Great Wall V200. Instruction - part 7

 

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Great Wall V200. Instruction - part 7

 

 

Automatic transmission-24

Front servo and brake belt

              Rear servo and brake belt

                                               Figure 4.4   brake belt

One-way clutch

The transmission has two one-way clutches, 1-2 one-way clutch and 3-4 one-way clutch (notice that the third one-way clutch is
located on torque converter, also called as retainer)
1-2 one-way clutch is located between the planet carrier assembly and central shaft. The structure makes the planet carrier only
can rotate in single direction around the central shaft. The one-way clutch is only engaged in automatic 1

st

-Gear.

3-4 one-way clutch is located between the clutch C4 and clutch C2.The structure makes the clutch C2 drive the front planetary

gear in 1

st

, 2

nd

 and 3

rd

 –Gear, but is disengaged in 4

th

-Gear and overspeed.

Planetary gear assembly

The planetary gear block used in transmission is the traditional lavena gear block consisted of6 pinions.

Parking mechanism

      When select the parking-Gear, the steering column will move the parking lever backwardly to engage with the parking ratch
      (refer to Figure 4.5). The ratchet is engaged with the tooth of external gear ring fear to lock the output shaft axle in the
      transmission. When it is not in parking-gear, the return spring will release the parking ratchet and unlock the output shaft to
      prevent the occurrence of accident parking action.

Figure 4.3  Clutch assembly

Brake belt

The transmission has two brake belts, brake belt B1 (named as 2-4 brake belt sometimes ) and brake belt B2 (named as low-speed
– reverse gear brake belt ) refer to Figure 4.4.
The brake belt B1 is a flexible brake belt which is engaged with front servo piston. When it is in 2

nd

 and 4

th

 –Gear, the brake belt

 B1 starts to act. When the brake belt acts, it can prevent the rotation of reverse central gear by maintaining the clutch C3 assembly
 is in static. In 2

nd

 –Gear, only the external surface of piston is used. In 4

th

Gear, both sides are used to acquire more clamping force.

      The brake belt B2 is a solid brake belt which is meshed with the rear servo piston. When the B2 acts, it prevents the rotation of
      planet carrier assembly. When in instruction 1

st

-Gear, only the external surface of piston is used. In reverse-Gear, both sides are used

      to acquire more clamping force.

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Automatic transmission-25

Figure 4.5   Parking mechanism

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Automatic transmission-26

Power transmission

Introduction

It has the following power transmission pointed to different Gear-position:

power transmission  

N-Gear and P-Gear

power transmission  

R-Gear

power transmission  

instruction 1

power transmission  

Automatic 1

st

-Gear

power transmission  

Automatic 2

nd

 -Gear

power transmission  

Automatic 3

rd

 -Gear

power transmission  

Automatic 3

rd

-Gear locking

power transmission  

Automatic 4

th

 -Gear (overspeed -gear)

power transmission  

Automatic 4

th

 -Gear locking

For description of each kind of power transmission condition, refer to following parts.
Table 5.1 describe the on-off condition of each unit in all gear condition.

 Name 

of 

participated 

unit 

Position 

C1 

C2 

 

C3 C4 B1 B2 1-2 

OWC 

 3-4 
OWC 

LU 
clutch  

Parking and neutral position 

 

 

 

 

 X  - 

 

 

Reverse  

 

 X  -   X  - 

 

 

Instruction 1

st

 -Gear 

 X 

 X  - X  - X 

 

Automatic  1

st

- Gear 

 X 

 

 

 

  

 

Auto 2

nd

-Gear and instruction 

2

nd

 -Gear   

 X 

 X  X  - 

 X 

 

Automatic 3

rd 

–Gear and 

instruction 3

rd

-Gear  

X X 

 X  - 

 

 X 

 

Automatic 3

rd

-Gear locking 

and instruction  3

rd

-Gear 

locking 

X X 

 X  - 

 

 X 

Automatic 4

th

 -Gear 

(overspeed -gear) 

 

X X 

 

 X  - 

 

 

 

Automatic 4

th

 -Gear locking 

X X 

 

 X  - 

 

 X 

In P-Gear or N-Gear, the planetary gear assembly has not the drive. The rear brake belt is used to eliminate the voice generated in
engagement with reverse gear and increase the application of 4WD. It is without the engagement of clutch and brake belt.
In parking-Gear, the locking of mechanism is realized through the engagement of brake lever installed on housing and tooth of
output shaft gear ring.

