Suzuki Kizashi (2010 year). Instruction - part 18

 

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Suzuki Kizashi (2010 year). Instruction - part 18

 

 

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
NOTE:
Engine Coolant
When it is difficult to remove the oil filter,
EXAMPLE
we recommend you take your vehicle to
Selection of Coolant
your SUZUKI dealer for oil filter replace-
ment.
CAUTION
SUZUKI LLC: Super (Blue) coolant;
Refill with Oil and Check for Leaks
SUZUKI LLC: Super (Blue) coolant is
1) Pour oil through the filler hole and
already diluted to the proper percent-
install the filler cap.
age. Do not dilute with distilled water
For the approximate capacity of the oil,
additionally. Doing so may result in
refer to the
“Capacities” item in the
the possibility of freezing coolant
“SPECIFICATIONS” section.
and/or overheating.
2) Start the engine and look carefully for
leaks at the oil filter and drain plug. Run
the engine at various speeds for at least
83E010
To maintain optimum performance and
durability of your engine, use SUZUKI
5 minutes.
3) Stop the engine and wait about 5 min-
Genuine Coolant or equivalent.
CAUTION
utes. Check the oil level again and add
oil if necessary. Check for leaks again.
Oil leaks from around the oil filter or
NOTE:
drain plug indicate incorrect installa-
If you replace the engine coolant other
tion or gasket damage. If you find any
than the SUZUKI LLC: Super (Blue), follow
CAUTION
leaks or are not sure that the filter
the schedule of SUZUKI LLC: Standard
When replacing the oil filter, it is rec-
has been properly tightened, have
(Green). To see the detail of the mainte-
ommended that you use a genuine
the vehicle inspected by your SUZUKI
nance schedule, refer to “Periodic Mainte-
SUZUKI replacement filter. If you use
dealer.
nance Schedule” in this section.
an after-market filter, make sure it is
of equivalent quality and carefully fol-
This type of coolant is best for your cooling
low the manufacturer’s instructions
system as it:
and precautions.
• Helps maintain proper engine tempera-
ture.
• Gives proper protection against freezing
and boiling.
• Gives proper protection against corro-
sion and rust.
7-18

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Failure to use the proper coolant can dam-
Coolant Level Check
age your cooling system. Your authorized
Check the engine coolant level at the
WARNING
SUZUKI dealer can help you select the
reserve tank, not at the radiator. With the
Engine coolant is harmful or fatal if
proper coolant.
engine cool, the engine coolant level
swallowed or inhaled. Do not drink
should be between the “FULL” and “LOW”
antifreeze or coolant solution. If swal-
CAUTION
marks.
lowed, do not induce vomiting. Imme-
To avoid damaging your cooling sys-
diately contact a poison control
Adding Coolant
tem:
center or a physician. Avoid inhaling
Always use a high quality ethylene
mist or hot vapors; if inhaled, remove
glycol base phosphate type coolant
to fresh air. If coolant gets in eyes,
diluted with distilled water at the
flush eyes with water and seek medi-
correct mixture concentration.
cal attention. Wash thoroughly after
FULL
Make sure that the proper mix is 50/
handling. Solution can be poisonous
50 coolant to distilled water and in
LOW
to animals. Keep out of the reach of
no case higher than 70/30. Concen-
children and animals.
trations greater than 70/30 coolant
to distilled water will cause over-
CAUTION
heating conditions.
Do not use straight coolant nor
SUZUKI LLC: Super (Blue) coolant;
plain water (except SUZUKI LLC:
SUZUKI LLC: Super (Blue) coolant is
Super (Blue)).
already diluted to the proper percent-
Do not add extra inhibitors or addi-
age. Do not dilute with distilled water
57L71002
tives. They may not be compatible
additionally. Doing so may result in
with your cooling system.
If the engine coolant
level is below the
the possibility of freezing coolant
Do not mix different types of base
“LOW” mark, more engine coolant should
and/or overheating.
coolants. Doing so may result in
be added. Remove the reserve tank cap
accelerated seal wear and/or the
and add engine coolant until the reserve
possibility of severe overheating
tank level reaches the “FULL” mark. Never
and extensive engine/CVT damage.
fill the reserve tank above the “FULL” mark.
7-19

