Volvo S60 Inscription (2016 year). Manual - part 14


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Volvo S60 Inscription (2016 year). Manual - part 14



08 Starting and driving





In an emergency the parking brake can

be applied when the vehicle is moving

by holding in the control. Braking will

be interrupted when the accelerator

pedal is depressed or the control is


An audible signal will sound during this

procedure if the vehicle is moving at

speeds above 6 mph (10 km/h).

Related information

Parking brake – general information

(p. 232)

Parking brake – releasing (p. 233)

Parking brake – symbols and messages

(p. 235)

Brakes – general (p. 228)

Parking brake – releasing

Releasing the electric parking brake

Parking brake control

Manual release

1. Fasten the seat belt.
2. Insert the remote key in the ignition slot

and press the START/STOP ENGINE

button (or press the START/STOP

ENGINE button with a valid remote key in

the passenger compartment on vehicles

with the optional keyless drive).

3. Press firmly on the brake pedal.
4. Pull the parking brake control.

Automatic release

1. Start the engine.


For safety reasons, the parking brake is

only released automatically if the engine

is running and the driver is wearing a

seat belt.

The electric parking brake will be

released immediately when the acceler-

ator pedal is pressed and the gear

selector is in position D or R.

2. Fasten the seat belt.
3. Move the gear selector to position D or R

and press the accelerator pedal. The

parking brake will release when the vehi-

cle begins to move.

Heavy load uphill

A heavy load, such as a trailer, can cause the

vehicle to roll backward when the parking

brake is released automatically on a steep

incline. To help avoid this:
1. Keep the electric parking brake lever

pushed in with the left hand while shifting

into Drive with the right.

2. While pressing the accelerator pedal to

pull away, release the parking brake lever

only after the vehicle begins to move.

Related information

Parking brake – general information

(p. 232)

Parking brake – applying (p. 232)

08 Starting and driving



Parking brake – symbols and


A text message can be erased by pressing

briefly on the OK button on the turn signal


Symbol and messages in the instrument panel

Symbol Message





Read the message in the information display

A flashing symbol indicates that the parking brake is being applied. If the symbol flashes in any other situation

then this means that a fault has arisen. Read the message on the information display.


Park brake not

fully released

A fault is preventing the parking brake from being released. Try to apply the parking brake and release it sev-

eral times. If the problem persists, contact an authorized Volvo workshop. If you drive off with this error mes-

sage showing, a warning signal sounds.


Parking brake not


A fault is preventing the parking brake from being applied. Try to apply the parking brake and release it several

times. If the problem persists, contact an authorized Volvo workshop. If you drive off with this error message

showing, a warning signal sounds.


Parking brake

Service required

A fault has occurred. Try to apply and release. Contact a Volvo workshop if the fault remains


If the vehicle must be parked before the

fault has been corrected, always put the

gear selector in P and turn the wheels so

that they point away from the curb if the

vehicle is pointing uphill or toward the curb

if it is pointing downhill.

Related information

Parking brake – general information

(p. 232)

Parking brake – applying (p. 232)

Parking brake – releasing (p. 233)

Brakes – general (p. 228)

08 Starting and driving



Driving through water

The vehicle should be driven with extreme

caution if it is necessary to drive through

standing water.

The vehicle can be driven through water up to

a depth of approximately 10 in. (25 cm) at

walking speed to help prevent water from

entering the differential and the transmission.

This reduces the oil's lubricating capacity and

may shorten the service life of these compo-


Take particular care when driving through

flowing water.

Clean the electrical connections for trailer

wiring after driving in mud or water.

When driving through water, maintain low

speed and do not stop in the water.


Avoid driving through standing or

rushing water. Doing so can be dan-

gerous and it may also be difficult to

determine the actual depth of the


If water cannot be avoided, after driv-

ing through the water, press lightly on

the brake pedal to ensure that the

brakes are functioning normally. Water

or mud can make the brake linings

slippery, resulting in delayed braking



Engine damage will occur if water is

drawn into the air cleaner.

If the vehicle is driven through water

deeper than 10 in (25 cm), water may

enter the differential and the transmis-

sion. This reduces the oil's lubricating

capacity and may shorten the service

life of these components.

