Suzuki XL7 (2007 year). Instruction - part 11

 

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Suzuki XL7 (2007 year). Instruction - part 11

 

 

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Example 1
Example 2
Example 3
1273153
1273154
1273155
Item
Descripion
Total
Item
Descripion
Total
Item
Descripion
Total
Maximum Vehicle
Maximum Vehicle
Maximum Vehicle
1000 lbs
1000 lbs
1000 lbs
A
Capacity Weight for
A
Capacity Weight for
A
Capacity Weight for
(453 kg)
(453 kg)
(453 kg)
Example 1 =
Example 2 =
Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Subtract Occupant
Subtract Occupant
300 lbs
750 lbs
1000 lbs
B
Weight 150 lbs (68
B
Weight 150 lbs (68
B
Weight 200 lbs (91
(136 kg)
(340 kg)
(453 kg)
kg) x 2 =
kg) x 2 =
kg) × 5 =
Available Occupant
700 lbs
Available Occupant
250 lbs
Available Cargo
0 lbs
C
C
C
and Cargo Weight =
(317 kg)
Weight =
(113 kg)
Weight =
(0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading
information label for specific information
about your vehicle’s maximum vehicle
capacity weight and seating positions. The
combined weight of the driver, passengers,
and cargo should never exceed your vehi-
cle’s maximum vehicle capacity weight.
4-18

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification Label
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle
or the GAWR for either the front or rear
WARNING
axle.
Things you put inside your vehicle
can strike and injure people in a sud-
WARNING
den stop or turn, or in a crash.
Do not load your vehicle any heavier
Put things in the cargo area of your
than the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
vehicle. Try to spread the weight
(GVWR), or either the maximum front
evenly.
or rear Gross Axle Weight Rating
Never stack heavier things, like
(GAWR). If you do, parts on your
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that
vehicle can break, and it can change
some of them are above the tops of
the way your vehicle handles. These
the seats.
could cause you to lose control and
Do not leave an unsecured child
crash. Also, overloading can shorten
restraint in your vehicle.
the life of your vehicle.
When you carry something inside
52D059
the vehicle, secure it whenever you
A vehicle specific Certification/Tire label is
can.
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door.
WARNING
Do not leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
The label shows the size of your original
Overloading your vehicle may cause
tires and the inflation pressures needed to
damage. Repairs would not be cov-
obtain the gross weight capacity of your
ered by your warranty. Do not over-
vehicle. This is called the Gross Vehicle
load your vehicle.
Weight Rating
(GVWR). The GVWR
includes the weight of the vehicle, all occu-
If you put things inside your vehicle - like
pants, fuel, and cargo.
suitcases, tools, packages, or anything
else - they will go as fast as the vehicle
The Certification/Tire label also tells you
goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or
the maximum weights for the front and rear
if there is a crash, they will keep going.
axles, called the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR). To find out the actual loads on
your front and rear axles, you need to go to
a weigh station and weigh your vehicle.
Your dealer can help you with this. Be sure
to spread out your load equally on both
sides of the centerline.
4-19