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Air Cleaner
Spark Plugs
CAUTION
You should inspect spark plugs periodically
SUZUKI LLC: Standard (Green)
for carbon deposits. When carbon accu-
coolant;
mulates on a spark plug, a strong spark
• The mixture you use should con-
may not be produced. Remove carbon
tain
50% concentration of anti-
deposits with a wire or pin and adjust the
freeze.
spark plug gap.
• If the lowest ambient temperature
(1)
To access the spark plugs,
in your area is expected to be
-35°C (-31°F) or below, use higher
concentrations up to 60% following
(1)
(2)
the instructions on the antifreeze
container.
CAUTION
57L71003
When putting the cap on the reser-
If the air cleaner is clogged with dust, there
voir tank, line up the mark on the cap
will be greater intake resistance, resulting
and the mark on the tank. Failure to
in decreased power output and increased
follow this can result in coolant leak-
fuel consumption.
age.
Unclamp the side clamps (1), and remove
the element from the air cleaner case. If it
Coolant Replacement
57L71004
appears to be dirty, replace it with a new
Since special procedures are required, we
one.
1) Remove the front part (1), then remove
the rear part (2) of the engine cover.
recommend you take your vehicle to your
SUZUKI dealer for coolant replacement.
CAUTION
CAUTION
The air cleaner element should be
replaced every
50000 km
(30000
When remove the engine cover, make
miles). More frequent replacement is
sure the cover does not interfere the
necessary when you drive under
vehicle to avoid damage to the cover.
dusty conditions.
7-20

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
EXAMPLE
CAUTION
When servicing the iridium/plati-
num spark plugs (slender center
electrode type plugs), do not touch
1.0 - 1.1 mm
(3)
the center electrode, as it is easy to
(0.039 - 0.043 in.)
damage.
When installing the spark plugs,
screw them in with your fingers to
avoid stripping the threads. Tighten
with a torque wrench to 25 Nm (2.5
kg-m, 18.0 lb-ft). Do not allow con-
taminants to enter the engine
through the spark plug holes when
57L71005
80G093
the plugs are removed.
2)
Disconnect the coupler (3) while push-
Never use spark plugs with the
ing the release lever,
wrong thread size.
3)
Remove the bolt, and
4)
Pull the ignition coil out.
CAUTION
When replacing spark plugs, you
should use the brand and type speci-
fied for your vehicle. For the speci-
fied
plugs,
refer
to
the
“SPECIFICATIONS” section at the
end of this book. If you wish to use a
brand of spark plug other than the
specified plugs, consult your SUZUKI
dealer.
7-21

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Gear Oil
Instruction transaxle
API GRADE
EXAMPLE
Specified Gear Oil
Instruction transaxle
GL-4
When replacing gear oil, use gear oil with
Rear differential oil
the appropriate viscosity and grade as
GL-5 (Hypoid
(i-AWD)/Transfer oil
shown in the charts below.
gear oil)
(i-AWD CVT)
We highly recommend you use:
“SUZUKI GEAR OIL 75W-80” for instruction
(1)
transaxle gear oil
Instruction transaxle (API GL-4)
75W-80, 75W-85, 75W-90
80J2083
o
C
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
Transfer case (i-AWD)
o
F
-22
-4
14
32
50
68
86
104
(1)
57L71007
We highly recommend you use:
API GL-5 hypoid gear oil SAE 80W-90 for
rear differential oil (i-AWD) and transfer oil
of CVT model (i-AWD)
Rear differential oil (i-AWD)/Transfer oil
of CVT model (i-AWD)
(API GL-5 Hypoid)
90
80W-90, 75W-85
57L71006
o
(1) Oil filler and level plug
C
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
o
F
-22
-4
14
32
50
68
86
104
57L71008
7-22

