Suzuki Forenza (2008 year). Instruction - part 8

 

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Suzuki Forenza (2008 year). Instruction - part 8

 

 

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Your Driving, the Road, and
to help do things like this, or pull off the
The obvious way to eliminate the leading
road in a safe place to do them yourself.
highway safety problem is for people never
Your Vehicle
These simple defensive driving tech-
to drink alcohol and then drive. But what if
niques could save your life.
people do? How much is “too much” if
Defensive Driving
someone plans to drive? It’s a lot less than
The best advice anyone can give about
Drunken Driving
many might think. Although it depends on
driving is: Drive defensively.
Death and injury associated with drinking
each person and situation, here is some
Please start by using a very important
and driving is a national tragedy. It’s the
general information on the problem.
safety device in your vehicle: Your safety
number one contributor to the highway
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of
belt. Buckle up. See “Safety Belts: They
death toll, claiming thousands of victims
someone who is drinking depends upon
Are for Everyone” in section 1.
every year.
four things:
Defensive driving really means “be ready
Alcohol affects four things that everyone
• The amount of alcohol consumed
for anything.” On city streets, rural roads or
needs to drive a vehicle:
• The drinker’s body weight
freeways, it means
“always expect the
• Judgment
• The amount of food that is consumed
unexpected.”
• Muscular Coordination
before and during drinking
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers
• Vision
• The length of time it has taken the
are going to be careless and make mis-
• Attentiveness.
drinker to consume the alcohol.
takes. Anticipate what they might do. Be
Police records show that almost half of all
According to the American Medical Associ-
ready for their mistakes.
motor vehicle-related deaths involve alco-
ation, a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks
Rear-end collisions are about the most
hol. In most cases, these deaths are the
three 12 ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in
preventable of accidents. Yet they are com-
result of someone who was drinking and
an hour will end up with a BAC of about
mon. Allow enough following distance. It’s
driving. In recent years, more than 16,000
0.06 percent. The person would reach the
the best defensive driving maneuver, in
annual motor vehicle-related deaths have
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120
both city and rural driving. You never know
been associated with the use of alcohol,
ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if
when the vehicle in front of you is going to
with more than 300,000 people injured.
each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors
brake or turn suddenly.
like whiskey, gin or vodka.
Many adults - by some estimates, nearly
Defensive driving requires that a driver
half the adult population - choose never to
concentrate on the driving task. Anything
drink alcohol, so they never drive after
that distracts from the driving task - such
drinking. For persons under
21, it is
as concentrating on a cellular telephone
against the law in every U.S. state to drink
call, reading, or reaching for something on
alcohol. There are good medical, psycho-
the floor - makes proper defensive driving
logical and developmental reasons for
more difficult and can even cause a colli-
these laws.
sion, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger
4-1

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
ple, it is 0.05 percent in both France and
There’s something else about drinking and
Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial
driving that many people don’t know. Medi-
drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
cal research shows that alcohol in a per-
son’s system can make crash injuries
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spi-
three to six drinks (in one hour). Of course,
nal cord or heart. This means that when
as we’ve seen, it depends on how much
anyone who has been drinking - driver or
alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the
passenger - is in a crash, that person’s
person drinks them.
chance of being killed or permanently dis-
But the ability to drive is affected well
abled is higher than if the person had not
below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research
been drinking.
shows that the driving skills of many peo-
ple are impaired at a BAC approaching
WARNING
0.05 percent, and that the effects are
Drinking and then driving is very dan-
worse at night. All drivers are impaired at
gerous. Your reflexes, perceptions,
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For
BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics
attentiveness and judgment can be
example, if the same person drank three
show that the chance of being in a collision
affected by even a small amount of
double martinis
(3 ounces or
90 ml of
increases sharply for drivers who have a
alcohol. You can have a serious - or
liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with
even fatal - collision if you drive after
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A per-
a BAC level of 0.06 percent has doubled
drinking. Please don’t drink and drive
son who consumes food just before or dur-
his or her chance of having a collision. At a
or ride with a driver who has been
ing drinking will have a somewhat lower
BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
BAC level.
this driver having a collision is 12 times
you’re with a group, designate a
greater; at a level of
0.15 percent, the
There is a gender difference, too. Women
driver who will not drink.
chance is 25 times greater!
generally have a lower relative percentage
of body water than men. Since alcohol is
The body takes about an hour to rid itself
Control of a Vehicle
carried in body water, this means that a
of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of
You have three systems that make your
woman generally will reach a higher BAC
coffee or number of cold showers will
vehicle go where you want it to go. They
level than a man of her same body weight
speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the right
are the brakes, the steering and the accel-
will when each has the same number of
answer. What if there’s an emergency, a
erator. All three systems have to do their
drinks.
need to take sudden action, as when a
work at the places where the tires meet the
child darts into the street? A person with
road.
The law in an increasing number of U.S.
even a moderate BAC might not be able to
states, and throughout Canada, sets the
react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other
countries, the limit is even lower. For exam-
4-2

