Suzuki Reno (2008 year). Instruction - part 10

 

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Suzuki Reno (2008 year). Instruction - part 10

 

 

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Windshield Washer Fluid
Adding Washer Fluid
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is
located near the back of the engine com-
partment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid. See
“Engine Compartment Overview” in this
section for the location of the reservoir.
Open the cap with the washer symbol on it.
There are only two reasons why the brake
Add washer fluid until the tank is full.
fluid level in the reservoir might go down.
The first is that the brake fluid goes down
CAUTION
to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear.
When using concentrated washer
fluid, follow the manufacturer’s
When new linings are put in, the fluid level
instructions for adding water.
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use
is leaking out of the brake system. If it is,
located in the front of the engine compart-
washer fluid. Water can cause the
you should have your brake system fixed,
ment on the driver’s side. See
“Engine
solution to freeze and damage your
since a leak means that sooner or later
Compartment Overview” in this section for
washer fluid tank and other parts of
your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work
more information on location.
the washer system. Also, water
at all.
What to Use
doesn’t clean as well as washer
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your
When you need windshield washer fluid,
fluid.
brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t correct
Fill your washer fluid tank only
be sure to read the manufacturer’s instruc-
a leak. If you add fluid when your linings
tions before use. If you will be operating
three-quarters full when it’s very
are worn, then you’ll have too much fluid
your vehicle in an area where the tempera-
cold. This allows for expansion if
when you get new brake linings. You
ture may fall below freezing, use a fluid
freezing occurs, which could dam-
should add (or remove) brake fluid, as nec-
that has sufficient protection against freez-
age the tank if it is completely full.
essary, only when work is done on the
ing.
Don’t use engine coolant
(anti-
brake hydraulic system.
freeze) in your windshield washer.
It can damage your washer system
and paint.
5-18

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
WARNING
CAUTION
WARNING
If you have too much brake fluid, it
Using the wrong fluid can badly
The brake wear warning sound
can spill on the engine. The fluid will
damage brake system parts. For
means that soon your brakes won’t
burn if the engine is hot enough. You
example, just a few drops of min-
work well. That could lead to an acci-
or others could be burned, and your
eral-based oil, such as engine oil,
dent. When you hear the brake wear
vehicle could be damaged.
in your brake system can damage
warning sound, have your vehicle
brake system parts so badly that
serviced.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level,
they’ll have to be replaced. Don’t let
your brake warning light will come on. See
someone put in the wrong kind of
fluid.
CAUTION
“Brake System Warning Light” in section 3.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehi-
Continuing to drive with worn-out
What to Add
cle’s painted surfaces, the paint fin-
brake pads could result in costly
When you do need brake fluid, use only
ish can be damaged. Be careful not
brake repair.
DOT-3 brake fluid. Use new brake fluid
to spill brake fluid on your vehicle.
from a sealed container only. See “Recom-
If you do, wash it off immediately.
Some driving conditions or climates may
mended Fluids and Lubricants” in section
See
“Appearance Care” in the
cause a brake squeal when the brakes are
6.
Index.
first applied or lightly applied. This does
not mean something is wrong with your
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap
Brake Wear
and the area around the cap before remov-
brakes.
Your vehicle has front and rear disc brakes.
ing it. This will help keep dirt from entering
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary
the reservoir.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indica-
to help prevent brake pulsation. When tires
tors that make a high-pitched warning
are rotated, inspect brake pads for wear
WARNING
sound when the brake pads are worn and
and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the proper
new pads are needed. The sound may
sequence to SUZUKI torque specifica-
With the wrong kind of fluid in your
come and go or be heard all the time your
tions.
brake system, your brakes may not
vehicle is moving (except when you are
work well, or they may not even work
Brake linings should always be replaced as
pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
at all. This could cause a crash.
complete axle sets.
Always use the proper brake fluid.
See “Brake System Inspection” in section
6.
5-19

