Suzuki XL7 (2007 year). Instruction - part 13

 

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Suzuki XL7 (2007 year). Instruction - part 13

 

 

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Tires
ters and numbers used to define a
particular tire’s width, height, aspect
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality
WARNING
ratio, construction type, and service
tires made by a leading tire manufacturer.
(Continued)
description. See the “Tire Size” illus-
If you ever have questions about your tire
• Worn, old tires can cause acci-
tration later in this section for more
warranty and where to obtain service, see
dents. If your tread is badly worn,
detail.
your Suzuki Warranty booklet for details.
or if your tires have been damaged,
B. TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
For additional information refer to the tire
replace them.
Specification):
manufacturer’s booklet included with your
Refer to “Inflation - Tire Pressure” in
Original equipment tires designed to
vehicle.
this section for inflation pressure
SUZUKI’s specific tire performance
adjustment for high speed driving.
criteria have a TPC specification code
WARNING
molded onto the sidewall. SUZUKI’s
Poorly maintained and improperly
TPC specifications meet or exceed all
Tire Sidewall Labeling
used tires are dangerous.
federal safety guidelines.
Useful information about a tire is molded
Overloading your tires can cause
C. DOT (Department of Transportation):
into its sidewall. The examples below show
overheating as a result of too much
The Department of Transportation
a typical passenger vehicle tire and a com-
friction. You could have an air-out
(DOT) code indicates that the tire is in
pact spare tire sidewall.
and a serious accident. Refer to
compliance with the U.S. Department
“Loading Your Vehicle” in “Your
of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire Example
Driving, the Road, and Your Vehi-
Safety Standards.
cle” in the “Driving Your Vehicle”
D. Tire Identification Number (TIN):
section.
The letters and numbers following
Underinflated tires pose the same
DOT (Department of Transportation)
danger as overloaded tires. The
code is the Tire Identification Number
resulting accident could cause
(TIN). The TIN shows the manufac-
serious injury. Check all tires fre-
turer and plant code, tire size, and
quently to maintain the recom-
date the tire was manufactured. The
mended pressure. Tire pressure
TIN is molded onto both sides of the
should be checked when your tires
tire, although only one side may have
are cold.
the date of manufacture.
Overinflated tires are more likely to
E. Tire Ply Material:
be cut, punctured, or broken by a
The type of cord and number of plies
sudden impact - such as when you
in the sidewall and under the tread.
hit a pothole. Keep tires at the rec-
1376078
F. Uniform Tire Quality Grading
ommended pressure.
A. Tire Size:
(UTQG):
(Continued)
The tire size is a combination of let-
Tire manufacturers are required to
5-26

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
grade tires based on three perfor-
Spare Tire” and “If a Tire Goes Flat”
SUZUKI’s specific tire performance
mance factors: treadwear, traction,
in this section.
criteria have a TPC specification code
and temperature resistance. For more
B. Tire Ply Material:
molded onto the sidewall. SUZUKI’s
information refer to
“Uniform Tire
The type of cord and number of plies
TPC specifications meet or exceed all
Quality Grading” in this section.
in the sidewall and under the tread.
federal safety guidelines.
G. Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
C. Tire Identification Number (TIN):
Maximum load that can be carried
The letters and numbers following the
Tire Size
and the maximum pressure needed to
DOT (Department of Transportation)
The following illustration shows an exam-
support that load.
code is the Tire Identification Number
ple of a typical passenger vehicle tire size.
(TIN). The TIN shows the manufac-
Compact Spare Tire Example
turer and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured. The
TIN is molded onto both sides of the
tire, although only one side may have
the date of manufacture.
D. Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried
and the maximum pressure needed to
support that load.
E. Tire Inflation:
The temporary use tire or compact
spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi
(420 kPa). For more information on
tire pressure and inflation refer to
1376101
“Inflation - Tire Pressure” in this sec-
1376093
A. Passenger (P-Metric) Tire:
tion.
The United States version of a metric
A. Temporary Use Only:
F. Tire Size:
tire sizing system. The letter P as the
The compact spare tire or temporary
A combination of letters and numbers
first character in the tire size means a
use tire has a tread life of approxi-
define a tire’s width, height, aspect
passenger vehicle tire engineered to
mately
3000 miles
(5000 km) and
ratio, construction type, and service
standards set by the U.S. Tire and
should not be driven at speeds over
description. The letter T as the first
Rim Association.
65 mph (105 km/h). The compact
character in the tire size means the
B. Tire Width:
spare tire is for emergency use when
tire is for temporary use only.