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
(if equipped)
That could be a lot of distance in an emer-
ABS is an advanced electronic braking
gency, so keeping enough space between
system that will help prevent a braking
your vehicle and others is important.
skid.
And, of course, actual stopping distances
When you start your engine and begin to
vary greatly with the surface of the road
drive away, your anti-lock brake system will
(whether it’s pavement or gravel) the condi-
check itself. You may hear a momentary
tion of the road (wet, dry, icy) tire tread the
motor or clicking noise while this test is
condition of your brakes the weight of the
going on, and you may even notice that
vehicle and the amount of brake force
your brake pedal moves a little. This is nor-
applied.
mal.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some peo-
ple drive in spurts - heavy acceleration fol-
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on
lowed by heavy braking
- rather than
snow or ice, it’s easy to ask more of those
keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake.
control systems than the tires and road
Your brakes may not have time to cool
can provide. That means you can lose con-
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear
trol of your vehicle.
out much faster if you do a lot of heavy
braking. If you keep pace with the traffic
Braking
and allow realistic following distances, you
If there’s a problem with the anti-lock brake
Braking action involves perception time
will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
system, this warning light will stay on. See
and reaction time.
That means better braking and longer
“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in
brake life.
section 3.
First, you have to decide to push on the
brake pedal. That’s perception time. Then
If your engine ever stops while you’re driv-
you have to bring up your foot and do it.
ing, brake normally but don’t pump your
That’s reaction time.
brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder
to push down. If your engine stops, you will
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a
still have some power brake assist. But you
second. But that’s only an average. It might
will use it when you brake. Once the power
be less with one driver and as long as two
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop
or three seconds or more with another.
and the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Age, physical condition, alertness, coordi-
nation and eyesight all play a part. So do
alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in
4-3

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Braking in Emergencies
At some time, nearly every driver gets into
a situation that requires hard braking.
If you have anti-lock, you can steer and
brake at the same time. However, if you
don’t have anti-lock, your first reaction - to
hit the brake pedal hard and hold it down -
may be the wrong thing to do. Your wheels
can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle
can’t respond to your steering. Momentum
will carry it in whatever direction it was
headed when the wheels stopped rolling.
That could be off the road, into the very
thing you were trying to avoid, or into traf-
fic.
Let’s say the road is wet and you’re driving
As you brake, your computer keeps receiv-
safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in
ing updates on wheel speed and controls
If you don’t have anti-lock, use a “squeeze”
front of you. You slam on the brakes and
braking pressure accordingly.
braking technique. This will give you maxi-
continue braking. Here’s what happens
mum braking while maintaining steering
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the
with ABS:
control. You can do this by pushing on the
time you need to get your foot up to the
brake pedal with steadily increasing pres-
A computer senses that wheels are slow-
brake pedal or always decrease stopping
sure. In an emergency, you will probably
ing down. If one of the wheels is about to
distance. If you get too close to the vehicle
want to squeeze the brakes hard without
stop rolling, the computer will separately
in front of you, you won’t have time to apply
locking the wheels. If you hear or feel the
work the brakes at each front wheel and at
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows
wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal.
both rear wheels.
or stops. Always leave enough room up
This will help you retain steering control. If
ahead to stop, even though you have anti-
The anti-lock system can change the brake
you do have anti-lock, it’s different. See
lock brakes.
pressure faster than any driver could. The
“Anti-Lock Brake System” in this section.
computer is programmed to make the most
Using Anti-Lock
In many emergencies, steering can help
of available tire and road conditions. This
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake
you more than even the very best braking.
can help you steer around the obstacle
pedal down firmly and let anti-lock work for
while braking hard.
you. You may hear the anti-lock pump or
motor operate, and feel the brake pedal
pulsate, but this is normal.
4-4