Damage to any components, the

engine, transmission, turbo-charger,

differential or its internal components

caused by flooding, vapor lock or

insufficient oil is not covered under


Do not allow the vehicle to stand in

water up to the door sills longer than

absolutely necessary. This could result

in electrical malfunctions.

If the engine has been stopped while

the vehicle is in water, do not attempt

to restart it. Have the vehicle towed

out of the water.

Related information

Towing the vehicle (p. 245)

Towing by tow truck (p. 247)

08 Starting and driving




Engine and cooling system

Under special conditions, for example when

driving in hilly terrain, extreme heat or with

heavy loads, there is a risk that the engine and

cooling system will overheat.

Proceed as follows to avoid overheating the


Maintain a low speed when driving with a

trailer up long, steep hills. For informa-

tion, see Towing a trailer (p. 243)

Do not turn the engine off immediately

when stopping after a hard drive.


The cooling fan may start or continue to

operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the

engine has been switched off.

Remove any auxiliary lights from in front

of the grille when driving in hot weather


Do not exceed engine speeds of

4500 rpm if driving with a trailer in hilly

terrain. The oil temperature could become

too high.

Conserving electrical current

Keep the following in mind to help minimize

battery drain:

When the engine is not running, avoid

using ignition mode II. Many electrical

systems (the audio system, the optional

navigation system, power windows, etc)

will function in ignition modes 0 and I.

These modes reduce drain on the battery.

Please keep in mind that using systems,

accessories, etc., that consume a great

deal of current when the engine is not

running could result in the battery being

completely drained. Driving or having the

engine running for approximately

15 minutes will help keep the battery


The optional area provides electrical cur-

rent even with the ignition switched off,

which drains the battery.

Before a long distance trip

It is always worthwhile to have your vehicle

checked by a trained and qualified Volvo serv-

ice technician before driving long distances.

Your retailer will also be able to supply you

with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper

blades for your use in the event that problems


As a minimum, the following items should be

checked before any long trip:

Check that engine runs smoothly and that

fuel consumption is normal.

Check for fuel, oil, and fluid leakage.

Have the transmission oil level (p. 325)


Check condition of drive belts.

Check state of the battery's charge.

Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as

well), and replace those that are

worn (p. 251). Check tire pres-

sure (p. 256).

The brakes, front wheel alignment, and

steering gear should be checked by a

trained and qualified Volvo service techni-

cian only.

Check all lights, including high beams.

Reflective warning triangles are legally

required in some states/provinces.

Have a word with a trained and qualified

Volvo service technician if you intend to


08 Starting and driving



drive in countries where it may be difficult

to obtain the correct fuel.

Consider your destination. If you will be

driving through an area where snow or ice

are likely to occur, consider snow

tires (p. 265).

Related information

Changing a wheel – removing wheel

(p. 252)

Bulbs – introduction (p. 290)

Driving in cold weather

Check your vehicle before the approach of

cold weather.

The following advice is worth noting:

Make sure that the engine cool-

ant (p. 288) contains 50 percent anti-

freeze. Any other mixture will reduce

freeze protection. This gives protection

against freezing down to –31 °F (–35 °C).

The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not

approved by Volvo. Different types of

antifreeze must not be mixed.

Volvo recommends using only genuine

Volvo antifreeze in your vehicle's radiator.

Try to keep the fuel tank well filled – this

helps prevent the formation of condensa-

tion in the tank. In addition, in extremely

cold weather conditions it is worthwhile

to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.

The viscosity of the engine oil is impor-

tant. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil)

improves cold-weather starting as well as

decreasing fuel consumption while the

engine is warming up. Full synthetic

0W-30 oil is recommended for driving in

areas with sustained low temperatures.

The load placed on the battery is greater

during the winter since the windshield

wipers, lighting, etc., are used more

often. Moreover, the capacity of the bat-

tery decreases as the temperature drops.

In very cold weather, a poorly charged

battery can freeze and be damaged. It is

therefore advisable to check the state of

charge more frequently and spray an anti-

rust oil on the battery posts.

Volvo recommends the use of snow tires

on all four wheels for winter driving, see

Snow tires/studded tires (p. 265).