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Towing
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles
wheel-drive vehicle, it can be towed with its
have restrictions on how far and how
two front wheels off the ground. See “Dolly
Towing Your Vehicle
long they can tow.
Towing” following.
Consult your dealer or a professional tow-
• Do you have the proper towing equip-
ing service if you need to have your dis-
ment? See your dealer or trailering pro-
Dolly Towing
abled vehicle towed.
fessional for additional advice and
If you have a front-wheel-drive vehicle, it
equipment recommendations.
can be towed with the two front wheels off
If you want to tow your vehicle behind
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just
the ground. To dolly tow your vehicle, do
another vehicle for recreational purposes
as you would prepare your vehicle for a
the following:
(such as behind a motorhome), refer to
long trip, you’ll want to make sure your
“Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
1) Put the front wheels on a dolly.
vehicle is prepared to be towed. Refer to
2) Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
“Before Leaving on a Long Trip” in this
Recreational Vehicle Towing
3) Set the parking brake and then remove
section.
Recreational vehicle towing means towing
the key.
your vehicle behind another vehicle - such
4) Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-
Dinghy Towing
as behind a motorhome. The two most
ahead position with a clamping device
common types of recreational vehicle tow-
designed for towing.
CAUTION
ing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing
5) Release the parking brake.
your vehicle with all four wheels on the
Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle
ground) and “dolly towing”
(towing your
with all four wheels or even only two
CAUTION
vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
wheels on the ground will damage
Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle
two wheels up on a device known as a
drivetrain or transmission compo-
with all four wheels or even only two
“dolly”).
nents. Towing a front-wheel-drive
wheels on the ground will damage
vehicle with all four wheels on the
With the proper preparation and equip-
drivetrain or transmission compo-
ground will damage drivetrain or
ment, many vehicles can be towed in these
nents. Towing a front-wheel-drive
transmission components. Do not
ways. See “Dinghy Towing” and “Dolly Tow-
vehicle with all four wheels on the
tow an all-wheel-drive vehicle with
ing”, following.
ground will damage drivetrain or
two or four wheels on the ground or a
transmission components. Do not
Here are some important things to con-
front-wheel-drive vehicle if all four
tow an all-wheel-drive vehicle with
sider before you do recreational vehicle
wheels will be on the ground.
two or four wheels on the ground or a
towing:
front-wheel-drive vehicle if all four
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle or a
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing
wheels will be on the ground.
front-wheel-drive vehicle, it was not
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehi-
designed to be towed with all of its wheels
cle manufacturer’s recommendations.
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle, it
on the ground. It can be towed with car
cannot be towed with any of its wheels on
carrier equipment. If you have a front-
4-20

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
the ground. It can be towed with car carrier
Towing a Trailer
cessful, safe trailering takes correct equip-
equipment.
ment, and it has to be used properly.
WARNING
That is the reason for this section. In it are
Level Control
If you do not use the correct equip-
many time-tested, important trailering tips
Your vehicle may have this feature. This
ment and drive properly, you can lose
and safety rules. Many of these are impor-
self-adjusting type of level control is fully
control when you pull a trailer. For
tant for your safety and that of your pas-
automatic and will provide a better leveled
example, if the trailer is too heavy,
sengers. So please read this section
riding position as well as better handling
the brakes may not work well - or
carefully before you pull a trailer.
under a variety of passenger and loading
even at all. You and your passengers
conditions. The system is activated when
could be seriously injured. Pull a
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
sufficient weight is added to the vehicle,
trailer only if you have followed all
If you do, here are some important points:
and will automatically adjust vehicle height
the steps in this section. Ask your
thereafter. A hydraulic pump inside each
There are many different laws, including
dealer for advice and information
rear shock absorber raises the rear of the
speed limit restrictions, having to do with
about towing a trailer with your vehi-
vehicle to the proper height, based on
trailering. Make sure your rig will be
cle.
inputs from the road surface, while the
legal, not only where you live but also
vehicle is being driven. It takes approxi-
where you will be driving. A good source
mately two miles (3.2 km) of driving for the
for this information can be state or pro-
CAUTION
leveling to complete, depending on the
vincial police.
road surface conditions.
Pulling a trailer improperly can dam-
Consider using a sway control. Refer to
age your vehicle and result in costly
“Hitches” later in this section.
If the loaded vehicle is not moved for
repairs that would not be covered by
Do not tow a trailer at all during the first
approximately twelve hours, the leveling
your warranty. Always follow the
500 miles (800 km) your new vehicle is
system may bleed down to a lower height.
instructions in this section and check
driven. Your engine, axle or other parts
This can be especially apparent if a trailer
with your dealer for more information
could be damaged.
is left attached to a parked vehicle for long
about towing a trailer with your vehi-
During the first 500 miles (800 km) that
periods of time. The vehicle must be driven
cle.
you tow a trailer, do not drive over 50
to re-level the vehicle. If a self-equalizing
mph (80 km/h) and do not make starts at
hitch is being used, the vehicle should be
To identify the trailering capacity of your
full throttle. This helps your engine and
driven approximately two miles (3.2 km)
vehicle, you should read the information in
other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
with the trailer prior to adjusting (leveling)
“Weight of the Trailer” that appears later in
heavier loads.
the hitch.
this section. Trailering is different than just
driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering
means changes in handling, acceleration,
braking, durability, and fuel economy. Suc-
4-21

