Toyota Avalon (2019 year). Manual - part 11

 

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Toyota Avalon (2019 year). Manual - part 11

 

 

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When starting off on a uphill
The hill-start assist control will activate. (

P. 299)

Driving in the rain

Drive carefully when it is raining, because visibility will be reduced, the win-
dows may become fogged-up, and the road will be slippery.

Drive carefully when it starts to rain, because the road surface will be espe-
cially slippery.

Refrain  from  high  speeds  when  driving  on  an  expressway  in  the  rain,
because there may be a layer of water between the tires and the road sur-
face, preventing the steering and brakes from operating properly.

Engine speed while driving
In the following conditions, the engine speed may become high while driving.
This is due to automatic up-shifting control or down-shifting implementation to
meet driving conditions. It does not indicate sudden acceleration.

The vehicle is judged to be driving uphill or downhill

When the accelerator pedal is released

Restraining the engine output (Brake Override System)

When the accelerator and brake pedals are depressed at the same time, the
engine output may be restrained.

A warning message is displayed on the multi-information display while the
system is operating.

Restraining sudden start (Drive-Start Control)

When the following unusual operation is performed, the engine output may
be restrained.
• When the shift lever is shifted from R to D, D to R, N to R, P to D, or P to

R (D includes S) with the accelerator pedal depressed, a warning mes-
sage appears on the multi-information display.

• When the accelerator pedal is depressed too much while the vehicle is in

reverse.

While Drive-Start Control is being activated, your vehicle may have trouble
escaping from the mud or fresh snow. In such case, deactivate TRAC (

P.

300) to cancel Drive-Start Control so that the vehicle may become able to
escape from the mud or fresh snow.

Breaking in your new Toyota
To extend the life of the vehicle, observing the following precautions is recom-
mended:

For the first 186 miles (300 km):
Avoid sudden stops.

For the first 621 miles (1000 km):
• Do not drive at extremely high speeds.
• Avoid sudden acceleration.
• Do not drive continuously in low gears.
• Do not drive at a constant speed for extended periods.

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4-1. Before driving

Operating your vehicle in a foreign country
Comply with the relevant vehicle registration laws and confirm the availability
of the correct fuel. (

P. 468)

Eco-friendly driving
P. 98, 103

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WARNING

Observe the following precautions. 
Failure to do so may result in death or serious injury.

When starting the vehicle
Always  keep  your  foot  on  the  brake  pedal  while  stopped  with  the  engine
running. This prevents the vehicle from creeping.

When driving the vehicle

Do not drive if you are unfamiliar with the location of the brake and accel-
erator pedals to avoid depressing the wrong pedal. 
• Accidentally  depressing  the  accelerator  pedal  instead  of  the  brake

pedal will result in sudden acceleration that may lead to an accident.

• When backing up, you may twist your body around, leading to a diffi-

culty in operating the pedals. Make sure to operate the pedals properly.

• Make  sure  to  keep  a  correct  driving  posture  even  when  moving  the

vehicle only slightly. This allows you to depress the brake and accelera-
tor pedals properly.

• Depress  the  brake  pedal  using  your  right  foot.  Depressing  the  brake

pedal using your left foot may delay response in an emergency, result-
ing in an accident.

Do not drive the vehicle over or stop the vehicle near flammable materials.
The exhaust system and exhaust gases can be extremely hot. These hot
parts may cause a fire if there is any flammable material nearby.

During  normal  driving,  do  not  turn  off  the  engine. Turning  the  engine  off
while  driving  will  not  cause  loss  of  steering  or  braking  control,  but  the
power assist to these systems will be lost. This will make it more difficult to
steer and brake, so you should pull over and stop the vehicle as soon as it
is safe to do so. 
However, in the event of an emergency, such as if it becomes impossible
to stop the vehicle in the normal way: 

P. 417

Use  engine  braking  (downshift)  to  maintain  a  safe  speed  when  driving
down a steep hill. 
Using the brakes continuously may cause the brakes to overheat and lose
effectiveness. (

P. 180)

Do not adjust the display, the positions of the steering wheel, the seat, or
the inside or outside rear view mirrors while driving.
Doing so may result in a loss of vehicle control.