To prevent the washer fluid (p. 295)reser-

voir from freezing, add washer solvents

containing antifreeze. This is important

since dirt is often splashed on the wind-

shield during winter driving, requiring the

frequent use of the washers and wipers.

Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted

as follows: Down to 14 °F (–10 °C): 1 part

washer solvent and 4 parts water Down

to 5 °F (–15  °C): 1 part washer solvent

and 3 parts water Down to 0 °F (–18 °C):

1 part washer solvent and 2 parts water

Down to –18 °F (–28 °C): 1 part washer

solvent and 1 part water.

Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.

Avoid using de-icing sprays as they can

cause damage to the locks.

08 Starting and driving



Refueling – fuel requirements

Volvo recommends the use of detergent gas-

oline to control engine deposits.

Deposit control gasoline (detergent
Detergent gasoline is effective in keeping

injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent

use of deposit control gasolines will help

ensure good drivability and fuel economy. If

you are not sure whether the gasoline con-

tains deposit control additives, check with the

service station operator.


Volvo does not recommend the use of

external fuel injector cleaning systems.

Unleaded fuel
Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic con-

verter and must use only unleaded gasoline.

U.S. and Canadian regulations require that

pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be

labeled "UNLEADED". Only these pumps

have nozzles which fit your vehicle's filler

inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel

into a vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline

only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-

way catalytic converter and the heated oxy-

gen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded

gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the

emission control system (p. 242) and could

result in loss of emission warranty coverage.

State and local vehicle inspection programs

will make detection of misfueling easier, pos-

sibly resulting in emission test failure for mis-

fueled vehicles.


Some U.S. and Canadian gasolines con-

tain an octane enhancing additive called

methyl-cyclopentadienyl manganese tri-

carbonyl (MMT). If such fuels are used,

your Emission Control System perform-

ance may be affected, and the Check

Engine Light (malfunction indicator light)

located on your instrument panel may

light. If this occurs, please return your

vehicle to a trained and qualified Volvo

service technician for service.

Gasoline containing alcohol and ethers,
"Oxygenated fuels"
Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing

"oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or

ethers. In some areas, state or local laws

require that the service pump be marked indi-

cating use of alcohols or ethers. However,

there are areas in which the pumps are

unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is

alcohol or ethers in the gasoline you buy,

check with the service station operator. To

meet seasonal air quality standards, some

areas require the use of "oxygenated" fuel.

Volvo allows the use of the following "oxy-

genated" fuels; however, the octane rat-

ings (p. 240) listed must still be met.

Alcohol – Ethanol

Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by vol-

ume may be used. Ethanol may also be refer-

red to as Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".
Ethers – MTBE: Fuels containing up to

15% MTBE may be used.

Do not use gasolines containing methanol

(methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice

can result in vehicle performance deteriora-

tion and can damage critical parts in the fuel

system. Such damage may not be covered

under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

08 Starting and driving



Refueling – octane rating

Volvo recommends premium fuel for best per-
formance, but using 87 octane


 or above will

not affect engine reliability.

Minimum octane


Typical pump octane label


Vehicles equipped with the high perform-

ance 4-cylinder engines (B4204T9 and

B4204T10) require premium fuel



TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline
Volvo endorses the use of “TOP TIER Deter-

gent Gasoline” where available to help main-

tain engine performance and reliability. TOP

TIER Detergent Gasoline meets a new stand-

ard jointly established by leading automotive

manufactures to meet the needs of today’s

advanced engines. Qualifying gasoline retail-

ers (stations) will, in most cases, identify their

gasoline as having met the “TOP TIER Deter-

gent Gasoline” standards.


Information about TOP TIER Detergent

Gasoline is available at

Demanding driving
In demanding driving conditions, such as

operating the vehicle in hot weather, towing a

trailer, or driving for extended periods at

higher altitudes than normal, it may be advis-

able to switch to higher octane fuel (91 or

higher) or to change gasoline brands to fully

utilize your engine's capacity, and for the

smoothest possible operation.


When switching to higher octane fuel or

changing gasoline brands, it may be nec-

essary to fill the tank more than once

before a difference in engine operation is


Fuel Formulations
Do not use gasoline that contains lead as a

knock inhibitor, and do not use lead addi-

tives. Besides damaging the exhaust emis-

sion control systems on your vehicle, lead

has been strongly linked to certain forms of

Many fuels contain benzene as a solvent.

