STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND BRIDGES ON FEDERAL HIGHWAY PROJECTS (FP-14) - page 19

 

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STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND BRIDGES ON FEDERAL HIGHWAY PROJECTS (FP-14) - page 19

 

 

Section 715
If concrete test cylinders are made and tested according to Section 552, do not move piles until the tests
indicate a compressive strength of at least 80 percent of the design 28-day compressive strength. Do not
transport or drive piles until tests indicate the minimum design 28-day compressive strength is attained.
If concrete test cylinders are not made, do not move piles until they have cured for at least 14 days at a
minimum temperature of 60 °F (15 °C) or 21 days at a minimum temperature of 40 °F(4 °C). Do not
transport or drive piles until cured for at least 21 days at at least 60 °F (15 °C) or 28 days at at least 40 °F
(4 °C). When high-early-strength cement is used, do not move, transport, or drive piles until cured for at
least 7 days.
715.04 Steel Shells. Furnish either cylindrical or tapered pile shells of spiral welded, straight-seam
welded, or seamless tube steel material. Use only one type of pile shell throughout a structure. Conform to
the following minimum shell wall thicknesses:
• Outside cylinder diameter less than 14 in (350 mm)
¼ in (6 mm)
• Outside cylinder diameter greater than or equal to
⅜ in (10 mm)
14 in (350 mm)
• Tapered or fluted
3/16 in (5 mm)
(a) Shells driven without a mandrel. For tapered or step tapered cast-in-place concrete piles, furnish
shells having a minimum
12-inch
(300-millimeter) diameter at cutoff and a minimum
8-inch
(200-millimeter) diameter tip. Furnish shells having a minimum nominal diameter of 10¾ inches
(270 millimeters) for constant diameter cast-in-place concrete piles.
Fabricate shells from not less than 3/16-inch (5-millimeter) plate stock conforming to ASTM A36.
Shells may be either spirally welded or longitudinally welded and may be either tapered or constant in
section. Seal the tips as noted on the drawings.
(b) Shells driven with a mandrel. Furnish shells of sufficient strength and thickness to withstand
driving without injury and to resist harmful distortion and buckling due to soil pressure after being
driven and the mandrel removed. Butt and tip dimensions are specified in the contract.
715.05 Steel Pipes. Conform to the following:
(a) Steel pipe to be filled with concrete
ASTM A252, Grade 2 or
Grade 3
(b) Closure plates for closed end piles
ASTM A572, ASTM A588,
or ASTM A690,
Grade 50 (345)
(c) Unfilled tubular steel piles for welded and
ASTM A252, Grade 2 or
seamless steel pipe piles with chemical properties
Grade 3
conforming to ASTM A53, Grade B
705
Section 715
715.06 Steel H-Piles. Furnish steel H-piles from rolled steel sections of the mass and shape specified.
Fabricate the H-piles from structural steel conforming to ASTM A572, ASTM A588, or ASTM A690,
Grade 50 (345).
For copper-bearing structural steel, furnish steel with 0.20 to 0.35 percent copper.
715.07 Sheet Piles. Conform to AASHTO M 202 or ASTM A572 for steel sheet piles.
715.08 Pile Shoes. For timber and steel piles, furnish prefabricated cast steel shoes or driving points
conforming to ASTM A27, Grade 65-35 (450-240) or ASTM A148, Grade 90-60 (620-415).
715.09 Splices. Manufacture splices from structural steel conforming to ASTM A572, ASTM A588, or
ASTM A690, Grade 50 (345) for H or pipe piles.
706
Section 716
Section 716. — MATERIAL FOR TIMBER STRUCTURES
716.01 Untreated Structural Timber and Lumber. Conform to AASHTO M 168. Furnish an inspection
certification from an agency accredited by the American Lumber Standards Committee for the species and
grade. Mark pieces with the inspection service, grade designation, species, and inspector identity.
Season and dry structural timber and lumber before fabrication. Do not use material that is twisted, curved,
or otherwise distorted.
Do not use boxed-heart pieces of Douglas fir or redwood in outside stringers, floor beams, caps, posts,
sills, or rail posts. Boxed-heart pieces are defined as timber so sawed that, at any point in the length of a
sawed piece, the pith lies inside the four faces.
716.02 Hardware. Machine bolts, drift bolts and dowels may be medium steel. Fabricate washers from
gray iron or malleable iron castings unless structural washers are specified.
Use a standard commercial type of cut or round nail. Use cut, round, or boat spikes as specified.
Galvanize hardware according to AASHTO M 232.
Use ring or shear-plate timber connectors conforming to Division II, Article 16.2.6, Timber Connectors of
AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications for Highway Bridges.
716.03 Treated Structural Timber and Lumber. Furnish wood according to Subsection 716.01. Make
dimensional cuts, holes, and incise wood before pressure treatment. Treat the wood according to AWPA
Standard U1, Use Specification for Treated Wood and T1 Processing and Treatment Standard. Use the
type of treatment shown in the plans.
Treat timber members according to the requirements of the current edition of Western Wood Preservers
Institute’s Best Management Practices for the Use of Treated Wood in Aquatic Environments.
Treated timber members must have a quality mark approved by the American Lumber Standards
Committee for individual pieces or sealed pallets assuring that treatment conforms to the appropriate
AWPA standards.
716.04 Structural Glued Laminated Timber. Furnish structural glued laminated timber according to
American Institute of Timber Construction’s AITC 117, Design Specifications for Structural Glued
Laminated Timber of Softwood Species. Fabricate according to the combination and grade as indicated in
the contract. Fabricate structural glued laminated members according to ANSI/AITC A190.1, American
National Standard for Structural Glued Laminated Timber.
Manufacture members as industrial appearance grade for wet use conditions. Use adhesives conforming
to the requirements of ASTM D2559 and AITC 405, Standard for Wood Products - Structural Glued
Laminated Timber. Use only single- or multiple-piece laminations with bonded edge joints.
Straight or slightly cambered members which are to be loaded perpendicular to the wide face of the
laminates must be stamped "top" on the top at both ends of the beam.