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Three important considerations have to do
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
cent of the total loaded trailer weight (B).
with weight:
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an
Do not exceed the maximum allowable
important weight to measure because it
tongue weight for your vehicle (400 lbs/181
• Weight of the trailer
affects the total or gross weight of your
kg).
• Weight of the trailer tongue
vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
• Weight on your vehicle’s tires
After you have loaded your trailer, weigh
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
the trailer and then the tongue, separately,
cargo you may carry in it, and the people
Weight of the Trailer
to see if the weights are proper. If they are
who will be riding in the vehicle. If you have
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
not, you may be able to get them right sim-
a lot of options, passengers, or cargo in
ply by moving some items around in the
Your vehicle can tow up to 2,900 lbs (1300
the vehicle, it will reduce the tongue weight
trailer.
kg) with up to five occupants or up to 3,500
your vehicle can carry, which will also
lbs (1575 kg) with up to two occupants. But
reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
even that can be too heavy.
tow. And if you will tow a trailer, you must
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to
add the tongue load to the GVW because
It depends on how you plan to use your rig.
the upper limit for cold tires. You will find
your vehicle will be carrying that weight,
For example, speed, altitude, road grades,
these numbers on the Certification/Tire
too. Refer to “Loading Your Vehicle” in this
outside temperature and how much your
Label at the rear edge of the driver’s door,
section for more information about your
vehicle is used pull a trailer are all impor-
or refer to “Loading Your Vehicle” in this
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
tant. It can also depend on any special
section. Then be sure you do not go over
equipment that you have on your vehicle,
the GVW limit for your vehicle, including
and the amount of tongue weight vehicle
the weight of the trailer tongue.
can carry. Refer to “Weight of the Trailer
Tongue” later in this section for more infor-
Hitches
mation.
It is important to have the correct hitch
equipment. Crosswinds, large trucks going
Maximum trailer weight is calculated
by and rough roads are a few reasons why
assuming only the driver is in the tow vehi-
you will need the right hitch. Here are
cle and it has all the required trailering
some rules to follow:
equipment. The weight of additional
optional equipment, passengers and cargo
• If you will be pulling a trailer that, when
in the tow vehicle must be subtracted from
loaded, will weigh more than 2000 lbs
the maximum trailer weight.
(900 kg), be sure to use a properly
mounted, weight-carrying hitch and sway
You can ask your dealer for our trailering
806596
control of the proper size. This equip-
information or advice, or you can write us
If you are using a weight-carrying or a
ment is very important for proper vehicle
at our Customer Assistance Offices.
loading and good handling when you’re
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue
weight (A) should be 10 percent to 15 per-
driving.
4-22

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
• Will you have to make any holes in the
Because your vehicle has anti-lock brakes,
Driving with a Trailer
body of your vehicle when you install a
do not try to tap into your vehicle’s brake
trailer hitch?
system. If you do, both brake systems will
WARNING
If you do, remember to seal the holes
not work well, or at all.
If you have the liftgate open and you
when you remove the hitch. If you do not
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon
seal them, deadly carbon monoxide
monoxide (CO) could come into your
(CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle. You cannot see or smell CO.
vehicle. Refer to
“Engine Exhaust” in
It can cause unconsciousness or
“Starting and Operating Your Vehicle” in
death. Refer to “Engine Exhaust” in
the “Features and Controls” section. Dirt
“Starting and Operating Your Vehi-
and water can, too.
cle” in the “Features and Controls”
section. To maximize your safety
Safety Chains
when towing a trailer:
You should always attach chains between
Have your exhaust system
your vehicle and your trailer. Cross the
inspected for leaks, and make nec-
safety chains under the tongue of the
essary repairs before starting on
trailer to help prevent the tongue from con-
your trip.
tacting the road if it becomes separated
Keep the liftgate closed.
from the hitch. Instructions about safety
If exhaust does come into your
chains may be provided by the hitch manu-
vehicle through a window in the
facturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Fol-
rear or another opening, drive with
low the manufacturer’s recommendation
your front, main heating or cooling
for attaching safety chains and do not
system on and with the fan on any
attach them to the bumper. Always leave
speed. This will bring fresh, out-
just enough slack so you can turn with your
side air into your vehicle. Do not
rig. Never allow safety chains to drag on
use the climate control setting for
the ground.
maximum air because it only recir-
culates the air inside your vehicle.
Trailer Brakes
Refer to “Automatic Climate Con-
If your trailer weighs more than 1000 lbs
trol System” in “Climate Controls”
(450 kg) loaded, then it needs its own
in the “Instrument Panel” section.
brakes, and they must be adequate. Be
sure to read and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakes so you will be able to
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount
of experience. Before setting out for the
install, adjust and maintain them properly.
open road, you will want to get to know
4-23