The three-digit number indicates the
a regular road tire has lost air and
G. TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
tire section width in millimeters from
gone flat. If your vehicle has a com-
Specification):
sidewall to sidewall.
pact spare tire, refer to
“Compact
Original equipment tires designed to
5-27

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
C. Aspect Ratio:
Tire Terminology and Definitions
kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up
A two-digit number that indicates the
heat from driving. Refer to “Inflation - Tire
Air Pressure:
tire height-to-width measurements.
Pressure” in this section.
The amount of air inside the tire pressing
For example, if the tire size aspect
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air
Curb Weight:
ratio is 60, as shown in item C of the
pressure is expressed in pounds per
This means the weight of a motor vehicle
illustration, it would mean that the
square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
with standard and optional equipment
tire’s sidewall is 60 percent as high as
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil,
it is wide.
Accessory Weight:
and coolant, but without passengers and
D. Construction Code:
This means the combined weight of
cargo.
A letter code is used to indicate the
optional accessories. Some examples of
type of ply construction in the tire. The
optional accessories are, automatic trans-
DOT Markings:
letter R means radial ply construction;
mission/transaxle, power steering, power
A code molded into the sidewall of a tire
the letter D means diagonal or bias
brakes, power windows, power seats, and
signifying that the tire is in compliance with
ply construction; and the letter B
air conditioning.
the U.S. Department of Transportation
means belted-bias ply construction.
(DOT) motor vehicle safety standards. The
Aspect Ratio:
E. Rim Diameter:
DOT code includes the Tire Identification
The relationship of a tire’s height to its
Diameter of the wheel in inches.
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator
width.
F. Service Description:
which can also identify the tire manufac-
These characters represent the load
Belt:
turer, production plant, brand, and date of
range and speed rating of the tire.
A rubber coated layer of cords that is
production.
The load index represents the load
located between the plies and the tread.
GVWR:
carry capacity a tire is certified to
Cords may be made from steel or other
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. Refer to
carry. The load index can range from
reinforcing materials.
“Loading Your Vehicle” in “Your Driving,
1 to 279. The speed rating is the max-
Bead:
the Road, and Your Vehicle” in the “Driving
imum speed a tire is certified to carry
The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
Your Vehicle” section.
a load. Speed ratings range from A to
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the
Z.
GAWR FRT:
rim.
Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
Bias Ply Tire:
axle. Refer to “Loading Your Vehicle” in
A pneumatic tire in which the plies are laid
“Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle”
at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to
in the “Driving Your Vehicle” section.
the centerline of the tread.
GAWR RR:
Cold Tire Pressure:
Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle.
The amount of air pressure in a tire, mea-
Refer to “Loading Your Vehicle” in “Your
sured in pounds per square inch (psi) or
5-28

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle” in the
Occupant Distribution:
Speed Rating:
“Driving Your Vehicle” section.
Designated seating positions.
An alphanumeric code assigned to a tire
indicating the maximum speed at which a
Intended Outboard Sidewall:
Outward Facing Sidewall:
tire can operate.
The side of an asymmetrical tire, that must
The side of an asymmetrical tire that has a
always face outward when mounted on a
particular side that faces outward when
Traction:
vehicle.
mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire
The friction between the tire and the road
that contains a whitewall, bears white let-
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Kilopascal (kPa):
tering, or bears manufacturer, brand, and/
The metric unit for air pressure.
Tread:
or model name molding that is higher or
The portion of a tire that comes into con-
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire:
deeper than the same moldings on the
tact with the road.
A tire used on light duty trucks and some
other sidewall of the tire.
multipurpose passenger vehicles.
Treadwear Indicators:
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire:
Narrow bands, sometimes called wear
Load Index:
A tire used on passenger cars and some
bars, that show across the tread of a tire
An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279
light duty trucks and multipurpose vehicles.
when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread
that corresponds to the load carrying
Recommended Inflation Pressure:
remains. Refer to “When It Is Time for New
capacity of a tire.
Vehicle manufacturer’s recommended tire
Tires” in this section.
Maximum Inflation Pressure:
inflation pressure as shown on the tire
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The maximum air pressure to which a cold
placard. Refer to “Inflation - Tire Pressure”
Standards):
tire may be inflated. The maximum air
in this section and “Loading Your Vehicle”
A tire information system that provides
pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
in “Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehi-
consumers with ratings for a tire’s traction,
cle” in the “Driving Your Vehicle” section.
Maximum Load Rating:
temperature, and treadwear. Ratings are
The load rating for a tire at the maximum
Radial Ply Tire:
determined by tire manufacturers using
permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that
government testing procedures. The rat-
extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees
ings are molded into the sidewall of the
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight:
to the centerline of the tread.
tire. Refer to “Uniform Tire Quality Grad-
The sum of curb weight, accessory weight,
ing” in this section.
vehicle capacity weight, and production
Rim:
options weight.
