Suzuki Reno (2008 year). Instruction - part 7

 

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Suzuki Reno (2008 year). Instruction - part 7

 

 

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
tion such as: Song Title, Album Title, Artist,
• There may have been a problem while
iPod, laptop computer, MP3 player, CD
and Bit rate may appear.
burning the CD.
changer, or cassette tape player, etc. to the
• The label may be caught in the CD
auxiliary input jack for use as another
When information is not available, “No Info”
player.
source for audio listening.
will appear on the display.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any
The auxiliary input jack will also accept cell
Press and hold this button to change the
other reason, try a known good CD.
phone connectors. Plug the cell phone
display mode.
connector into the auxiliary input jack to
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error
Scroll:
hear the other side of a cell phone’s con-
cannot be corrected, contact your SUZUKI
Press and hold the sound button [in MP3/
versation through the vehicle sound sys-
dealer. If the radio displays an error mes-
WMA mode]
tem.
sage, write it down and provide it to your
The song title or other information of a
SUZUKI dealer when reporting the prob-
Drivers are encouraged to set up their por-
song will scroll on/off. The default mode is
lem.
table audio player while the vehicle is
scroll on.
parked. See Defensive Driving for more
Scroll mode can be changed only when
AUX Mode
information on driver distraction.
you press and hold the sound button.
Press this button to listen to the audio con-
To use a portable audio player, connect a
tents from other devices; Walkman, Porta-
CD Messages
3.5 mm (1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front
ble CD Player, Portable MP3 Player, i-pod,
auxiliary input jack. When a device is con-
CHECK CD:
XM receiver, etc.
nected, press the radio CD/AUX button as
If this message appears on the display
1) Connect the output port of the device to
needed to begin playing audio from the
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for
the aux jack of the head unit with an
device over the car speakers.
one of the following reasons:
aux connector.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary) button (9):
• It is very hot. When the temperature
2) Turn the device on.
Press this button once to play a CD while a
returns to normal, the CD will play.
3) Press this button.
portable audio device is playing. Press this
• You are driving on a very rough road.
If you want to control the volume level, use
button a second time and the system will
When the road becomes smoother, the
the volume buttons of the head unit or the
begin playing audio from the connected
CD will play.
device.
portable audio player. Once in this mode,
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
“Auxinput” will appear on the display. If the
upside down.
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
auxiliary jack does not detect the presence
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an
Your radio system has an auxiliary input
of an output jack, the aux mode will be pre-
hour and try again.
jack located on the lower right side of the
vented from coming up.
• The format of the CD may not be com-
faceplate. This is not an audio output; do
patible. See “MP3/WMA Format” earlier
Power/Volume knob (1):
not plug a headphone set into the front
in this section.
Turn this knob clockwise or counterclock-
auxiliary input jack. You can however, con-
wise to increase or decrease the volume of
nect an external audio device such as an
3-36

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
the portable player. You may need to make
STEERING WHEEL REMOTE OPER-
CDP MODE
additional volume adjustments from the
ATION (if equipped in the vehicle)
Press the Seek Button for a short time to
portable device if the volume does not go
go to the next track.
Power Button
loud or soft enough.
Press this button to turn the system on and
off. Press this button for a short time to
Track01
Track02
MUTE the sound. To cancel MUTE, press
this button again.
Volume Up Button
Press this button to increase the volume
level.
84Z026
Volume Down Button
Press and hold the Seek Button to fast
Press this button to decrease the volume
play.
level.
Mode Button
Seek Button
Press the Mode Button to change the
RADIO MODE
mode. (“CDP” is displayed when a CD is in
Press the Seek Button for a short time to
the CDP deck)
search for stored radio channels.
FM1
FM2
FM-A
CH1
CH2
CH3
(CDP)
AM-A
AM-2
AM-1
CH6
CH5
CH4
84Z027
84Z025
Press and hold the Seek Button to search
for the next receivable higher-frequency.
3-37