Unburned benzene has been strongly linked

to certain forms of cancer. If you live in an

area where you must fill your own gas tank,

take precautions. These may include:

standing upwind away from the filler noz-

zle while refueling

refueling only at gas stations with vapor

recovery systems that fully seal the

mouth of the filler neck during refueling

wearing neoprene gloves while handling a

fuel filler nozzle.

Use of Additives
With the exception of gas line antifreeze dur-

ing winter months, do not add solvents, thick-

eners, or other store-bought additives to your

vehicle's fuel, cooling, or lubricating systems.

Overuse may damage your engine, and some

of these additives contain organically volatile

chemicals. Do not needlessly expose yourself

to these chemicals.


AKI (ANTI KNOCK INDEX) is an average of the Research Octane Number (RON) and the Motor Octane Number (MON), MON+RON/2.


Refer to your Warranty and Maintenance Records booklet for additional information.

08 Starting and driving




Never carry a cell phone that is switched

on while refueling your vehicle. If the

phone rings, this may cause a spark that

could ignite gasoline fumes, resulting in

fire and injury.


Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, color-

less, and odorless gas. It is present in all

exhaust gases. If you ever smell exhaust

fumes inside the vehicle, make sure the

passenger compartment is ventilated, and

immediately return the vehicle to a trained

and qualified Volvo service technician for


Related information

Refueling – fuel requirements (p. 239)

Refueling – opening/closing fuel filler


The fuel filler door is located on the right rear

fender (indicated by an arrow beside the fuel
tank symbol on the information display 


With the ignition switched off, press and

release the button on the lighting panel to

unlock the fuel filler door. Please note that the

fuel filler door will remain unlocked until the

vehicle begins to move forward. An audible

click will be heard when the fuel filler door


You can also keep the vehicle locked if

you remain inside it during refueling. The

central locking button does not lock the

fuel filler door.

Be sure the fuel filler door is not obstruc-

ted and is completely closed after refuel-


Open the fuel filler cap slowly during hot


Close the fuel filler door by pressing it; a click

indicates that it is closed.


Avoid spilling gasoline during refueling. In

addition to causing damage to the environ-

ment, gasolines containing alcohol can

cause damage to painted surfaces, which

may not be covered under the New Vehicle

Limited Warranty.

Manually opening the fuel filler door
3. Gently pull the cord straight rearward until

the fuel filler door clicks open.

Related information

Refueling – opening/closing fuel cap

(p. 242)

Refueling – fuel requirements (p. 239)

Refueling – octane rating (p. 240)

08 Starting and driving



Refueling – opening/closing fuel cap

If necessary, the fuel filler door can be

opened manually.

Opening/closing the fuel cap
Fuel vapor expands in hot weather. Open the

filler cap slowly.
After refueling, close the fuel filler cap by

turning it clockwise until it clicks into place.


Do not refuel with the engine run-


. Turn the ignition off or to posi-

tion I. If the ignition is on, an incorrect

reading could occur in the fuel gauge.

Avoid overfilling the fuel tank. Do not

press the handle on the filler nozzle

more than one extra time. Too much

fuel in the tank in hot weather condi-

tions can cause the fuel to overflow.

Overfilling could also cause damage to

the emission control systems.

Related information

Refueling – fuel requirements (p. 239)

Refueling – octane rating (p. 240)

Emission controls

Three-way catalytic converter

Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain

engine malfunctions, particularly involving

the electrical, fuel or distributor ignition

systems, may cause unusually high three-

way catalytic converter temperatures. Do

not continue to operate your vehicle if

you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss

of power or other unusual operating con-

ditions, such as engine overheating or

backfiring. A properly tuned engine will

help avoid malfunctions that could dam-

age the three-way catalytic converter.

Do not park your vehicle over combusti-

ble materials, such as grass or leaves,

which can come into contact with the hot

exhaust system and cause such materials

to ignite under certain wind and weather


Excessive starter cranking (in excess of

one minute), or an intermittently firing or

flooded engine can cause three-way cat-

alytic converter or exhaust system over-


Remember that tampering or unauthor-

ized modifications to the engine, the

Engine Control Module, or the vehicle

may be illegal and can cause three-way

catalytic converter or exhaust system

overheating. This includes: altering fuel

injection settings or components, altering

emission system components or location

or removing components, and/or repea-

ted use of leaded fuel.