A metal support for a tire and upon which
Vehicle Capacity Weight:
the tire beads are seated.
The number of designated seating posi-
Normal Occupant Weight:
tions multiplied by 150 lbs (68 kg) plus the
The number of occupants a vehicle is
Sidewall:
rated cargo load. Refer to “Loading Your
designed to seat multiplied by 150 lbs (68
The portion of a tire between the tread and
Vehicle” in “Your Driving, the Road, and
kg). Refer to
“Loading Your Vehicle” in
the bead.
Your Vehicle” in the “Driving Your Vehicle”
“Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle”
section.
in the “Driving Your Vehicle” section.
5-29

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire:
cle” in “Your Driving, the Road, and Your
Load on an individual tire due to curb
CAUTION
Vehicle” in the “Driving Your Vehicle” sec-
weight, accessory weight, occupant
tion. How you load your vehicle affects
Do not let anyone tell you that under-
weight, and cargo weight.
vehicle handling and ride comfort. Never
inflation or over-inflation is all right. It
load your vehicle with more weight than it
Vehicle Placard:
is not. If your tires do not have
was designed to carry.
A label permanently attached to a vehicle
enough air (under-inflation), you can
showing the vehicle’s capacity weight and
get the following:
When to Check
the original equipment tire size and recom-
• Too much flexing
Check your tires once a month or more. Do
mended inflation pressure. Refer to “Tire
• Too much heat
not forget to check the compact spare tire,
and Loading Information Label” under
• Tire overloading
it should be at 60 psi (420 kPa). For addi-
“Loading Your Vehicle” in “Your Driving,
• Premature or irregular wear
tional information regarding the compact
the Road, and Your Vehicle” in the “Driving
• Poor handling
spare tire, refer to “Compact Spare Tire” in
Your Vehicle” section.
• Reduced fuel economy
this section.
If your tires have too much air (over-
Inflation - Tire Pressure
inflation), you can get the following:
How to Check
Tires need the correct amount of air pres-
• Unusual wear
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to
sure to operate effectively.
• Poor handling
check tire pressure. You cannot tell if your
• Rough ride
tires are properly inflated simply by looking
• Needless damage from road haz-
at them. Radial tires may look properly
ards
inflated even when they are under-inflated.
Check the tire’s inflation pressure when
A Tire and Loading Information label is
the tires are cold. Cold means your vehicle
attached to the vehicle’s center pillar (B-
has been sitting for at least three hours or
pillar). This label shows your vehicle’s orig-
driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
inal equipment tires and the correct infla-
tion pressures for your tires when they are
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve
cold. The recommended cold tire inflation
stem. Press the tire gage firmly onto the
pressure, shown on the label, is the mini-
valve to get a pressure measurement. If
mum amount of air pressure needed to
the cold tire inflation pressure matches the
support your vehicle’s maximum load car-
recommended pressure on the Tire and
rying capacity.
Loading Information label, no further
adjustment is necessary. If the inflation
For additional information regarding how
pressure is low, add air until you reach the
much weight your vehicle can carry, and
recommended amount.
an example of the Tire and Loading Infor-
mation label, refer to “Loading Your Vehi-
5-30

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
If you overfill the tire, release air by push-
ing on the metal stem in the center of the
WARNING
WARNING
tire valve. Re-check the tire pressure with
Each tire, including the spare (if pro-
(Continued)
the tire gage.
vided), should be checked monthly
Please note that the TPMS is not a
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the
when cold and inflated to the inflation
substitute for proper tire mainte-
valve stems. They help prevent leaks by
pressure recommended by the vehi-
nance, and it is the driver’s responsi-
keeping out dirt and moisture.
cle manufacturer on the vehicle plac-
bility
to maintain correct tire
ard or tire inflation pressure label. (If
pressure, even if under-inflation has
Tire Pressure Monitor System
your vehicle has tires of a different
not reached the level to trigger illumi-
Your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor
size than the size indicated on the
nation of the TPMS low tire pressure
System (TPMS). This system uses radio
vehicle placard or tire inflation pres-
telltale.
and sensor technology to check tire pres-
sure label, you should determine the
sure levels. TPMS sensors are mounted
proper tire inflation pressure for
Your vehicle has also been equipped with
onto each tire and wheel assembly, except
those tires.)
a TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate
for the spare tire. The TPMS sensors mon-
As an added safety feature, your
when the system is not operating properly.