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Rear differential (i-AWD)
Gear Oil Level Check
Clutch Pedal
The instruction transaxle, transfer gears (i-
AWD CVT) and rear differential (i-AWD)
are lubricated with gear oil. To check the
(1)
gear oil level in any of the above locations,
use the following procedure:
1) Park the vehicle on a level surface. Set
parking brake and stop the engine.
2) Remove the oil filler plug (1).
For the instruction transaxle;
3) If gear oil flow from the plug hole, the oil
level is correct. Reinstall the plug.
If gear oil do not flow from the plug
hole, add oil through the filler plug hole
57L71009
until a little oil flow from the plug hole.
57L71010
(1) Oil filler and level plug
For the transfer and rear differential;
Check the clutch pedal for smooth opera-
Tightening torque
3) Check the inside of the hole with your
tion and clutch fluid level from time to time.
finger. If the oil level comes up to the
If clutch dragging is felt with the pedal fully
Oil Filler Plug
bottom of the plug hole, the oil level is
depressed, have the clutch inspected by
correct. If so, reinstall the plug.
your SUZUKI dealer. If the clutch fluid level
27 Nm
4) If the oil level is low, add gear oil
is near the “MIN” line, fill it up to the “MAX”
Instruction transaxle
(19.5 lb-ft)
through the filler plug hole (1) until the
line with SAE J1703 or DOT3 brake fluid.
(2.7 kg-m)
oil level reaches the bottom of the filler
hole.
Transfer
23 Nm
(16.6 lb-ft)
Rear differential
Gear Oil Replacement
(2.3 kg-m)
Since special procedures, materials and
tools are required, it is recommended that
you trust this job to your authorized
SUZUKI dealer.
7-23

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Continuously Variable
hot weather. Wait until the fluid cools down
(about 30 minutes), or the fluid level indica-
EXAMPLE
Transaxle (CVT) Fluid
tion will not be correct.
Specified Fluid
3) Park your vehicle on level ground.
Use a CVT fluid SUZUKI CVT FLUID
4) Apply the parking brake and then start
GREEN-1 or Shell GREEN-1V.
the engine in “P” (Park). Let it idle for
two minutes and keep it running during
Fluid Level Check
the fluid level check.
5) With your foot on the brake pedal, move
CAUTION
the gearshift lever through each gear,
Driving with too much or too little
pausing for about three seconds in
fluid can damage the transaxle.
each range. Then move it back to the
“P” (Park) position.
80J2071
You must check the fluid level with the CVT
fluid at normal operating temperature.
WARNING
Be sure to depress the brake pedal
EXAMPLE
To check the fluid level:
1) To warm up the CVT fluid, drive the
when moving the gearshift lever, or
(3)
the vehicle can move suddenly.
vehicle or idle the engine until the tem-
(1)
perature gauge indicates normal oper-
ating temperature.
EXAMPLE
(2)
2) Then drive for ten more minutes.
CAUTION
Be sure to use the specified CVT
fluid. Using CVT fluid other than
SUZUKI CVT FLUID GREEN-1 or Shell
GREEN-1V may damage the CVT of
your vehicle.
80J2072
(1) FULL
NOTE:
(2) LOW
Do not check the fluid level if you have just
(3) The lowest point = Fluid level
driven the vehicle for a long time at high
75F086
speed, or if you have driven in city traffic in
7-24

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
6) The handle of the CVT fluid dipstick is
Brakes
colored red or orange for easy identifi-
cation.
Brake Fluid
Remove the dipstick, clean it and push
it back in until the cap seats. Pull out
EXAMPLE
the dipstick and read the fluid level.
The fluid level should be between the
two marks in the “HOT” range on the
65D477
dipstick.
7) Add just enough specified fluid through
WARNING
the dipstick hole to fill the transaxle to
the proper level. It takes only 0.6 liters
Failure to follow the guidelines below
(1.27 US pt) for CVT to raise the level
can result in personal injury or seri-
from “LOW” to “FULL”.
ous damage to the brake system.
• If the brake fluid in the reservoir
CAUTION
drops below a certain level, the
brake warning light on the instru-
After checking or adding oil, be sure
57L71010
ment panel will come on
(the
to insert the dipstick securely.
Check the brake fluid level by looking at
engine must be running with the
the reservoir in the engine compartment.
parking brake fully disengaged.)
Deterioration Checking or Chang-
Check that the fluid level is between the
Should the light come on, immedi-
ing Fluid
“MAX” and “MIN” lines. If the brake fluid
ately ask your SUZUKI dealer to
Since special procedures, materials and
level is near the “MIN” line, fill it up to the
inspect the brake system.
tools are required to check the deteriora-
“MAX” line with SAE J1703 or DOT3 brake
• A rapid fluid loss indicates a leak in
tion of CVT fluid or change, it is recom-
fluid.
the brake system which should be
mended that you trust this job to your
inspected by your SUZUKI dealer
authorized SUZUKI dealer.
immediately.
• Brake fluid can harm your eyes and
damage painted surfaces. Use cau-
tion when refilling the reservoir.
(Continued)
7-25