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
Radio with Six-Disc CD (Double Display, MP3/WMA) (AGH-6400)
PLAYING THE RADIO
Power/Volume knob (1):
2
3
10
Press this knob to turn the system on and
off.
Turn the Power/Volume knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease
9
11
the volume.
Press this button for a short time to MUTE
the radio. Press the button again to cancel
MUTE.
5
4
Finding a Station
AM button (2):
6
12
Press this button to switch to an AM sta-
tion. The display will show the selection.
8
1
FM button (3):
Press this button to switch to an FM sta-
tion. The display will show the selection.
TUNE button (4):
Press this button to select radio stations.
7
(Instruction tuning)
Press the up arrows to increase the fre-
85Z019
quency.
1. Power/Volume knob
•3 RDM: Random button
Press the down arrows to decrease the fre-
2. AM button
•4 INT: Introduction button
quency.
3. FM button
•5 DSC-: Previous CDC button
The frequency of the AM band changes
4. TUNE button
•6 DSC+: Next CDC button
10 kHz each time and the frequency of the
5. SEEK button
8. SOUND (SCROLL) button
FM band changes 200 kHz each time.
6. SCAN/AST button
9. LOAD button
SEEK button (5):
7. Preset station buttons
10. CDC button
Press this button to search for and select
•1 DIR: Directory button
11. EJECT button
receivable radio stations. (Seek tuning)
•2 RPT: Repeat button
12. INFO/DISP button
To search for the next receivable higher
station, press the up arrows.
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INSTRUMENT PANEL
To search for the previous receivable lower
Preset station buttons (7):
SOUND button (8):
station, press the down arrows.
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Mid/Treble)
SCAN/AST button (6):
Up to 36 stations (six FM1, six FM2, six
Press this button until “BAS” appears on
Press this button to scan radio stations.
FM-A and six AM1, six AM2, six AM-A),
the display. Turn the volume knob to
(Scan tuning)
can be programmed on the six numbered
increase or to decrease the bass. The dis-
preset buttons, by performing the following
play will show the bass level. When fin-
Scan
steps:
ished making the selection, press this
The radio will go to a station, play for a few
button again to select the bass level.
seconds, and then go on to the next sta-
1) Turn the radio on.
tion. Press this button again to stop scan-
2) Press the AM or FM button to select
Press this button until “MID” appears on
ning.
FM1, FM2, FM-A, AM1, AM2 or AM-A.
the display. Turn the volume knob to
3) Tune in the desired station.
increase or to decrease the mid. The dis-
The radio will only scan stations with a
4) Press and hold one of the six numbered
play will show the mid level. When finished
strong signal that are in the selected band.
preset buttons.
making the selection, press this button
The preset button number
(Display:
again to select the mid level.
Automatic Store
CH#1 ~ CH#6) will flash on the display
Press and hold this button to use Auto
Press this button until “TRE” appears on
when the station has been set. When-
Store.
the display. Turn the volume knob to
ever that numbered preset button is
increase or to decrease the treble. The dis-
FM1’s 6 preset stations with the strongest
pressed, the memorized station will
play will show the treble level. When fin-
signal in the region can be automatically
return.
ished making the selection, press this
stored. The display will show
“AUTO
5) Repeat the previous four steps for each
button again to select the treble level. If a
SCANNING”, and “SCANNING” will flash
preset button.
station is weak or noisy, decrease the tre-
on display.
ble.
ORDER OF SOUND FUNCTIONS
Stored stations will flash for a short time on
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
display in sequence. Once the stations are
To adjust the balance between the right
stored, the radio will switch to FM-A and
BASS MID
TRE
and the left speakers, press this button
the first preset station will begin to play.
VOL
until “BAL” appears on the display. Turn the
FM-A will appear on the display when lis-
FAD
volume knob to change the balance. The
tening to the automatically stored stations.
display will show the balance level. When
Press the AM or FM button to stop auto-
EQ OFF
BAL
finished making the selection, press this
matic store.
84Z023
button again to select the balance level.
To adjust the fade between the front and
rear speakers, press this button until “FAD”
appears on the display. Turn the volume
3-39