707
Section 717
Section 717. — STRUCTURAL METAL
717.01 Structural Steel.
(a) Structural carbon steel. Conform to the following:
(1) Primary bridge members
AASHTO M 270, Grade 36T (250T)
(2) Fracture critical bridge members
AASHTO M 270, Grade 36F (250F)
(3) Other shapes, plates, and bars
AASHTO M 270, Grade 36 (250)
(b) High-strength low-alloy structural (HSLA) steel. Conform to the following:
(1) Primary bridge members
AASHTO M 270, Grade 50T, 50ST,
and welded members
50WT, or HPS 50WT (345T, 345ST,
345WT, or HPS 345WT)
(2) Fracture critical bridge members
AASHTO M 270, Grade 50F, 50SF,
and fracture critical welded members
50WF, or HPS 50WF (345F, 345SF,
345WF, or HPS 50SF)
(3) Other shapes, plates, and bars
AASHTO M 270, Grade 50, 50S,
50W, or HPS 50 (345, 345S, 345W,
or HPS 345)
(c) High-strength quenched and tempered (QT) steel. Conform to the following:
(1) Primary bridge members
AASHTO M 270, Grade 70WT,
HPS 70WT, 100T, 100WT, or
HPS 100WT (485WT, HPS 485WT
690T, 690WT, or HPS 690WT)
(2) Fracture critical bridge members
AASHTO M 270, Grade 70WF,
HPS 70WF, 100F, 100WF, or
HPS 100WF (485WF, HPS 485WF
690F, 690WF, or HPS 690WF)
(3) Other shapes, plates, and bars
AASHTO M 270, Grade 70W,
HPS 70W, 100, 100W, or
HPS 100W (485W, HPS 485W, 690,
690W, or HPS 690W)
(4) Hollow structural sections
ASTM A500, Grade B,
ASTM A501,
ASTM A847, or ASTM A618
(d) Bolts and nuts. Conform to ASTM F1554, Grade 36 (250) or ASTM A307 as shown in the plans.
Furnish nuts conforming to ASTM A563 for appropriate grade and size of anchor bolt. Heat treat nuts
to be galvanized to Grade DH or Grade DH3. Lubricate galvanized nuts with a lubricant containing a
visible dye.
708
Section 717
(e) High-strength bolts, nuts, and washers. Conform to ASTM A325 or ASTM A490 as specified.
Use Type 1 bolts with steels other than weathering steel. Use Type 3 bolts with weathering steel.
ASTM A325, Type 1 bolts may be either hot-dip galvanized according to AASHTO M 232, Class C or
mechanically galvanized according to ASTM B695, Class 50. Retest galvanized bolts after galvanizing
according to ASTM A325. Do not galvanize ASTM A490 bolts.
Galvanize washers, nuts, and bolts of any assembly by the same process. Overtap the nuts to the
minimum required for the fastener assembly and lubricate with a lubricant containing a visible dye.
Except as noted below, for ASTM A325 bolts, use nuts conforming to ASTM A563, Grades DH,
DH3, C, C3, or D. For ASTM A490 bolts, use nuts conforming to ASTM A563, Grades DH or Grade
DH3. Heat treat nuts to be galvanized to Grade DH. Lubricate galvanized nuts with a lubricant
containing a visible dye.
Provide plain nuts with a minimum hardness of 89 HRB. Use only Grade C3 or Grade DH3 nuts with
ASTM A325, Type 3 bolts. Use only Grade DH3 nuts with ASTM A490, Type 3 bolts.
Use washers conforming to ASTM F436.
717.02 Steel Forgings. Conform to AASHTO M 102, Classes C, D, F, and G.
717.03 Pins and Rollers. Furnish pins and rollers more than 9 inches (230 millimeters) in diameter from
annealed carbon steel forgings conforming to AASHTO M 102, Class C.
Furnish pins and rollers 9 inches (230 millimeters) or less in diameter from either annealed carbon steel
forgings conforming to AASHTO M 102, Class C or cold finished carbon steel shafting conforming to
AASHTO M 169, Grade 1016 to Grade 1030 inclusive, with a minimum Rockwell Scale B hardness of
85. The hardness requirement may be waived if the steel develops a tensile strength of 70,000 pounds per
square inch (480 megapascals) and a yield point of 36,000 pounds per square inch (250 megapascals).
For pin threads, conform to ANSI B1.1, Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form),
Class 2A. Thread pin ends with a diameter of 1⅜ inches (35 millimeters) or more with 6 threads to the
inch (25 millimeters).
717.04 Castings.
(a) Steel castings. Conform to AASHTO M 103, Grade 70-36 (485-250).
(b) Chromium alloy steel castings. Conform to AASHTO M 163, Grade CA15.
(c) Gray iron castings. Conform to AASHTO M 105, Class No. 30B, unless otherwise specified.
Make the castings without pouring faults, sponginess, cracks, blow holes, and other defects in
positions affecting strength and value for the service intended. Boldly fillet the castings at angles and
make the arrises sharp and perfect. Sand blast castings or otherwise effectively remove the scale and
sand to present a smooth, clean, and uniform surface.
(d) Malleable iron castings. Conform to ASTM A47, Grade 35018, unless otherwise specified. For
workmanship, finishing, and cleaning, conform to Subsection 717.04(c).
709
Section 717
717.05 Welded Stud Shear Connectors. Conform to AASHTO M 169 and Article 11.3.3, Welded Stud
Shear Connectors of AASHTO, LRFD Bridge Construction Specification.
717.06 Steel Pipe. Furnish galvanized steel pipe conforming to ASTM A53, Type F, standard weight
class, and plain ends for the designation specified in the contract.
717.07 Galvanized Coatings. When specified, galvanize structural steel according to AASHTO M 111.
717.08 Sheet Lead. Furnish common desilverized lead conforming to ASTM B29. Furnish sheets in a
uniform 0.125±0.030-inch (6±1-millimeter) thickness without cracks, seams, slivers, scale, and other
defects.
717.09 Steel Grid Floors. Conform to ASTM D5484, Type I. Furnish galvanized steel grid floors unless
painting is specified.
717.10 Bearings.
(a) Elastomeric bearings, plain or laminated. Conform to AASHTO M 251.
(b) High load rotational spherical bearings. Conform to ASTM D5977.
717.11 Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Surfaces for Bearings. When PTFE surfaces are specified for
bearings, which are not listed in Subsection 717.10, conform to the following:
(a) PTFE resin. Furnish virgin PTFE resin material conforming to ASTM D4894 or ASTM D4895.