Control

In stabl

e status, to maintain the arrangement, the status of solenoid valve and valve is shown as follows:

 solenoid valve S1 and S2 is powered off.
 The line (pump) pressure is applied on the primary regulating valve (PRV) and electromagnetic supply valve.
 The torque converter, oil cooler and lubrication loop are filled up with the transmission fluid from the primary regulating

valve.

 The line pressure 500 loop is filled up with the transmission fluid from the electromagnetic supply valve.

  

 S5 will be filled up with the transmission fluid through the variable pressure

    \regulating valve  (S5) .

 The line pressure is prohibited form entering into the drive loop through the instruction-operated valve .

 B1 loop and all clutch loop are opened to drainage port.

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Automatic transmission-27

 Refer to Figure 5.1and table 5.2.

Table 5.2 The participation status of each unit in parking and neutral position

clutch

Gear-position

Name of participated unit

Parking and neutral

position

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Automatic transmission-28

Figure 5.1 parking and neutral position

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Automatic transmission-29

In reverse-Gear position, the drive of transmission is sent to the clutch hub through the input shaft and rear clutch piston. In this
condition, the description of each function unit of transmission is shown as follows:

The clutch C3 is engaged and drive the reverse central gear to rotate in clockwise.

 The engagement of B2 brake belt cause the rest of the planetary gear carrier, then make the long planetary gear rotates

around its shaft anticlockwise.
 The long planetary gear drives the internal gear ring rotates anticlockwise .
 Use the spline to connect the inner gear ring to the output shaft and drive the gear ring rotate anticlockwise or in reverse.

Control:

In stable status, to maintain the arrangement, the action of solenoid valve and valve is shown as follows:

A solenoid valve S1 or S2 is closed at least. (Refer to the part in section 3.3.11, related to condition when S1 and S2 is
closed.)
The line pressure reaches the internal surface and external surface of rear servo piston through the reverse lock valve
directly.
The line pressure urges the reverse-Gear loop oil pass through the instruction-operated valve.
 The reverse-Gear loop oil is circuited to clutch C3 through the instruction-operated valve.
 In the transmission whiteout HP pump shell, the reverse-Gear loop also can reaches the spring end of the primary
regulating valve to support the spring and push the line-pressure regulating valve.
The oil loop of execution line of all other clutches and brake belts is opened to leaking port.

Refer to Figure 5.2 and Table 5.3.

Table 5.3   The participating condition of each unit in reverse-Gear position

Gear-position
Reverse gear

Name of participated unit

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Automatic transmission-30

Figure 5.2   Reverse-Gear

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Automatic transmission-31

Power transmission  

 instruction 1

st

-Gear

In instruction 1

st

 –Gear, the drive of transmission is send to the rear clutch cylinder through the input shaft. In this

condition, each function unit of transmission is shown as follows:

The clutch C2 is engaged through the 3-4 one-way clutch (OWC) to drive the front sun gear.
The engagement of B2 brake belt make the planetary gear carrier to stop.

The front sun gear drive the short planetary gear to rotate in anticlockwise.

The short planetary gear drive the long planetary gear to rotate in clockwise.
The long planetary gear rotate around its axial to drive the internal gear ring and output
shaft to rotate in clockwise to realize the movement in forward direction.
In overspeed, clutch C4 can provides certain brake force through 3-4 one-way clutch .

Control:

In stable status, the action of solenoid valve and valve is shown as follows:

The solenoid valve S1 and S2 is powered on.
In the action of pressure of line 500, the gear shift valve of 1-2, 2-3, 3-4 gear are kept in position of 1

st

-Gear.

The instruction-operated valve transmission fluid (line pressure ) makes the clutch C2 to engagement.
LO-1

st

 (line pressure) oil flows to the clutch C4 through the 1-2 Gear switching valve to engage the B2 brake belt.

Refer to Figure 5.3 and Table 5.4.