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
knob to change the fade between the front
PLAYING A CD
If there is no apparent damage, try a
and the rear speakers. The display will
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side
known good CD.
show the fade level. When finished making
up. The player will pull it in and the CD
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get
the selection, press this button again to
should begin playing. You can insert a CD
caught in the CD player. If a CD is
select the fade level.
with the ignition off.
recorded on a personal computer and a
Setting the EQ
When the CD is inserted,
“CDP” will
description label is needed, try labeling the
Press this button until “EQ OFF” appears
appear on the display. As the CD is loading
top of the recorded CD with a marking pen
on the display to select customized equal-
“LOADING” will appear on the display. As
instead.
ization settings designed for classic,
each new track starts to play, the track and
If an error appears on the display, see “CD
dance, rock, jazz, pop, voice and techno.
track number will appear on the display.
Messages” later in this section.
Turn the volume knob until the desired
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a
equalization setting appears on the display.
RPT (Repeat) button (7):
CD in the player, it will stay in the player.
When finished making the selection, press
Press this button to repeat the current
When a CD is in the player and the ignition
the SOUND button again to select the
track. RPT will appear on the display.
is turned on, the radio must be turned on
equalization setting.
Press this button again to turn off repeat
before the CD will start playback. When
play.
To cancel an equalization setting, press
the ignition and radio are turned on, the
the SOUND button until “EQ OFF” appears
CD will start playing where it stopped, if it
RDM (Random) button (7):
on the display, turn the volume knob until
was the last selected audio source.
Press this button to hear the tracks in ran-
“OFF” appears on the display, then press
dom, rather than sequential, order. “RDM”
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch
the SOUND button again to select the
will appear on the display. Press this button
(8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring.
equalization setting.
again to turn off random play.
Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs are
loaded in the same manner.
INT (Scan) button (7):
EQ OFF CLASSIC
DANCE
Press this button to listen to the first few
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality may
seconds of each track on each loaded CD.
TECHNO
be reduced due to CD-R quality, the
ROCK
“INTRO” will appear on the display. To stop
method of recording, the quality of the
scanning, press this button again. The cur-
music that has been recorded, and the way
VOICE
POP
JAZZ
rent track will begin to play.
the CD-R has been handled. There may be
84Z024
an increase in skipping, difficulty in finding
TUNE (Previous/Next Track) button (4):
tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and
Press the down arrows to go to the start of
ejecting. If these problems occur, check
the current track or press the up arrows to
the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface
go to the next track. The track number will
of the CD is damaged, such as cracked,
appear on the display. The player will con-
broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
tinue moving backward or forward through
properly.
3-40

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
the CD with each press of the up or down
not eject when the ignition or the radio is
the complexity and confusion in trying to
arrows.
turned off.
locate a particular folder during playback. If
a CD contains more than the maximum of
AM button (2):
Using an MP3/WMA CD
50 folders, 5 sessions, and 999 files the
Press this button to listen to the radio when
player will let you access and navigate up
a CD is playing. The inactive CD will
MP3/WMA Format
to the maximum, but all items over the
remain safely inside the radio for future lis-
If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a
maximum will be ignored.
tening.
personal computer:
Root Directory
FM button (3):
• Make sure the MP3/WMA files are
The root directory will be treated as a
Press this button to listen to the radio when
recorded on a CD-R disc.
folder. If the root directory has compressed
a CD is playing. The inactive CD will
• Make sure to finalize the disc when burn-
audio files, the directory will be displayed
remain safely inside the radio for future lis-
ing an MP3/WMA disc, using multiple
as
“ROOT”. All files contained directly
tening.
sessions. It is usually better to burn the
under the root directory will be accessed
disc all at once.
CD/AUX button (9):
prior to any other directory.
• Files can be recorded with a variety of
Press this button to play a CD when listen-
fixed or variable bit rates. Song title, art-
Empty Directory or Folder
ing to the radio. “CDP” will appear on the
ist name, and album will be available for
If a root directory or a folder exists some-
display when the CD player has been
display by the radio when recorded using
where in the file structure that contains
selected. The CD symbol will appear on
ID3 tags version 1 and 2.
only folders/subfolders and no compressed
the display when a CD is loaded.
• Do not mix standard audio and MP3/
files directly beneath them, the player will
Press this button while a CD is playing to
WMA files on one disc.
advance to the next folder in the file struc-
pause the CD. “PAUSE” will flash on the
• Make sure each MP3/WMA file has a
ture that contains compressed audio files
display. Press this button again to resume
“.mp3” or
“.wma” extension, other file
and the empty folder will not be displayed
playing the CD.
extensions may not work.
or numbered.
Press this button to play a CD when listen-
The player will be able to read and play a
No Folder
ing to the audio contents from other device
maximum of 50 folders, 5 sessions, and
When the CD contains only compressed
(AUX mode). “CDP” will appear on the dis-
999 files. Long file names and folder
files, the files will be located under the root
play when the CD player has been
names may use more disc memory space
folder. The next and previous folder func-
selected. The CD symbol will appear on
than necessary. To conserve space on the
tions will have no function on a CD that
the display when a CD is loaded.
disc, minimize the length of the file, and
was recorded without folders or playlists.
folder names. You can also play an MP3/
When displaying the name of the folder the
EJECT button (10):
WMA CD that was recorded using no file
radio will display “ROOT”.
Press this button to eject a CD. The only
folders. The system can support up to 8
way a CD can be ejected from the player is
When the CD contains only compressed
folders in depth, but, keep the depth of the
by pressing the eject button. The CD will
audio files, but no folders, all files will be
folders to a minimum in order to keep down
located under the root folder. When the
3-41