(b) Filler material. Furnish milled glass fibers, carbon, or other approved inert material.
(c) Adhesive material. Furnish epoxy resin adhesive conforming to AASHTO M 235.
(d) Unfilled PTFE sheet. Furnish unfilled PTFE sheet made from PTFE resin. Conform to Table
717-1.
(e) Filled PTFE sheet. Furnish filled PTFE sheet made from PTFE resin uniformly blended with filler
material. Do not exceed 15 percent filler content using fiberglass or 25 percent filler content using
carbon fibers. For filled PTFE sheets containing glass fibers or carbon, conform to Table 717-1.
(f) Fabric containing PTFE fibers. Furnish fabric made from oriented multifilament PTFE
fluorocarbon and other fibers or from a mixture of PTFE fibers made from twisted, slit PTFE tape and
other fibers as required by proprietary designs. Conform to Table 717-1.
710
Section 717
Table 717-1
Polytetrafluoroethylene Sheeting
Property
ASTM
Sheet
Sheet
Sheet
Woven
Method
Unfilled
with 15%
with 25%
Fabric
Glass Fibers
Carbon Fibers
Min. tensile strength
D638
2,800 lb/in2
2,000 lb/in2
1,300 lb/in2
24,000 lb/in2
or
(19 MPa)
(14 MPa)
(9 MPa)
(165 MPa)
D2256
Min. elongation
"
200%
150%
75%
35%
Min. specific gravity
D792
2.16±0.03
2.20±0.03
2.10±0.03
-
Melting point
D4591
623±2 ºF
621±18 ºF
621±18 ºF
-
(328±11 ºC)
(327±10 ºC)
(327±10 ºC)
(g) Interlocked bronze and filled PTFE components. Furnish a phosphor bronze plate conforming
to ASTM B100 with an 0.010-inch (0.25-millimeter) thick porous bronze surface layer conforming to
ASTM B103 into which is impregnated a lead-PTFE compound. Overlay the surface with
compounded PTFE not less than 0.001 inches thick (25 micrometers).
(h) Lubricants. Use lubricants consisting of a combination of solids that do not react chemically or
electrolytically with the PTFE and its mating surface and remain stable in the environmental
conditions expected at the bridge site.
(i) Surface treatment. For epoxy bonding, factory treat one side of the PTFE sheet with a sodium
naphthalene or sodium ammonia process.
(j) Stainless steel mating surface. Conform to ASTM A167, Type 304 or ASTM A240, Type 304 and
the following:
(1) Thickness
0.0359 in (0.91 mm) min.
(2) Surface finish
8 µin root mean square max.
(2 µm root mean square max.)
Polish or roll stainless steel mating surfaces as necessary to a finish no less than 20 micro-inches
(5 µm).
717.12 Aluminum Alloy for Bridge Rail. Conform to AASHTO-AGC-ARTBA, A Guide to
Standardized Highway Barrier Hardware.
717.13 Aluminum Bolt Heads and Nuts. Conform to American standard heavy hexagon ANSI B18.2.
For threads, conform to American standard coarse series, Class 2 fit, ANSI specification B1.1, Unified
Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form).
711
Section 717
717.14 Aluminum Welding Wire. Conform to Table 717-2.
Table 717-2
Aluminum Welding Wire
Alloys Series
Specification
Wire
3xxx and 6xxx
ER 4043
3xxx, 5xxx, and 6xxx
AWS A5.10
ER 5356
5xxx and 6xxx
ER 5556 or ER 5183
712
Section 718
Section 718. — TRAFFIC SIGNING AND MARKING MATERIAL
718.01 Retroreflective Sheeting. Conform to ASTM D4956, including supplementary requirements.
718.02 Reserved.
718.03 Panels. Conform to the following:
(a) Plywood. Furnish exterior Grade B-B high-density overlay plywood or better conforming to NIST
Product Standard PS 1, Construction and Industrial Plywood. Use ½-inch (13-millimeter) thick
plywood for sign panels with a facial area 4 square feet (0.4 square meters) or less and the horizontal
dimension no greater than the vertical dimension. Use ¾-inch (19-millimeter) thick plywood for larger
panels.
(b) Steel. Furnish continuous coated
(galvanized)
0.079-inch
(2-millimeter) sheet steel blanks
conforming to ASTM A653 and zinc coating designation G90.
Furnish panels with a substantially plane surface. Do not use twisted or buckled panels.
(c) Aluminum. Furnish panels conforming to ASTM B209, alloy 6061-T6 or 5052-H38.
Fabricate temporary panels and permanent panels smaller or equal to 30 by 30 inches (750 by
750 millimeters) from 0.080-inch (2-millimeter) thick aluminum sheets. Fabricate larger permanent
panels from 0.125-inch (3-millimeter) thick aluminum sheets.
Furnish blanks without laminations, blisters, open seams, pits, holes, or other defects that may affect
their appearance or use. Select blanks with uniform thickness and are commercially flat.
(d) Plastic.
(1) Non-reinforced plastic. Furnish polycarbonate material that is ultraviolet stabilized for
outdoor weathering and will accept adhesives, coatings, and retroreflective sheeting material.
Fabricate panels smaller or equal to 24 by 24 inches (600 by 600 millimeters) from 0.08-inch
(2-millimeter) thick plastic blanks. Fabricate larger panels from 0.125-inch (3-millimeter) thick
plastic blanks.
Furnish panels that are flat and free of buckles, warps, and other defects. Do not allow a gap
between adjacent panels greater than ⅝ inch (16 millimeters) where multiple panels adjoin. Attach
reinforcement stiffeners on the back of panels larger than 24 by 24 inches (600 by 600 millimeters)
for rigidity and mounting on supports.
(2) Reinforced plastic (fiberglass). Furnish panels made from fiberglass reinforced thermoset
polyester acrylic modified laminate sheets. Furnish sign panels ultraviolet stabilized for outdoor
weathering ability that will accept adhesives, coatings, and retroreflective sheeting material.
Furnish sign panels free of visible cracks, pinholes, foreign inclusions, or surface wrinkles that
would affect implied performance, alter the specific dimensions of the panel, or otherwise affect
the sign panels serviceability.
713
Section 718
Fabricate fiberglass reinforced panels conforming
to
the following mechanical and physical
properties:
(a) Average tensile strength, ASTM D638
10,000 psi (69 MPa) min.