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Steering
When this warning light is on, your vehicle
and braking - have to do their work where
will seem harder to steer than normal
the tires meet the road. Unless you have
Power Steering
when parking or driving slowly. You will still
four-wheel anti-lock brakes, adding the
If you lose power steering assist because
have power steering, but steering will be
hard braking can demand too much of
the engine stops or the system is not func-
stiffer than normal at slow speeds. See
those places. You can lose control.
tioning, you can steer but it will take much
your SUZUKI dealer for service.
more effort.
The same thing can happen if you’re steer-
ing through a sharp curve and you sud-
Steering Tips
Speed Sensitive Power Steering
denly accelerate. Those two control
System
Driving on Curves
systems - steering and acceleration - can
This system continuously adjusts the effort
It’s important to take curves at a reason-
overwhelm those places where the tires
you feel when steering at all vehicle
able speed.
meet the road and make you lose control.
speeds. It provides ease when parking, yet
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
What should you do if this ever happens?
a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
mentioned on the news happen on curves.
Ease up on the brake or accelerator pedal,
If your vehicle has this system, it varies the
Here’s why:
steer the vehicle the way you want it to go,
amount of effort required to steer the vehi-
and slow down.
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us
cle in relation to the speed of the vehicle.
is subject to the same laws of physics
Speed limit signs near curves warn that
The amount of steering effort required is
when driving on curves. The traction of the
you should adjust your speed. Of course,
less at slower speeds to make the vehicle
tires against the road surface makes it pos-
the posted speeds are based on good
more maneuverable and easier to park. At
sible for the vehicle to change its path
weather and road conditions. Under less
faster speeds, the steering effort increases
when you turn the front wheels. If there’s
favorable conditions you’ll want to go
to provide a sport-like feel to the steering.
no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle
slower.
This provides maximum control and stabil-
going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
If you need to reduce your speed as you
ity.
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll
approach a curve, do it before you enter
understand this.
the curve, while your front wheels are
The traction you can get in a curve
straight ahead.
depends on the condition of your tires and
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive”
the road surface, the angle at which the
through the curve. Maintain a reasonable,
curve is banked, and your speed. While
steady speed. Wait to accelerate until you
you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor
L5U3004A
are out of the curve, and then accelerate
you can control.
gently into the straightaway.
This warning light will stay on, or come on
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp
while you are driving, if there’s a problem
curve. Then you suddenly apply the
with the SSPS system.
brakes. Both control systems - steering
4-5

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be
more effective than braking. For example,
you come over a hill and find a truck
stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly
pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out
from between parked cars and stops right
in front of you. You can avoid these prob-
lems by braking - if you can stop in time.
But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action - steer-
ing around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emer-
gencies like these. First apply your brakes
but, unless you have anti-lock, not enough
An emergency like this requires close
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly
to lock your wheels.
attention and a quick decision. If you are
below the pavement, recovery should be
See “Braking” in this section. It is better to
holding the steering wheel at the recom-
fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and
remove as much speed as you can from a
mended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so
possible collision. Then steer around the
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly with-
that your vehicle straddles the edge of the
problem, to the left or right depending on
out removing either hand. But you have to
pavement. You can turn the steering wheel
the space available.
act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly
up to one-quarter turn until the right front
straighten the wheel once you have
tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn
avoided the object.
your steering wheel to go straight down the
roadway.
The fact that such emergency situations
are always possible is a good reason to
Passing
practice defensive driving at all times and
The driver of a vehicle about to pass
wear safety belts properly.
another on a two-lane highway waits for
just the right moment, accelerates, moves
Off-Road Recovery
around the vehicle ahead, then goes back
You may find that your right wheels have
into the right lane again. A simple maneu-
dropped off the edge of a road onto the
ver?
shoulder while you’re driving.
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle
on a two-lane highway is a potentially dan-
4-6

