Suzuki Forenza (2008 year). Instruction - part 11

 

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Suzuki Forenza (2008 year). Instruction - part 11

 

 

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire
Speed Rating:
Vehicle Normal Load on the Tire:
that contains a whitewall, bears white let-
An alphanumeric code assigned to a tire
The load on an individual tire that is deter-
tering or bears manufacturer, brand and or
indicating the maximum speed at which a
mined by distributing to each axle its share
model name molding that is higher or
tire can operate.
of the curb weight, accessory weight, and
deeper than the same moldings on the
normal occupant weight
(distributed in
Traction:
other sidewall of the tire.
accordance with Table 1 shown below) and
The friction between the tire and the road
dividing by 2.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire:
surface. The amount of grip provided.
A tire used on passenger cars and some
Tread:
TABLE 1 - Occupant Loading and Dis-
light duty trucks and multipurpose vehicles.
The portion of a tire that comes into con-
tribution For Vehicle Normal Load For
Production Options Weight:
tact with the road.
Various Designated Seating Capacities
The combined weight of those installed
Tread wear Indicators:
regular production options weighing over
Designated
Vehicle nor-
Occupant
Narrow bands, sometimes called
“wear
seating capac-
mal load, num-
distribution in
2.3 kilograms in excess of those standard
bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
ity, number of
ber of
a normally
items which they replace, not previously
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains.
occupants
occupants
loaded vehicle
considered in curb weight or accessory
weight, including heavy duty brakes, ride
UTQGS:
2 through 4
2
2 in front
levelers, roof rack, heavy duty battery, and
Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards, a
2 in front, 1 in
special trim.
tire information system that provides con-
5 through 10
3
second seat
sumers with ratings for a tire’s traction,
Recommended Inflation Pressure:
temperature and tread wear. Ratings are
Vehicle manufacturer’s recommended tire
Vehicle Placard:
determined by tire manufacturers using
inflation pressure shown on the tire plac-
A label permanently attached to a vehicle
government testing procedures. The rat-
ard.
showing the original equipment tire size
ings are molded into the sidewall of the
and recommended inflation pressure.
Radial Ply Tire:
tire.
A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that
Vehicle Capacity Weight:
extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees
The number of designated seating posi-
to the centerline of the tread.
tions multiplied by 150 lbs (68 kg) plus the
Rim:
rated cargo load.
A metal support for a tire and upon which
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire:
the tire beads are seated.
The load on an individual tire that is deter-
Sidewall:
mined by distributing to each axle its share
The portion of a tire between the tread and
of the maximum loaded vehicle weight and
the bead.
dividing by two.
5-32

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Tire Pressure Monitoring
WARNING
CAUTION
System
If the tire pressure warning light
Do not use liquid sealants for a flat
If your vehicle is equipped with a tire pres-
comes on and stays on, reduce your
tire as air pressure sensors can be
sure monitoring system, it uses pressure
speed and avoid abrupt steering and
damaged.
sensors containing a unique identification
braking. Stop in a safe place as soon
In case of tire a bursting or sudden
code to monitor the inflation pressure of
as possible and check your tires.
pressure drops, the tire pressure
the tires. When the inflation pressure of
• If you have a flat tire, replace it with
monitoring system warning light
one or more tires indicates significant
a spare tire. Refer to “Changing a
may not come on immediately.
under-inflation, the tire pressure warning
Flat Tire” in section 5.
The inflation pressures vary with
light comes on. If the warning light blinks,
• If one or more of your tires is
the ambient temperature. If the
for approximately one minute and then illu-
under-inflated, adjust the inflation
vehicle is subjected to large varia-
minates continuously, the monitoring sys-
pressure in all of your tires to the
tions in ambient temperature, the
tem may not be working. For more
recommended inflation pressure as
tire inflation pressure may be
information, see “Tire Pressure Monitoring
soon as possible.
under-inflated when the ambient
System Warning Light” in section 3.
temperature is relatively low. If the
Be aware that driving on a signifi-
The tire pressure monitoring system does
cantly under-inflated tire can cause
warning light comes on, adjust the
tire inflation pressure.
not replace normal tire maintenance. See
the tire to overheat and can lead to
The tire pressure sensors can be
“Inflation - Tire Pressure & Correcting the
tire failure, and may affect steering
damaged by the installation or
Tire Pressure” in this section for more
control and brake effectiveness. This
removal of tires. When tires must
information.
could lead to an accident, resulting in
be repaired or replaced, we highly
severe injury or death.
recommend that you have them
WARNING
repaired or replaced by your
The tire pressure warning light can come
SUZUKI dealer.
If the tire pressure warning light does
on due to normal causes such as natural
If the tire pressure warning light
not come on when the ignition is
air leaks and pressure changes caused by
comes on or blinks frequently,
turned to the
“ON” position, or
changes in temperature or atmospheric
there may be something wrong
comes on and blinks while driving
pressure. Adjusting the air pressure in the
with one of the tires or with the
there may be a problem with the tire
tires to the pressure shown on the tire and
monitoring system. Have your vehi-
pressure monitoring system. Have
loading information label should cause the
cle inspected by your SUZUKI
your vehicle inspected by an autho-
dealer.
tire pressure warning light to turn off.
rized dealer.
If you use new wheels with new tire infla-
tion pressure sensors, their ID codes must
be programmed into the tire pressure mon-
5-33