(b) Average tensile modulus, ASTM D638
1,200,000 psi (8.3 GPa) min.
(c) Average flexural strength, ASTM D790
20,000 psi (140 MPa) min.
(d) Average flexural modulus, ASTM D790
1,200,000 psi (8.3 GPa) min.
(e) Average compression strength, ASTM D695
32,000 psi (220 MPa) min.
(f) Average compression modulus, ASTM D695
1,400,000 psi (9.7 GPa) min.
(g) Punch shear, ASTM D732
13,000 psi (90 MPa) min.
(h) Thickness
0.13±0.004 in (3.4±0.1 mm)
(i) Size, dimension less than
±0.12 in (±3 mm)
12 ft (3.6 m), ASTM D3841
(j) Squareness in 12-ft (3.6-m) length,
±0.12 in (±3 mm)
ASTM D3841
(k) Surfaces, top and bottom
Smooth
(l) Color, visually uniform gray,
N7.5 to N8.5
Munsell color system
(m) Coefficient of lineal thermal
0.000004 in/in/°F
expansion, ASTM D696
(0.1 μm/mm/°C) max.
(n) Flame resistance
1 in (25 mm) max.
(extent of burning), ASTM D635
(o) Weather resistance, ASTM D3841
Grade 1 or 2
(e) Extruded aluminum. Furnish panels conforming to
ASTM B221, aluminum alloy 6063-T6.
Conform to Subsection 718.03(c) for panel thickness and fabrication. The maximum allowable
deviation from flat on the face is 0.05 inches per foot (4 millimeters per meter).
718.04 Sign Posts. Furnish sign posts that are straight, smooth, and without defects affecting strength,
durability, or appearance. Conform to the following:
(a) Wood. Furnish posts conforming to AASHTO M 168. Treat the posts according to Category 4A of
the AWPA Standard U1-UC4A, Ground Contact, General Use for waterborne preservative treatments
ACA, ACZA, or CCA.
(b) Galvanized metal. Conform to the following:
(1) U-channel steel. Furnish flanged, channel, galvanized steel posts conforming to ASTM
A499, Grade 60 (420) and the following:
714
Section 718
(a) Punching. Starting 1 inch (25 millimeters) from the top and extending the full length of
the post, drill or punch ⅜-inch (10-millimeter) holes on 1-inch (25 millimeter) centers along
the centerline of the bottom of the U. Remove burrs and sharp edges.
(b) Galvanizing after punching
AASHTO M 111
(2) Square tubular steel. Furnish square tubular galvanized steel posts conforming to ASTM
A1011, Grade 55 (380) and the following:
(a) Punching. Starting 1 inch (25 millimeters) from the top and extending the full length of
the post, drill or punch 7/16-inch (11-millimeter) holes on 1-inch (25-millimeter) centers along
the centerline of all four sides, in true alignment and opposite each other directly and
diagonally. Remove burrs and sharp edges.
(b) Galvanizing after punching
ASTM A123 or ASTM B695
(c) Aluminum. Furnish standard shapes and thicknesses conforming to ASTM B221, alloy 6061-T6,
6351-T5, 6063-T6, or 6005-T5.
(d) Corrosion resistant steel. Furnish posts conforming to ASTM A588 or ASTM A242. Zinc-coat
the embedded portion of the corrosion resistant steel post according to ASTM A123.
718.05 Object Marker and Delineator Posts. Conform to the following:
(a) Wood. Furnish 4- by 4-inch (100- by 100-millimeter) wooden posts conforming to Subsection
718.04(a).
(b) Steel. Furnish flanged U-channel steel posts weighing not less than 2 pounds per foot (3 kilograms
per meter) and conforming to ASTM A36. Galvanize according to AASHTO M 111.
(c) Aluminum. Furnish standard shaped ⅛-inch (3-millimeter) thick aluminum posts conforming to
ASTM B221, alloy 6063-T6.
(d) Plastic. Furnish flexible delineator posts made with high-impact resistant polymer material.
718.06 Hardware. Furnish galvanized steel or aluminum alloy lag screws, washers, clip angles, wood
screws, shear plates, U-bolts, clamps, bolts, nuts, and other fasteners.
For high-strength steel bolts, nuts, and washers, conform to Subsection
717.01(e). Galvanize steel
hardware according to AASHTO M 232.
For aluminum alloy bolts, nuts, and washers, conform to Subsections 717.12 and 717.13 as applicable.
For neoprene or nylon washers, furnish ⅛ inch (3.2 millimeters) thick by 1-inch (25 millimeters) minimum
outside diameter with maximum allowable applied torque 480 inch-pounds (54 Newton-meters).
718.07 Legends and Borders. Use colors specified in plans or the MUTCD, Standard Highway Signs,
Including Pavement Marking Standard Alphabets and material conforming to Subsection 718.01.
718.08 Delineator and Object Marker Retroreflectors. Furnish retroreflectors that are ready for
mounting.
715
Section 718
(a) Type 1 (acrylic plastic lens). Furnish an acrylic plastic lens with a minimum dimension of
3 inches (75 millimeters) with prismatic optical elements and a smooth, clear, transparent face.
Fabricate the back from similar material and fuse it to the lens around the entire perimeter to form a
homogenous unit. Seal the units against the intrusion of foreign material. Conform to Table 718-1
regardless of the orientation angle.
Table 718-1
Minimum Coefficient of (Retroreflective)
Luminous Intensity (RI) (1)
Candelas per Foot-candle
Observation
Entrance
White(2)
Yellow
Red
Angle
Angle
0.1°
0°
115
70
30
0.1°
20°
45
25
12
Candelas per Lux
Observation
Entrance
White(2)
Yellow
Red
Angle
Angle
0.1°
0°
10.7
6.5
2.8
0.1°
20°
4.2
2.3
1.1
(1) See AASHTO T 257.
(2) Crystal, clear, or colorless are acceptable color designations.
Mount the retroreflector unit in a housing fabricated from 0.063-inch (1.6-millimeter) ASTM B209,
aluminum alloy 3003-H-14 or similar, or from 0.064-inch (1.6-millimeter) cold rolled and hot dip
galvanized steel. Furnish antitheft attachment hardware.