     Table 5.4

The participating condition of each unit in instruction 1

st

-Gear

Name of participated unit

X

X

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Automatic transmission-32

Figure 5.2   Reverse-Gear

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Automatic transmission-33

Power transmission

 automatic 1

st

-Gear

In automatic 1

st

 -Gear, the drive of transmission reaches the reaches the front clutch cylinder through the input shaft.

In this condition, the operating principle of each function unit of transmission is shown as follows:

The engagement of clutch C2 drives the front sun gear
The front sun gear drive the short planetary gear to rotate in anticlockwise.
The short planetary gear drives the long planetary gear to rotates in clockwise.
1-2 one-way clutch  (OWC) stops the rotation of planetary gear carrier in counteracting force. At the same time, the long
planetary gear rotates around its axial to drive the ring gear and output shaft to rotate in clockwise to realize the forward
movement.

Control:

In stable status, the status of solenoid valve and valve is shown as follows:

Solenoid valve S1and S2 is powered on
In the action of line 500 pressure, the gear shift valve of 1-2, 2-3, 3-4 Gear is maintained in 1

st

-gear position.

The transmission drive oil (line pressure) from the instruction-operated valve makes the engagement of clutch C2.

 Table 5.5—participating condition of each unit in automatic 1

st

-Gear

Name of participation unit

Gear position
Automatic 1

st

-Gear

Refer to Figure 5.4and Table 5.5.

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Automatic transmission-34

Figure 5

4 Automatic 

1

st

 –Gear

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Automatic transmission-35

Power transmission  

automatic 2

nd

-Gear and instruction 2

In automatic 1

st

 and instruction 2

nd

-Gear, the drive of transmission reaches the front clutch cylinder through the input shaft. In this

condition, the operating principle of each functional unit of transmission is shown as follows:

The engagement of clutch C2 drives the forward central gear.
The forward central gear drives the short planetary gear to rotate in anticlockwise.
The short planetary gear drives the long planetary gear to rotate clockwise.
The engagement of brake belt B1 makes the stop of reverse central gear to make the long planetary gear rotates around the
reverse central gear, then make the internal gear and output shaft rotates in clockwise to make the vehicle moves forwardly.
The clutch C4 is engaged through the 3-4 one-way clutch (OWC) and provides the brake force of engine during overspeed.

Control:

In stable status, the status action of solenoid valve and valve is shown as follows:

The solenoid valve S1 is powered off ; The solenoid valve S2 is powered on.
The drive oil (line pressure) from the instruction-operated valve makes the engagement of clutch C2.
When the solenoid valve S1 is powered off, the S1 oil pressure form line pressure 500 pushes the 3-4 Gear shifting valve
moves to left. At the same time, the S1 oil flows into the 1-2 Gear shifting valve to push the 1-2 Gear shifting valve to the
2

nd

 –Gear.

The line pressure oil from the 1-2 Gear shifting valve flows into the brake belt combination regulating valve, and 2-3 Gar
shifting valve.

The brake belt engagement regulator valve provides the 2

nd

-Gear oil (controlled by product of line pressure and valve rate)

                 to brake belt feed loop (BAF).

The brake belt engagement feed loop directly provides the oil to:
External engagement part of front servo piston.
1-2 Gear shifting valve can provide a oil drainage port when the transmission is shifted to 1

st

-Gear.

Use the 3-4 Gear shifting valve when the transmission is in 4

th

-Gear position.

The drive force (line pressure) is sent to the clutch C4 through the 3-4 Gear shifting valve to realize the engagement of
clutch C4.

Refer to Figure 5.5 and table 5.6

Table 5.6

The participating condition of each unit in automatic 2

nd

-Gear and instruction 2

nd

-Gear

Automatic 2

nd

-Gear and instruction

2

nd

-Gear

  

Name of participation unit

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Automatic transmission-36

Figure 5.5 

Automatic 2

nd

-Gear

instruction 2

nd

-Gear

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Automatic transmission-37

power transmission  

Automatic 3

rd

-Gear and instruction 3

rd

-Gear

In automatic and instruction 3

rd

-Gear, the drive of transmission reaches the front cylinder through the input shaft. In this condition,

the operating principle of the transmission is shown as follows:

 The engagement of clutch C2 drives the front sun gear

   The engagement of clutch C1 drives the planetary gear carrier

 The forward central gear and planetary gear carrier rotate in the same speed clockwise. So, there is not relative motion

       between the forward central gear and planetary gear.