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
NOTE:
measured above is less than the minimum
WARNING
With disc brakes, the fluid level can be
distance required, have your vehicle
expected to gradually fall as the brake
inspected by your SUZUKI dealer.
(Continued)
pads wear.
• Do not use any fluid other than SAE
NOTE:
J1703 or DOT3 brake fluid. Do not
Brake Pedal
When measuring the distance between the
use reclaimed fluid or fluid that has
brake pedal and floor wall, be sure not to
been stored in old or open contain-
include the floor mat or rubber on the floor
ers. It is essential that foreign parti-
wall in your measurement.
cles and other liquids are kept out
of the brake fluid reservoir.
WARNING
Brake fluid is harmful or fatal if swal-
lowed, and harmful if it comes in con-
tact with skin or eyes. If swallowed,
“a”
Floor carpet
do not induce vomiting. Immediately
contact a poison control center or a
physician. If brake fluid gets in eyes,
flush eyes with water and seek medi-
65D345
cal attention. Wash thoroughly after
handling. Solution can be poisonous
Pedal to floor carpet minimum distance
to animals. Keep out of the reach of
60G104
“a”
children and animals.
73 mm (2.9 in.)
CAUTION
With the engine running and the parking
The brake fluid should be replaced
brake set, measure the distance between
according to the maintenance sched-
the brake pedal and floor carpet when the
ule. Have the brake fluid replaced by
pedal is depressed with approximately 300
your SUZUKI dealer.
N (66 lbs, 30 kg) of force. The minimum
distance required is as specified. Since
your vehicle’s brake system is self-adjust-
ing, there is no need for pedal adjustment.
If the pedal to floor carpet distance as
7-26

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Parking Brake Lever
Steering Wheel
WARNING
If you experience any of the following
EXAMPLE
problems with your vehicle’s brake
200 N (44 lbs, 20 kg)
system, have the vehicle inspected
immediately by your SUZUKI dealer.
Poor braking performance
Uneven braking (brakes not work-
ing uniformly on all wheels.)
“c”
Excessive pedal travel
Brake dragging
“b”
• Excessive noise
(Except ABS equipped vehicle)
Pedal pulsation
(pedal pulsates
when pressed for braking.)
60A226
80J005
Ratchet tooth specification “b”
Steering wheel play “c”
6th - 8th
0 - 30 mm (0.0 - 1.2 in.)
Check the parking brake for proper adjust-
Check the play of the steering wheel by
ment by counting the number of clicks
gently turning it from left to right and mea-
made by the ratchet teeth as you slowly
suring the distance that it moves before
pull up on the parking brake lever to the
you feel slight resistance. The play should
point of full engagement. The parking
be between the specified values. Check
brake lever should stop between the speci-
that the steering wheel turns easily and
fied ratchet teeth and the rear wheels
smoothly without rattling by turning it all the
should be securely locked. If the parking
way to the right and to the left while driving
brake is not properly adjusted or the
very slowly in an open area. If the amount
brakes drag after the lever has been fully
of free play is outside the specification or
released, have the parking brake inspected
you find anything else to be wrong, an
and/or adjusted by your SUZUKI dealer.
inspection must be performed by your
SUZUKI dealer.
7-27