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
itoring system. Have tire and wheel
eral Communications Commission (FCC)
Correcting the Tire Pressure
replacement performed by an authorized
Rules and with Industry and Science Can-
To permanently eliminate the low tire pres-
service facility to avoid the risk of damag-
ada.
sure warning light, you must fill the tires
ing the tire pressure monitor sensors.
with the correct amount of air. However, at
This device complies with Part 15 of the
the next vehicle start-up, the warning light
FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of Industry
WARNING
will reappear if the tire pressure is not cor-
and Science Canada. Operation is subject
rected. The best time to check your tire
Only use tires and wheels recom-
to the following two conditions:
(1) This
pressure is when the tires are cold. A Tire
mended by us as standard or
device may not cause harmful interference,
and Loading Information label, located on
optional equipment for your vehicle.
and (2) this device must accept any inter-
the driver’s door near the door latch, shows
Use of tires or wheels not recom-
ference received including interference that
the correct inflation pressure for the tires
mended by us can result in TPMS fail-
may cause undesired operation of the
when they are cold. Cold means your vehi-
ure. Refer to “Tires” in the “SERVICE
device.
cle has been sitting for at least three hours
AND APPEARANCE CARE” section
or driven no more than one mile. You may
for additional information.
NOTE:
notice during cooler conditions that low tire
Changes or modifications not expressly
pressure warning light will appear when
The tire pressure monitoring system may
approved by the party responsible for com-
the vehicle is first started and then turn off
not work normally in the following circum-
pliance could void the user’s authority to
as you start to drive the vehicle. This could
stances:
operate the equipment.
be an early indicator that your tire pres-
• Wheels other than genuine wheels are
sures are getting low and need
to
be
being used.
NOTE:
inflated to the proper pressure.
• Wheels whose ID codes are not memo-
Only use tire sizes that are recommended
rized by the vehicle are used. The moni-
for your vehicle. Use of inappropriate-size
toring system should be set up by an
tires can cause a variety of problems which
authorized service facility.
will not be covered under warranty.
• Wheels that are not fitted with tire pres-
sure sensors are being used.
WARNING
• The tire inflation pressure sensors’ bat-
We highly recommend that any TPMS
tery is exhausted.
sensor replacement or tire rotation
• A wireless facility or device using the
be done by an authorized Suzuki
same frequency is near the vehicle.
dealer. The dealer will make sure that
• Snow or ice is stuck inside the fenders
the TPMS system is set up to recog-
and/or on the wheels.
nize the ID codes of the TPMS sen-
sors.
The tire pressure monitoring system oper-
ates on a radio frequency subject to Fed-
5-34