 The gear ring and output shaft rotate in the speed of output shaft, and makes the moves forwardly.

   The engagement of clutch C4 is through the 3-4 one-way clutch  (OWC) and make the engine to provide the brake force

       in overspeed.

Control:

In stable status, the status of solenoid valve and valve is shown as follows:

   The solenoid valve S1 is powered off; Solenoid valve S2 is powered off
   When the solenoid valve S1 and S2 is powered off, 2-3 and 3-4 shift valve are kept in 3

rd

-Gear position through the line

        pressure 500.

   1-2 Gear shifting valve is kept in 3

rd

-Gear position by the oil pressure of S1 and S2.

The (line pressure)oil form the 1-2 Gear shifting valve flows into the brake belt combination regulating valve directly and

       flows into the 2-3 Gear shifting valve.

   The brake belt combination regulating valve provides the 2

nd

-Gear oil (controlled by the product of line pressure and valve)

       to the brake belt feed loop(BAF).

   The brake belt feed loop directly provides the oil to:
    External combination part of front servo
   When the transmission is shifted to 1

st

-Gear, the 1-2 Gear shifting valve provides the oil drainage port.

    When the transmission is in 4

th

 –Gear position, it will use the 3-4 Gear shifting valve.

   The 2

nd

-Gear oil of 2-3 Gear shifting valve flows into the 3

rd

-gear loop directly .

   The 3

rd

-Gear oil from the 2-3 Gear shifting valve flows into the clutch combination regulating valve and sequence valve of

       4-3 Gear directly.

   The clutch combination regulating valve provides the oil of  clutch attachment feed loop  (controlled by the product of line

       pressure of 500 and valve ratio) (CAF).

   CAF directly provides the oil to :
    clutch C1
    Sequence valve of 4-3 Gear
    In 4-3 Gear shifting valve, the CAF oil is changed to the release fluid of B1 (B1R-F), it cause the closing of brake belt 1

                 through the 3-4 Gear shifting valve to spring bottom of 4-3 gear sequence valve and release side of front servo.

    The drive force (line pressure ) is sent to the  clutch C4 through the 3-4 Gear shifting valve to engage the clutch C4 .

Refer to Figure 5.6 and Table 5.7.

Table 5.7

Table of participating condition of each unit in automatic and instruction 3

rd

 –Gear

   

C l u t c h

Name of participation unit

Automatic and instruction

3

rd

 –Gear

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Automatic transmission-38

Figure 5.6   

Automatic 3

rd

 –Gear

-instruction 3

rd

-gear

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Automatic transmission-39

Power transmission  

 locking of automatic and instruction 3

rd

-Gear

When the automatic 3

rd

-Gear and instruction 3

rd

-Gear is locked, the drive of transmission is basically same as that in automatic 3

rd

-

Gear. But it provide the variable torque drive without slide for the application of torque converter locking clutch.

Control:

The control for the automatic 3

rd

-Gear locking and instruction 3

rd

-Gear locking is basically same as that for automatic 3

rd

 –Gear. But

it should be described additionally that the automatic 3

rd

-Gear and instruction 3

rd

-gear locking needs the action for variable torque

clutch loop by solenoid valve S7.

When the solenoid valve S7 is opened, the variable torque clutch control valve is closed and allow the oil feed of S7 loop pass
through the solenoid valve S7 to drainage port. It makes the control valve moves to the clutch combination position.
The loop oil from the line 500 flows into the combination part of variable torque clutch through the converter clutch control
valve through the action of variable torque clutch control valve.
The variable torque clutch release oil is drained from the variable torque clutch control valve.
The torque converter loop oil flows into the oil cooler and lubrication loop through the variable clutch control valve.

Refer to Figure 5.7 and table 5.8.

Table 5.8

Participating condition of each unit in automatic and instruction 3

rd

-Gear locking

Automatic 3

rd

-Gear locking and

instruction 3

rd

-gear locking

Name of participation unit

     

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