(b) Type 2 (retroreflective sheeting). Furnish a prismatic retroreflective sheeting with a minimum
dimension of 3 inches (75 millimeters) and with a Class 1 or Class 2 adhesive backing conforming to
Subsection 718.01. Attach the sheeting to an aluminum or plastic support panel (target plate) of the
size and dimension specified.
718.09 Solventborne Traffic Paint. Conform to AASHTO M 248, Type N or Type F traffic paint.
Use volatile organic content (VOC) compliant solventborne paint with a VOC of 0.134 ounces per gallon
(150 grams per liter) or less. Yellow pigment must be without lead, chrome, and other heavy metals as
defined by the EPA.
718.10 Waterborne Traffic Paint. Furnish an acrylic water-based, ready-mixed paint conforming to the
following:
(a) Composition. Furnish a paint composed of resin solids of 100 percent acrylic polymer with the
exact formulation determined by the manufacturer. Conform to the following:
(1) Pigment, ASTM D3723
45 to 55 percent by mass
716
Section 718
(2) Lead, chromium, cadmium, or cobalt
0 percent by mass
ASTM D3335 & ASTM D3718
(3) Volatile organic compounds, EPA Method 24
20.0 oz/gallon (150 g/L) max.
(4) Density of paint, ASTM D1475
12.0 lb/gallon (1.44 kg/L) min.
(b) Viscosity. ASTM D562
75-90 Krebs units
(c) Drying time.
(1) Dry to no pickup, ASTM D711
10 minutes max.
(2) Drying to no track, ASTM D713
90 seconds max.
(d) Flexibility. ASTM D522, using the ¼-in
No cracking or flaking
(6.4-mm) cylindrical mandrel
(e) Dry opacity. ASTM D2805, contrast ratio at
0.96 min.
319 ft2/gallon (7.85 m2/L) spreading rate
(f) Color.
(1) White, ASTM D1729
Match FHWA standard
highway white
(2) Yellow, ASTM D1729
Match FHWA standard
highway yellow
(g) Daylight reflectance. (Without glass beads)
(1) White, ASTM E1347
84 percent relative to
magnesium oxide standard
(2) Yellow, ASTM E1347
55 percent relative to
magnesium oxide standard
(h) Bleeding ratio. ASTM D868. Determine
0.96 min.
reflectance according to ASTM D1347
immediately after drying. Divide the average
of three reflectance readings of the paint over
the bleeding surface by the average of three readings
over the non-bleeding surface to determine the
bleeding ratio
(i) Freeze-thaw stability. ASTM D2243
±5 Krebs units max.
(j) Storage stability. During a 12-month storage period, conform to the following:
(1) No excessive setting, caking, or increase in viscosity; and
(2) Readily stirred to a consistency for use in the striping equipment.
717
Section 718
718.11 Epoxy Markings. Furnish a 2-component, 100 percent solids type system for hot-spray application
conforming to the following:
(a) Pigments. Component A. Percent by mass.
(1) White.
(a) Titanium dioxide (TiO2),
18 percent min.
ASTM D476, Type IV
(b) Epoxy resin, ASTM D1652
75 to 82 percent
(2) Yellow:
(a) Chrome yellow (PbCrO4),
23 percent min.
ASTM D126
(b) Epoxy resin, ASTM D1652
70 to 77 percent
(3) Non-Lead Yellow:
(a) Titanium dioxide (TiO2)
14 percent min.
ASTM D476, Type II and Type III
(b) Organic yellow
7 to 8 percent
(c) Epoxy resin, ASTM D1652
75 to 79 percent
(b) Epoxy content. Component A.
Manufacturer’s target
Mass per epoxy equivalent,
value ±50
ASTM D1652
(c) Amine value. Component B,
Manufacturer’s target
ASTM D2074
value ±50
(d) Toxicity. Toxic or injurious fumes
None
at application temperature
(e) Color. 15 mil (0.38 millimeter) film thickness specimen (cured).
(1) White, ASTM D1729
Match FHWA standard
highway white
(2) Yellow, ASTM D1729
Match FHWA standard
highway yellow
(f) Directional reflectance. (Without glass beads)
(1) White, ASTM E1347
84 percent relative to
magnesium oxide standard
(2) Yellow, ASTM E1347
55 percent relative to
magnesium oxide standard
718
Section 718
(g) Drying time. 15-mil (0.38-millimeter) film thickness with glass beads (cured).
(1) Laboratory at 72 °F (22 °C),
30 minutes max.
ASTM D711
to no-pick-up condition
(2) Field at 77 °F (25 °C), viewed from
10 minutes max.
50 ft (15 m), ASTM D713
to no-tracking condition
(h) Abrasion resistance. Wear index
82 max.
with a CS-17 wheel under a 35.3 oz (1000 g) load
for 1000 cycles, ASTM D4060
(i) Hardness. Type D hardness with
75 to 100
72-hour cure at 72 °F (22 °C), ASTM D2240
718.12 Thermoplastic Markings. Conform to AASHTO M 249.
718.13 Preformed Pavement Marking Tape. Conform to ASTM D4505, Reflectivity Level I; Class 1, 2,
or 3; Skid Resistance Level A or B.
718.14 Glass Beads. Conform to AASHTO M 247 for the type specified. Treat glass beads with an
adherence coating as recommended by manufacturer.
718.15 Pavement Markers.
(a) Non-plowable, extended life, retroreflective, pavement markers. Conform to ASTM D4280.
(b) Plowable, retroreflective, pavement markers. Conform to ASTM D4383.
(c) Non-reflective pavement markers. Furnish ceramic, plastic, or thermoplastic markers that are
4±⅛ inch (100±3 millimeters) in diameter at the base, 11/16±1/16 inch (17.5±1.6 millimeters) in height,
and where the base of the marker does not deviate from a flat plane by more than 1/16 inch
(1.6 millimeters).
Furnish markers of uniform composition, without surface irregularities, cracks, checks, chipping,
peeling, spalling, crazing, and other physical damage interfering with appearance, application, or
durability. Furnish precast markers in the form of a single based spheroidal segment terminating in a
rounded or squared shoulder.
718.16 Temporary Pavement Markings.
(a) Preformed retroreflective tape. Furnish 4-inch (100-millimeter) wide tape conforming to ASTM
D4592, Type I (removable).
(b) Pavement markers. Furnish temporary pavement markers conforming to ASTM D4280 or
flexible pavement markers not exceeding approximately
2 inches
(50 millimeters) high, with
retroreflective tape on both faces of the vertical section, capable of retroreflecting light from opposite
directions, and with an adhesive on the base.