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Tire Inflation Pressure
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve
The Tire and Loading Information label
WARNING
stem. Press the tire gauge firmly onto the
shows the correct inflation pressures for
(Continued)
valve to get a pressure measurement. If
your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means
• Never underinflate or overinflate
the cold tire inflation pressure is low, add
your vehicle has been sitting for at least
the tires.
air until you reach the recommended pres-
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile
Underinflation can cause unusual
sure.
(1.6 km). See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
handling characteristics or can
section 4.
If you overfill the tire, release air by push-
cause the rim to slip on the tire
ing on the metal stem in the center of the
bead, resulting in an accident or
Tire
33 psi
tire valve. Recheck the tire pressure with
Front
damage to the tire or rim.
195/55R15
(228 kPa)
the tire gauge.
Pressure
Underinflation can also cause tires
(Sedan)
33 psi
Rear
to overheat, leading to tire failure.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the
(228 kPa)
Overinflation can cause the tire to
valve stems. They help prevent leaks by
33 psi
burst, resulting in personal injury.
keeping out dirt and moisture.
Front
195/55R15
(228 kPa)
Overinflation can also cause
(Wagon)
33 psi
unusual handling characteristics
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Rear
which may result in an accident.
Inspect your vehicle’s tires at least once a
(228 kPa)
month.
60 psi
Front
When to Check
Tires should be rotated every 7,500 miles
125/70D15
(420 kPa)
Check your tires each time you fill your fuel
(12,000 km).
(Temporary)
60 psi
Rear
tank or at least once a month using a tire
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate
(420 kPa)
pressure gauge.
your tires as soon as possible and check
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged
WARNING
should be at 60 psi (420 kPa).
tires or wheels. See “When It Is Time for
New Tires” and “Wheel Replacement” in
Air pressures should be checked
How to check
this section for more information.
when the tires are cold or you may
Use a good quality pocket-type gauge to
get inaccurate readings.
The purpose of regular rotation is to
check tire pressure. You can’t tell if your
Check the inflation pressure from
achieve more uniform wear for all tires on
tires are properly inflated simply by looking
time to time while inflating the tire
the vehicle. The first rotation is the most
at them. Radial tires may look properly
gradually, until the specified pres-
important. See
“Scheduled Maintenance
inflated even when they’re under inflated.
sure is obtained.
Services” in section 6, for scheduled rota-
Check the tire’s inflation pressure when the
(Continued)
tion intervals.
tires are cold. Cold means your vehicle has
been sitting for at least three hours or
driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
5-35

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
NOTE:
WARNING
Use of replacement tires with a higher
load-carrying capacity than the original
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the
tires, or using a tire inflation pressure
parts to which it is fastened, can
higher than the recommended tire inflation
make wheel nuts become loose after
pressure, will not increase the GVWR or
a time. The wheel could come off and
GAWR limit of your vehicle.
cause an accident. When you change
a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
When It Is Time for New Tires
places where the wheel attaches to
the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do
this, but be sure to use a scraper or
wire brush later, if you need to, to get
all the rust or dirt off. See “Changing
a Flat Tire” in this section.
When rotating your tires, always use the
correct rotation pattern shown here.
Vehicle Loading
Don’t include the compact spare tire in
The tires on your vehicle, when they are
your tire rotation.
inflated to the recommended tire inflation
After the tires have been rotated, adjust
pressure, have a load-carrying capacity
the front and rear inflation pressures as
that is greater than the load that will be on
shown on the Tire and Loading Information
the tires when the vehicle is at its GVWR
label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
or GAWR limit. Never use replacement
properly tightened. See
“Wheel Nut
tires that have a load-carrying capacity
One way to tell when it’s time for new tires
Torque” under “Capacities and Specifica-
less than the original tires on your vehicle.
is to check the tread wear indicators, which
tions” in this section.
Tire load-carrying capacity information is
will appear when your tires have only 1/16
molded into the tire sidewall typically
inch (1.6 mm) or less of tread remaining.
shown as “Max. Load”. Use of replacement
tires with a lower load-carrying capacity
You need a new tire if any of the following
statements are true:
than the original tires, or failure to keep the
tires inflated to the recommended tire pres-
• You can see the indicators at three or
sure, may reduce the GVWR or GAWR
more places around the tire.
limit of your vehicle.
• You can see cord or fabric showing
through the tire’s rubber.
5-36

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
snagged deep enough to show cord or
WARNING
Quality grades can be found where appli-
fabric.
cable on the tire sidewall between the
Replacing the wheels and tires
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
tread shoulder and the maximum section
equipped on your vehicle with certain
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other
width. For example:
combinations of aftermarket wheels
damage that can’t be repaired well
Tread wear 200 Traction AA Tempera-
and tires can significantly change the
because of the size or location of the
steering and handling characteris-
ture A
damage.
tics of your vehicle. Oversized tires
may also rub against the fender over
The following information relates to the
Buying New Tires
bumps, causing vehicle damage or
system developed by the United States
To find out what kind and size of tires you
tire failure. Therefore, use only those
National Highway Traffic Safety Adminis-
need, look at the Tire and Loading Infor-
wheel and tire combinations
tration, which grades tires by tread wear,
mation label.
approved by SUZUKI Motor Corpora-
traction and temperature performance.
Make sure the replacements are the same
tion as standard or optional equip-
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the
size, load range, speed rating and con-
ment for your vehicle. For
United States.) The grades are molded on
struction type (bias, bias-belted or radial)
information regarding the specified
the sidewalls of most passenger car tires.
as your original tires.
tires, refer to the Tire Information
The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system
Label located on the driver’s side
does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
WARNING
door pillar or
“Tire Inflation Pres-
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use
sure” in this section.
spare tires, tires with nominal rim diame-
Your SUZUKI is equipped with tires
ters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to
which are all the same type and size.
some limited-production tires.
This is important to ensure proper
CAUTION
steering and handling of the vehicle.
While the tires available on SUZUKI vehi-
Replacing the original tires with tires
Never mix tires of different size or
cles may vary with respect to these grades,
type on the four wheels of your vehi-
of a different size may result in false
they all conform to federal safety require-
speedometer or odometer readings.
cle. The size and type of tires used
ments.
Check with your SUZUKI dealer
should be only those approved by
before purchasing replacement tires
SUZUKI Motor Corporation as stan-
Tread wear
dard or optional equipment for your
that differ in size from the original
The tread wear grade is a comparative rat-
tires.
vehicle.
ing based on the wear rate of the tire when
tested under controlled conditions on a
specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and a half (1.5) times as well on the gov-
ernment course as a tire graded 100. The
5-37