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Brake Pedal Travel
Battery
Jump Starting
See your SUZUKI dealer if the brake pedal
Your new vehicle comes with a mainte-
If your battery has run down, you may want
does not return to normal height, or if there
nance free battery. When it’s time for a new
to use another vehicle and some jumper
is a rapid increase in pedal travel. This
battery, get one that has the replacement
cables to start your vehicle. Be sure to fol-
could be a sign of brake trouble.
number shown on the original battery’s
low the steps below to do it safely.
label. See
“Engine Compartment Over-
Brake Adjustment
view” in this section for battery location.
WARNING
Every time you make a moderate brake
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
stop, your disc brakes adjust for wear. If
WARNING
dangerous because:
you rarely make a moderate or heavier
Battery posts, terminals and related
• They contain acid that can burn
stop, then your brakes might not adjust
accessories contain lead and lead
you.
correctly. If you drive in that way, then -
compounds, chemicals known to the
• They contain gas that can explode
very carefully
- make a few moderate
State of California to cause cancer
or ignite.
brake stops about every
1,000 miles
and reproductive harm. Wash hands
• They contain enough electricity to
(1,600 km), so your brakes will adjust prop-
after handling.
burn you.
erly.
If you don’t follow these steps
Vehicle Storage
exactly, some or all of these things
Replacing Brake System Parts
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for
can hurt you.
The braking system on a vehicle is com-
plex. Its many parts have to be of top qual-
25 days or more, remove the black, nega-
ity and work well together if the vehicle is
tive
(-) cable from the battery. This will
CAUTION
to have really good braking. When you
help keep your battery from running down.
replace parts of your braking system - for
Ignoring the following steps could
example, when your brake linings wear
WARNING
result in costly damage to your vehi-
down and you need new ones put in - be
cle that wouldn’t be covered by your
Batteries have acid that can burn you
sure you get new approved SUZUKI
warranty.
and gas that can explode. You can be
replacement parts. If you don’t, your
Trying to start your vehicle by push-
badly hurt if you aren’t careful. See
brakes may no longer work properly. For
ing or pulling it won’t work, and it
the next section, “Jump Starting”, for
example, if someone puts in brake linings
could damage your vehicle.
tips on working around a battery
that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
without getting hurt.
between your front and rear brakes can
1) Check the other vehicle. It must have a
change - for the worse. The braking per-
12-volt battery with a negative ground
Contact your SUZUKI dealer to learn how
formance you’ve come to expect can
system.
to prepare your vehicle for longer storage
change in many other ways if someone
periods.
puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
5-20

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
3)
Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.
CAUTION
Unplug unnecessary accessories
WARNING
plugged into the cigarette lighter or in
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt sys-
Using a match near a battery can
the accessory power outlet. Turn off the
tem with a negative ground, both
cause battery gas to explode. People
radio and all lamps that aren’t needed.
vehicles can be damaged. Only use
have been hurt doing this, and some
This will avoid sparks and help save
vehicles with
12-volt systems with
have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
both batteries. And it could save your
negative grounds to jump start your
you need more light.
radio!
vehicle.
Be sure the battery has enough
4)
Open the hoods and locate the batter-
water. You don’t need to add water to
ies. Find the positive (+) and negative
2)
Get the vehicles close enough so the
the battery installed in your new vehi-
(-) terminal locations on each vehicle.
jumper cables can reach, but be sure
cle. But if a battery has filler caps, be
Your vehicle’s positive
(+) terminal is
the vehicles aren’t touching each other.
sure the right amount of fluid is
located under a red tethered cap on the
If they are, it could cause a ground con-
there. If it is low, add water to take
battery. The negative
(-) terminal is
nection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be
care of that first. If you don’t, explo-
located under a black tethered cap on
able to start your vehicle, and the bad
sive gas could be present.
the battery. See “Engine Compartment
grounding could damage the electrical
Battery fluid contains acid that can
Overview” in this section for more infor-
systems.
burn you. Don’t get it on you. If you
mation on location. Flip the caps up to
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles
accidentally get it in your eyes or on
access the positive (+) and negative (-)
rolling, set the parking brake firmly on
your skin, flush the place with water
terminals.
both vehicles involved in the jump start
and get medical help immediately.
procedure. Put an automatic transmis-
WARNING
sion in PARK (P) or a instruction transmis-
5) Check that the jumper cables don’t
sion in NEUTRAL before setting the
An electric fan under the hood can
have loose or missing insulation. If they
parking brake.
start up and injure you even when the
do, you could get a shock. The vehicles
engine is not running. Keep hands,
could be damaged, too.
CAUTION
clothing and tools away from any
Before you connect the cables, here are
underhood electric fan.
some basic things you should know.
If you leave your radio or other acces-
Positive (+) will go to positive (+) or to a
sories on during the jump starting
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehi-
procedure, they could be damaged.
cle has one. Negative (-) will go to a
The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or
your warranty. Always turn off your
to a remote negative (-) terminal if the
radio and other accessories when
vehicle with the dead battery has one.
jump starting your vehicle.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative
(-) or you’ll get a short that would dam-
5-21