Unleaded fuel is required for vehicles with

three-way catalytic converters.

Heated oxygen sensors
The heated oxygen sensors monitor the oxy-

gen content of the exhaust gases. Readings

are fed into a control module that continu-

ously monitors engine functions and controls

fuel injection. The ratio of fuel to air into the

engine is continuously adjusted for efficient

combustion to help reduce harmful emis-


Related information

Information displays – warning symbols

(p. 64)

Engine and cooling system (p. 237)


If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the vehicle is refueled, the Check Engine Light (malfunction indicator lamp) may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's

performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

08 Starting and driving




Economical driving

Better driving economy may be obtained by

thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and

stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle

to immediate traffic conditions.

Handling and roadholding

Vehicle load, tire design and inflation

pressure all affect vehicle handling.

Therefore, check that the tires are inflated

to the recommended pressure according

to the vehicle load. Loads should be dis-

tributed so that capacity weight or maxi-

mum permissible axle loads are not


Related information

Climate – general information (p. 107)

Towing a trailer

When towing a trailer, always observe the

legal requirements of the state/province.


For the maximum trailer and tongue

weights recommended by Volvo, see

Weights (p. 320).

All Volvo models are equipped with

energy-absorbing shock-mounted bump-

ers. Trailer hitch installation should not

interfere with the proper operation of this

bumper system.

Trailer towing does not normally present any

particular problems, but take into considera-


Increase tire pressure to recommended

full pressure, see Tire inflation – pressure

table (p. 260).

When your vehicle is new, avoid towing

heavy trailers during the first 620 miles

(1,000 km).

Maximum speed when towing a trailer:

50 mph (80 km/h).

Engine and transmission are subject to

increased loads. Therefore, engine cool-

ant temperature should be closely

watched when driving in hot climates or

hilly terrain. Use a lower gear and turn off

the air conditioner if the temperature

gauge needle enters the red range.

If the automatic transmission begins to

overheat, a message will be displayed in

the text window.

Avoid overload and other abusive opera-


Hauling a trailer affects handling, durabil-

ity, and economy.

It is necessary to balance trailer brakes

with the towing vehicle brakes to provide

a safe stop (check and observe state/

local regulations).

Do not connect the trailer's brake system

directly to the vehicle's brake system.

More frequent vehicle maintenance is


Remove the ball holder when the hitch is

not being used.


08 Starting and driving




When parking the vehicle with a trailer

on a hill, apply the parking brake

before putting the gear selector in P.

Always follow the trailer manufactur-

er's recommendations for wheel


When starting on a hill, put the gear

selector in D before releasing the park-

ing brake.

If you use the manual (Geartronic) shift

positions while towing a trailer, make

sure the gear you select does not put

too much strain on the engine (using

too high a gear).

The drawbar assembly/trailer hitch

may be rated for trailers heavier than

the vehicle is designed to tow. Please

adhere to Volvo's recommended trailer


Avoid driving with a trailer on inclines

of more than 15%.


The maximum trailer weights listed are

only applicable for altitudes up to 3,280 ft

(1000 m) above sea level. With increasing

altitude the engine power and therefore

the car's climbing ability are impaired

because of the reduced air density, so the

maximum trailer weight has to be reduced

accordingly. The weight of the vehicle and

trailer must be reduced by 10% for every

further 3,280 ft (1000 m) (or part thereof).

When towing 5,950 lbs (2,700kg) hill incli-

nation is restricted to 14%.


Bumper-attached trailer hitches must

not be used on Volvos, nor should

safety chains be attached to the


Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle

rear axle must not be used.

Never connect a trailer's hydraulic

brake system directly to the vehicle

brake system, nor a trailer's lighting

system directly to the vehicle lighting

system. Consult your nearest author-

ized Volvo retailer for correct installa-


When towing a trailer, the trailer's

safety chains or wire must be correctly

fastened to the attachment points pro-

vided in the trailer hitch on the vehicle.

The safety chain or wire must never be

fastened to or wound around the tow-

ing ball.