itor the air pressure in your vehicle's tires
vehicle has been equipped with a tire
The TPMS malfunction indicator is com-
and transmit tire pressure readings to a
pressure monitoring system (TPMS)
bined with the low tire pressure telltale.
receiver located in the vehicle.
that illuminates a low tire pressure
When the system detects a malfunction,
telltale when one or more of your
the telltale will flash for approximately one
Low Tire Pressure Warning Light
tires is significantly under-inflated.
minute and then remain continuously illu-
Accordingly, when the low tire pres-
minated. This sequence will continue upon
sure telltale illuminates, you should
subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as
stop and check your tires as soon as
the malfunction exists.
possible, and inflate them to the
When the malfunction indicator is illumi-
proper pressure. Driving on a signifi-
nated, the system may not be able to
cantly under-inflated tire causes the
detect or signal low tire pressure as
tire to overheat and can lead to tire
1198521
intended. TPMS malfunctions may occur
failure. Under-inflation also reduces
for a variety of reasons, including the
fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and
installation of replacement or alternate
may affect the vehicle’s handling and
tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent
stopping ability.
the TPMS from functioning properly.
(Continued)
Always check the TPMS malfunction tell-
tale after replacing one or more tires or
wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and wheels
5-31

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
allow the TPMS to continue to function
the Road, and Your Vehicle” in the “Driving
more of the TPMS sensors or rotate the
properly.
Your Vehicle” section, for an example of
vehicle’s tires, the identification codes will
the Tire and Loading Information Label
need to be matched to the new tire/wheel
When a low tire pressure condition is
and its location on your vehicle. Also refer
position. The sensors are matched, to the
detected, the TPMS will illuminate the low
to “Inflation - Tire Pressure” in this section.
tire/wheel positions, in the following order:
tire pressure warning symbol on the instru-
driver side front tire, passenger side front
ment panel cluster, and at the same time a
Your vehicle’s TPMS system can warn you
tire, passenger side rear tire, and driver
message to check the pressure in a spe-
about a low tire pressure condition but it
side rear tire using a TPMS diagnostic tool.
cific tire will appear on the Driver Informa-
does not replace normal tire maintenance.
See your SUZUKI dealer for service.
tion Center
(DIC) display. The low tire
Refer to “Tire Inspection and Rotation” and
pressure warning symbol on the instru-
“Tires” in this section.
The TPMS sensors may also be matched
ment panel cluster and the check tire pres-
to each tire/wheel position by increasing or
sure message will appear at each ignition
CAUTION
decreasing the tire’s air pressure. When
cycle until the tires are inflated to the cor-
increasing the tire’s pressure, do not
Do not use a tire sealant if your vehi-
rect inflation pressure. Using the DIC, tire
exceed the maximum inflation pressure
cle has Tire Pressure Monitors. The
pressure levels can be viewed by the
indicated on the tire’s sidewall.
liquid sealant can damage the tire
driver. For additional information and
pressure monitor sensors.
You will have two minutes to match each
details about the DIC operation and dis-
tire and wheel position. If it takes longer
plays refer to
“DIC Operation and Dis-
The TPMS will not function properly if one
than two minutes to match any tire and
plays” and “DIC Warnings and Messages”
or more of the TPMS sensors are missing
wheel position, the matching process
in “Driver Information Center (DIC)” in the
or inoperable. If the system detects a miss-
stops and you will need to start over.
“Instrument Panel” section.
ing or inoperable sensor, an error mes-
The TPMS matching process is outlined
The low tire pressure warning light may
sage SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
below:
come on in cool weather when the vehicle
will be shown on the DIC display. If you
is first started, and then turn off as you
have replaced a tire/wheel assembly with-
1) Set the parking brake.
start to drive. This may be an early indica-
out transferring the TPMS sensors, the
2) Turn the ignition switch to RUN with the
tor that the air pressure in the tire(s) are
error message will be displayed. Once you
engine off.
getting low and need to be inflated to the
re-install the TPMS sensors, the error
3) Using the DIC, press the vehicle infor-
proper pressure.
message should go off. See your SUZUKI
mation button until the TIRE LOCA-
dealer for service if all TPMS sensors are
TIONS PRESS TO LEARN message
A Tire and Loading Information Label,
installed and the error message comes on
displays.
attached to your vehicle, shows the size of
and stays on.
4) Press the set/reset button to allow the
your vehicle’s original equipment tires and
system to learn the tire positions. The
the correct inflation pressure for your vehi-
TPMS Sensor Matching Process
horn will sound twice to indicate the
cle's tires when they are cold. Refer to
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identifi-
receiver is ready, and the TIRE
“Loading Your Vehicle” in “Your Driving,
cation code. Any time you replace one or
LEARNING ACTIVE message displays.