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
Backing Up
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your
handling and braking with the added
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with
instrument panel will flash for turns even if
weight of the trailer. And always keep in
one hand. Then, to move the trailer to the
the bulbs on the trailer are burned out.
mind that the vehicle you are driving is now
left, just move that hand to the left. To
Thus, you may think drivers behind you are
a good deal longer and not nearly as
move the trailer to the right, move your
seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
hand to the right. Always back up slowly
important to check occasionally to be sure
and, if possible, have someone guide you.
the trailer bulbs are still working.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch
parts and attachments, safety chains, elec-
Making Turns
Driving On Grades
trical connector, lamps, tires and mirror
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear
adjustment. If the trailer has electric
CAUTION
before you start down a long or steep
brakes, start your vehicle and trailer mov-
downgrade. If you do not shift down, you
ing and then apply the trailer brake control-
Making very sharp turns while traile-
might have to use your brakes so much
ler by hand to be sure the brakes are
ring could cause the trailer to come
that they would get hot and no longer work
working. This lets you check your electrical
in contact with the vehicle. Your vehi-
well.
connection at the same time.
cle could be damaged. Avoid making
very sharp turns while trailering.
During your trip, check occasionally to be
Parking on Hills
sure that the load is secure, and that the
When you are turning with a trailer, make
lamps and any trailer brakes are still work-
WARNING
wider turns than normal. Do this so your
ing.
trailer will not strike soft shoulders, curbs,
You really should not park your vehi-
road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid
cle, with a trailer attached, on a hill. If
Following Distance
jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
something goes wrong, your rig
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle
advance.
could start to move. People can be
ahead as you would when driving your
injured, and both your vehicle and
vehicle without a trailer. This can help you
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
the trailer can be damaged.
avoid situations that require heavy braking
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to
and sudden turns.
have extra wiring.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a
hill, do the following:
Passing
The arrows on your instrument panel will
You will need more passing distance up
flash whenever you signal a turn or lane
1) Apply your regular brakes, but do not
ahead when you are towing a trailer. And,
change. Properly hooked up, the trailer
shift into PARK (P) yet.
because you are a good deal longer, you
lamps will also flash, telling other drivers
2) Have someone place chocks under the
will need to go much farther beyond the
you are about to turn, change lanes or
trailer wheels.
passed vehicle before you can return to
stop.
3) When the wheel chocks are in place,
your lane.
release the regular brakes until the
chocks absorb the load.
4-24

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
4) Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply
your parking brake, and then shift to
PARK (P).
5) Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1) Apply your regular brakes and hold the
pedal down while you do the following:
1. Start your engine.
2. Shift into a gear.
3. Release the parking brake.
2) Let up on the brake pedal.
3) Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of
the chocks.
4) Stop and have someone pick up and
store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often
when you are pulling a trailer. See the
Maintenance Schedule for more on this.
Things that are especially important in
trailer operation are automatic transaxle
fluid, engine oil, belts, cooling system and
brake system. Each of these is covered in
this instruction, and the Index will help you
find them quickly. If you are trailering, it is a
good idea to review these sections before
you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts
and bolts are tight.
4-25

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Service
5-1
Fuel
5-2
Checking Things Under the Hood
5-5
All-Wheel Drive
5-22
Bulb Replacement
5-23
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
5-25
Tires
5-26
5
Appearance Care
5-48
Vehicle Identification
5-52
Electrical System
5-53
Capacities and Specifications
5-57