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Tires
B. Tire Name/Model
F. Load Rating
The tire name or model is shown
Load rating is the maximum
For safe operation of your vehicle, it is
here.
weight a tire is designed to sup-
important that the tires be the correct
C. Tire Size
port in normal service.
type and size, in good condition, and
The tire size code is a combina-
G. Max Inflation Pressure
properly inflated. Be sure to follow the
tion of letters and numbers used
Max inflation pressure is the max-
requirements and recommendations in
to define a particular tire’s width,
imum inflation pressure a tire is
this section.
height, aspect ratio, construction
designed for.
type, and service description. See
H. Tire Ply Material
Tire Sidewall Labeling
the “Tire Size” explanation later in
These tire markings describe the
Useful information about a tire is
this section for more details.
type of cord and number of plies
molded into its sidewall. The example
D. U.S. DOT Tire Identification Num-
in the sidewall and under the
below shows a typical passenger car
ber
tread.
tire.
The Department of Transportation
I.
Load Index and Speed Rating
(DOT) marking indicates that the
The two- or three-digit number is
Typical Passenger Car Tire Sidewall
tire is in compliance with the U.S.
the tire’s load index, the maximum
C
I
D
Department of Transportation
load a tire can carry at the speed
J
Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
indicated by its speed symbol at
The letters and numbers following
the maximum inflation pressure.
B
H
the DOT marking is the Tire Iden-
The higher the number is, the
tification Number (TIN). The TIN
greater the load carrying capacity.
identifies the tire manufacturer
The letter symbol denotes the
and plant, tire size, and date the
speed at which a tire is designed
G
tire was manufactured.
to be driven for extended periods
A
E. Uniform Tire Quality Grading
of time. (Ratings are listed below.)
(UTQG)
E
Tire manufacturers are required to
Letter Rating
Speed Rating
F
grade tires based on three perfor-
Q
99 mph
67D027
mance factors: treadwear, traction
and temperature resistance.
A. Tire Manufacturer
R
106 mph
Refer to the “Uniform Tire Quality
The name of the tire manufacturer
Grading” section for more details.
S
112 mph
is shown here.
T
118 mph
7-28

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Tire Size
D. Construction Code
U
124 mph
The following illustration shows an
This letter code is used to indicate
H
130 mph
example of a typical passenger car tire
the type of ply construction in the
size.
tire. The letter
“R” means radial
V
149 mph
ply tire construction, the letter “D”
means diagonal or bias ply con-
W
168 mph*
struction, and the letter “B” means
Y
186 mph*
belted-bias ply construction.
E. Rim Diameter
*The letters ZR may be used on tires
This two-digit number is the wheel
with a maximum speed capability over
or rim diameter in inches.
149 mph and will always be used on
tires with a maximum speed capability
WARNING
A
B
C
D
E
over 186 mph.
Your SUZUKI is equipped with
J. M+S Marking
tires which are all the same type
This marking indicates the tire
and size. This is important to
has some mud and snow capabili-
ensure proper steering and han-
67D028
ties and is designed for all-season
dling of the vehicle. Never mix
use.
A. Tire Type
tires of different size or type on
This letter code indicates the pri-
the four wheels of your vehicle.
mary intended use of the tire. The
Mixing tires could cause you to
letter “P” identifies a tire primarily
lose control while driving which
intended for use on a passenger
may lead to an accident. The size
vehicle.
and type of tires used should be
B. Tire Width
only those approved by SUZUKI
This three-digit number indicates
Motor Corporation as standard or
the tire section width in millime-
optional equipment for your vehi-
ters from sidewall to sidewall.
cle.
C. Aspect Ratio
This two-digit number represents
the tire section height divided by
the tire section width.
7-29