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
age the battery and maybe other parts,
trical connection is just as good there,
too. And don’t connect the negative (-)
and the chance of sparks getting back
cable to the negative (-) terminal on the
to the battery is much less.
dead battery because this can cause
10)Now start the vehicle with the good bat-
sparks.
tery and run the engine for a while.
11)Try to start the vehicle that had the
WARNING
dead battery. If it won’t start after a few
tries, it probably needs service.
An electric fan under the hood can
7)
Don’t let the other end touch metal.
start up and injure you even when the
Connect it to the positive (+) terminal of
CAUTION
engine is not running. Keep hands,
the good battery. Use a remote positive
clothing and tools away from any
Damage to your vehicle may result
(+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
underhood electric fan.
from electrical shorting if jumper
cables are removed incorrectly. To
prevent electrical shorting, take care
that the cables don’t touch each
other or any other metal. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your war-
ranty.
8) Now connect the black negative
(-)
cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
good battery. Use a remote negative (-)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything
until the next step. The other end of the
negative
(-) cable doesn’t go to the
dead battery. It goes to a heavy,
6) Connect the red positive (+) cable to
unpainted metal engine part or to a
the positive
(+) terminal of the dead
remote negative
(-) terminal on the
battery. Use a remote positive (+) termi-
vehicle with the dead battery.
nal if the vehicle has one.
9) Connect the other end of the negative
(-) cable at least 18 inches (45 cm)
away from the dead battery, but not
near engine parts that move. The elec-
5-22

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Jumper Cable Removal
Headlamp Aiming
Bulb Replacement
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident,
For the type of bulb to use, see “Replace-
the headlamp aim may be affected. Aim
ment Bulbs” in this section. For any bulb
adjustment of the low beam may be neces-
changing procedure not listed in this sec-
sary if it is difficult to see lane markers, for
tion, contact your SUZUKI dealer.
horizontal aim, or if oncoming drivers flash
their high beams at you, for vertical aim. If
Halogen Bulbs
you believe your headlamps need to be re-
aimed, we recommend that you take your
WARNING
vehicle to the dealer for service. However,
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas
it is possible for you to re-aim your head-
inside and can burst if you drop or
lamps by following the procedure in the
scratch the bulb. You or others could
service instruction for your vehicle.
be injured. Be sure to read and follow
the instructions on the bulb package.
CAUTION
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
To make sure your headlamps are
B. Good Battery
aimed properly, read all the instruc-
C. Dead Battery
tions before beginning. Failure to fol-
low these instructions could cause
To disconnect the jumper cables from both
damage to headlamp parts.
vehicles, do the following:
1) Disconnect the black negative (-) cable
from the vehicle that had the dead bat-
tery.
2) Disconnect the black negative (-) cable
from the vehicle with the good battery.
3) Disconnect the red positive (+) cable
from the vehicle with the good battery.
4) Disconnect the red positive (+) cable
from the other vehicle.
5) Return the terminal cover to its original
position.
5-23

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Headlamps
10)Reverse the steps 1 and 2 to reinstall
7) Install the socket into the lamp housing
the headlamp assembly. Then, check
by turning it clockwise.
the lamps.
8) Reverse the steps 1 and 2 to reinstall
the headlamp assembly. Then, check
Front Turn Signal Lamps
the lamps.
Front Fog Lamps
N4U5042A
To replace a headlamp bulb:
1)
Open the hood.
N4U5043A
2)
Remove the two bolts and one nut
shown in the illustration that retain the
To replace a front turn signal lamp bulb:
headlamp assembly.
3)
Disconnect the wiring harness connec-
1) Open the hood.
To replace a front fog lamp bulb:
tor from the rear of the bulb.
2) Remove the two bolts and one nut and
4)
Remove the headlamp cap by turning it
remove the headlamp assembly.
1) Disconnect the wiring harness connec-
counterclockwise.
3) Turn the front turn signal bulb socket
tor from the front fog lamp bulb.
5)
Release the spring that retains the bulb.
counterclockwise.
2) Rotate the front fog lamp bulb counter-
6)
Remove the old bulb.
4) Pull the front turn signal bulb socket out
clockwise and remove it.
7)
Install the new bulb. See “Replacement
of the lamp housing.
3) Replace the bulb. See “Replacement
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
5) Press the bulb inward and turn it coun-
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
bulb.
terclockwise to remove it from the bulb
bulb.
8)
Install the bulb retaining spring.
socket.
4) Connect the wiring harness connector
9)
Install the wiring harness connector to
6) Install the new bulb into the bulb socket
to the front fog lamp bulb.
the bulb and replace the headlamp cap
by pressing it in and turning it clock-
by turning it clockwise.
wise. See “Replacement Bulbs” in this
section for the proper bulb.
5-24