Trailer cable

An adapter is required if the vehicle's trailer

hitch has a 13-pin connector and the trailer

has 7 pins. Use an adapter cable approved

by Volvo. Make sure the cable does not drag

on the ground.

Related information

Loading – general (p. 120)

08 Starting and driving




Trailer Stability Assist (TSA)

Trailer Stability Assist is a system designed to

help stabilize a vehicle that is towing a trailer

when the vehicle and trailer have begun to

sway and is part of the stability system. For

information on the stability system, see Stabil-

ity system – introduction (p. 141)

A vehicle towing a trailer may begin to sway

for various reasons. Normally this only occurs

at high speeds but, for example, if the trailer

is overloaded or if the load is unevenly dis-

tributed in the trailer, there is risk of swaying

at speeds between approximately 45-55 mph

(70-90 km/h).
Swaying may be caused by factors such as:

The vehicle and trailer are hit by a sud-

den, strong crosswind

The vehicle and trailer are traveling on an

uneven road surface or drive over a bump

Sudden movements of the steering wheel

Facts about TSA

TSA intervenes at speeds above approxi-

mately 40 mph (60 km/h)

The stability system symbol in the instru-

ment panel will flash when TSA is working

If the driver switches off the stability sys-

tem's Spin Control function, TSA will also

be switched off (but will be on again the

next time the engine is started)

TSA may not intervene when the vehicle

and trailer begin to sway if the driver tries

to compensate for the swaying motion by

moving the steering wheel rapidly

How TSA works
Once swaying has begun, it can be very diffi-

cult to stop, which makes it difficult to control

the vehicle and trailer.
The TSA system continuously monitors the

vehicle's movements, particularly lateral

movement. If the system detects a tendency

to sway, the brakes are applied individually

on the front wheels, which has a stabilizing

effect on the vehicle and trailer. This is often

enough to enable the driver to regain control

of the vehicle.
If this is not adequate to stop the swaying

motion, the brakes are applied to all of the

wheels on the vehicle and on the trailer if it is

equipped with brakes, and engine power is

temporarily reduced. As the swaying motion

begins to decrease and the vehicle-trailer

have once again become stable, TSA will now

stop regulating the brakes/engine power and

the driver regains control of the vehicle.

Related information

Towing a trailer (p. 243)

Loading – general (p. 120)

Towing the vehicle

Always check with state and local authorities

before attempting to tow another vehicle

because this type of towing is subject to reg-

ulations regarding maximum towing speed,

length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.


08 Starting and driving



1. With the remote key fully pressed into the

ignition slot


, press START/STOP

ENGINE for approximately 2 seconds to

activate ignition mode II.

2. The remote key must remain in the igni-

tion slot


 for the entire time that the vehi-

cle is being towed.

3. Keep the tow rope taut when the towing

vehicle slows down by applying light

pressure on the brake pedal. This will

help prevent jarring movements of the

vehicle being towed.

4. Be prepared to apply the brakes to stop

the vehicle being towed.


General towing precautions:

Please check with state and local

authorities before attempting this type

of towing, as vehicles being towed are

subject to regulations regarding maxi-

mum towing speed, length and type of

towing device, lighting, etc.

If the vehicle's battery is dead, see

Jump starting (p. 215) to provide cur-

rent for releasing the electric parking

brake and to move the gear selector

from the P position to N. If this is not

possible, see Transmission – shiftlock

override (p. 220) for information about

manually overriding the shiftlock sys-

tem to move the gear selector from P

to N.

Maximum speed: 50 mph (80 km/h).

Do not exceed the maximum allowable

towing speed.

Maximum distance with front wheels

on ground: 50 miles (80 km).

The vehicle should only be towed in

the forward direction.

Related information

Towing eyelet (p. 246)

Remote key – functions (p. 127)

Towing eyelet

When used, the towing eyelet should always

be securing attached.

Attaching the towing eyelet

There are two different types of covers

over the openings for the towing eyelet

and they have to be opened differently.

If the cover has a notch, insert a coin,

etc., into the notch and pry open the

edge of the cover. Open the cover

completely and remove it.

If the cover has a mark along one edge

or in a corner, press the mark while

prying out the opposite side/corner

using a coin, etc. Open the cover and

remove it.