5-32

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
The TPMS system is ready for the sen-
ation is subject to the following two
The purpose of regular rotation is to
sor matching process to begin.
conditions:
achieve more uniform wear for all tires on
5)
Start with the driver side front tire.
the vehicle. The first rotation is the most
1) This device may not cause harmful
6)
Remove the valve cap from the tire’s
important. Refer to
“Scheduled Mainte-
interference.
valve stem. Activate the TPMS sensor
nance” in “Maintenance Schedule” in the
2) This device must accept any interfer-
by increasing or decreasing the tire’s
“Maintenance Schedule” section for sched-
ence received, including interference
air pressure for five seconds, or until a
uled rotation intervals.
that may cause undesired operation.
horn chirp sounds. The horn chirp,
which may take up to 30 seconds to
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
sound, confirms that the sensor identifi-
operates on a radio frequency and com-
cation code has been matched to the
plies with RSS-210 of Industry and Sci-
tire/wheel position. To decrease the
ence Canada. Operation is subject to the
tire’s air-pressure use the pointed end
following two conditions:
of the valve cap, a pencil-style air pres-
1) This device may not cause interfer-
sure gage, or a key.
ence.
7)
Proceed to the passenger side front
2) This device must accept any interfer-
tire, and repeat the procedure in Step 6.
ence received, including interference
8)
Proceed to the passenger side rear tire,
that may cause undesired operation of
and repeat the procedure in Step 6.
the device.
9)
Proceed to the driver side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
Changes or modifications to this system by
10)After hearing the confirming horn chirp
other than an authorized service facility
811106
for the driver side rear tire, the tire
could void authorization to use this equip-
When rotating your tires, always use the
learning process ends. Turn the ignition
ment.
correct rotation pattern shown here.
switch to LOCK.
11)Set all four tires to the recommended
Do not include the compact spare tire in
Tire Inspection and Rotation
air pressure level as indicated on the
Tires should be rotated every 5000 to 8000
your tire rotation.
tire and loading information label.
miles (8000 to 13000 km).
After the tires have been rotated, adjust
12)Put the valve caps back on the valve
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate
the front and rear inflation pressures as
stems.
your tires as soon as possible and check
shown on the Tire and Loading Information
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged
label. Refer to “Inflation -Tire Pressure” in
Federal Communications Commission
tires or wheels. Refer to “When It Is Time
this section and “Loading Your Vehicle” in
(FCC) and Industry and Science Canada
for New Tires” and “Wheel Replacement”
“Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle”
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
in this section for more information.
in the “Driving Your Vehicle” section.
operates on a radio frequency and com-
plies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Oper-
5-33

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Reset the Tire Pressure Monitor System.
When It Is Time for New Tires
because of the size or location of the
Refer to “TPMS Sensor Matching Process”
damage.
under “Tire Pressure Monitor System” in
this section.
Buying New Tires
The original equipment tires installed on
Make certain that all wheel nuts are prop-
your vehicle, when it was new, were
erly tightened. Refer to
“Wheel Nut
designed to meet the Tire Performance
Torque” under “Capacities and Specifica-
Criteria Specification (TPC spec) system
tions” in this section.
rating. If you need replacement tires,
Suzuki strongly recommends that you get
WARNING
tires with the same TPC Spec rating. This
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the
way, your vehicle will continue to have tires
parts to which it is fastened, can
that are designed to give the same perfor-
make wheel nuts become loose after
mance and vehicle safety, during normal
time. The wheel could come off and
use, as the original tires.
cause an accident. When you change
806296
The exclusive TPC Spec system considers
a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
One way to tell when it is time for new tires
over a dozen critical specifications that
places where the wheel attaches to
is to check the treadwear indicators, which
impact the overall performance of your
the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
will appear when your tires have only 1/16
vehicle, including brake system perfor-
use a cloth or a paper towel to do
inch (1.6 mm) or less of tread remaining.
mance, ride and handling, traction control,
this; but be sure to use a scraper or
Some commercial truck tires may not have
and tire pressure monitoring performance.
wire brush later, if needed, to get all
treadwear indicators.
The TPC Spec number is molded onto the
the rust or dirt off. Refer to “Chang-
tire’s sidewall by the tire manufacturer. If
ing a Flat Tire” in this section.