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Tire Inflation Pressure
• Seating Capacity
NOTE:
Tire inflation pressure should be
• Maximum Allowed
Combined
The tire inflation pressure will change
checked when the tire is cold. “Cold
Weight of Occupants and Cargo
due to changes in atmospheric pres-
tire inflation pressure” is the pressure
• Original Tire Size
sure, temperature or tire temperature
in a tire that has been driven less than
• Recommended Cold Tire Inflation
when driving. To reduce the chance
1 mile (1.6 km) or has been standing
Pressure of Original Tires
that the low tire pressure warning light
for three hours or more.
• Size of Compact Spare Tire
will come on due to normal changes in
• Recommended Cold Tire Inflation
temperature and atmospheric pres-
EXAMPLE
Pressure of Compact Spare Tire
sure, it is important to check and
adjust the tire pressures when the tires
Recommended Cold Tire Inflation
are cold. Tires that appear to be at the
Pressures
specified pressure when checked after
driving, when the tires are warm, could
260 kPa
Front Tires
have pressure below the specification
38 psi
when the tires cool down. Also, tires
that are inflated to the specified pres-
260 kPa
Rear Tires
sure in a warm garage may have pres-
38 psi
sure below the specification when the
420 kPa
vehicle is driven outside in very cold
Compact Spare Tire
60 psi
temperature. If you adjust the tire
80JS025
pressure in a garage that is warmer
than the outside temperature, you
The front and rear tire pressure speci-
should add 1 psi to the recommended
fications for your vehicle are shown
cold tire inflation pressure for every
below and are listed on the Tire and
10°F difference between garage tem-
Loading Information Label, which is
perature and outside temperature.
located on the driver’s door lock pillar.
The Tire and Loading Information
Label contains the following informa-
tion:
7-30

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Measuring Air Pressure
Tire Inspection
Use the following steps to achieve
WARNING
Inspect your vehicle’s tires at least
proper tire inflation:
once a month by performing the fol-
Air pressures should be
1) Identify the recommended tire pres-
lowing checks:
checked when the tires are cold
sure on the vehicle’s Tire and Load-
1) Measure the air pressure with a tire
or you may get inaccurate read-
ing Information Label or in the
gauge. Adjust the pressure if nec-
ings.
owner’s manual.
essary. Remember to check the
Check the inflation pressure
2) Remove the valve cap from the tire
spare tire, too. Refer to the “Mea-
from time to time while inflating
valve stem.
suring Air Pressure” section.
the tire gradually, until the spec-
3) Using a reliable pressure gauge,
ified pressure is obtained.
measure the tire inflation pressure
Never underinflate or overin-
by pressing the tire gauge firmly
flate the tires.
onto the valve to get a pressure
Underinflation
can
cause
measurement. Remember that
unusual handling characteristics
inflation pressures should be
or can cause the rim to slip on
checked when the tires are “cold”,
the tire bead, resulting in an acci-
meaning before they have been
dent or damage to the tire or rim.
driven one mile or after sitting for
Underinflation can also cause
three hours or more allowing the
tires to overheat, leading to tire
tire to cool to ambient air tempera-
failure.
ture.
Overinflation can cause the tire
4) If the air pressure is too high, slowly
to burst, resulting in personal
release the air by pressing on the
54G136
injury.
tire valve stem with the edge of the
Overinflation can also cause
(1) Tread wear indicator
tire gauge until you reach the cor-
unusual handling characteristics
(2) Indicator location mark
rect pressure.
which may result in an accident.
5) If the air pressure is too low, fill the
2) Check that the depth of the tread
tire with air at a service station until
groove is more than 1.6 mm (0.06
it reaches the recommended pres-
in.). To help you check this, the tires
sure.
have molded-in tread wear indica-
6) Make sure all tires have the same
tors in the grooves. When the indi-
air pressure
(unless the owner’s
cators appear on the tread surface,
manual indicates otherwise).
the remaining depth of the tread is
7-31

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
1.6 mm (0.06 in.) or less and the
tire should be replaced.
WARNING
WARNING
3) Check for abnormal wear, cracks
Your SUZUKI is equipped with
Replacing the wheels and tires
and damage. Any tires with cracks
tires which are all the same type
equipped on your vehicle with
or other damage should be
and size. This is important to
certain combinations of aftermar-
replaced. If any tires show abnor-
ensure proper steering and han-
ket wheels and tires can signifi-
mal wear, have them inspected by
dling of the vehicle. Never mix
cantly change the steering and
your SUZUKI dealer.
tires of different size or type on
handling characteristics of your
the four wheels of your vehicle.
vehicle. Oversized tires may also
WARNING
The size and type of tires used
rub against the fender over
Hitting curbs and running over
should be only those approved by
bumps, causing vehicle damage
rocks can damage tires and affect
SUZUKI Motor Corporation as
or tire failure. Therefore, use only
wheel alignment. Be sure to have
standard or optional equipment
those wheel and tire combina-
tires
and wheel alignment
for your vehicle.
tions approved by SUZUKI Motor
checked periodically by your
Corporation as standard or
SUZUKI dealer.
optional equipment for your vehi-
CAUTION
cle. For information regarding the
4) Check for loose wheel nuts.
For intelligent All Wheel Drive (i-
specified tires, refer to the Tire
5) Check that there are no nails,
AWD) models, replacing a tire
Information Label located on the
stones or other objects sticking into
with one of a different size, or
driver’s side door pillar or the
the tires.
using different brands among the
“SPECIFICATIONS” section.
four tires can result in damage to
the drive train.
CAUTION
Replacing the original tires with
tires of a different size may result
in false speedometer or odometer
readings. Check with your
SUZUKI dealer before purchas-
ing replacement tires that differ in
size from the original tires.
7-32