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Service
California Proposition 65 Warning
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
Most motor vehicles, including this one,
attempting to do your own service work,
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and
contain and/or emit chemicals known to
refer to “Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
wants you to be happy with it. We hope
the State of California to cause cancer and
Vehicle” in “Airbag System” in the “Seats
you will go to your dealer for all your ser-
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
and Restraint Systems” section.
vice and parts needs.
Engine exhaust, many parts and systems
You should keep a record with all parts
(including some inside the vehicle), many
Accessories and Modifications
receipts and list the mileage and the date
fluids, and some component wear by-prod-
When you add non-Suzuki accessories to
of any service work you perform. Refer to
ucts contain and/or emit these chemicals.
your vehicle they can affect your vehicle’s
“Maintenance Record” in
“Maintenance
performance and safety, including such
Schedule” in the “Maintenance Schedule”
Doing Your Own Service Work
things as, airbags, braking, stability, ride
section.
and handling, emissions systems, aerody-
WARNING
namics, durability, and electronic systems
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
like anti-lock brakes, traction control, and
You can be injured and your vehicle
Your Vehicle
stability control. Some of these accesso-
could be damaged if you try to do
Things you might add to the outside of
ries may even cause malfunction or dam-
service work on a vehicle without
your vehicle can affect the airflow around
age not covered by warranty.
knowing enough about it.
it. This may cause wind noise and affect
• Be sure you have sufficient knowl-
windshield washer performance. Check
Suzuki accessories are designed to com-
edge, experience, the proper
with your dealer before adding equipment
plement and function with other systems
replacement parts, and tools before
to the outside of your vehicle.
on your vehicle. Your Suzuki dealer can
you attempt any vehicle mainte-
accessorize your vehicle using genuine
nance task.
Suzuki accessories. When you go to your
• Be sure to use the proper nuts,
Suzuki dealer and ask for Suzuki accesso-
bolts, and other fasteners. English
ries, you will know that Suzuki-trained and
and metric fasteners can be easily
supported service technicians will perform
confused. If you use the wrong fas-
the work using genuine Suzuki accesso-
teners, parts can later break or fall
ries.
off. You could be hurt.
If you want to do some of your own service
work, you will want to use the proper ser-
vice instruction. It tells you much more about
how to service your vehicle than this man-
ual can.
5-1

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Fuel
Gasoline Specifications
Additives
At a minimum, gasoline should meet
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the
Use of the recommended fuel is an impor-
ASTM specification D 4814 in the United
United States are now required to contain
tant part of the proper maintenance of your
States or CAN/CGSB-3.5 in Canada.
additives that will help prevent engine and
vehicle. To help keep the engine clean and
Some gasolines contain an octane-
fuel system deposits from forming, allow-
maintain optimum vehicle performance, we
enhancing additive called methylcyclopen-
ing your emission control system to work
recommend the use of gasoline advertised
tadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT).
properly. In most cases, you should not
as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline.
We recommend against the use of gaso-
have to add anything to your fuel. How-
lines containing MMT. Refer to “Additives”
ever, some gasolines contain only the min-
Gasoline Octane
in this section for additional information.
imum amount of additive required to meet
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
posted octane rating of 87 or higher. If the
California Fuel
regulations. To help keep fuel injectors and
octane rating is less than
87, you may
If your vehicle is certified to meet California
intake valves clean, or if your vehicle expe-
notice an audible knocking noise when you
Emissions Standards, it is designed to
riences problems due to dirty injectors or
drive, commonly referred to as spark
operate on fuels that meet California spec-
valves, look for gasoline that is advertised
knock. If this occurs, use a gasoline rated
ifications. See the underhood emission
as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline. Also,
at 87 octane or higher as soon as possible.
control label. If this fuel is not available in
your dealer has additives that will help cor-
If you are using gasoline rated at
87
states adopting California emissions stan-
rect and prevent most deposit-related
octane or higher and you hear heavy
dards, your vehicle will operate satisfacto-
problems.
knocking, your engine needs service.
rily on fuels meeting federal specifications,
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as
but emission control system performance
ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gas-
may be affected. The malfunction indicator
olines may be available in your area. We
lamp may turn on and your vehicle may fail
recommend that you use these gasolines,
a smog-check test. Refer to “Malfunction
if they comply with the specifications
Indicator Lamp” in “Warning Lights, Gages,
described earlier. However, E85 (85% eth-
and Indicators” in the “Instrument Panel”
anol) and other fuels containing more than
section. If this occurs, return to your autho-
10% ethanol must not be used in vehicles
rized dealer for diagnosis. If it is deter-
that were not designed for those fuels.
mined that the condition is caused by the
type of fuel used, repairs may not be cov-
ered by your warranty.
5-2