You need a new tire if any of the following
the tires have an all-season tread design,
statements are true:
the TPC spec number will be followed by a
• You can see the indicators at three or
MS, for mud and snow. Refer to “Tire Side-
more places around the tire.
wall Labeling” in this section for additional
• You can see cord or fabric showing
information.
through the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or
snagged deep enough to show cord or
fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge, or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or other
damage that cannot be repaired well
5-34

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Vehicles that have a tire pressure monitor-
WARNING
ing system may give an inaccurate low-
WARNING
pressure warning if Non-TPC Spec rated
Mixing tires could cause you to lose
If you add different sized wheels,
tires are installed on your vehicle. Non-
control while driving. If you mix tires
your vehicle may not provide an
TPC Spec rated tires may give a low-pres-
of different sizes, brands, or types
acceptable level of performance and
sure warning that is higher or lower than
(radial and bias-belted tires), the
safety if tires not recommended for
the proper warning level you would get
vehicle may not handle properly, and
those wheels are selected. You may
with TPC Spec rated tires. Refer to “Tire
you could have a crash. Using tires
increase the chance that you will
Pressure Monitor System” in this section.
of different sizes, brands, or types
crash and suffer serious injury. Only
may also cause damage to your vehi-
Your vehicle’s original equipment tires are
use Suzuki specific wheel and tire
cle. Be sure to use the correct size,
listed on the Tire and Loading Information
systems developed for your vehicle,
brand, and type of tires on all wheels.
Label. This label is attached to the vehi-
and have them properly installed by a
It is all right to drive with your com-
cle’s center pillar (B-pillar). Refer to “Load-
Suzuki certified technician.
pact spare temporarily, as it was
ing Your Vehicle” in
“Your Driving, the
developed for use on your vehicle.
Road, and Your Vehicle” in the “Driving
Refer to “Buying New Tires” and “Accesso-
Refer to “Compact Spare Tire” in this
Your Vehicle” section, for more information
ries and Modifications” in this section for
section.
about the Tire and Loading Information
additional information.
Label.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
WARNING
Different Size Tires and Wheels
Quality grades can be found where appli-
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehi-
If you add wheels or tires that are a differ-
cable on the tire sidewall between tread
ent size than your original equipment
cle, the wheel rim flanges could
shoulder and maximum section width. For
develop cracks after many miles of
wheels and tires, this may affect the way
example:
your vehicle performs, including its brak-
driving. A tire and/or wheel could fail
ing, ride and handling characteristics, sta-
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Tempera-
suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
bility
and resistance to rollover.
ture A
radial-ply tires with the wheels on
Additionally, if your vehicle has electronic
The following information relates to the
your vehicle.
systems such as, anti-lock brakes, traction
system developed by the United States
control, and electronic stability control, the
National Highway Traffic Safety Adminis-
If you must replace your vehicle’s tires with
performance of these systems can be
tration
(NHTSA), which grades tires by
those that do not have a TPC Spec num-
affected.
treadwear, traction, and temperature per-
ber, make sure they are the same size,
formance. This applies only to vehicles
load range, speed rating, and construction
sold in the United States. The grades are
type (radial and bias-belted tires) as your
molded on the sidewalls of most passen-
vehicle’s original tires.
ger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality
Grading (UTQG) system does not apply to
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
deep tread, winter-type snow tires, space-
saver, or temporary use spare tires, tires
WARNING
WARNING
with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12
The traction grade assigned to this
The temperature grade for this tire is
inches (25 to 30 cm), or, to some limited-
tire is based on straight-ahead brak-
established for a tire that is properly
production tires.
ing traction tests, and does not
inflated and not overloaded. Exces-
While the tires available may vary with
include acceleration, cornering,
sive speed, underinflation, or exces-
respect to these grades, they must also
hydroplaning, or peak traction char-
sive loading, either separately or in
conform to federal safety requirements.
acteristics.
combination, can cause heat buildup
and possible tire failure.
Treadwear
Temperature - A, B, C
The treadwear grade is a comparative rat-
The temperature grades are A (the high-
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
ing based on the wear rate of the tire when
est), B, and C, representing the tire’s resis-
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were
tested under controlled conditions on a
tance to the generation of heat and its
aligned and balanced carefully at the fac-
specified government test course. For
ability to dissipate heat when tested under
tory to give you the longest tire life and
example, a tire graded 150 would wear
controlled conditions on a specified indoor
best overall performance. Adjustments to
one and a half (1.5) times as well on the
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high tem-
wheel alignment and tire balancing will not
government course as a tire graded 100.
perature can cause the material of the tire
be necessary on a regular basis. However,
The relative performance of tires depends
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehi-
upon the actual conditions of their use,
excessive temperature can lead to sudden
cle pulling to one side or the other, the
however, and may depart significantly from
tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
alignment may need to be checked. If you
the norm due to variations in driving habits,
level of performance which all passenger
notice your vehicle vibrating when driving
service practices, and differences in road
car tires must meet under the Federal
on a smooth road, your tires and wheels
characteristics and climate.