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
relative performance of tires depends upon
tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
Wheel Replacement
the actual conditions of their use, however,
level of performance which all passenger
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or
and may depart significantly from the norm
car tires must meet under the Federal
badly rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts
due to variations in driving habits, service
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No.109.
keep coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts
practices and differences in road charac-
Grades B and A represent higher levels of
and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
teristics and climate.
performance on the laboratory test wheel
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
than the minimum required by law.
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes
Traction - AA, A, B, C
be repaired). See your SUZUKI dealer if
The traction grades, from highest to low-
WARNING
any of these conditions exist.
est, are AA, A, B, and C. Those grades
Your SUZUKI dealer will know the kind of
The temperature grade for this tire is
represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
wheel you need.
established for a tire that is properly
pavement as measured under controlled
inflated and not overloaded. Exces-
Each new wheel should have the same
conditions on specified government test
sive speed, underinflation, or exces-
load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, off-
surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire
sive loading, either separately or in
set and be mounted the same way as the
marked C may have poor traction perfor-
combination, can cause heat buildup
one it replaces.
mance.
and possible tire failure.
If you need to replace any of your wheels,
WARNING
wheel bolts or wheel nuts, replace them
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
only with new SUZUKI original equipment
The traction grade assigned to this
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned
parts. This way, you will be sure to have
tire is based on straight-ahead brak-
and balanced carefully at the factory to
the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
ing traction tests, and does not
give you the longest tire life and best over-
for your vehicle.
include acceleration, cornering,
all performance.
hydroplaning, or peak traction char-
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel bal-
WARNING
acteristics.
ancing are not needed. However, if you
Using the wrong replacement wheels,
notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle
Temperature - A, B, C
wheel bolts or wheel nuts on your
pulling one way or the other, the alignment
The temperature grades are A (the high-
vehicle can be dangerous. It could
may need to be reset. If you notice your
est), B, and C, representing the tire’s resis-
affect the braking and handling of
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth
tance to the generation of heat and its
your vehicle, make your tires lose air
road, your wheels may need to be rebal-
ability to dissipate heat when tested under
and make you lose control. You could
anced.
controlled conditions on a specified indoor
have a collision in which you or oth-
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high tem-
ers could be injured. Always use the
perature can cause the material of the tire
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
nuts for replacement.
excessive temperature can lead to sudden
5-38

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Tire Chains
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve,
CAUTION
acts much like a skid and may require the
CAUTION
same correction you’d use in a skid. In any
The wrong wheel can also cause
rear blowout, remove your foot from the
problems with bearing life, brake
Use tire chains only where legal and
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under
cooling, speedometer or odometer
only when you must. Use only SAE
control by steering the way you want the
calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
class “S” type chains that are the
vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy and
height, vehicle ground clearance and
proper size for your tires. Install them
noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake
tire or tire chain clearance to the
on the front tires and tighten them as
to a stop, well off the road if possible.
body and chassis.
tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowly and
WARNING
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in this section
follow the chain manufacturer’s
for more information.
instructions. If you can hear the
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it
chains contacting your vehicle, stop
to do maintenance or repairs is dan-
Used Replacement Wheels
and retighten them. If the contact
gerous without the appropriate safety
continues, slow down until it stops.
equipment and training. The jack pro-
WARNING
Driving too fast or spinning the
vided with your vehicle is designed
wheels with chains on will damage
only for changing a flat tire. If it is
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle
your vehicle.
used for anything else, you or others
is dangerous. You can’t know how it’s
could be badly injured or killed if the
been used or how far it’s been driven.
If a Tire Goes Flat
vehicle slips off the jack. Use the jack
It could fail suddenly and cause a
provided with your vehicle only for
It’s a unusual for a tire to “blowout” while
crash. If you have to replace a wheel,
you’re driving, especially if you maintain
changing a flat tire.
use a new SUZUKI original equip-
your tire properly. If air goes out of a tire,
ment wheel.
it’s much more likely to leak out slowly. But
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how
if you should ever have a “blowout”, here
to use your jacking equipment to change a
are a few tips about what to expect and
flat tire safely.
what to do:
Changing a Flat Tire
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and
drag that pulls the vehicle toward that side.
wheel damage by driving slowly to a level
Take your foot off the accelerator pedal
place. Turn on your hazard warning flash-
and grip the steering wheel firmly. Steer to
ers.
maintain lane position, and then gently
brake to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
5-39