Screw the towing eyelet in place, first by

hand and then using the tire iron until it is

securely in place.
After the vehicle has been towed, the eyelet

should be removed and returned to its stor-

age location.
Press the cover for the attachment point back

into position.


Not necessary in vehicles with the optional keyless drive.


For vehicles with the optional keyless drive, the remote key must be in the vehicle.

08 Starting and driving




Option/accessory, for more information, see Introduction.



When the vehicle is being towed, the

ignition should be in mode II (in mode

I, all of the vehicle's airbags are deac-

tivated). For more information, see

Ignition modes (p. 69)

Never remove the remote key from the

ignition slot when the vehicle is being

towed. For vehicles with keyless drive,

the remote key must remain inside the


The power brakes and power steering

will not function when the engine is not

running. Approximately 5 times more

pressure will be required on the brake

pedal and the steering wheel will be

considerably harder to turn.

The towing eyelets must not be used

for pulling the vehicle out of a ditch or

for any similar purpose involving

severe strain.

Related information

Towing the vehicle (p. 245)

Towing by tow truck (p. 247)

Towing by tow truck

When necessary, call for professional help

from an authorized towing company. Volvo

recommends the use of flat bed equipment.


In certain conditions, the towing eyelet

may be used to pull the vehicle onto a

flatbed tow truck.

The vehicle's position and ground

clearance determine if it can be pulled

up onto a flatbed tow truck using the

towing eyelet.

If the angle of the tow truck’s ramp is

too steep or the ground clearance

under the vehicle is insufficient, dam-

age could occur by attempting to pull

the vehicle using the towing eyelet.

If necessary, lift the vehicle using the

tow truck’s lifting device.


No person or object should be behind the

tow truck while the vehicle is being pulled

up onto the flatbed.


The vehicle should always be towed in

the forward direction.

Vehicles with All Wheel Drive (AWD)*

that are being towed with the front

wheels off the ground should not be

towed at a speed above approx.

45 mph (70 km/h) and should not be

towed farther than 30 miles (50 km).

Related information

Towing eyelet (p. 246)

09 Wheels and tires



Tires – general information

Your vehicle is equipped with tires according

to the vehicle's tire information placard on the

B-pillar (the structural member at the side of

the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door




Some Volvo models are equipped with an

Ultra High Performance tire and wheel

combination designed to provide maxi-

mum dry pavement performance with con-

sideration for hydroplaning resistance.

They may be more susceptible to road

hazard damage and, depending on driving

conditions, may achieve a tread life of less

than 20,000 miles (30,000 km). Even if this

vehicle is equipped with Volvo’s advanced

AWD or stability system, these tires are not

designed for winter driving, and should be

replaced with winter tires when weather

conditions dictate.

The tires have good road holding characteris-

tics and offer good handling on dry and wet

surfaces. It should be noted however that the

tires have been developed to give these fea-

tures on snow/ice-free surfaces.
Most models are equipped with "all-season"

tires, which provide a somewhat higher

degree of road holding on slippery surfaces

than tires without the "all-season" rating.

However, for optimum road holding on icy or

snow-covered roads, we recommend suitable

winter tires on all four wheels.
When replacing tires, be sure that the new

tires are the same size designation, type

(radial) and preferably from the same manu-

facturer, on all four wheels. Otherwise there is

a risk of altering the car's roadholding and

handling characteristics.

Tire rotation
Your vehicle has no required tire rotation. Tire

wear is affected by a number of factors such

as tire inflation, ambient temperature, driving

style, etc.


If the tires are rotated, they should

only be moved from front to rear or

vice versa. They should never be rota-

ted left to right/right to left.

Ideally, tire rotation should be done the

first time after approximately 3,000

miles (5,000 km) and thereafter at

6,000-mile (10,000-km) intervals.

Some customers find that tire rotation

may help to get extra mileage from tire


Tire rotation should only be performed

if front/rear tire wear is fairly even and

tread height is above 1/16" (1.6 mm).

Related information

Tire inflation – pressure table (p. 260)

Tire specifications (p. 257)

Changing a wheel – direction of rotation

(p. 252)

Tires – tread wear indicator (p. 251)








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