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
gerous move, since the passing vehicle
the right lane and don’t get too close.
• If you’re being passed, make it easy for
occupies the same lane as oncoming traf-
Time your move so you will be increas-
the following driver to get ahead of you.
fic for several seconds. A miscalculation,
ing speed as the time comes to move
Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.
an error in judgment, or a brief surrender to
into the other lane. If the way is clear to
frustration or anger can suddenly put the
pass, you will have a “running start” that
Loss of Control
passing driver face to face with the worst of
more than makes up for the distance you
Let’s review what driving experts say about
all traffic accidents - the head-on collision.
would lose by dropping back. And if
what happens when the three control sys-
something happens to cause you to can-
tems (brakes, steering and acceleration)
So here are some tips for passing:
cel your pass, you need only slow down
don’t have enough friction where the tires
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to
and drop back again and wait for another
meet the road to do what the driver has
the sides and to crossroads for situa-
opportunity.
asked.
tions that might affect your passing pat-
If other vehicles are lined up to pass a
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep try-
terns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take
ing to steer and constantly seek an escape
about making a successful pass, wait for
care that someone isn’t trying to pass
route or area of less danger.
a better time.
you as you pull out to pass the slow vehi-
Watch for traffic signs, pavement mark-
cle. Remember to glance over your
Skidding
ings and lines. If you can see a sign up
shoulder and check the blind spot.
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the
ahead that might indicate a turn or an
Check your mirrors, glance over your
vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid most skids
intersection, delay your pass. A broken
shoulder, and start your left lane change
by taking reasonable care suited to exist-
center line usually indicates it’s all right
signal before moving out of the right lane
ing conditions, and by not
“overdriving”
to pass
(providing the road ahead is
to pass. When you are far enough ahead
those conditions. But skids are always pos-
clear). Never cross a solid line on your
of the passed vehicle to see its front in
sible.
side of the lane or a double solid line,
your inside mirror, activate your right
even if the road seems empty of
lane change signal and move back into
The three types of skids correspond to
approaching traffic.
the right lane. (Remember that your right
your vehicle’s three control systems. In the
Do not get too close to the vehicle you
outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
braking skid, your wheels aren’t rolling. In
want to pass while you’re awaiting an
just passed may seem to be farther away
the steering or cornering skid, too much
opportunity. For one thing, following too
from you than it really is.)
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to
closely reduces your area of vision,
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at
slip and lose cornering force. And in the
especially if you’re following a larger
a time on two-lane roads. Reconsider
acceleration skid, too much throttle causes
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate
before passing the next vehicle.
the driving wheels to spin.
space if the vehicle ahead suddenly
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle
A cornering skid is best handled by easing
slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable
too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps
your foot off the accelerator pedal.
distance.
are not flashing, it may be slowing down
When it looks like a chance to pass is
or starting to turn.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your
coming up, start to accelerate but stay in
foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly
4-7

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
steer the way you want the vehicle to go. If
Driving at Night
• If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe
you start steering quickly enough, your
place and rest.
vehicle may straighten out. Always be
No one can see as well at night as in the
ready for a second skid if it occurs.
daytime. But as we get older these differ-
Of course, traction is reduced when water,
ences increase. A 50-year-old driver may
snow, ice, gravel or other material is on the
require at least twice as much light to see
road. For safety, you’ll want to slow down
the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
and adjust your driving to these conditions.
What you do in the daytime can also affect
It is important to slow down on slippery
your night vision. For example, if you
surfaces because stopping distance will be
spend the day in bright sunshine you are
longer and vehicle control more limited.
wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
While driving on a surface with reduced
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if
traction, try your best to avoid sudden
you’re driving, don’t wear sunglasses at
steering, acceleration or braking (including
night. They may cut down on glare from
engine braking by shifting to a lower gear).
headlamps, but they also make a lot of
Any sudden changes could cause the tires
Night driving is more dangerous than day
things invisible.
to slide. You may not realize the surface is
driving. One reason is that some drivers
You can be temporarily blinded by
slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
are likely to be impaired - by alcohol or
approaching headlamps. It can take a sec-
Learn to recognize warning clues - such
drugs, with night vision problems, or by
ond or two, or even several seconds, for
as enough water, ice or packed snow on
fatigue.
your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -
you are faced with severe glare (as from a
Here are some tips on night driving.
and slow down when you have any doubt.
driver who doesn’t lower the high beams,
• Drive defensively.
or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps),
If you have the anti-lock braking system,
• Don’t drink and drive.
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly
remember: It helps avoid only the braking
• Adjust your inside rearview mirror to
into the approaching headlamps.
skid. If you do not have anti-lock, then in a
reduce the glare from headlamps behind
braking skid
(where the wheels are no
Keep your windshield and all the glass on
you.
longer rolling), release enough pressure
your vehicle clean - inside and out. Glare
• Since you can’t see as well, you may
on the brakes to get the wheels rolling
at night is made much worse by dirt on the
need to slow down and keep more space
again. This restores steering control. Push
glass. Even the inside of the glass can
between you and other vehicles.
the brake pedal down steadily when you
build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass
• Slow down, especially on higher speed
have to stop suddenly. As long as the
makes lights dazzle and flash more than
roads. Your headlamps can light up only
wheels are rolling, you will have steering
clean glass would, making the pupils of
so much road ahead.
control.
your eyes contract repeatedly.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
4-8