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
may need to be rebalanced. See your
Grades B and A represent higher levels of
dealer for proper diagnosis.
Traction - AA, A, B, C
performance on the laboratory test wheel
The traction grades, from highest to low-
than the minimum required by law.
est, are AA, A, B, and C. Those grades
represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test
surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire
marked C may have poor traction perfor-
mance.
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Wheel Replacement
Tire Chains
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked,
CAUTION
or badly rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts
WARNING
The wrong wheel can also cause
keep coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts,
problems with bearing life, brake
Do not use tire chains. There is not
and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
cooling, speedometer or odometer
enough clearance. Tire chains used
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
on a vehicle without the proper
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes
height, vehicle ground clearance, and
amount of clearance can cause dam-
be repaired). See your dealer if any of
tire or tire chain clearance to the
age to the brakes, suspension or
these conditions exist.
body and chassis.
other vehicle parts. The area dam-
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you
aged by the tire chains could cause
need.
Refer to “Changing a Flat Tire” in this sec-
you to lose control of your vehicle
tion for more information.
and you or others may be injured in a
Each new wheel should have the same
crash.
load-carrying capacity, diameter, width,
Used Replacement Wheels
Use another type of traction device
offset, and be mounted the same way as
only if its manufacturer recommends
the one it replaces.
WARNING
it for use on your vehicle and tire size
If you need to replace any of your wheels,
combination and road conditions.
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle
wheel bolts or wheel nuts, replace them
Follow that manufacturer’s instruc-
is dangerous. You cannot know how
only with new original equipment parts.
tions. To help avoid damage to your
it has been used or how far it has
This way, you will be sure to have the right
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or
been driven. It could fail suddenly
wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for
remove the device if it is contacting
and cause a crash. If you have to
your vehicle.
your vehicle, and do not spin your
replace a wheel, use a new original
vehicle’s wheels. If you do find trac-
equipment wheel.
WARNING
tion devices that will fit, install them
on the front tires.
Using the wrong replacement wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts on your
If a Tire Goes Flat
vehicle can be dangerous. It could
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you
affect the braking and handling of
are driving, especially if you maintain your
your vehicle, make your tires lose air
vehicle’s tires properly. If air goes out of a
and make you lose control. You
tire, it is much more likely to leak out
could have a collision in which you
slowly. But if you should ever have a blow-
or others could be injured. Always
out, here are a few tips about what to
use the correct wheel, wheel bolts,
expect and what to do:
and wheel nuts for replacement.
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a
Changing a Flat Tire
drag that pulls the vehicle toward that side.
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and
Take your foot off the accelerator pedal
wheel damage by driving slowly to a level
and grip the steering wheel firmly. Steer to
place. Turn on your vehicle’s hazard warn-
maintain lane position, and then gently
ing flashers. Refer to
“Hazard Warning
brake to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
Flashers” in “Instrument Panel Overview”
in the “Instrument Panel” section for more
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve,
information.
acts much like a skid and may require the
same correction you would use in a skid. In
WARNING
any rear blowout remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle
Changing a tire can be dangerous.
under control by steering the way you want
The vehicle can slip off the jack and
the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy
roll over or fall on you or other peo-
and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
ple. You and they could be badly
809231
brake to a stop, well off the road if possi-
injured or even killed. Find a level
ble.
place to change your tire. To help
The following information will tell you next
how to use the jack and change a tire.
prevent the vehicle from moving:
WARNING
1) Set the parking brake firmly.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
2) Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it
To access the tools, do the following:
3) Turn off the engine and do not
to do maintenance or repairs is dan-
restart while the vehicle is raised.
1) Locate the jack and wheel wrench,
gerous without the appropriate safety
4) Do not allow passengers to
which are located on the passenger’s
equipment and training. The jack pro-
remain in the vehicle.
side of the rear cargo area, behind an
vided with your vehicle is designed
To be even more certain the vehicle
access door. Pull out the access door
only for changing a flat tire. If it is
will not move, you should put blocks
to reach them.
used for anything else, you or others
at the front and rear of the tire far-
could be badly injured or killed if the
thest away from the one being
vehicle slips off the jack. Use the jack
changed. That would be the tire, on
provided with your vehicle only for
the other side, at the opposite end of
changing a flat tire.
the vehicle.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how
When your vehicle has a flat tire, use the
to use the jacking equipment to change a
following example as a guide to assist you
flat tire safely.
in the placement of wheel blocks.
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
1) Open the liftgate. Refer to “Liftgate” in
“Doors and Locks” in the “Features and
Controls” section for more information.
