must use the right kind. This sec-
Checking Engine Oil
oil dipstick.
tion explains what kind of oil to use. For
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil
engine oil crankcase capacity, see “Capac-
every time you get fuel. In order to get an
Turn off the engine and give the oil several
ities and Specifications” in this section.
accurate reading, the oil must be warm
minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If
and the vehicle must be on level ground.
you don’t, the oil dipstick might not show
CAUTION
the actual level.
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a
has so much oil that the oil level gets
paper towel or cloth, then push it back in all
above the upper mark that shows the
the way. Remove it again, keeping the tip
proper operating range, your engine
down and check the level.
could be damaged.
5-7

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
identified by looking for the starburst sym-
bol.
LOOK FOR
This symbol indicates that the oil has been
HOT
THIS SYMBOL
certified by the American Petroleum Insti-
WEATHER
tute (API). Do not use any oil which does
not carry this starburst symbol.
SAE 10W-30 ACCEPTABLE
This (A) is where you add oil. See “Engine
IF 5W-30 IS NOT AVAILABLE
SAE 5W-30
Compartment Overview” on a previous
RECOMMENDED
page in this section for more information
If you choose to perform the engine oil
on location.
change service yourself, be sure the oil
COLD
you use has the starburst symbol on the
WEATHER
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level
front of the oil container. If you have your
DO NOT USE SAE 10W-40, SAE 20W-50 OR ANY
somewhere in the proper operating range.
OTHER VISCOSITY GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
oil changed for you, be sure the oil put into
Push the dipstick all the way back in when
your engine is American Petroleum Insti-
you’re through.
tute certified for gasoline engines.
SAE 5W-30
You should also use the proper viscosity oil
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE
for your vehicle, as shown in the viscosity
5W-30 is the only viscosity grade recom-
chart.
mended for your vehicle. However, if it’s
going to be -4°F (-20°C) or above and
SAE 5W-30 is not available, you may use
SAE 10W-30.
These numbers on an oil container show
its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oil such as SAE 10W-40
or SAE 20W-50 under any conditions.
5-8

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
your SUZUKI dealer, a service station or a
Driving under these conditions causes
CAUTION
local recycling center for help.
engine oil to break down sooner. If any one
Use only engine oil with the Ameri-
of these is true for your vehicle, then you
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
can Petroleum Institute Certified For
need to change your oil and filter every
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol.
3,750 miles
(6,000 km) or 3 months -
Failure to use the recommended oil
whichever occurs first.
can result in engine damage not cov-
If none of them is true, use the long trip/
ered by your warranty.
highway maintenance schedule. Change
the oil and filter every 7,500 miles (12,000
If you are in an area of extreme cold,
km) or 6 months - whichever occurs first.
where the temperature falls below -22°F
Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
(-30°C), it is recommended that you use
engine under highway conditions will
either an SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil or an
cause engine oil to break down slower.
SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide easier
cold starting and better protection for your
What to Do with Used Oil
engine at extremely low temperatures.
Used engine oil contains certain elements
that may be unhealthy for your skin and
Engine Oil Additives
could even cause cancer. Don’t let used oil
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recom-
stay on your skin for very long. Clean your
The engine air cleaner/filter is located on
mended oils with the starburst symbol are
skin and nails with soap and water, or a
the passenger’s side of the engine com-
all you will need for good performance and
good hand cleaner. Wash or properly dis-
partment. See
“Engine Compartment
engine protection.
pose of clothing or rags containing used
Overview” in this section for more informa-
engine oil. See the manufacturer’s warn-
tion on location.
When to Change Engine Oil
ings about the use and disposal of oil prod-
If any one of these is true for you, use the
ucts.
When to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/
short trip/city maintenance schedule:
Filter
Used oil can be a threat to the environ-
Inspect the air cleaner/filter every
7,500
• Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km).
ment. If you change your own oil, be sure
This is particularly important when out-
miles (12,000 km) or 6 months - whichever
to drain all the oil from the filter before dis-
occurs first.
side temperatures are below freezing.
posal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in
• Most trips include extensive idling (such
the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
Replace every 30,000 miles (48,000 km)
as frequent driving in stop-and-go traf-
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water.
or 24 months - whichever comes first.
fic).
Instead, recycle it by taking it to a place
• The vehicle is used for delivery service,
If you are driving in dusty/dirty conditions,
that collects used oil. If you have a problem
police, taxi or other commercial applica-
inspect the filter every 3,750 miles (6,000
properly disposing of your used oil, ask
tion.
5-9