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Remember that your headlamps light up
reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pave-
far less of a roadway when you are in a
ment.
turn or curve. Keep your eyes moving; that
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see.
way, it’s easier to pick out dimly lighted
Even if your windshield wiper blades are in
objects. Just as your headlamps should be
good shape, a heavy rain can make it
checked regularly for proper aim, so
harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
should your eyes be examined regularly.
pavement markings, the edge of the road
Some drivers suffer from night blindness -
and even people walking.
the inability to see in dim light - and aren’t
even aware of it.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping
equipment in good shape and keep your
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
windshield washer tank filled with washer
fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking
or missing areas on the windshield, or
when strips of rubber start
to
separate
Driving too fast through large water pud-
from the inserts.
dles or even going through some car
washes can cause problems, too. The
water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can’t, try to slow down
before you hit them.
WARNING
Wet brakes can cause accidents.
They won’t work as well in a quick
stop and may cause pulling to one
side. You could lose control of the
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trou-
vehicle.
ble. On a wet road, you can’t stop, acceler-
After driving through a large puddle
ate or turn as well because your tire-to-
of water or a car wash, apply your
road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
brake pedal lightly until your brakes
And, if your tires don’t have much tread
work normally.
left, you’ll get even less traction. It’s always
wise to go slower and be cautious if rain
starts to fall while you are driving. The sur-
face may get wet suddenly when your
4-9