Always check that all passengers’ arms, heads or other parts of their body
are not outside the vehicle.

Do not drive in excess of the speed limit. Even if the legal speed limit per-
mits it, do not drive over 85 mph (140 km/h) unless your vehicle has high-
speed capability tires. Driving over 85 mph (140 km/h) may result in tire
failure, loss of control and possible injury. Be sure to consult a tire dealer
to  determine whether the  tires on your  vehicle are high-speed capability
tires or not before driving at such speeds.

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4-1. Before driving

WARNING

Observe the following precautions. 
Failure to do so may result in death or serious injury.

When driving on slippery road surfaces

Sudden  braking,  acceleration  and  steering  may  cause  tire  slippage  and
reduce your ability to control the vehicle.

Sudden acceleration, engine braking due to shifting, or changes in engine
speed could cause the vehicle to skid.

After  driving  through  a  puddle,  lightly  depress  the  brake  pedal  to  make
sure that the brakes are functioning properly. Wet brake pads may prevent
the brakes from functioning properly. If the brakes on only one side are wet
and not functioning properly, steering control may be affected.

When shifting the shift lever

Do not let the vehicle roll backward while the shift lever is in a driving posi-
tion, or roll forward while the shift lever is in R.
Doing so may cause the engine to stall or lead to poor brake and steering
performance, resulting in an accident or damage to the vehicle.

Do not shift the shift lever to P while the vehicle is moving. 
Doing so can damage the transmission and may result in a loss of vehicle
control.

Do not shift the shift lever to R while the vehicle is moving forward. 
Doing so can damage the transmission and may result in a loss of vehicle
control.

Do not shift the shift lever to a driving position while the vehicle is moving
backward. 
Doing so can damage the transmission and may result in a loss of vehicle
control.

Shifting the shift lever to N while the vehicle is moving will disengage the
engine from the transmission. Engine braking is not available when N is
selected.

Be careful not to shift the shift lever with the accelerator pedal depressed.
Shifting the shift lever to a gear other than P or N may lead to unexpected
rapid acceleration of the vehicle that may cause an accident and result in
death or serious injury.

If you hear a squealing or scraping noise (brake pad wear limit indica-
tors)
Have the brake pads checked and replaced by your Toyota dealer as soon
as possible. 
Rotor damage may result if the pads are not replaced when needed.
It is dangerous to drive the vehicle when the wear limits of the brake pads
and/or those of the brake discs are exceeded.

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WARNING

Observe the following precautions. 
Failure to do so may result in death or serious injury.

When the vehicle is stopped

Do not race the engine.
If the shift lever is any position other than P or N, the vehicle may acceler-
ate suddenly and unexpectedly, causing an accident.

In order to prevent accidents due to the vehicle rolling away, always keep
depressing  the  brake  pedal  while  the  engine  is  running,  and  apply  the
parking brake as necessary.

If the vehicle is stopped on an incline, in order to prevent accidents caused
by the vehicle rolling forward or backward, always depress the brake pedal
and securely apply the parking brake as needed.

Avoid revving or racing the engine. 
Running the engine at high speed while the vehicle is stopped may cause
the exhaust system to overheat, which could result in a fire if combustible
material is nearby.

When the vehicle is parked

Do not leave glasses, cigarette lighters, spray cans, or soft drink cans in
the vehicle when it is in the sun.
Doing so may result in the following:
• Gas may leak from a cigarette lighter or spray can, and may lead to a

fire.

• The  temperature  inside  the  vehicle  may  cause  the  plastic  lenses  and

plastic material of glasses to deform or crack.

• Soft  drink  cans  may  fracture,  causing  the  contents  to  spray  over  the

interior of the vehicle, and may also cause a short circuit in the vehicle’s
electrical components.

Do not leave cigarette lighters in the vehicle. If a cigarette lighter is in a
place such as the glove box or on the floor, it may be lit accidentally when
luggage is loaded or the seat is adjusted, causing a fire.

Do not attach adhesive discs to the windshield or windows. Do not place
containers such as air fresheners on the instrument panel or dashboard.
Adhesive discs or containers may act as lenses, causing a fire in the vehi-
cle.