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
WARNING
Changing a tire can cause an injury.
The vehicle can slip off the jack and
roll over you or other people. You and
they could be severely injured. Find a
level place to change your tire. To
help prevent the vehicle from mov-
ing:
1) Set the parking brake firmly.
2) Put an automatic transmission
shift lever in PARK (P), or shift a
manual transmission to FIRST (1)
or REVERSE (R).
3) Turn off the engine and do not
The following steps will tell you how to use
restart while the vehicle is raised.
the jack to change a tire.
A. Jack
4) Do not allow passengers to
B. Wrench
remain in the vehicle.
C. Jack Handle
To be even more certain the vehicle
D. Screwdriver
won’t move, you should put blocks at
the front and rear of the tire farthest
The compartment
spare
tire
and
tools
away from the one being changed.
you’ll need are located in the trunk.
That would be the tire on the other
side, at the opposite end of the vehi-
WARNING
cle.
Only use the jack for lifting this car
during an emergency tire change.
1) Remove the trim cover from the floor of
the cargo area by pulling up on the tab.
2) Remove the foam tray that contains the
tools.
3) Turn the retainer on the compact spare
tire counterclockwise and remove the
retainer.
5-40

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
4) Remove the compact spare tire. See
5) Remove the compact spare tire. See
“Compact Spare Tire” in this section for
“Compact Spare Tire” in this section for
more information.
more information.
5) Remove the jack, jack handle and the
wheel wrench. The jack is located in the
cargo area. Turn the jack retainer,
located on the right side of the jack,
counterclockwise to release it. The jack
handle and the wheel wrench are
located inside the foam tray.
In case of the Wagon models, do the fol-
lowing:
3) Near each wheel well is a notch in the
N5U5006A
frame which the jack head fits in.
Position the jack and raise the jack
6) To access the tools, pull the strap on
head until it fits firmly into the notch in
the tool box cover upward. The tools
the vehicle’s frame nearest the flat tire.
are located inside the foam tray.
Put the compact spare tire near you.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
WARNING
the Spare Tire
Getting under a vehicle when it is
1) If your vehicle is equipped with wheel
jacked up is dangerous. If the vehicle
covers, loosen the 4 plastic caps by
slips off the jack you could be badly
N5U5005A
hand with the aid of the wheel wrench
injured or killed. Never get under a
and remove the wheel cover.
vehicle when it is supported only by a
1)
Open the floor cover by pulling the han-
2) Then use the wheel wrench to loosen
jack.
dle upward.
all the wheel nuts. Don’t remove them
2)
Lift the floor tray.
yet.
3)
Release the prop from its retainer and
put the prop into the slot.
4)
Turn the retainer on the compact spare
tire counterclockwise and remove the
retainer.
5-41

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
WARNING
WARNING
Raising your vehicle with the jack
Never use oil or grease on studs or
improperly positioned can damage
nuts. If you do, the nuts might come
the vehicle and even make the vehi-
loose. Your wheel could fall off, caus-
cle fall. To help avoid personal injury
ing a serious accident.
and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location
9) Place the compact spare tire on the
before raising the vehicle.
wheel-mounting surface.
10)Reinstall the wheel nuts with the
rounded end of the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each wheel nut by turn-
ing it clockwise with your hand until the
wheel is held against the hub.
8)
Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel
11)Lower the vehicle by turning the wheel
bolts, mounting surfaces and spare
handle counterclockwise. Lower the
wheel.
jack completely.
WARNING
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the
parts to which it is fastened, can
make the wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you
4)
Insert the jack handle and the wheel
change a wheel, remove any rust or
wrench into the jack.
dirt from the places where the wheel
5)
Raise the vehicle by turning the jack
attaches to the vehicle. In an emer-
handle clockwise. Raise the vehicle far
gency, you can use a cloth or a paper
enough off the ground so there is
towel to do this, but be sure to use a
enough room for the compact spare tire
scraper or wire brush later, if you
to fit underneath the wheel well.
need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.
6)
Remove all of the wheel nuts by turning
12)Tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a criss-
them counterclockwise.
cross sequence as shown.
7)
Remove the flat tire.
5-42