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
km) or 3 months. If necessary, clean or
replace it.
CAUTION
WARNING
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire
This work requires special skill and
How to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/
can cause a damaging engine fire.
equipment. Before attempting to do
Filter
And, dirt can easily get into your
the work, be sure you are fully
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the
engine, which will damage it. Always
acquainted with doing this job.
filter from the vehicle and lightly shake the
have the air cleaner/filter in place
Have your SUZUKI dealer do this
filter to release loose dust and dirt. If the fil-
when you’re driving.
work if you are not confident you can
ter remains “caked” with dirt, a new filter is
complete the task safely.
required.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
Otherwise, you could be injured or
To inspect or replace the filter, do the fol-
To ensure proper functioning, efficiency,
could damage the vehicle.
lowing:
and durability of the automatic transmis-
sion, be sure to keep the transmission fluid
1)
Start the engine.
1) Remove the four screws on the cover.
at the proper level. Too much or too little
2)
Warm up the engine until the tempera-
2) Lift off the cover.
fluid can cause problems.
ture of the automatic transmission fluid
3) Check or replace the engine air
reaches approximately 40°C (104°F).
cleaner/filter. See
“Normal Mainte-
The fluid level must be checked with the
3)
Move the selector lever from “P” to “1”
nance Replacement Parts” in this sec-
engine running and the selector lever in P
and return to “P”. Wait for a few sec-
tion for replacement part numbers.
(Park). The vehicle must be up to normal
onds at each select position until the
4) Reinstall the filter, put the cover back on
operating temperature and parked on level
selected gears are fully engaged.
tightly, and tighten the screws.
ground.
The normal operating temperature for the
WARNING
fluid will be reached after driving about 10
Operating the engine with the air
minutes.
cleaner/filter off can cause you or
others to be burned. The air cleaner
Checking Automatic Transmission Fluid
not only cleans the air, it helps to
Level
stop flame if the engine backfires. If it
If the fluid is contaminated or discolored,
isn’t there and the engine backfires,
change the automatic transmission fluid.
you could be burned. Don’t drive with
A decrease in the fluid level indicates a
it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
leak in the automatic transmission. If
noted, contact your SUZUKI dealer for
repair as soon as possible.
5-10

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
1)
Turn the engine off.
these conditions, the fluid and filter do not
2)
Allow the transmission to cool. It must
require changing.
be cool enough for you to rest your fin-
gers on the transmission case.
CAUTION
3)
Remove filler plug.
4)
Make sure the fluid reaches the bottom
Use of automatic transmission fluid
edge of the filler plug hole.
labeled other than ESSO LT 71141 or
TOTAL ATF H50235 may damage your
vehicle, and the damages may not be
covered by your warranty. Always
use ESSO LT 71141 or TOTAL ATF
H50235 labeled automatic transmis-
sion fluid.
4)
Remove filler plug.
See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubri-
5)
Make sure the fluid reaches the bottom
cants” in section 6 for the proper fluid to
edge of the filler plug hole.
use.
6)
If the level is low, add fluid until it begins
to run out the filler hole.
Manual Transmission Fluid
7)
After filling to the correct level, reinstall
Checking Transmission Fluid Level
the plug securely.
5)
If the level is low, add fluid until it begins
WARNING
Recommend Automatic Transmission
to run out the filler hole.
Fluid and Maintenance Schedule
This work requires special skill and
6)
After filling to the correct level, reinstall
Change both the fluid and filter every
equipment. Before attempting to do
the plug securely.
37,500 miles (60,000 km) if the vehicle is
the work, be sure you are fully
7)
Visually check the transmission case
mainly driven under one or more of these
acquainted with doing this job.
for leaks or damage.
conditions:
Have your SUZUKI dealer do this
See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubri-
work if you are not confident you can
• In heavy city traffic where the outside
cants” in section 6 for the proper fluid to
complete the task safely.
temperature regularly reaches
90°F
use.
Otherwise, you could be injured or
(32°C) or higher.
could damage the vehicle.
• In hilly or mountainous terrain.
• For business uses such as taxi, police or
delivery service.
5-11