Do not leave a door or window open if the curved glass is coated with a
metallized film such as a silver-colored one. Reflected sunlight may cause
the glass to act as a lens, causing a fire.

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4-1. Before driving

WARNING

Observe the following precautions. 
Failure to do so may result in death or serious injury.

When the vehicle is parked

Always apply the parking brake, shift the shift lever to P, stop the engine
and lock the vehicle.
Do not leave the vehicle unattended while the engine is running.
If the vehicle is parked with the shift lever in P but the parking brake is not
set, the vehicle may start to move, possibly leading to an accident.

Do not touch the exhaust pipes while the engine is running or immediately
after turning the engine off.
Doing so may cause burns.

When taking a nap in the vehicle
Always  turn  the  engine  off.  Otherwise,  if  you  accidentally  move  the  shift
lever or depress the accelerator pedal, this could cause an accident or fire
due to engine overheating. Additionally, if the vehicle is parked in a poorly
ventilated area, exhaust gases may collect and enter the vehicle, leading to
death or a serious health hazard.

When braking

When the brakes are wet, drive more cautiously.
Braking distance increases when the brakes are wet, and this may cause
one side of the vehicle to brake differently than the other side. Also, the
parking brake may not securely hold the vehicle.

If the brake booster device does not operate, do not follow other vehicles
closely and avoid hills or sharp turns that require braking. 
In  this  case,  braking  is  still  possible,  but  the  brake  pedal  should  be
depressed more firmly than usual. Also, the braking distance will increase.
Have your brakes fixed immediately.

Do not pump the brake pedal if the engine stalls. 
Each push on the brake pedal uses up the reserve for the power-assisted
brakes.

The brake system consists of 2 individual hydraulic systems; if one of the
systems  fails,  the  other  will  still  operate.  In  this  case,  the  brake  pedal
should be depressed more firmly than usual and the braking distance will
increase.
Have your brakes fixed immediately. 

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NOTICE

When driving the vehicle

Do not depress the accelerator and brake pedals at the same time during
driving, as this may restrain the engine output.

Do  not  use  the  accelerator  pedal  or  depress  the  accelerator  and  brake
pedals at the same time to hold the vehicle on a hill.

When parking the vehicle
Always set the parking brake and shift the shift lever to P. Failure to do so
may cause the vehicle to move or the vehicle may accelerate suddenly if
the accelerator pedal is accidentally depressed.

Avoiding damage to vehicle parts

Do not turn the steering wheel fully in either direction and hold it there for
an extended period of time. 
Doing so may damage the power steering motor.

When driving over bumps in the road, drive as slowly as possible to avoid
damaging the wheels, underside of the vehicle, etc.

If you get a flat tire while driving 
A flat or damaged tire may cause the following situations. Hold the steering
wheel firmly and gradually depress the brake pedal to slow down the vehi-
cle.

It may be difficult to control your vehicle.

The vehicle will make abnormal sounds or vibrations.

The vehicle will lean abnormally.

Information on what to do in case of a flat tire (

P. 438)

When encountering flooded roads
Do not drive on a road that has flooded after heavy rain etc. Doing so may
cause the following serious damage to the vehicle:

Engine stalling

Short in electrical components

Engine damage caused by water immersion

In the event that you drive on a flooded road and the vehicle is flooded, be
sure to have your Toyota dealer check the following:

Brake function

Changes in quantity and quality of oil and fluid used for the engine, tran-
saxle, etc.

Lubricant condition for the bearings and suspension joints (where possi-
ble), and the function of all joints, bearings, etc.

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4-1. Before driving

Cargo capacity depends on the total weight of the occupants. 
(Cargo capacity) = (Total load capacity) — (Total weight of occupants)
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit —

(1) Locate  the  statement  “The  combined  weight  of  occupants  and

cargo should never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs.” on your vehicle’s
placard. 

(2) Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that

will be riding in your vehicle. 

(3) Subtract  the  combined  weight  of  the  driver  and  passengers  from

XXX kg or XXX lbs.

(4) The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and lug-

gage load capacity. 
For example, if the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be
five  150  lb  passengers  in  your  vehicle,  the  amount  of  available
cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400 

 750 (5150) =

650 lbs.) 

(5) Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded

on  the  vehicle.  That  weight  may  not  safely  exceed  the  available
cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4. 