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Center High-Mounted Stop Lamp
Luggage Compartment Lamp
Tail/Stop Lamps and Rear Turn Sig-
nal Lamps
N4U5046A
N4U5044A
To replace a center high-mounted stop
To replace a luggage compartment lamp
lamp bulb:
bulb:
To replace a tail/stop lamp or a rear turn
signal lamp bulb:
1) Open the liftgate.
1) Use a flat screwdriver to pry the lamp
2) Pry off the trim and remove the two
assembly from the lamp assembly
1) Open the liftgate.
screws shown in the illustration.
holder.
2) Remove the two screws and the lamp
3) Remove the bulb socket from the lamp
2) Replace the bulb. See “Replacement
assembly.
housing.
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
3) Remove the bulb socket from the lamp
4) Remove the bulb by pulling it straight
bulb.
housing by turning the bulb socket
out of the bulb socket.
3) Reinstall the lamp assembly.
counterclockwise.
5) Install the appropriate bulb into the
4) Remove the bulb from the socket by
socket. See
“Replacement Bulbs” in
pressing the bulb and turning it counter-
this section.
clockwise.
6) Replace the lamp housing and trim in
5) Install the appropriate bulb into the
reverse order.
socket. See
“Replacement Bulbs” in
this section.
6) Replace the bulb socket into the lamp
housing.
5-25

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
7) Replace the lamp housing into the vehi-
Backup Lamps and Tail/Stop Lamps
License Plate Lamps
cle using the two screws removed ear-
lier.
8) Close the liftgate.
N4U5045A
N4U5029B
To replace a backup lamp or a tail/stop
To replace a license plate lamp bulb:
lamp bulb:
1) Remove the two screws shown in the
1) Open the liftgate.
illustration and the lamp cover.
2) Remove the protective cover.
2) To remove the bulb holder from the
3) Remove the bulb socket by turning it
lamp housing, rotate the bulb holder
counterclockwise.
counterclockwise.
4) Remove the bulb from the socket by
3) Pull the bulb out from the bulb holder.
pressing the bulb and turning it counter-
4) Replace the bulb. See “Replacement
clockwise.
Bulbs” in this section for the proper
5) Install the appropriate bulb into the
bulb.
socket. See
“Replacement Bulbs” in
5) Install the bulb holder into the lamp
this section.
housing by rotating the bulb holder
6) Replace the bulb socket into the lamp
clockwise.
housing. Turn the bulb socket clockwise
6) Replace the lamp cover.
to secure it.
7) Replace the protective cover and close
the liftgate.
5-26

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Rear Sidemarker Lamps
Replacement Bulbs
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Wattages
Bulb
Bulb
x
Windshield wiper blades should be
No.
Quantity
inspected at least twice a year for wear or
cracking. If the wiper blades become brittle
High-Beam
or damaged, or make streaks when wiping,
55W x 2
H1
Headlamp
replace the wiper blades for optimum driv-
ing visibility. Replacement blades come in
Low-Beam
55W x 2
H1
different types and are removed in different
Headlamp
ways.
Front Turn Signal
28/8W x 2
2357NA
Here’s how
to
remove
the
Shepherd’s
Lamp
Hook type:
Stop Lamp/
27/8W x 4
1157
Tail Lamp
To replace a rear sidemarker lamp bulb:
Rear Turn Signal
27W x 2
1156NA
Lamp
1)
Insert your hand into the inside of the
rear bumper and hold the socket.
Backup Lamp
27W x 2
1156
2)
Rotate the rear sidemarker lamp bulb
socket counterclockwise.
License Plate
5W x 2
168
3)
Pull the rear sidemarker bulb socket out
Lamp
of the rear bumper.
Center
4)
Pull the old bulb straight out from the
High-Mounted
5W x 5
168
bulb socket.
Stop Lamp
5)
Push a new bulb straight into the
socket.
Rear Sidemarker
5W x 2
168
6)
Reverse the steps 1 through 3 to rein-
Lamp
stall the bulb socket.
1)
Pull the windshield
wiper
arm
away
from the windshield.
2)
Press the retaining clip (A) and pull the
wiper blade off the arm.
3)
Install a new blade by reversing the
steps 1 and 2.
5-27