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
WARNING
CAUTION
WARNING
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
If you install a full-size tire rather than
tightened wheel nuts can cause the
your compact spare tire, reinstall the
Improperly storing a jack, a tire, or
wheel to come loose and even come
wheel cover as follows:
other equipment in the passenger
off. This could lead to an accident. Be
1) Put the wheel cover on the full-
compartment of the vehicle could
sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If
size tire.
cause injury. In a sudden stop or col-
you have to replace them, be sure to
2) Fasten the 4 plastic caps snugly
lision, loose equipment could strike
get new SUZUKI original equipment
by hand.
someone. Store all these items in the
wheel nuts. Stop somewhere as soon
3) Tighten the caps by turning them
proper place.
as you can and have the nuts tight-
an additional 90° with the wheel
ened with a torque wrench to the
wrench.
Store the flat tire in the compact spare tire
proper torque specification. See
- The proper tightening torque is a
compartment. Place the tire in the com-
“Capacities and Specifications” in
maximum of 5.9 lb-ft (8 N·m).
partment, then secure the retainer. Store
the Index for the wheel nut torque
- Tightening to the improper
the jack in its housing in the cargo area.
specification.
torque can cause damage to the
Secure the jack by turning the retainer
plastic caps.
clockwise. Store the tools securely in the
foam tray and place the tray on top of the
CAUTION
tire. Replace the trim cover.
CAUTION
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor
Wheel covers will not fit on your com-
WARNING
damage. To avoid expensive brake
pact spare. If you try to put a wheel
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equip-
repairs, evenly tighten the wheel nuts
cover on the compact spare, you
ment in the passenger compartment
in the proper sequence and to the
could damage the cover or the spare.
of the vehicle could cause injury. In a
proper torque specification. See
sudden stop or collision, loose
“Capacities and Specifications” in
equipment could strike someone.
the index for the wheel nut torque
Store all these in the proper place.
specification.
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your com-
The compact spare tire is for temporary
pact spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel
use only. Replace the compact spare tire
cover in the trunk until you have the flat tire
with a full-size tire as soon as you can. See
repaired or replaced.
“Compact Spare Tire” in this section.
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully
CAUTION
WARNING
inflated when your vehicle was new, it can
Tire chains won’t fit your compact
(Continued)
lose air after a time. Check the inflation
spare tire. Using them can damage
Do not use tire chains on the com-
pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi (420
your vehicle and can damage the
pact spare tire. If you must use tire
kPa).
chains too. Don’t use tire chains on
chains, rearrange the wheels so
After installing the compact spare tire on
your compact spare.
standard tires and wheels are fitted
your vehicle, you should stop as soon as
to the front axle.
possible and make sure your compact
The compact spare tire has a much
WARNING
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact
shorter tread life than the conven-
spare tire is made to perform well at
tional tires on your vehicle.
The compact spare tire and wheel are
speeds up to 50 mph (80 km/h), so you
intended for temporary emergency
Replace the tire as soon as the
can finish your trip and have your full-size
tread wear indicator appears.
use only. Continuous use of the com-
tire repaired or replaced where you want.
pact spare tire can result in tire fail-
When replacing the compact spare
Of course, it’s best to replace your spare
tire, use a replacement tire with the
ure and loss of control. Always
with a full-size tire as soon as you can.
observe these precautions when
exact same size and construction.
Your spare will last longer and be in good
using the compact spare tire:
shape in case you need it again.
Your vehicle will handle differently
with this temporary spare.
CAUTION
Do not exceed 80 km/h (50 mph)
speed.
When the compact spare Tire is
Replace the compact spare tire
installed, don’t take your vehicle
with a standard tire and wheel as
through an automatic car wash with
soon as possible.
guide rails. The compact spare can
Use of the compact spare tire will
get caught on the rails. That can
reduce ground clearance.
damage the tire and wheel, and
Recommended air pressure for the
maybe other parts of your vehicle.
compact spare tire is 420 kPa (60
psi).
Don’t use your compact spare tire on other
(Continued)
vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or
wheel with other wheels or tires. They
won’t fit. Keep your compact spare tire and
its wheel together.
5-44