(c) Traffic paint. Conform to Subsections 718.09 or 718.10.
719
Section 718
718.17 Epoxy Resin Adhesives. Furnish epoxy resin adhesives conforming to AASHTO M 237 for
bonding traffic markers to rigid and asphalt concrete pavements.
720
Section 719
Section 719. — PAINT
719.01 General. Furnish a contrasting color for each coat of paint. For the finish coat color, conform to
FED-STD 595 B. If requested, provide color chips from the paint supplier.
(a) Packaging. Furnish paint in strong, substantial containers, plainly marked with the following:
(1) Trade name or trade mark;
(2) Paint type, color, formulation, lot number, and date of manufacture;
(3) Net mass;
(4) Volume including the percent of solids and the percent of volatile organic compound (VOC);
(5) Storage requirements and shelf life;
(6) Mixing instructions and equipment cleanup instructions; and
(7) Name and address of the manufacturer.
(b) Volatile organic compound (VOC) content. Conform to the following VOC limits for both shop
and field painting:
(1) Clear (unpigmented) coatings
3.7 lb/gallon (450 g/L) max.
(2) Other coatings
2.9 lb/gallon (350 g/L) max.
(c) Lead content.
None
(d) Other properties. Furnish paint that:
(1) Does not show excessive settling in a freshly opened full container;
(2) Easily redisperses with a paddle to a smooth, homogeneous state free of curdling, livering,
caking, color separation, lumps, and skins;
(3) Does not skin within 48 hours in a three-quarter filled, closed container;
(4) Brushes on easily;
(5) Possess good leveling properties;
(6) Shows no running or sagging tendencies when applied to smooth steel vertical surfaces;
(7) Dries to a smooth uniform finish, without roughness, grit, unevenness and other surface
imperfections;
(8) Shows no streaking or separation when flowed on clean glass; and
(9) Shows no thickening, curdling, gelling, or hard caking after 6 months of storage in a full,
tightly covered container at a temperature of 70 ºF (20 ºC).
721
Section 719
719.02 Paint for Timber Structures.
(a) Primer. Conform to MPI numbers 5 or 6.
(b) Paint. Conform to MPI numbers 5 or 6.
719.03 Paint for Masonry Block Structures. Conform to MPI numbers 4, 10, or 11. Color tint with
universal or all-purpose concentrates.
719.04 Paint for Steel Structures. Conform to the following:
(a) Zinc rich coating
SSPC no. 20
(b) White or colored silicone alkyd paint
SSPC no. 21
(c) Epoxy polyamide paint
SSPC no. 22
(d) Latex primer for steel structures
SSPC no. 23
(e) Latex semigloss exterior topcoat
SSPC no. 24
(f) Zinc-oxide, alkyd, linseed oil primer
SSPC no. 25
(g) Aliphatic polyurethane topcoat
SSPC no. 36
(h) Moisture-cured polyurethane
SSPC no. 38
(i) Zinc-rich moisture-cured polyurethane primer
SSPC no. 40
(j) Moisture-cured polyurethane primer
SSPC no. 41
(k) White or tinted alkyd paint
SSPC no. 104
719.05 Paint for Concrete Structures. Conform to the following:
(a) Epoxy low gloss paint
MPI 108
(b) Epoxy semi-gloss paint
MPI 177
719.06 Paint for Aluminum Structures. Conform to the following:
(a) Metal Primer
MPI 95
(b) Light Industrial Coating, Exterior, Water-Based
MPI 161, 163, or 164
719.07 Paint for Other Metal Structures. Conform to the following:
(a) Metal Primer, galvanized surfaces
SSPC no. 27
(b) Exterior Latex
MPI 5
(c) Alkyd/Oil
MPI 6
722
Section 719
719.08 Penetrating Stain. Conform to the following:
(a) Weatherometer on base
1000 hours
material, ASTM G152 or ASTM G153
(b) Acrylic dispersion
73.4 percent of nonvolatile solvent
(c) Viscosity, ASTM D562
58±2 Krebs units
(d) Solids volatile content
40.3 percent by mass
Store stain according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
719.09 Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits). Conform to ASTM D235.
723
Section 720
Section 720. — STRUCTURAL WALL AND STABILIZED
EMBANKMENT MATERIAL
720.01 Mechanically-Stabilized Earth Wall Material.
(a) Concrete face panels. Conform to Section 552 and the following:
(1) Use concrete Class A(AE) according to Section 552.
(2) Conform to Section 562 and fully support the units until the concrete reaches a minimum
compressive strength of 1,000 pounds per square inch (7 megapascals). The units may be
shipped and installed after the concrete reaches a minimum compressive strength of
3,400 pounds per square inch (24 megapascals).
(3) Finish the front face of the panel with a Class 1 finish according to Subsection 552.16. Screed
the rear face of the panel to eliminate open pockets of aggregate and surface distortions in excess
of ¼ inch (6 millimeters). Cast the panels on a flat area. Do not attach galvanized connecting
devices or fasteners to the face panel reinforcement steel.
(4) Clearly scribe on an unexposed face of each panel the date of manufacture, the production lot
number, and the piece mark.
(5) Handle, store, and ship units so as to eliminate the dangers of chipping, discoloration, cracks,
fractures, and excessive bending stresses. Support panels in storage on firm blocking to protect
the panel connection devices and the exposed exterior finish.
(6) Manufacture units within the following tolerances:
(a) Panel dimensions. Position of panel connection devices within 1 inch (25 millimeters).
All other dimensions within 316 inch (5 millimeters).
(b) Panel squareness. Do not exceed ½ inch (13 millimeters) as determined by the difference
between the two diagonals.
(c) Panel surface finish. Do not exceed ⅛ inch (3 millimeters) for surface defects on smooth
formed surfaces of
5 feet
(1.5 meters) or more in length. Do not exceed
516 inch
(8 millimeters) for surface defects on textured-finished surfaces of 5 feet (1.5 meters) or
more in length.
Concrete face panels having the following defects will be rejected.
• Defects that indicate imperfect molding;
• Defects indicating honeycombed or open texture concrete;
• Cracked or severely chipped panels; or
• Color variation on front face of panel.