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Hydraulic Clutch
the MIN and the MAX marks on the reser-
There is one reservoir for both the brake
voir, the fluid level is correct. The reservoir
WARNING
and the hydraulic clutch fluid. See “Brakes”
is located near the back of the engine com-
Do not mix Dex-cool and silicate
in this section for more information.
partment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
based coolant in your coolant sys-
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle
tem.
this section for more information on loca-
is self-adjusting. The master cylinder res-
The mixture can damage the cooling
tion.
ervoir is filled with hydraulic fluid.
system.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a
Engine Coolant
Use a 60/40 mixture of clean, drinkable
problem. Have the system inspected and
The following explains your cooling system
water and engine coolant which won’t
repaired.
and how to add coolant when it is low. If
damage aluminum parts. If another type of
you have a problem with engine overheat-
coolant is used, aluminum parts might be
When to Check and What to Use
ing, see “Engine Overheating” in this sec-
subject to corrosion.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to
tion.
determine how often you should check the
You can also use a recycled coolant with a
fluid level and for the proper fluid. See sec-
What to Use
complete coolant flush and refill. If you use
tion 6.
The cooling system in your vehicle is
this coolant mixture, you don’t need to add
designed to use either Dex-cool coolant,
anything else.
How to Check and Add Fluid
which is red in color, or silicate based cool-
A 60/40 mixture of clean, drinkable water
ant, which is blue. These two types of cool-
ant are not compatible with each other and
and proper coolant will:
should never be mixed. Therefore, if the
• Give freezing protection down to -33°F
original coolant in your vehicle’s cooling
(-36°C).
system was red, then you should use only
• Give boiling protection up to
268°F
Dex-cool coolant for the life of your vehicle.
(131°C).
If the original coolant in your vehicle's cool-
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
ing system was blue, then you should use
• Help keep the proper engine tempera-
only silicate based coolant for the life of
ture.
your vehicle. Even if the cooling system
• Let the warning lights and gauges work
has been completely drained before a refill,
as they should.
do not switch types of coolant.
For protection in extremely cold weather
conditions, use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and proper coolant.
To check the fluid level, look on the side of
the reservoir. If the fluid level is between
5-12

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
WARNING
CAUTION
WARNING
Adding only plain water to your cool-
If you use the proper coolant, you
Never turn the surge tank pressure
ing system can be dangerous. Plain
don’t have to add extra inhibitors or
cap - even a little - when the engine
water, or some other liquid such as
additives which claim to improve the
and radiator are hot.
alcohol, can boil before the proper
system. These can be harmful.
Loosening the surge tank pressure
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s
cap when the engine and radiator are
coolant warning system is set for the
Checking Coolant
hot can allow steam and scalding liq-
proper coolant mixture. With plain
uids to blow out and burn you badly.
water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you
The vehicle must be on a level surface.
wouldn’t get the overheat warning.
When your engine is cold, the coolant level
Your engine could catch fire and you
should be between MAX and MIN mark on
or others could be burned. Use a 60/
the coolant surge tank. The level rises at
40 mixture of clean, drinkable water
engine operation temperature and drops
and the proper coolant.
again when the engine cools down.
Adding Coolant
CAUTION
If the level falls below the MIN mark, add
the proper coolant mixture at the surge
If you use an improper coolant mix-
tank, but only when the engine is cool. If
ture, your engine could overheat and
the surge tank is empty, a special fill proce-
be badly damaged. The repair cost
dure is necessary. See “Cooling System”
wouldn’t be covered by your war-
The engine coolant surge tank is located
in this section for instructions on “How to
ranty. Too much water in the mixture
on the driver’s side of the engine compart-
Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge Tank”.
can freeze and crack the engine, radi-
ment. See “Engine Compartment Over-
ator, heater core and other parts.
view” in this section for more information
WARNING
on location.
If you have to add coolant more than four
Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
times a year, have your SUZUKI dealer
You can be burned if you spill coolant
check your cooling system.
on hot engine parts. Coolant con-
tains ethylene glycol, and it will burn
if the engine parts are hot enough.
5-13

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
When replacing the pressure cap, make
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
sure it is hand-tight.
CAUTION
If your engine catches fire because
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
you keep driving with no coolant,
your vehicle can be badly damaged.
CAUTION
The costly repairs would not be cov-
Your coolant surge tank cap is a
ered by your warranty.
pressure-type cap and must be
tightly installed to prevent coolant
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
loss and possible engine damage
Engine
from overheating. See
“Capacities
If you get an engine overheat warning, but
and Specifications” for more informa-
see or hear no steam, the problem may not
tion.
be too serious. Sometimes the engine can
get a little too hot when you:
Engine Overheating
• Climb a long hill on a hot day.
You will find a coolant temperature gauge
• Stop after high-speed driving.
WARNING
on your vehicle’s instrument panel. See
• Idle for long periods in traffic.
“Engine Coolant
Temperature Gauge” in
Steam from an overheated engine
section 3.
can burn you badly, even if you just
If you get the overheat warning with no
open the hood. Stay away from the
sign of steam, try this for a minute or so:
engine if you see or hear steam com-
ing from it. Just turn it off and get
1) In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in
NEUTRAL while stopped. If it is safe to
everyone away from the vehicle until
it cools down. Wait until there is no
do so, pull off the road, shift to PARK
(P) or NEUTRAL and let the engine
sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
idle.
2) Turn on your heater to full hot at the
If you keep driving when your engine
is overheated, the liquids in it can
highest fan speed and open the window
as necessary.
catch fire. You or others could be
badly burned. Stop your engine if it
If you no longer have the overheat warn-
overheats, and get out of the vehicle
ing, you can drive. Just to be safe, drive
until the engine is cool.
slower for about 10 minutes. If the warning
doesn’t come back on, you can drive nor-
mally.
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