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Using Cleaner on Fabric
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of
1) Vacuum and brush the area to remove
Remember, cleaning products can be haz-
dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather,
any loose dirt.
ardous. Some are toxic. Others can burst
plastic and painted surfaces with a clean,
2) Always clean a whole trim panel or sec-
into flames if you strike a match or get
damp cloth.
tion. Mask surrounding trim along stitch
them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some
or welt lines.
are dangerous if you breathe their fumes in
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
3) Follow the directions on the container
a closed space. When you use anything
Your SUZUKI dealer has cleaners for the
label.
from a container to clean your vehicle, be
cleaning of fabric and carpet. They will
4) Apply cleaner with a clean sponge.
sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
clean normal spots and stains very well.
Don’t saturate the material and don’t
and instructions. And always open your
rub it roughly.
doors or windows when you are cleaning
You can get SUZUKI approved cleaning
5) As soon as you’ve cleaned the section,
the inside.
products from your SUZUKI dealer. See
use a sponge to remove any excess
“Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials” later
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
cleaner.
in this section.
6) Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-
• Gasoline
Here are some cleaning tips:
dampened towel or cloth.
• Benzene
7) Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
• Naphtha
Always read the instructions on the
• Carbon Tetrachloride
cleaner label.
Specific Fabric Cleaning Problems
• Acetone
Clean up stains as soon as you can -
Stains caused by such things as catsup,
• Paint Thinner
before they set.
coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk,
• Turpentine
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
soft drinks, vomit, urine and blood can be
• Lacquer Thinner
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change
removed as follows:
• Nail Polish Remover
to a clean area often. A soft brush may
be used if stains are stubborn.
1) Carefully scrape off excess stain, then
They can all be hazardous - some more
If a ring forms on fabric after spot clean-
sponge the soiled area with cool water.
than others - and they can all damage
ing, clean the entire area immediately or
2) If a stain remains, follow the cleaner
your vehicle, too.
it will set.
instructions described earlier.
Do not use any of these unless this manual
3) If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or
says you can. In many uses, these will
urine, treat the area with a water/baking
damage your vehicle:
soda solution: 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of bak-
ing soda to 1 cup (250 ml) of lukewarm
• Alcohol
water.
• Laundry Soap
4) Let dry.
• Bleach
• Reducing Agents
5-45

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, may-
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument
Care of Safety Belts
onnaise, chili sauce and unknown stains
Panel
Keep belts clean and dry.
can be removed as follows:
Use only mild soap and water to clean the
top surfaces of the instrument panel.
WARNING
1) Carefully scrape off excess stain.
Sprays containing silicones or waxes may
2) First, clean with cool water and allow to
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If
cause annoying reflections in the wind-
dry completely.
you do, it may severely weaken them.
shield and even make it difficult to see
3) If a stain remains, follow the cleaner
In a crash, they might not be able to
through the windshield under certain con-
instructions described earlier.
provide adequate protection. Clean
ditions.
safety belts only with mild soap and
Cleaning Vinyl
lukewarm water.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Use only a mild soap and water solution on
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove
a soft cloth or sponge. Commercial clean-
Weather-strips
dirt. You may have to do this more than
ers may affect the surface finish.
Silicone grease on weather-strips will
once.
make them last longer, seal better, and not
• Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
stick or squeak. Apply silicone grease with
will stain if you don’t get them off quickly.
Glass should be cleaned often. SUZUKI
a clean cloth at least every six months.
Use a clean cloth and vinyl cleaner. See
Glass Cleaner or a liquid household glass
During very cold, damp weather more fre-
your SUZUKI dealer for this product.
cleaner will remove normal tobacco smoke
quent application may be required.
and dust films on interior glass. See
Cleaning Leather
SUZUKI Vehicle Care/Appearance Materi-
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehi-
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a
als in this section.
cle
mild soap or saddle soap and wipe dry
The paint finish on your vehicle provides
with a soft cloth. Then, let the leather dry
CAUTION
beauty, depth of color, gloss retention and
naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
durability.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass,
• For stubborn stains, use a leather
because they may cause scratches.
Washing Your Vehicle
cleaner.
Avoid placing decals on the inside
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s fin-
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based
rear window, since they may have to
ish is to keep it clean by washing it often
or abrasive cleaners, furniture polish or
be scraped off later. If abrasive clean-
with lukewarm or cold water.
shoe polish on leather.
ers are used on the inside of the rear
• Soiled or stained leather should be
window, an electric defogger element
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays
cleaned immediately. If dirt is allowed to
may be damaged. Any temporary
of the sun. Use a car washing soap. Don’t
work into the finish, it can harm the
license should not be attached
use strong soaps or chemical detergents.
leather.
across the defogger grid.
Be sure to rinse the vehicle well, removing
all soap residue completely. You can get
approved cleaning products from your
5-46