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Tires
tration later in this section for more
WARNING
detail.
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality
B. Department of Transportation (DOT)
tires made by a leading tire manufacturer.
(Continued)
Code
If you ever have questions about your tire
• Worn, old tires can cause acci-
The Department of Transportation
warranty and where to obtain service, see
dents. If your tread is badly worn,
(DOT) code indicates that the tire is in
your SUZUKI Warranty booklet for details.
or if your tires have been damaged,
compliance with the U.S. Department
replace them.
For additional information refer to the tire
of Transportation Motor Vehicle
manufacturer’s booklet included with your
Safety Standards.
vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
C. Tire Identification Number (TIN)
Useful information about a tire is molded
The letters and numbers following the
WARNING
into its sidewall. The examples below show
DOT code are the Tire Identification
a typical passenger car tire and a spare
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
Poorly maintained and improperly
tire sidewall.
manufacturer and plant code, tire size
used tires are dangerous.
and date the tire was manufactured.
Passenger Car Tire Example
Overloading your tires can cause
The TIN is molded on to both sides of
overheating as a result of too much
the tire, although only one side may
friction. You could have an air-out
have the date of manufacture.
and a serious accident. See “Load-
D. Tire Ply Material
ing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
The type of cord and number of plies
Underinflated tires pose the same
in the sidewall and under the tread.
danger as overloaded tires. The
E. Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
resulting accident could cause
Tire manufacturers are required to
serious injury. Check all tires fre-
grade tires based on three perfor-
quently to maintain the recom-
mance factors: treadwear, traction
mended pressure. Tire pressure
and temperature resistance.
should be checked when your tires
F. Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit
are cold.
Maximum load that can be carried
Overinflated tires are more likely to
and the maximum pressure needed to
be cut, punctured or broken by a
support that load.
sudden impact - such as when you
A. Tire Size
G. Load Index and Speed Rating
hit a pothole. Keep tires at the rec-
The tire size is a combination of let-
The two- or three-digit number is the
ommended pressure.
ters and numbers used to define a
tire’s load index, the maximum load a
(Continued)
particular tire’s width, height, aspect
tire can carry at the speed indicated
ratio, construction type and service
by its speed symbol at the maximum
description. See the “Tire Size” illus-
inflation pressure. The higher the
5-28

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
number is, the greater the load carry-
Compact Spare Tire Example
and the maximum pressure needed to
ing capacity. The letter symbol
support that load. See
“Compact
denotes the speed at which a tire is
Spare Tire” in this section and “Load-
designed to be driven for extended
ing Your Vehicle” in section 4.
periods of time.
(Ratings are listed
E. Tire Inflation Pressure
below.)
The temporary use tire or compact
spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi
Letter Rating
Speed Rating
(420 kPa). For more information on
tire pressure and inflation, see “Tire
Q
99 mph
Inflation Pressure” in this section.
R
106 mph
F. Tire Size
A combination of letters and numbers
S
112 mph
defining a tire’s width, height, aspect
ratio, construction type and service
T
118 mph
description. The letter “T” as the first
U
124 mph
character in the tire size means the
A. Temporary Use Only Marking
tire is for temporary use only.
The compact spare tire should not be
H
130 mph
driven at speeds over 50 mph (80 km/
Tire Size
V
149 mph
h). The compact spare tire is for
emergency use when a regular road
W
168 mph*
WARNING
tire has lost air and gone flat. See
Y
186 mph*
“Compact Spare Tire” and “If a Tire
Your SUZUKI is equipped with tires
Goes Flat” in this section.
which are all the same type and size.
B. Tire Ply Material
This is important to ensure proper
*The letters ZR may be used on tires with a
The type of cord and number of plies
steering and handling of the vehicle.
maximum speed capability over 149 mph
in the sidewall and under the tread.
Never mix tires of different size or
and will always be used on tires with a
C. Tire Identification Number (TIN)
type on the four wheels of your vehi-
maximum speed capability over 186 mph.
The Tire Identification Number (TIN)
cle. Mixing tires could cause you to
shows the manufacturer and plant
lose control while driving which may
code, tire size, and date the tire was
lead to an accident. The size and type
manufactured. The TIN is molded
of tires used should be only those
onto both sides of the tire, although
approved by SUZUKI Motor Corpora-
only one side may have the date of
tion as standard or optional equip-
manufacture.
ment for your vehicle.
D. Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit
Maximum load that can be carried
5-29