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
radio displays the name of the folder the
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a
If an error appears on the display, see “CD
radio will display “ROOT”.
CD in the player, it will stay in the player.
Messages” later in this section.
When a CD is in the player and the ignition
Order of Play
All of the CD functions work the same
is turned on, the radio must be turned on
Tracks will be played in the following order:
while playing an MP3/WMA, except for
before the CD will start playback. When
those listed here. See “Playing a CD” ear-
Play will begin from the first track under the
the ignition and radio are turned on, the
lier for more information.
root directory. When all tracks from the root
CD will start playing where it stopped, if it
directory have been played, play will con-
was the last selected audio source.
DIR (Directory) button (11):
tinue from files according to their numerical
Press this button to repeat the tracks in the
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch
listing. After playing the last track from the
current directory. “DIR” will appear on the
(8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring.
last folder, the player will begin playing
display.
Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs are
again at the first track of the first folder or
Press this button again to repeat the tracks
loaded in the same manner.
root directory.
in all of the directories. “ALL” will appear on
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality may
the display.
File System and Naming
be reduced due to CD-R quality, the
Press this button again to turn off repeat
The song name in the ID3 tag will be dis-
method of recording, the quality of the
play.
played. If the song name is not present in
music that has been recorded, and the way
the ID3 tag, then the radio will display the
SEEK (Previous/Next Folder) button (5)
the CD-R has been handled. There may be
file name without the extension (such as
(in MP3/WMA mode):
an increase in skipping, difficulty in finding
MP3/WMA) instead.
Press the up or down arrows to change the
tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and
folder. If the CD-R doesn’t have any folder,
Track names longer than 32 characters or
ejecting. If these problems occur, check
“ROOT” will flash on display for a short
4 pages will be shortened. The display will
the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface
time.
not show parts of words on the last page of
of the CD is damaged, such as cracked,
text and the extension of the filename will
broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
TUNE (Previous/Next Folder) button (4):
not be displayed.
properly.
Press the up or down arrows to go to the
first track in the previous or to go to the
Playing an MP3/WMA
If there is no apparent damage, try a
next folder. The player will continue moving
With the ignition on, insert a CD partway
known good CD.
backward or forward through the CD with
into the slot, label side up. The player will
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get
each press of the up or down arrows.
pull it in, then “LOADING”, and then “MP3”
caught in the CD player. If a CD is
or “WMA” will appear on the display. The
INFO/DISP (Information/Display) button
recorded on a personal computer and a
CD should begin playing. You can’t insert a
(12):
description label is needed, try labeling the
CD with the acc off. As each new track
Press this button to display additional text
top of the recorded CD with a marking pen
starts to play, the track number, and the
information related to the current MP3/
instead.
song name will appear on the display.
WMA song. A choice of additional informa-
3-42