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
SUZUKI dealer. See
“Vehicle Care/
Grime from the windshield will stick to the
Appearance Materials” later in this section.
CAUTION
wiper blades and affect their performance.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petro-
Clean the blades by wiping vigorously with
Machine compounding or aggressive
leum based, or that contain acid or abra-
a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat
sives. All cleaning agents should be
washer solvent. Then rinse the blades with
paint finish may dull the finish or
flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
water.
leave swirl marks.
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the fin-
Check the wiper blades and clean them as
ish with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cot-
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride
necessary; replace blades that look worn.
ton towel to avoid surface scratches and
water spotting.
and other salts, ice melting agents, road oil
and tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
High pressure car washes may cause
from industrial chimneys, etc., can damage
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean
water to enter your vehicle.
your vehicle’s finish if they remain on
cloth with mild soap and water. Rinse with
painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as
clean water. After rinsing thoroughly, dry
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
soon as possible. If necessary, use non-
with a soft clean towel. A wax may then be
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft
abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for
applied.
cloth and a car washing soap to clean
painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
The surface of these wheels is similar to
exterior lamps and lenses. Follow instruc-
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to
the painted surface of your vehicle. Don’t
tions under Washing Your Vehicle.
aging, weather and chemical fallout that
use strong soaps, chemicals, abrasive pol-
can take their toll over a period of years.
ishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners with
Finish Care
You can help to keep the paint finish look-
acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on them
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of
ing new by keeping your vehicle garaged
because you could damage the surface.
your vehicle by hand may be necessary to
or covered whenever possible.
Do not use chrome polish on aluminum
remove residue from the paint finish. You
wheels.
can get SUZUKI-approved cleaning prod-
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades
ucts from your SUZUKI dealer. See “Vehi-
Don’t take your vehicle through an auto-
cle Care/Appearance Materials” later in
If the windshield is not clear after using the
matic car wash that has silicone carbide
windshield washer, or if the wiper blade
this section.
tire cleaning brushes. These brushes can
chatters when running, wax, sap or other
also damage the surface of these wheels.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clear coat”
material may be on the blade or wind-
paint finish. The clear coat gives more
shield.
Cleaning Tires
depth and gloss to the colored basecoat.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with
Always use waxes and polishes that are
full-strength glass cleaning liquid. The
tire cleaner.
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/
windshield is clean if beads do not form
clear coat paint finish.
when you rinse it with water.
5-47

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Underbody Maintenance
CAUTION
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal
Description
Usage
and dust control can collect on the under-
When applying a tire dressing,
Polishing Cloth
Interior and exterior
body. If these are not removed, acceler-
always take care to wipe off any over-
Wax-Treated
polishing cloth.
ated corrosion
(rust) can occur on the
spray or splash from all painted sur-
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame,
Tar and Road
Removes tar, road oil
faces on the body or wheels of the
floor pan and exhaust system even though
Oil Remover
and asphalt.
vehicle. Petroleum-based products
they have corrosion protection.
may damage the paint finish and
Chrome
Use on chrome or
tires.
At least every spring, flush these materials
Cleaner and
stainless steel.
from the underbody with plain water. Clean
Polish
Sheet Metal Damage
any areas where mud and debris can col-
lect. Dirt packed in close areas of the
White Sidewall
Removes soil and
If your vehicle is damaged and requires
sheet metal repair or replacement, make
frame should be loosened before being
Tire Cleaner
black marks from
flushed. Your SUZUKI dealer or an under-
whitewalls.
sure the body repair shop applies anti-cor-
rosion material to parts repaired or
body car washing system can do this for
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl tops,
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
you.
upholstery and con-
Original manufacturer replacement parts
vertible tops.
Chemical Paint Spotting
will provide the corrosion protection while
Some weather and atmospheric conditions
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime,
maintaining the warranty.
can create a chemical fallout. Airborne pol-
smoke and finger-
lutants can fall upon and attack painted
prints.
Finish Damage
surfaces on your vehicle. This damage can
Any stone chips, fractures or deep
Chrome and
Removes dirt and
take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discol-
scratches in the finish should be repaired
orations, and small, irregular dark spots
Wire Wheel
grime from chrome
right away. Bare metal will corrode quickly
Cleaner
wheels and wire
etched into the paint surface.
and may develop into major repair
wheel covers.
expense.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Finish
Removes dust, finger-
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired
See your SUZUKI dealer for more informa-
Enhancer
prints, and surface
with touch-up materials available from your
tion on purchasing the following products.
contaminants, Spray
SUZUKI dealer. Larger areas of finish
on wipe off.
damage can be corrected in your SUZUKI
dealer’s body and paint shop.
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