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
tire’s sidewall is 70% as high as it is
Glossary of Tire Terminology
wide.
Air Pressure:
D. Construction Code
The amount of air inside the tire pressing
A letter code is used to indicate the
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air
type of ply construction in the tire. The
pressure is expressed in pounds per
letter “R” means radial ply construc-
square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
tion, the letter “D” means diagonal or
bias ply construction; and the letter
Accessory Weight:
“B” means belted-bias ply construc-
This means the combined weight of
tion.
optional accessories. Some examples of
E. Rim Diameter
optional accessories are automatic trans-
Diameter of the wheel in inches.
mission, power steering, power brakes,
F. Service Description
power windows, power seats, and air con-
These characters represent the load
ditioning.
range and the speed rating of a tire.
Aspect Ratio:
The following illustration shows an exam-
The load range represents the load
The relationship of a tire’s height to its
ple of a typical passenger car tire size.
carrying capacity a tire is certified to
width.
carry. The speed rating is the maxi-
A. Tire Type
mum speed a tire is certified to carry
Belt:
This letter code indicates the primary
a load. Speed ratings range from “A”
A rubber coated layer of cords that is
intended use of the tire. The “P” as
to “Z”.
located between the plies and the tread.
the first character in the tire size
Cords may be made from steel or other
means a passenger vehicle tire engi-
reinforcing materials.
neered to standards set by the U.S.
Tire and Rim Association.
Bead:
B. Tire Width
The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
The three-digit number indicates the
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the
tire section width in millimeters from
rim.
sidewall to sidewall.
C. Aspect Ratio
Bias Ply Tire:
A pneumatic tire in which the plies are laid
A two-digit number that indicates the
tire height-to-width measurements.
at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to
the centerline of the tread.
For example, if the tire size aspect
ratio is “70”, as shown in item “C” of
the illustration, it would mean that the
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Cold Inflation Pressure:
Kilopascal (kPa):
mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire
The amount of air pressure in a tire, mea-
The metric unit for air pressure. There are
that contains a whitewall, bears white let-
sured in pounds per square inch
(psi)
6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
tering or bears manufacturer, brand and or
before a tire has built up heat from driving.
model name molding that is higher or
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire:
deeper than the same moldings on the
Curb Weight:
A tire used on light duty trucks and some
other sidewall of the tire.
This means the weight of a motor vehicle
multipurpose passenger vehicles.
with standard and optional equipment
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire:
Load Index:
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil
A tire used on passenger cars and some
An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279
and coolant, but without passengers and
light duty trucks and multipurpose vehicles.
that corresponds to the load carrying
cargo.
capacity of a tire.
Production Options Weight:
DOT Markings:
The combined weight of those installed
Maximum Inflation Pressure:
A code molded into the sidewall of a tire
regular production options weighing over
The maximum air pressure to which a cold
signifying that the tire is in compliance with
2.3 kilograms in excess of those standard
tire may be inflated. The maximum air
the U.S. Department of Transportation
items which they replace, not previously
pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT
considered in curb weight or accessory
code includes the Tire Identification Num-
Maximum Load Rating:
weight, including heavy duty brakes, ride
ber
(TIN), an alphanumeric designator
The load rating for a tire at the maximum
levelers, roof rack, heavy duty battery, and
which can also identify the tire manufac-
permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
special trim.
turer, production plant, brand and date of
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight:
Recommended Inflation Pressure:
production.
The sum of curb weight; accessory weight;
Vehicle manufacturer’s recommended tire
GVWR:
vehicle capacity weight; and production
inflation pressure shown on the tire plac-
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating.
options weight.
ard.
This is the maximum permissible overall
Normal Occupant Weight:
Radial Ply Tire:
weight of the fully loaded vehicle (including
The number of occupants a vehicle is
A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that
all occupants, accessories and cargo).
designed to seat multiplied by 150 pounds
extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees
GAWR:
(68 kg).
to the centerline of the tread.
Gross Axle Weight Rating.
Occupant Distribution:
Rim:
This is the maximum permissible weight on
Distribution of occupants in a vehicle as
A metal support for a tire and upon which
an individual axle.
specified in the third column of Table 1
the tire beads are seated.
Intended Outboard Sidewall:
(shown below).
Sidewall:
The side of an asymmetrical tire that must
Outward Facing Sidewall:
The portion of a tire between the tread and
always face outward when mounted on a
The side of a asymmetrical tire that has a
the bead.
vehicle.
particular side that faces outward when
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Speed Rating:
Vehicle Normal Load on the Tire:
Tire Pressure Monitoring
An alphanumeric code assigned to a tire
The load on an individual tire that is deter-
System
indicating the maximum speed at which a
mined by distributing to each axle its share
tire can operate.
of the curb weight, accessory weight, and
If your vehicle is equipped with a tire pres-
normal occupant weight
(distributed in
sure monitoring system, it uses pressure
Traction:
accordance with Table 1 shown below) and
sensors containing a unique identification
The friction between the tire and the road
dividing by 2.
code to monitor the inflation pressure of
surface. The amount of grip provided.
the tires. When the inflation pressure of
Tread:
TABLE 1 - Occupant Loading and Dis-
one or more tires indicates significant
The portion of a tire that comes into con-
tribution For Vehicle Normal Load For
under-inflation, the tire pressure warning
tact with the road.
Various Designated Seating Capacities
light comes on. If the warning light blinks,
for approximately one minute and then illu-
Treadwear Indicators:
Designated
Vehicle nor-
Occupant
minates continuously, the monitoring sys-
Narrow bands, sometimes called
“wear
seating capac-
mal load, num-
distribution in
tem may not be working. For more
bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
ity, number of
ber of
a normally
information, see “Tire Pressure Monitoring
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains.
occupants
occupants
loaded vehicle
System Warning Light” in section 3.
UTQGS:
2 through 4
2
2 in front
The tire pressure monitoring system does
Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards, a
2 in front, 1 in
not replace normal tire maintenance. See
tire information system that provides con-
5 through 10
3
second seat
“Inflation - Tire Pressure & Correcting the
sumers with ratings for a tire’s traction,
Tire Pressure” in this section for more
temperature and treadwear. Ratings are
Vehicle Placard:
information.
determined by tire manufacturers using
A label permanently attached to a vehicle
government testing procedures. The rat-
showing the original equipment tire size
WARNING
ings are molded into the sidewall of the
and recommended inflation pressure.
tire.
If the tire pressure warning light does
not come on when the ignition is
Vehicle Capacity Weight:
turned to the
“ON” position, or
The number of designated seating posi-
comes on and blinks while driving
tions multiplied by 150 lbs (68 kg) plus the
there may be a problem with the tire
rated cargo load.
pressure monitoring system. Have
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire:
your vehicle inspected by an autho-
The load on an individual tire that is deter-
rized dealer.
mined by distributing to each axle its share
of the maximum loaded vehicle weight and
dividing by two.
5-32