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Allow yourself more clear room ahead,
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much
and be prepared to have your view
water can build up under your tires that
CAUTION
restricted by road spray.
they can actually ride on the water. This
• Have good tires with proper tread depth.
If you drive too quickly through deep
can happen if the road is wet enough and
See “Tires” in section 5.
puddles or standing water, water can
you’re going fast enough. When your vehi-
come in through your engine’s air
cle is hydroplaning, it has little or no con-
City Driving
intake and badly damage your
tact with the road.
engine. Never drive through water
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it
that is slightly lower than the under-
can if your tires do not have much tread or
body of your vehicle. If you can’t
if the pressure in one or more is low. It can
avoid deep puddles or standing
happen if a lot of water is standing on the
water, drive through them very
road. If you can see reflections from trees,
slowly.
telephone poles or other vehicles, and
raindrops
“dimple” the water’s surface,
Driving Trough Flowing Water
there could be the possibility of hydroplan-
ing.
WARNING
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher
Flowing or rushing water creates
speeds. There just isn’t a hard and fast rule
strong forces. If you try to drive
about hydroplaning. The best advice is to
through flowing water, as you might
slow down when it is raining.
at a low water crossing, your vehicle
One of the biggest
problems
with
city
can be carried away. As little as six
streets is the amount of traffic on them.
inches of flowing water can carry
You’ll want to watch out for what the other
away a smaller vehicle. If this hap-
drivers are doing and pay attention to traf-
pens, you and other vehicle occu-
fic signals.
pants could drown. Don’t ignore
police warning signs, and otherwise
Here are ways to increase your safety in
be very cautious about trying to drive
city driving:
through flowing water.
• Know the best way to get to where you
are going. Get a city map and plan your
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
trip into an unknown part of the city just
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra
as you would for a cross-country trip.
following distance. And be especially
• Try to use the freeways that rim and
careful when you pass another vehicle.
crisscross most large cities. You’ll save
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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
time and energy. See the next part,
flow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as a
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes
“Freeway Driving.”
passing lane.
quite sharply. The exit speed is usually
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A
posted. Reduce your speed according to
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp
traffic light is there because the corner is
your speedometer, not to your sense of
that leads to the freeway. If you have a
busy enough to need it. When a light
motion. After driving for any distance at
clear view of the freeway as you drive
turns green, and just before you start to
higher speeds, you may tend to think you
along the entrance ramp, you should begin
move, check both ways for vehicles that
are going slower than you actually are.
to check traffic. Try to determine where you
have not cleared the intersection or may
expect to blend with the flow. Try to merge
be running the red light.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
into the gap at close to the prevailing
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well
speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
Freeway Driving
rested. If you must start when you’re not
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder
fresh - such as after a day’s work - don’t
as often as necessary. Try to blend
plan to make too many miles that first part
smoothly with the traffic flow.
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your
and shoes you can easily drive in.
speed to the posted limit or to the prevail-
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you
ing rate if it’s slower. Stay in the right lane
keep it serviced and maintained, it’s ready
unless you want to pass.
to go. If it needs service, have it done
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors.
before starting out. Of course, you’ll find
Then use your turn signal.
experienced and able service experts in
SUZUKI dealerships all across North
Just before you leave the lane, glance
America. They’ll be ready and willing to
quickly over your shoulder to make sure
help if you need it.
there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind”
spot.
Here are some things you can check
before a trip:
Once you are moving on the freeway,
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thru-
make certain you allow a reasonable fol-
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reser-
ways, parkways, expressways, turnpikes or
lowing distance.
voir full? Are all windows clean inside
superhighways) are the safest of all roads.
and outside?
But they have their own special rules.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
The most important advice on freeway
When you want to leave the freeway, move
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you
driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep to
to the proper lane well in advance. If you
checked all levels?
the right. Drive at the same speed most of
miss your exit, do not, under any circum-
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the
the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
stances, stop and back up. Drive on to the
lenses clean?
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic
next exit.
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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
• Tires: They are vitally important to a
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a
Shift to a lower gear when you go down
safe, trouble-free trip. Is the tread good
rest, service or parking area and take a
a steep or long hill.
enough for long-distance driving? Are
nap, get some exercise, or both. For
the tires all inflated to the recommended
safety, treat drowsiness on the highway
WARNING
pressure?
as an emergency.
If you don’t shift down, your brakes
• Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather
could get so hot that they wouldn’t
outlook along your route? Should you
Hill and Mountain Roads
work well. You would then have poor
delay your trip a short time to avoid a
braking or even none going down a
major storm system?
hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as “high-
way hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling
WARNING
asleep at the wheel? Call it highway hyp-
nosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or
with the ignition off is dangerous.
There is something about an easy stretch
Your brakes will have to do all the
of road with the same scenery, along with
work of slowing you down. They
the hum of the tires on the road, the drone
could get so hot that they wouldn’t
of the engine, and the rush of the wind
work well. You would then have poor
against the vehicle that can make you
braking or even none going down a
sleepy. Don’t let it happen to you! If it does,
hill. You could crash. Always have
Driving on steep hills or mountains is differ-
your vehicle can leave the road in less than
ent from driving in flat or rolling terrain.
your engine running and your vehicle
a second, and you could crash and be
in gear when you go downhill.
injured.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if
you’re planning to visit there, here are
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to
some tips that can make your trips safer
First, be aware that it can happen.
shift down to a lower gear. The lower
and more enjoyable.
gears help cool your engine and trans-
Then here are some tips:
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check
mission, and you can climb the hill bet-
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated,
all fluid levels and also the brakes, tires,
ter.
with a comfortably cool interior.
cooling system and transmission. These
• Stay in your own lane when driving on
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road
parts can work hard on mountain roads.
two-lane roads in hills or mountains.
ahead and to the sides. Check your rear-
• Know how to go down hills. The most
Don’t swing wide or cut across the cen-
view mirrors and your instruments fre-
important thing to know is this: let your
ter of the road. Drive at speeds that let
quently.
engine do some of the slowing down.
you stay in your own lane.
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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert.
There could be something in your lane,
like a stalled car or an accident.
• You may see highway signs on moun-
tains that warn of special problems.
Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or
winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or
Very cold snow or ice can be slick and hard
broom, a supply of windshield washer fluid,
to drive on. But wet ice can be even more
a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small
trouble because it may offer the least trac-
shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a cou-
tion of all. You can get wet ice when it’s
ple of reflective warning triangles. And, if
about freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing
you will be driving under severe conditions,
rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving on
include a small bag of sand, a piece of old
wet ice until salt and sand crews can get
carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help
there.
provide traction. Be sure you properly
Whatever the condition
- smooth ice,
secure these items in your vehicle.
packed, blowing or loose snow - drive with
caution.
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the frag-
• Have your vehicle in good shape for win-
tires meet the road probably have good
ile traction. If you accelerate too fast, the
ter.
traction.
drive wheels will spin and polish the sur-
• You may want to put winter emergency
face under the tires even more.
supplies in your trunk.
However, if there is snow or ice between
your tires and the road, you can have a
Unless you have an anti-lock braking sys-
very slippery situation. You’ll have a lot
tem, you’ll want to brake very gently, too. (If
less traction or “grip” and will need to be
you do have anti-lock, see “Braking” in this
very careful.
section. This system improves your vehi-
4-13