(6) If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be

transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how
this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your
vehicle.
(

P. 171)

Toyota  does  not  recommend  towing  a  trailer  with  your  vehicle.  Your

vehicle is not designed for trailer towing.

Cargo and luggage

Take  notice of the following information about storage  precau-
tions, cargo capacity and load:

Capacity and distribution

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Cargo capacity
Total  load  capacity  (vehicle
capacity weight) (

P. 466)

When  2  people  with  the  combined  weight  of A  lb.  (kg)  are  riding  in
your vehicle, which has a total load capacity (vehicle capacity weight)
of B lb. (kg), the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity
will be C lb. (kg) as follows: 
B

*

2

 lb. (kg) - A

*

1

 lb. (kg) = C

*

3

 lb. (kg)

*

1

: A =Weight of people 

*

2

: B =Total load capacity 

*

3

: C =Available cargo and luggage load

In this condition, if 3 more passengers with the combined weight of D

lb. (kg) get on, the available cargo and luggage load will be reduced E

lb. (kg) as follows:

C lb. (kg) - D

*

4

 lb. (kg) = E

*

5

 lb. (kg)

*

4

: D =Additional weight of people 

*

5

: E =Available cargo and luggage load

As  shown  in  the  example  above,  if  the  number  of  occupants
increases, the cargo and luggage load will be reduced by an amount
that equals the increased weight due to the additional occupants. In
other  words,  if  an  increase  in  the  number  of  occupants  causes  an
excess of the total load capacity (combined weight of occupants plus
cargo and luggage load), you must reduce the cargo and luggage on
your vehicle. 

Calculation formula for your vehicle

1
2

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WARNING

Things that must not be carried in the trunk
The following things may cause a fire if loaded in the trunk:

Receptacles containing gasoline

Aerosol cans

Storage precautions
Observe the following precautions. 
Failure  to  do  so  may  prevent  the  pedals  from  being  depressed  properly,
may block the driver’s vision, or may result in items hitting the driver or pas-
sengers, possibly causing an accident.

Stow cargo and luggage in the trunk whenever possible.

To prevent cargo and luggage from sliding forward during braking, do not
stack  anything  in  the  enlarged  trunk.  Keep  cargo  and  luggage  low,  as
close to the floor as possible.

Do not place cargo or luggage in or on the following locations.
• At the feet of the driver
• On the front passenger or rear seats (when stacking items)
• On the package tray
• On the instrument panel
• On the dashboard
• Tray that has no lid

Secure all items in the occupant compartment.

When  you  fold  down  the  rear  seats,  long  items  should  not  be  placed
directly behind the front seats.

Never allow anyone to ride in the enlarged trunk. It is not designed for pas-
sengers. They should ride in their seats with their seat belts properly fas-
tened.

Capacity and distribution

Do not exceed the maximum axle weight rating or the total vehicle weight
rating. 

Even if the total load of occupant’s weight and the cargo load is less than
the total load capacity, do not apply the load unevenly. Improper loading
may  cause  deterioration  of  steering  or  braking  control  which  may  cause
death or serious injury.

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Total load capacity (vehicle capacity weight): (

P. 466)

Total load capacity means the combined weight of occupants, cargo
and luggage. 

Seating capacity: 5 occupants (Front 2, Rear 3)

Seating capacity means the maximum number of occupants whose
estimated average weight is 150 lb. (68 kg) per person. 

Towing capacity

Toyota does not recommend towing a trailer with your vehicle. 

Cargo capacity

Cargo capacity may increase or decrease depending on the weight
and the number of occupants. 

Total load capacity and seating capacity
These details are also described on the tire and loading information label.

(

P. 401)

Vehicle load limits

Vehicle load limits include total load capacity, seating capacity,
towing capacity and cargo capacity. 

WARNING

Overloading the vehicle
Do not overload the vehicle.

It  may  not  only  cause  damage  to  the  tires,  but  also  degrade  steering

and braking ability, resulting in an accident. 

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4-1. Before driving

Trailer towing

Toyota does not recommend towing a trailer with your vehicle.
Toyota also does not recommend the installation of a tow hitch
or the use of a tow hitch carrier for a wheelchair, scooter, bicy-
cle, etc. Your vehicle is not designed for trailer towing or for the
use of tow hitch mounted carriers.