(b) Wire facing. Fabricate from welded wire fabric conforming to AASHTO M 55, except that
Subsection 7.4. applies for longitudinal and transverse wire sizes. Galvanize according to AASHTO
M 111, Coating Grade 85 after fabrication.
724
Section 720
(c) Backing mat. Fabricate from welded wire fabric conforming to AASHTO M 55, except that
Subsection 7.4 applies for longitudinal and transverse wire sizes. Galvanize according to AASHTO
M 111, Coating Grade 85 after fabrication.
(d) Clevis connector. Fabricate from cold-drawn steel wire conforming to AASHTO M 32 and weld
according to AASHTO M 55. Galvanize according to AASHTO M 111, Coating Grade 85 after
fabrication.
(e) Connector bars. Fabricate from cold-drawn steel wire conforming to AASHTO M 32. Galvanize
according to AASHTO M 111, Coating Grade 85.
(f) Fasteners. Furnish ½-inch (13-millimeter) diameter, heavy hexhead bolts, nuts, and washers
conforming to ASTM A325. Galvanize according to AASHTO M 232.
(g) Hardware cloth. Fabricate with maximum ¼-inch (7-millimeter) square mesh openings from
woven or welded galvanized steel wire fabric conforming to ASTM A740.
(h) Reinforcing mesh. Fabricate from cold-drawn steel wire conforming to AASHTO M 32. Weld the
wire into the finished mesh fabric according to AASHTO M 55. Galvanize according to AASHTO
M 111, Coating Grade 85 after fabrication. Repair damage to the galvanized coating before
installation.
(i) Reinforcing strips. Fabricate from high-strength, low-alloy structural steel conforming to ASTM
A572, Grade 65 (450), Type 3. Galvanize according to AASHTO M 111, Coating Grade 85 after
fabrication.
(j) Tie strip. Fabricate from hot-rolled steel conforming to ASTM A1011, Grade 50. Galvanize
according to AASHTO M 111, Coating Grade 85.
720.02 Gabion and Revet Mattress Material. Fabricate gabion baskets 12 inches (300 millimeters) or
greater in vertical dimension and revet mattresses less than 12 inches (300 millimeters) in vertical
dimension from either welded wire mesh or twisted wire mesh. Conform to the following:
(a) Welded wire mesh
ASTM A974
(b) Twisted wire mesh
ASTM A975
725
Section 721
Section 721. — ELECTRICAL AND ILLUMINATION MATERIAL
721.01 Electrical Material. Conform to the following:
(a) Conduit. Conform to the following:
(1) Nonmetallic conduit and duct couplings, elbows, bends, and nipples. For above ground
and underground use without concrete encasement, furnish rigid PVC, heavy wall conduit
conforming to UL 651, Schedule 40, 80, Type EB and A Rigid PVC Conduit and Fittings.
Conform to ASTM D2564 for solvent cement to join conduit.
(2) Metallic conduit and duct, couplings, elbows, bends, and nipples. Furnish rigid
galvanized steel conduit conforming to UL 6, Electrical Rigid Metal Conduit - Steel. Uniformly
coat the conduit on the outside with an asphalt mastic conforming to AASHTO M 243 or a
20-mil (0.5-millimeter) PVC coating. Furnish rigid, full-mass sherardized or galvanized threaded
fittings.
(3) Flexible conduit. Furnish a watertight metallic conduit conforming to UL 360, Liquid-Tight
Flexible Metal Conduit acceptable for equipment grounding. Furnish insulated throat, grounding,
malleable iron watertight fittings.
(4) Conduit bodies, boxes, and fittings. Furnish watertight, galvanized steel conforming to UL
514B, Conduit, Tubing, and Cable Fittings.
(b) Pull boxes, frames, and covers. For boxes formed in concrete, fabricate with cast iron or welded
sheet steel having a minimum thickness of 0.188 inches (5 millimeters). Galvanize, inside and out,
according to AASHTO M 232.
(c) Wire and cable.
(1) Lighting. Furnish either ozone resistant cross-linked polyethylene (XLP) or polyvinyl chloride
(PVC) insulated cable, with or without a nylon jacket conforming to the following:
(a) Polyethylene (XLP). Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA) S-66-524, ICEA
S-95-658/NEMA WC70, Non-Shielded Power Cables Rated
2000 V or Less, ICEA
S-96-659/NEMA WC71, Non-Shielded Power Cables Rated
2001-5000 V, ICEA
S-93-639/NEMA WC74, Shielded Power Cable 5,000-46,000 V; or
(b) Polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Conform to UL 83, Thermoplastic-Insulated Wires and Cables.
(2) Electrical. Furnish soft drawn or annealed copper conductors conforming to ASTM B3 and
stranding conforming to ASTM B8.
Furnish 7 strand for #10 AWG through #2 AWG (5.3 square millimeters through 33.6 square
millimeters), and 17 strand for #1 AWG through #4/0 AWG (42.4 square millimeters through
107 square millimeters). Furnish #6 AWG (13.3 square millimeters) minimum solid copper
ground wires.
(d) Circuit breakers and panels. Conform to UL 489, Molded-Case Circuit Breakers, Molded-Case
Switches and Circuit-Breaker Enclosures and UL 67, Panelboards. Furnish molded case thermal
magnetic trip type breakers. Furnish panel enclosures conforming to NEMA 250, Enclosures for
Electrical Equipment (1,000 V Maximum), Type 3R, lockable with padlocks.
726
Section 721
(e) Safety disconnect switches. Furnish heavy duty, NEMA 250, Enclosures for Electrical Equipment
(1,000 V Maximum), Type 3R, safety disconnect switches conforming to UL 98, Enclosed and
Dead-Front Switches.
(f) Grounding and bonding equipment. Furnish ⅝-inch (16-millimeter) diameter, 8-foot (2.5-meter)
long, copper-clad steel ground rods, ground clamps, grounding and bonding bushings, and lock nuts
conforming to UL 467, Grounding and Bonding Equipment.
(g) Contactors and control transformers. Furnish a magnetic 60-ampere, two-pole contactor with a
120-volt coil, equipped with control switches for automatic actuation conforming to UL
508,
Industrial Control Equipment. Furnish cadmium-sulfide type photocell controls for 120 or 240-volt
operation as applicable; rated at
1000 watts resistive load or
1800 volt-amperes inductive load;
adaptable for pole-top mounting in a plug-in, locking-type receptacle conforming to UL 773, Plug-In
Locking Type Photocontrols for Use with Area Lighting and with a built-in surge protective device for
protection from induced high-voltage and follow-through currents.