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Temperature - A, B, C
The U.S. National Highway Traffic
The treadwear grade is a comparative
The temperature grades are A (the
Safety Administration has developed a
rating based on the wear rate of the tire
highest), B and C, representing the
grading system for evaluating the per-
when tested under controlled condi-
tire’s resistance to the generation of
formance of passenger car tires. The
tions on a specified government test
heat and its ability to dissipate heat
following information will help you
course. For example, a tire graded 150
when tested under controlled condi-
understand the grading system, which
would wear one and one-half (1 1/2)
tions on a specified indoor laboratory
applies to vehicles sold in the U.S.
times as well on the government course
test wheel. Sustained high tempera-
Consult your SUZUKI dealer or tire
as a tire graded 100. The relative per-
ture can cause the material of the tire
retailer for help in choosing the correct
formance of tires depends upon the
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
replacement tires for your vehicle.
actual conditions of their use, however
excessive temperature can lead to
and may depart significantly from the
sudden tire failure. The grade C corre-
Quality grades can be found where
norm due to variations in driving habits,
sponds to a level of performance
applicable on the tire sidewall between
service practices and differences in
which all passenger car tires must
tread shoulder and maximum section
road characteristics and climate.
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
width. For example:
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Tempera-
Traction - AA, A, B, C
and A represent higher levels of per-
ture A
The traction grades, from highest to
formance on the laboratory test wheel
lowest, are AA, A, B and C. Those
than the minimum required by law.
DOT Quality Grades
grades represent the tire’s ability to
Treadwear
stop on wet pavement as measured
WARNING
Traction AA A B C
under controlled conditions on speci-
The temperature grade for this
Temperature A B C
fied government test surfaces of
tire is established for a tire that is
All Passenger Car Tires Must Conform
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
properly inflated and not over-
To Federal Safety Requirements in
may have poor traction performance.
loaded. Excessive speed, under-
Addition To These Grades
inflation or excessive loading,
WARNING
either separately or in combina-
The traction grade assigned to
tion, can cause heat buildup and
this tire is based on straight-
possible tire failure.
ahead braking traction tests, and
does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning or peak
traction characteristics.
7-33

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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Tire Rotation
Compact Spare Tire (if equipped)
WARNING
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the
parts to which it is fastened, can
make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident.
When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches
to the vehicle. In an emergency,
you can use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to
use a scraper or wire brush later,
54G114
54G115
if you need to, to get all the rust
To avoid uneven wear of your tires and
or dirt off.
(1) Wear indicator
to prolong their life, rotate the tires as
(2) Indicator location mark
illustrated. Tires should be rotated as
recommended in the periodic mainte-
Your vehicle comes equipped with the
nance schedule. After rotation, adjust
compact spare tire. The compact
front and rear tire pressures to the
spare is designed to save space in
specification listed on your vehicle’s
your storage area, and its lighter
Tire and Loading Information Label.
weight makes it easier to install if a flat
tire occurs. It is only intended for tem-
porary emergency use, until the con-
ventional tire can be repaired or
replaced. The inflation pressure of the
compact spare tire should be checked
at least monthly. Use a quality pocket-
type inflation pressure gauge and set
at 420 kPa (60 psi). At the same time,
check that the tire is stored securely. If
it is not, tighten it.
7-34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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