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
tion such as: Song Title, Album Title, Artist,
• There may have been a problem while
iPod, laptop computer, MP3 player, CD
and Bit rate may appear.
burning the CD.
changer, or cassette tape player, etc. to the
• The label may be caught in the CD
auxiliary input jack for use as another
When information is not available, “No Info”
player.
source for audio listening.
will appear on the display.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any
The auxiliary input jack will also accept cell
Press and hold this button to change the
other reason, try a known good CD.
phone connectors. Plug the cell phone
display mode.
connector into the auxiliary input jack to
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error
Scroll:
hear the other side of a cell phone’s con-
cannot be corrected, contact your SUZUKI
Press and hold the sound button [in MP3/
versation through the vehicle sound sys-
dealer. If the radio displays an error mes-
WMA mode]
tem.
sage, write it down and provide it to your
The song title or other information of a
SUZUKI dealer when reporting the prob-
Drivers are encouraged to set up their por-
song will scroll on/off. The default mode is
lem.
table audio player while the vehicle is
scroll on.
parked. See Defensive Driving for more
Scroll mode can be changed only when
AUX Mode
information on driver distraction.
you press and hold the sound button.
Press this button to listen to the audio con-
To use a portable audio player, connect a
tents from other devices; Walkman, Porta-
CD Messages
3.5 mm (1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front
ble CD Player, Portable MP3 Player, i-pod,
auxiliary input jack. When a device is con-
CHECK CD:
XM receiver, etc.
nected, press the radio CD/AUX button as
If this message appears on the display
1) Connect the output port of the device to
needed to begin playing audio from the
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for
the aux jack of the head unit with an
device over the car speakers.
one of the following reasons:
aux connector.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary) button (9):
• It is very hot. When the temperature
2) Turn the device on.
Press this button once to play a CD while a
returns to normal, the CD will play.
3) Press this button.
portable audio device is playing. Press this
• You are driving on a very rough road.
If you want to control the volume level, use
button a second time and the system will
When the road becomes smoother, the
the volume buttons of the head unit or the
begin playing audio from the connected
CD will play.
device.
portable audio player. Once in this mode,
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
“Auxinput” will appear on the display. If the
upside down.
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
auxiliary jack does not detect the presence
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an
Your radio system has an auxiliary input
of an output jack, the aux mode will be pre-
hour and try again.
jack located on the lower right side of the
vented from coming up.
• The format of the CD may not be com-
faceplate. This is not an audio output; do
patible. See “MP3/WMA Format” earlier
Power/Volume knob (1):
not plug a headphone set into the front
in this section.
Turn this knob clockwise or counterclock-
auxiliary input jack. You can however, con-
wise to increase or decrease the volume of
nect an external audio device such as an
3-43

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
the portable player. You may need to make
STEERING WHEEL REMOTE OPER-
CDP MODE
additional volume adjustments from the
ATION (if equipped in the vehicle)
Press the Seek Button for a short time to
portable device if the volume does not go
go to the next track.
Power Button
loud or soft enough.
Press this button to turn the system on and
off. Press this button for a short time to
Track01
Track02
MUTE the sound. To cancel MUTE, press
this button again.
Volume Up Button
Press this button to increase the volume
level.
84Z026
Volume Down Button
Press and hold the Seek Button for fast
Press this button to decrease the volume
play.
level.
Mode Button
Seek Button
Press the Mode Button to change the
RADIO MODE
mode. (“CDP” is displayed when a CD is in
Press the Seek Button for a short time to
the CDP deck)
search for stored radio channels.
FM1
FM2
FM-A
CH1
CH2
CH3
(CDP)
AM-A
AM-2
AM-1
CH6
CH5
CH4
84Z027
84Z025
Press and hold the Seek Button to search
for the next receivable higher-frequency.
3-44

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
CD CHANGER OPERATION
(Optional)
The CD changer is installed in the trunk.
1
Up to 6 discs can be stored in the maga-
zine of the CD changer.
A selection of tracks from the
6 discs
stored in the disc magazine can be made
and automatically played in the order of
your preference.
NOTE:
• The CD changer is controlled by the
Main Unit.
• The CD changer is an Optional Item.
2
86Z026
1. Magazine slot
2. Magazine eject button
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INSTRUMENT PANEL
How to Change Discs
86Z014
86Z015
86Z013
2) Press the eject button on the CD
3) Pull a tray out of the magazine by
To remove:
changer and remove the magazine.
pressing the tray button.
1) Open the sliding door of the CD
4) Remove the disc from the tray and rein-
changer to the right until it is completely
sert the tray into the magazine.
latched.
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INSTRUMENT PANEL
The CD changer is operated by the main
button, the disc will skip to the next
unit.
track.
Labeled surface upward
2) To play the previous track, rotate this
1) Press the power button on the main unit
knob counterclockwise for less than 1
to turn the audio system on.
second or press the track down button
2) If a disc is already inserted inside the
once. Each time you rotate the knob or
CD changer, press the “CD” button.
press the button, the disc will skip to the
Playback starts at the beginning of the
previous track.
track that you were previously listening
to.
Cue & Review:
3) If a disc is not inserted yet, load a disc
This function allows desired point-search
in the magazine.
(Refer to
“How to
within a track at a faster than normal play-
change discs”.)
back speed.
Then, press the “CD” button to play.
Playback starts from the No. 1 disc.
1) To search for the desired point of a
86Z016
track, rotate this knob and hold it or
To load:
CD Changer Play:
press and hold the track up/down but-
1)
Put the disc on a tray with its label side
To play the CD Changer while operating
ton. The audio level is reduced and the
upward.
the radio, press the “CD” button if a disc is
disc will play at a faster than normal
2)
Insert the tray into the magazine.
already inserted in the CD changer.
playback speed. When the disc reaches
3)
Push the magazine into the CD
the desired point, release the knob/but-
The mode is transferred to the CD changer
changer until it is locked and a click
ton and normal play will resume.
sound is heard.
and the CD is played back from the track
2) To cue (forward) the track, rotate this
that you were previously listening to.
4)
After loading the magazine, close the
knob clockwise or press the track up
sliding door completely to the left.
If a disc is not in the CD changer, the mode
button. To review (backward) the track,
is not changed to the CD changer when
rotate this knob counterclockwise or
you press this button.
press the track down button.
Track Up & Down:
Repeat Play:
The track up & down knob/button allows
To repeatedly listen to the current track,
you to make quick selections from your
press the “2/RPT” button.
playing disc.
“RPT” is displayed in VFD and the current
track will be played back repeatedly until
1) To play the next track, rotate this knob
this function is canceled.
clockwise for less than
1 second or
To cancel this function, press this button
press the track up button once. Each
again.
time you rotate the knob or press the
3-47