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
cle’s stability when you make a hard stop
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
on a slippery road.) Whether you have an
anti-lock braking system or not, you’ll want
to begin stopping sooner than you would
on dry pavement. Without anti-lock brakes,
if you feel your vehicle begin to slide, let up
on the brakes a little. Push the brake pedal
down steadily to get the most traction you
can.
Remember, unless you have anti-lock, if
you brake so hard that your wheels stop
rolling, you’ll just slide. Brake so your
wheels always keep rolling and you can
still steer.
Whatever your braking system, allow
You can run the engine to keep warm, but
greater following distance on any slip-
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you
be careful.
pery road.
could be in a serious situation. You should
Watch for slippery spots. The road might
probably stay with your vehicle unless you
WARNING
be fine until you hit a spot that’s covered
know for sure that you are near help and
Snow can trap exhaust gases under
with ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice
you can hike through the snow. Here are
your vehicle. This can cause deadly
patches may appear in shaded areas
some things to do to summon help and
CO (carbon monoxide) gas to get
where the sun can’t reach: around
keep yourself and your passengers safe:
inside. CO could overcome you and
clumps of trees, behind buildings or
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
kill you. You can’t see it or smell it, so
under bridges. Sometimes the surface of
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert
you might not know it is in your vehi-
a curve or an overpass may remain icy
police that you’ve been stopped by the
cle. Clear away snow from around the
when the surrounding roads are clear. If
snow.
base of your vehicle, especially any
you see a patch of ice ahead of you,
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket
that is blocking your exhaust pipe.
brake before you are on it. Try not to
around you. If you have no blankets or
And check around again from time to
brake while you’re actually on the ice,
extra clothing, make body insulators
time to be sure snow doesn’t collect
and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
there.
floor mats
- anything you can wrap
Open a window just a little on the
around yourself or tuck under your cloth-
side of the vehicle that’s away from
ing to keep warm.
the wind. This will help keep CO out.
4-14

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Run your engine only as long as you must.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
This saves fuel. When you run the engine,
WARNING
First, turn your steering wheel left and
make it go a little faster than just idle. That
right. That will clear the area around your
If you let your tires spin at high
is, push the accelerator slightly. This uses
front wheels. Then shift back and forth
speed, they can explode, and you or
less fuel for the heat that you get and it
between REVERSE (R) and a forward
others could be injured. And, the
keeps the battery charged. You will need a
gear
(or with a manual transmission,
transmission or other parts of the
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle,
between FIRST (1) or SECOND (2) and
vehicle can overheat. That could
and possibly for signaling later on with your
REVERSE (R)), spinning the wheels as lit-
cause an engine compartment fire or
headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
tle as possible. Release the accelerator
other damage. When you’re stuck,
pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
Then, shut the engine off and close the
spin the wheels as little as possible.
the accelerator pedal when the transmis-
window almost all the way to preserve the
Don’t spin the wheels above 35 mph
sion is in gear. By slowly spinning your
heat. Start the engine again and repeat
(55 km/h) as shown on the speedom-
wheels in the forward and reverse direc-
this only when you feel really uncomfort-
eter.
tions, you will cause a rocking motion that
able from the cold. But do it as little as pos-
may free your vehicle. If that doesn’t get
sible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can.
you out after a few tries, you may need to
To help keep warm, you can get out of the
CAUTION
be towed out. If you do need to be towed
vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exer-
Spinning your wheels can destroy
out, see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the fol-
cises every half hour or so until help
parts of your vehicle as well as the
lowing section.
comes.
tires. If you spin the wheels too fast
while shifting your transmission back
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or
and forth, you can destroy your trans-
Snow
mission. See “Rocking Your Vehicle
In order to free your vehicle when it is
To Get It Out.”
stuck, you will need to spin the wheels, but
you don’t want to spin your wheels too fast.
For information about using tire chains on
The method known as “rocking” can help
your vehicle, see “Tire Chains” in section 5.
you get out when you’re stuck, but you
must use caution.
4-15