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Dinghy towing

Your vehicle is not designed to be dinghy towed (with 4 wheels
on the ground) behind a motor home. 

NOTICE

To avoid serious damage to your vehicle
Do not tow your vehicle with four wheels on the ground.

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4-2. Driving procedures

Check that the parking brake is set.
Check that the shift lever is in P. 
Firmly depress the brake pedal.

 and a message will be displayed on the multi-information display. 

If it is not displayed, the engine cannot be started.

Press the engine switch shortly
and firmly.

When operating the engine switch,
one  short,  firm  press  is  enough.  It
is not necessary to press and hold
the switch.
The engine will crank until it starts
or for up to 30 seconds, whichever
is less.
Continue depressing the brake pedal until the engine is completely started.
The engine can be started from any engine switch mode.

Stop the vehicle completely.
Set the parking brake (

P. 186), and shift the shift lever to P.

Press the engine switch.
Release the brake pedal and check that “ACCESSORY” or “IGNI-
TION ON” is not shown on the meter.

Engine (ignition) switch

Performing  the  following  operations  when  carrying  the  elec-
tronic key on your person starts the engine or changes engine
switch modes.

Starting the engine

1
2
3

4

Stopping the engine

1
2
3
4

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4-2. Driving procedures

4

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Modes can be changed by pressing the engine switch with the brake
pedal released. (The mode changes each time the switch is pressed.)

Off

*

The  emergency  flashers  can  be
used.
The  multi-information  display  will
not be displayed.

ACCESSORY mode

Some  electrical  components  such
as the audio system can be used.
A  message  indicating  how  to  start
the engine will be displayed on the
multi-information display.

IGNITION ON mode

All electrical components can be used.

*

: If the shift lever is in a position other than P when turning off the engine,

the engine switch will be turned to ACCESSORY mode, not to off.

If the engine is stopped with the shift lever in a position other than P,
the  engine  switch  will  not  be  turned  off  but  instead  be  turned  to
ACCESSORY  mode.  Perform  the  following  procedure  to  turn  the
switch off:

Check that the parking brake is set.
Shift the shift lever to P.
Check  that  “Turn Power  Off”  is  displayed on the multi-information
display and then press the engine switch once.
Check  that  “Turn  Power  Off”  on  the  multi-information  display  is
turned off.

Changing engine switch modes

1

2

3

When stopping the engine with the shift lever in a position other
than P

1
2
3

4

176

4-2. Driving procedures

Auto power off function
If the vehicle is left in ACCESSORY mode for more than 20 minutes or IGNI-
TION ON mode (with the engine is not running) for more than an hour with
the shift lever in P, the engine switch will automatically turn off. However, this
function cannot entirely prevent battery discharge. Do not leave the vehicle
with the engine switch in ACCESSORY or IGNITION ON mode for long peri-
ods of time when the engine is not running.

Electronic key battery depletion
P. 113

Conditions affecting operation
P. 127

Notes for the entry function
P. 128

If the engine does not start

The engine immobilizer system may not have been deactivated. (

P. 69)

Contact your Toyota dealer.

Check that the shift lever is securely set in P. The engine may not start if the
shift lever is displaced out of P.

Steering lock
After  turning  the  engine  switch  off  and  opening  and  closing  the  doors,  the
steering wheel will be locked due to the steering lock function. Operating the
engine switch again automatically cancels the steering lock.

When the steering lock cannot be released

Steering lock motor overheating prevention
To prevent the steering lock motor from overheating, the motor may be sus-
pended if the engine is turned on and off repeatedly in a short period of time.
In this case, refrain from operating the engine. After about 10 seconds, the
steering lock motor will resume functioning.

When a message requesting the smart key system be inspected is dis-
played on the multi-information display
The  system  may  be  malfunctioning.  Have  the  vehicle  inspected  by  your
Toyota dealer immediately.

A  message  informing  the  driver  that  the
steering wheel is locked will be displayed
on the multi-information display. 
Check that the shift lever is set in P. Press
the engine switch while turning the steer-
ing wheel left and right.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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