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INSTRUMENT PANEL
Track Introduction:
To quickly and conveniently scan the track,
use the “3 or 4/INT” button.
“INTRO” will be displayed in VFD and the
audio system will play the first 10 seconds
of each track.
When the player reaches the desired track,
press this button again and normal play will
resume.
Random Play:
To play a CD disc in random order, press
the “4 or 5/RDM” button.
“RDM” will be displayed in VFD and the
audio system will play the CD in random
order.
To cancel this function, press this button
again.
Disc Up / Down Button
To select another disc in ascending order,
press the “3 or 6/UP” button. The number
of the selected disc will appear on the
VFD.
To select another disc in descending order,
press the “5 or 6/DN” button. The number
of the selected disc will appear on the
VFD.
3-48

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
4-1
Towing
4-16
4

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
Your Driving, the Road, and
to help do things like this, or pull off the
The obvious way to eliminate the leading
road in a safe place to do them yourself.
highway safety problem is for people never
Your Vehicle
These simple defensive driving tech-
to drink alcohol and then drive. But what if
niques could save your life.
people do? How much is “too much” if
Defensive Driving
someone plans to drive? It’s a lot less than
The best advice anyone can give about
Drunken Driving
many might think. Although it depends on
driving is: Drive defensively.
Death and injury associated with drinking
each person and situation, here is some
Please start by using a very important
and driving is a national tragedy. It’s the
general information on the problem.
safety device in your vehicle: Your safety
number one contributor to the highway
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of
belt. Buckle up. See “Safety Belts: They
death toll, claiming thousands of victims
someone who is drinking depends upon
Are for Everyone” in section 1.
every year.
four things:
Defensive driving really means “be ready
Alcohol affects four things that everyone
• The amount of alcohol consumed
for anything.” On city streets, rural roads or
needs to drive a vehicle:
• The drinker’s body weight
freeways, it means
“always expect the
• Judgment
• The amount of food that is consumed
unexpected.”
• Muscular Coordination
before and during drinking
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers
• Vision
• The length of time it has taken the
are going to be careless and make mis-
• Attentiveness.
drinker to consume the alcohol.
takes. Anticipate what they might do. Be
Police records show that almost half of all
According to the American Medical Associ-
ready for their mistakes.
motor vehicle-related deaths involve alco-
ation, a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks
Rear-end collisions are about the most
hol. In most cases, these deaths are the
three 12 ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in
preventable of accidents. Yet they are com-
result of someone who was drinking and
an hour will end up with a BAC of about
mon. Allow enough following distance. It’s
driving. In recent years, more than 16,000
0.06 percent. The person would reach the
the best defensive driving maneuver, in
annual motor vehicle-related deaths have
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120
both city and rural driving. You never know
been associated with the use of alcohol,
ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if
when the vehicle in front of you is going to
with more than 300,000 people injured.
each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors
brake or turn suddenly.
like whiskey, gin or vodka.
Many adults - by some estimates, nearly
Defensive driving requires that a driver
half the adult population - choose never to
concentrate on the driving task. Anything
drink alcohol, so they never drive after
that distracts from the driving task - such
drinking. For persons under
21, it is
as concentrating on a cellular telephone
against the law in every U.S. state to drink
call, reading, or reaching for something on
alcohol. There are good medical, psycho-
the floor - makes proper defensive driving
logical and developmental reasons for
more difficult and can even cause a colli-
these laws.
sion, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger
4-1