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Towing
Dolly Towing
Here are some important things to con-
sider before you do recreational vehicle
Towing Your Vehicle
towing:
Consult your SUZUKI dealer or a profes-
sional towing service if you need to have
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing
your disabled vehicle towed.
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehi-
cle manufacturer’s recommendations.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles
another vehicle for recreational purposes
have restrictions on how far and how
(such as behind a motorhome), see the fol-
long they can tow.
lowing section, “Recreational Vehicle Tow-
• Do you have the proper towing equip-
ing”.
ment? See your SUZUKI dealer or traile-
ring professional for additional advice
WARNING
and equipment recommendations.
Always use a safety chain when tow-
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just
ing your vehicle and be sure to
as you would prepare your vehicle for a
observe federal, state, and local
long trip, you’ll want to make sure your
CAUTION
requirement for trailer hitches, tow
vehicle is prepared to be towed. See
bars, lights, etc.
“Before Leaving on a Long Trip” in this
Do not tow the vehicle from the rear
section.
with the front wheels on the road.
This could cause severe transmis-
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Dinghy Towing
sion damage.
Recreational vehicle towing means towing
your vehicle behind another vehicle - such
CAUTION
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To
as behind a motorhome. The two most
tow your vehicle using a dolly, follow these
common types of recreational vehicle tow-
Towing your vehicle with all four
steps:
wheels on the ground will damage
ing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing
your vehicle with all four wheels on the
drivetrain components. The repairs
1) Put the front wheels on the dolly.
would not be covered by your war-
2) Put the vehicle in PARK (P) for auto-
ground) and “dolly towing”
(towing your
vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
ranty.
matic transaxle and NEUTRAL (N) for
two wheels up on a device known as a
manual transaxle.
“dolly”).
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed
3) Set the parking brake and then remove
with all four wheels on the ground. If your
the ignition key.
With the proper preparation and equip-
vehicle must be towed, you should use a
4) For a vehicle with an automatic tran-
ment, many vehicles can be towed in these
dolly. See “Dolly Towing” that follows for
saxle, remove the hole cover from the
ways. See the following sections, “Dinghy
more information.
shift lock release slot, insert the key,
Towing” and “Dolly Towing”.
4-16

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
and shift to NEUTRAL (N). See “Shift-
Tire and Loading Information Label
safely carry. Cargo load capacity is the dif-
ing Out of Park (P)” in Section 2.
ference between the total load capacity of
5) Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-
the vehicle and the total combined weight
ahead position with a clamping device
of all vehicle occupants. Refer to “Steps for
designed for towing.
Determining Correct Load Limit” for details
6) Release the parking brake.
on how to determine cargo load capacity.
The combined weight of occupants and carge should never exceed
Kg or lbs
GVWR - Maximum permissible overall
Loading Your Vehicle
TIRE
SIZE
COLD TIRE PRESSURE
weight of the fully loaded vehicle (including
It is very important to know how much
FRONT
all the occupants, accessories and cargo
weight your vehicle can carry. The load
REAR
plus the trailer tongue weight if towing a
capacities of your vehicle are indicated by
trailer).
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
SPARE
the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR,
GAWR - (Front and Rear) Maximum per-
front and rear), the total load capacity, the
missible weight on an individual axle.
J7U4001A
seating capacity, and the cargo load
Seating Capacity - Maximum number of
capacity. The GVWR and GAWR (front and
occupants the vehicle is designed to carry.
rear) are listed on the Safety Certification
Certification Label
Label which is located below the driver’s
NOTE:
side door latch striker. The total load
Even though the number of occupants is
capacity and seating capacity are listed on
within the seating capacity, you still must
the Tire and Loading Information Label
make sure that you do not exceed the total
which is located on the center pillar, near
load capacity of the vehicle.
the driver’s door latch.
The Tire and Loading Information label
Total Load Capacity - Maximum permissi-
also gives you the size and recommended
ble weight a vehicle can carry including the
inflation pressure for the factory installed,
weight of all the occupants, accessories
original equipment tires on your vehicle.
and cargo.
For more information on tires and inflation,
The weight of any accessories already
see “Tires” in section 5.
installed on your vehicle at the time of pur-
chase, or that you or the dealer install after
purchase, must be subtracted from the
The cargo load capacity
can be
deter-
total load capacity to determine how much
mined as described below.
capacity remains available for occupants
and cargo. Contact your SUZUKI dealer for
Cargo Load Capacity - Maximum weight
further information.
of cargo and luggage that the vehicle can
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