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
itoring system. Have tire and wheel
WARNING
CAUTION
replacement performed by an authorized
service facility to avoid the risk of damag-
If the tire pressure warning light
Do not use liquid sealants for a flat
ing the tire pressure monitor sensors.
comes on and stays on, reduce your
tire as air pressure sensors can be
speed and avoid abrupt steering and
damaged.
WARNING
braking. Stop in a safe place as soon
In case of tire a bursting or sudden
as possible and check your tires.
pressure drops, the tire pressure
Only use tires and wheels recom-
• If you have a flat tire, replace it with
monitoring system warning light
mended by us as standard or
a spare tire. Refer to “Changing a
may not come on immediately.
optional equipment for your vehicle.
Flat Tire” in section 5.
The inflation pressures vary with
Use of tires or wheels not recom-
• If one or more of your tires is
the ambient temperature. If the
mended by us can result in TPMS fail-
under-inflated, adjust the inflation
vehicle is subjected to large varia-
ure. Refer to “Tires” in the “SERVICE
pressure in all of your tires to the
tions in ambient temperature, the
AND APPEARANCE CARE” section
recommended inflation pressure as
tire inflation pressure may be
for additional information.
soon as possible.
under-inflated when the ambient
temperature is relatively low. If the
Be aware that driving on a signifi-
The tire pressure monitoring system may
warning light comes on, adjust the
cantly under-inflated tire can cause
not work normally in the following circum-
tire inflation pressure.
the tire to overheat and can lead to
stances:
The tire pressure sensors can be
tire failure, and may affect steering
Wheels other than genuine wheels are
damaged by the installation or
control and brake effectiveness. This
being used.
removal of tires. When tires must
could lead to an accident, resulting in
Wheels whose ID codes are not memo-
be repaired or replaced, we highly
severe injury or death.
rized by the vehicle are used. The moni-
recommend that you have them
repaired or replaced by your
toring system should be set up by an
The tire pressure warning light can come
SUZUKI dealer.
authorized service facility.
on due to normal causes such as natural
If the tire pressure warning light
Wheels that are not fitted with tire pres-
air leaks and pressure changes caused by
comes on or blinks frequently,
sure sensors are being used.
changes in temperature or atmospheric
there may be something wrong
The tire inflation pressure sensors’ bat-
pressure. Adjusting the air pressure in the
with one of the tires or with the
tery is exhausted.
tires to the pressure shown on the tire and
monitoring system. Have your vehi-
A wireless facility or device using the
loading information label should cause the
cle inspected by your SUZUKI
same frequency is near the vehicle.
tire pressure warning light to turn off.
dealer.
Snow or ice is stuck inside the fenders
and/or on the wheels.
If you use new wheels with new tire infla-
tion pressure sensors, their ID codes must
The tire pressure monitoring system oper-
be programmed into the tire pressure mon-
ates on a radio frequency subject to Fed-
5-33