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Fuels in Foreign Countries
CAUTION
If you plan on driving in another country
outside the United States or Canada, the
Your vehicle was not designed for
proper fuel might be hard to find. Never
fuel that contains methanol. Do not
use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
use fuel containing methanol. It can
recommended in the previous text on fuel.
corrode metal parts in the fuel sys-
Costly repairs caused by use of improper
tem and also damage plastic and rub-
fuel would not be covered by your war-
ber parts. That damage would not be
ranty.
covered under your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto
Some gasolines that are not reformulated
club, or contact a major oil company that
for low emissions may contain an octane-
does business in the country where you
enhancing additive called methylcyclopen-
will be driving.
tadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT);
1733916
ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
Filling the Tank
The tethered fuel cap is located behind a
whether the fuel contains MMT. We rec-
hinged fuel door on the passenger’s side
ommend against the use of such gaso-
WARNING
of the vehicle.
lines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel
the life of spark plugs and the performance
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly coun-
fire can cause bad injuries. To help
of the emission control system may be
terclockwise. The fuel cap has a spring in
avoid injuries to you and others, read
affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
it; if the cap is released too soon, it will
and follow all the instructions on the
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
spring back to the right.
pump island. Turn off your engine
dealer for service.
when you are refueling. Do not
WARNING
smoke if you are near fuel or refuel-
ing your vehicle. Do not use cellular
If you spill fuel and then something
phones. Keep sparks, flames, and
ignites it, you could be badly burned.
smoking materials away from fuel. Do
Fuel can spray out on you if you open
not leave the fuel pump unattended
the fuel cap too quickly. This spray
when refueling your vehicle. This is
can happen if your tank is nearly full,
against the law in some places. Do
and is more likely in hot weather.
not re-enter vehicle while pumping
Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for
fuel. Keep children away from the
any hiss noise to stop. Then unscrew
fuel pump; never let children pump
the cap all the way.
fuel.
5-3

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
overfill the tank and wait a few seconds
CAUTION
after you have finished pumping before
WARNING
If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to
removing the nozzle. Clean fuel from
get the right type. Your dealer can get
Never fill a portable fuel container
painted surfaces as soon as possible.
one for you. If you get the wrong
while it is in your vehicle. Static elec-
Refer to “Washing Your Vehicle” in this
type, it may not fit properly. This may
tricity discharge from the container
section.
cause your malfunction indicator
can ignite the gasoline vapor. You
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it clock-
lamp to light and may damage your
can be badly burned and your vehicle
wise until it clicks. Make sure the cap is
fuel tank and emissions system.
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid
fully installed. The diagnostic system can
Refer to
“Malfunction Indicator
injury to you and others:
determine if the fuel cap has been left off
Lamp” in “Warning Lights, Gages,
• Dispense gasoline only into
or improperly installed. This would allow
and Indicators” in the
“Instrument
approved containers.
fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
Panel” section.
• Do not fill a container while it is
Refer to “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
inside a vehicle, in a vehicle’s
“Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators” in
trunk, pickup bed, or on any sur-
the “Instrument Panel” section.
face other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with
WARNING
the inside of the fill opening before
operating the nozzle. Contact
If a fire starts while you are refueling,
should be maintained until the fill-
do not remove the nozzle. Shut off
ing is complete.
the flow of fuel by shutting off the
• Do not smoke while pumping gaso-
pump or by notifying the station
line.
attendant. Leave the area immedi-
• Do not use a cellular phone while
ately.
pumping gasoline.
5-4