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
ple, it is 0.05 percent in both France and
There’s something else about drinking and
Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial
driving that many people don’t know. Medi-
drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
cal research shows that alcohol in a per-
son’s system can make crash injuries
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spi-
three to six drinks (in one hour). Of course,
nal cord or heart. This means that when
as we’ve seen, it depends on how much
anyone who has been drinking - driver or
alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the
passenger - is in a crash, that person’s
person drinks them.
chance of being killed or permanently dis-
But the ability to drive is affected well
abled is higher than if the person had not
below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research
been drinking.
shows that the driving skills of many peo-
ple are impaired at a BAC approaching
WARNING
0.05 percent, and that the effects are
Drinking and then driving is very dan-
worse at night. All drivers are impaired at
gerous. Your reflexes, perceptions,
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For
BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics
attentiveness and judgment can be
example, if the same person drank three
show that the chance of being in a collision
affected by even a small amount of
double martinis
(3 ounces or
90 ml of
increases sharply for drivers who have a
alcohol. You can have a serious - or
liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with
even fatal - collision if you drive after
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A per-
a BAC level of 0.06 percent has doubled
drinking. Please don’t drink and drive
son who consumes food just before or dur-
his or her chance of having a collision. At a
or ride with a driver who has been
ing drinking will have a somewhat lower
BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
BAC level.
this driver having a collision is 12 times
you’re with a group, designate a
greater; at a level of
0.15 percent, the
There is a gender difference, too. Women
driver who will not drink.
chance is 25 times greater!
generally have a lower relative percentage
of body water than men. Since alcohol is
The body takes about an hour to rid itself
Control of a Vehicle
carried in body water, this means that a
of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of
You have three systems that make your
woman generally will reach a higher BAC
coffee or number of cold showers will
vehicle go where you want it to go. They
level than a man of her same body weight
speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the right
are the brakes, the steering and the accel-
will when each has the same number of
answer. What if there’s an emergency, a
erator. All three systems have to do their
drinks.
need to take sudden action, as when a
work at the places where the tires meet the
child darts into the street? A person with
road.
The law in an increasing number of U.S.
even a moderate BAC might not be able to
states, and throughout Canada, sets the
react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other
countries, the limit is even lower. For exam-
4-2

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DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60
ABS is an advanced electronic braking
mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
system that will help prevent a braking
That could be a lot of distance in an emer-
skid.
gency, so keeping enough space between
When you start your engine and begin to
your vehicle and others is important.
drive away, your anti-lock brake system will
And, of course, actual stopping distances
check itself. You may hear a momentary
vary greatly with the surface of the road
motor or clicking noise while this test is
(whether it’s pavement or gravel) the condi-
going on, and you may even notice that
tion of the road (wet, dry, icy) tire tread the
your brake pedal moves a little. This is nor-
condition of your brakes the weight of the
mal.
vehicle and the amount of brake force
applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some peo-
ple drive in spurts - heavy acceleration fol-
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on
lowed by heavy braking
- rather than
snow or ice, it’s easy to ask more of those
keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake.
control systems than the tires and road
Your brakes may not have time to cool
can provide. That means you can lose con-
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear
trol of your vehicle.
out much faster if you do a lot of heavy
If there’s a problem with the anti-lock brake
system, this warning light will stay on. See
braking. If you keep pace with the traffic
Braking
and allow realistic following distances, you
“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in
section 3.
Braking action involves perception time
will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
and reaction time.
That means better braking and longer
brake life.
First, you have to decide to push on the
brake pedal. That’s perception time. Then
If your engine ever stops while you’re driv-
you have to bring up your foot and do it.
ing, brake normally but don’t pump your
That’s reaction time.
brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder
to push down. If your engine stops, you will
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a
still have some power brake assist. But you
second. But that’s only an average. It might
will use it when you brake. Once the power
be less with one driver and as long as two
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop
or three seconds or more with another.
and the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Age, physical condition, alertness, coordi-
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
nation and eyesight all play a part. So do
(if equipped)
alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in
4-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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