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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
eral Communications Commission (FCC)
Correcting the Tire Pressure
Rules and with Industry and Science Can-
33 psi
To permanently eliminate the low tire pres-
Tire
Front
ada.
sure warning light, you must fill the tires
Pressure
(228 kPa)
195/55R15
with the correct amount of air. However, at
33 psi
This device complies with Part 15 of the
Rear
the next vehicle start-up, the warning light
(228 kPa)
FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of Industry
will reappear if the tire pressure is not cor-
and Science Canada. Operation is subject
60 psi
rected. The best time to check your tire
Front
to the following two conditions:
(1) This
125/70D15
(420 kPa)
pressure is when the tires are cold. A Tire
device may not cause harmful interfer-
(Temporary)
and Loading Information label, located on
60 psi
Rear
ence, and (2) this device must accept any
(420 kPa)
the driver’s door near the door latch,
interference received including interfer-
shows the correct inflation pressure for the
ence that may cause undesired operation
tires when they are cold. Cold means your
of the device.
WARNING
vehicle has been sitting for at least three
hours or driven no more than one mile.
Air pressures should be checked
NOTE:
You may notice during cooler conditions
when the tires are cold or you may
Changes or modifications not expressly
that low tire pressure warning light will
get inaccurate readings.
approved by the party responsible for com-
appear when the vehicle is first started and
Check the inflation pressure from
pliance could void the user’s authority to
then turn off as you start to drive the vehi-
time to time while inflating the tire
operate the equipment.
cle. This could be an early indicator that
gradually, until the specified pres-
your tire pressures are getting low and
sure is obtained.
NOTE:
need to be inflated to the proper pressure.
Never underinflate or overinflate
Only use tire sizes that are recommended
the tires.
for your vehicle. Use of inappropriate-size
Tire Inflation Pressure
Underinflation can cause unusual
tires can cause a variety of problems which
The Tire and Loading Information label
handling characteristics or can
will not be covered under warranty.
shows the correct inflation pressures for
cause the rim to slip on the tire
your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means
bead, resulting in an accident or
WARNING
your vehicle has been sitting for at least
damage to the tire or rim.
We highly recommend that any TPMS
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile
Underinflation can also cause tires
sensor replacement or tire rotation
(1.6 km). See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
to overheat, leading to tire failure.
be done by an authorized Suzuki
section 4.
Overinflation can cause the tire to
dealer. The dealer will make sure that
burst, resulting in personal injury.
the TPMS system is set up to recog-
Overinflation can also cause
nize the ID codes of the TPMS sen-
unusual handling characteristics
sors.
which may result in an accident.
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