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Checking Things Under the
Hood Release
Before closing the hood, be sure all the
To open the hood, do the following:
filler caps are on properly. Then pull the
Hood
hood down and close it firmly.
WARNING
An electric fan under the hood can
start up and injure you even when the
engine is not running. Keep hands,
clothing, and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
1617949
1)
Pull the handle with this symbol on it. It
is located inside the vehicle, to the left
WARNING
of the steering column.
Things that burn can get on hot
engine parts and start a fire. These
include liquids like fuel, oil, coolant,
brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber.
You or others could be burned. Be
careful not to drop or spill things that
will burn onto a hot engine.
1733505
2) Then go to the front of the vehicle and
release the secondary hood release by
pushing the lever up.
3) Lift the hood.
5-5

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, here is what you will see:
1708418
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter.
F. Underhood Fuse Block.
Refer to “Engine Air Cleaner/Filter” in this section.
Refer to “Engine Compartment Fuse Block” in this section.
B. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir (Out of View).
G. Remote Positive (+) Terminal.
Refer to “Power Steering Fluid” in this section.
Refer to “Jump Starting” in this section.
C. Engine Oil Fill Cap (Out of View). Refer to “When to Add
H. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank.
Engine Oil” under “Engine Oil” in this section.
Refer to “Cooling System” in this section.
D. Engine Oil Dipstick.
I. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. Refer to
“Adding
Refer to “Checking Engine Oil” under “Engine Oil” in this sec-
Washer Fluid” under “Windshield Washer Fluid” in this sec-
tion.
tion.
E. Brake Fluid Reservoir. Refer to “Brake Fluid” under “Brakes”
5-6

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Engine Oil
When to Add Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil
every time you get fuel. In order to get an
accurate reading, the oil must be warm
and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow
loop. Refer to “Engine Compartment Over-
view” in this section for the location of the
engine oil dipstick.
1)
Turn off the engine and give the oil sev-
eral minutes to drain back into the oil
pan. If you do not do this, the oil dip-
824596
stick might not show the actual level.
830434
SAE 5W-30 may not appear on all caps.
2)
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a
If the oil is below the cross-hatched area at
paper towel or cloth, then push it back
Refer to “Engine Compartment Overview”
the tip of the dipstick, you need to add at
in all the way. Remove it again, keeping
in this section for the location of the engine
least one quart/liter of oil. But you must
the tip down, and check the level.
oil fill cap.
use the right kind. This section explains
what kind of oil to use. For engine oil
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level
crankcase capacity, refer to
“Capacities
somewhere in the proper operating range
and Specifications” in this section.
in the cross-hatched area. Push the dip-
stick all the way back in when you are
CAUTION
through.
Do not add too much oil. If the engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets
above the cross-hatched area that
shows the proper operating range,
the engine could be damaged.
5-7

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
CAUTION
Recommended SAE viscosity grade
engine oils
Use only engine oil identified as
HOT WEATHER
meeting standard GM6094M and
showing the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline
LOOK FOR THIS
Engines starburst symbol. Failure to
SYMBOL AND
STANDARD
use the recommended oil can result
GM6094M
in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
SAE 5W-30
If you are in an area of extreme cold,
where the temperature falls below -20°F
DO NOT USE SAE 10W-40, SAE 20W-50
808500
(-29°C), it is recommended that you use
OR ANY OTHER VISCOSITY GRADE OIL
either an SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil or an
NOT RECOMMENDED
Oils meeting these requirements should
COLD WEATHER
SAE 0W-30 oil. Both provide easier cold
also have the starburst symbol on the con-
1506679
starting and better protection for the
tainer. This symbol indicates that the oil
engine at extremely low temperatures.
Look for two things:
has been certified by the American Petro-
leum Institute (API).
GM6094M
Engine Oil Additives
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meet-
Look for this information on the oil con-
Do not add anything to the oil. The recom-
ing standard GM6094M. Look for and
tainer, and use only those oils that are
mended oils with the starburst symbol that
use only an oil that meets standard
identified as meeting standard GM6094M
meet standard GM6094M are all you need
GM6094M.
and have the starburst symbol on the front
for good performance and engine protec-
SAE 5W-30
of the oil container.
tion.
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE
5W-30 is best for your vehicle.
Engine Oil Life System
These numbers on an oil container show
When to Change Engine Oil
its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
Your vehicle has a computer system that
other viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-
lets you know when to change the engine
50.
oil and filter. This is based on engine revo-
lutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the
mileage at which an oil change will be indi-
cated can vary considerably. For the oil life
5-8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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