1399885
1306942
2) Remove the wing-bolt on the jack and
4) Tilt the retainer at the end of the cable
then remove it.
when the tire has been completely low-
1751347
3) Remove the hook and loop fastener
ered, and pull it through the wheel
straps holding the bag containing the
2)
Place the wheel wrench (A) onto the
opening.
wheel wrench. Remove the wheel
hoist drive nut (B).
5) Pull the tire out from under the vehicle.
wrench from the bag.
3)
Turn the wheel wrench counterclock-
wise to lower the spare tire. Keep turn-
CAUTION
The following instructions explain how to
ing the wheel wrench until the spare tire
If you drive away before the spare tire
remove the underbody-mounted spare
can be pulled out from under the vehi-
or secondary latch system cable has
underneath your vehicle.
cle. If the spare tire does not lower to
been reinstalled, you could damage
the ground, the secondary latch is
your vehicle. Always reinstall this
CAUTION
engaged causing the tire not to lower.
cable before driving your vehicle.
Refer to “Secondary Latch System” in
If you remove or restow a tire from/to
this section for more information.
the storage position under the vehi-
6) Put the spare tire near the flat tire.
cle while it is supported by a jack,
you could damage the tire and/or
your vehicle. Always remove or
restow a tire when the vehicle is on
the ground.
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
1399879
1587905
4)
Find the arrow on the plastic lower body
With the jack head positioned correctly
809981
panel. Position the jack head under the
on the metal jacking flange, it should
1) Use the wheel wrench to loosen all the
metal jacking flange and not the plastic
look like this from underneath.
wheel nuts. Do not remove them yet.
lower body panel.
2) Attach the wheel wrench to the jack bolt
head and rotate the wheel wrench
clockwise. That will raise the lift head a
little.
3) Place the jack near the flat tire.
CAUTION
Make sure that the jack lift head is in
the correct position or you may dam-
age your vehicle. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty.
1587906
Do not lift the vehicle using the plastic
lower body panel.
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
5) Put the compact spare tire near the flat
tire.
WARNING
Getting under a vehicle when it is
jacked up is dangerous. If the vehicle
slips off the jack you could be badly
injured or killed. Never get under a
vehicle when it is supported only by
a jack.
WARNING
Raising your vehicle with the jack
988777
806071
improperly positioned can damage
6)
Raise the vehicle by turning the jack
7) Remove all of the wheel nuts.
the vehicle and even make the vehi-
handle clockwise. Raise the vehicle far
8) Remove the flat tire.
cle fall. To help avoid personal injury
enough off the ground so there is
and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
enough room for the road tire to clear
WARNING
jack lift head into the proper location
the ground.
before raising the vehicle.
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the
parts to which it is fastened, can
make the wheel nuts become loose
WARNING
after time. The wheel could come off
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it
and cause an accident. When you
to do maintenance or repairs is dan-
change a wheel, remove any rust or
gerous without the appropriate safety
dirt from the places where the wheel
equipment and training. The jack pro-
attaches to the vehicle. In an emer-
vided with your vehicle is designed
gency, you can use a cloth or a paper
only for changing a flat tire. If it is
towel to do this; but be sure to use a
used for anything else, you or others
scraper or wire brush later, if needed,
could be badly injured or killed if the
to get all the rust or dirt off.
vehicle slips off the jack. Use the jack
provided with your vehicle only for
changing a flat tire.
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
CAUTION
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor
damage. To avoid expensive brake
repairs, evenly tighten the wheel nuts
in the proper sequence and to the
proper torque specification. Refer to
“Capacities and Specifications” in
this section for the wheel nut torque
specification.
811105
1152288
9) Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel
12)Lower the vehicle by turning the jack
bolts, mounting surfaces, and spare
handle counterclockwise.
wheel.
10)Place the compact spare tire on the
WARNING
wheel-mounting surface.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause the
WARNING
wheel to come loose and even come
Never use oil or grease on studs or
off. This could lead to an accident. Be
nuts. If you do, the nuts might come
sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If
loose. Your wheel could fall off, caus-
you have to replace them, be sure to
ing a serious accident.
get new SUZUKI original equipment
808642
wheel nuts. Stop somewhere as soon
13)Tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a criss-
11)Reinstall the wheel nuts. Tighten each
as you can and have the nuts tight-
cross sequence, as shown.
nut by hand until the wheel is held
ened with a torque wrench to the
14)Lower the jack all the way and remove
against the hub.
proper torque specification. Refer to
the jack from under the vehicle.
“Capacities and Specifications” in
15)Tighten the wheel nuts firmly with the
this section for wheel nut torque
wheel wrench.
specification.
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