Furnish single-phase, 240/480 volt primary, 120/240 volt secondary, dry type, 60 hertz, 1 KVA
transformers for indoor or outdoor use, conforming to UL 506, Specialty Transformers.
(h) Secondary lightning arrester. Furnish a secondary lightning arrester rated for a maximum
operating voltage of 650 volts RMS with a bracket for mounting on the control cabinet backboard.
(i) Service poles. Furnish treated southern yellow pine, treated Douglas fir, butt-treated western red
cedar, or butt-treated northern white cedar service poles that are at least 30 feet (9 meters) long. Treat
the poles according to Subsection 716.03.
(j) Meter cabinet. Conform to local power company requirements.
(k) Control enclosure. Furnish a NEMA 250, Enclosures for Electrical Equipment
(1,000 V
Maximum), Type 3R, equipped with door clamps on the unhinged sides, solid neoprene gasket, welded
seams, continuous hinge with stainless steel pin, stainless steel external hardware, backboard for
mounting apparatus, padlock with an outdoor, tumbler-type padlocks keyed the same, and supplied
with 2 keys for each lock. Furnish a cabinet constructed of one of the following:
(1) Code-gauge stainless steel conforming to ASTM A167; or
(2) Code-gauge aluminum sheet with mechanical properties equivalent or exceeding ASTM
B209, alloy 5052-H32.
721.02 Lighting Material. Conform to the following:
(a) Poles. Furnish 11 gage (3-millimeter thick) round steel conforming to ASTM A595 or aluminum
shafts conforming to ASTM B429, alloy 6063-T6, tapered uniformly at
0.14 inches per foot
(12 millimeters per meter). Provide hand holes with no rough edges and a reinforcing frame and cover
designed to maintain the required pole strength. Weld a 2.375- to 3.0-inch (60- to 75-millimeter)
outside diameter vertical tenon, fabricated from the same material as the pole, and welded at the top
and on the same axis as the pole.
Furnish pole sections in minimum 15-foot (4.5-meter) lengths. Furnish pole sections less than 70 feet
(21 meters) in height in two sections or less; between 70 and 100 feet (21 and 30 meters) in three
sections or less; and over 100 feet (30 meters) in four sections or less.
727
Section 721
Design and furnish poles capable of sustaining the following loadings:
(1) A horizontal load of 500 pounds (2.2 kilonewtons) applied 18 inches (450 millimeters) from
the shaft top, in any direction, without failure of any component part, and a maximum allowable
vertical deflection of 7.5 percent of the shaft length.
(2) A horizontal load of 50 pounds (220 newtons) applied at the luminaire attachment point and
normal to the pole bracket member plane, with a vertical load of 30 pounds (130 newtons) on the
luminaire supporting arm, and a maximum allowable horizontal deflection of 10 percent of the
luminaire supporting arm's horizontal length.
(3) A vertical load of 100 pounds (440 newtons) applied at the luminaire attachment point, and a
maximum allowable vertical deflection of 5.5 percent of the pole arm's horizontal length.
(4) A vertical load of 250 pounds (1.1 kilonewtons) applied at the luminaire attachment point,
and no collapse or rupture of any portion of the structure.
(5) The pole arm and luminaire mass with a maximum allowable deflection from vertical at the
top of the pole of 1 percent of the total shaft length.
Prime the poles inside and out according to the fabricator's recommendation. Use epoxy modified
enamel matching FED-STD 595 color 27040 for the finish coat.
(b) Pole arms.
(1) Material. Furnish steel or aluminum. Use the same material as the pole.
(2) Type. Furnish bracket type, truss or single member arms. Furnish single member arms with a
minimum diameter of 2 inches (50 millimeters) and the same taper as the pole.
(3) Connection. Furnish a weather resistant connection to the pole and a smooth raceway for
wiring. Furnish fittings for connection to the pole.
(c) Anchor bases. Furnish a one-piece base dimensioned for adequate pole mounting and structural
support with holes for anchor bolts and tapped holes for anchor bolt covers. Fabricate anchor bases
from material similar to the pole material and conform to the following:
(1) Steel casings
AASHTO M 103, Grade 65-35
(450-240)
(2) Steel plate
ASTM A36
(3) Aluminum castings
ASTM B26
(d) Bolts, nuts, and washers.
(1) Steel anchor bolts. Conform to ASTM A36, except as amended by (a) or (b) below:
(a) (1) Yield strength
55 kips/in2 (380 MPa) min.
(2) Tensile strength
75 to 95 kips/in2 (520 to 650 MPa)
(3) Elongation in 8 in (200 mm)
18 percent min.
(4) Elongation in 2 in (50 mm)
21 percent min.
728
Section 721
(5) Area reduction
30 percent min.
(b) (1) Yield strength
105 kips/in2 (725 MPa) min.
(2) Tensile strength
100 to 150 kips/in2
(680 to 1030 MPa)
(3) Elongation in 2 in (50 mm)
15 percent min.
(4) Area reduction
45 percent min.
(2) Hex head bolts. Conform to the following:
(a) 55 kips/in2 (380 MPa) yield anchor bolts
ASTM A325
(b) 105 kips/in2 inch (725 MPa) yield anchor bolts
ASTM A354, Grade BC
(3) Nuts. Conform to ASTM A563. Furnish nuts appropriate for the strength of the anchor bolt.
(4) Washers. Furnish flat, circular washers conforming to ASTM F436.
Galvanize the top 12 inches (300 millimeters) of anchor bolts and associated hardware according to
AASHTO M 232.
(e) Anchor bolt covers. Furnish a bolt cover for each anchor bolt and ¼-inch (6-millimeter) stainless
steel, Phillips-head or hex-head screws to attach the cover to the base or pole.
(f) Luminaries. Operate luminaries on a 240-volt series circuit. Furnish the following types of
luminaires:
(1) Conventional highway luminaires. Furnish material for a complete installation including:
(a) Aluminum housings with refractor holder and slipfitter;
(b) Thermal shock-resistant glass prismatic refractors with gaskets and clips;
(c) Aluminum detachable reflectors with ethylene propylene terpolymer gaskets; and
(d) Internal regulator or auto regulator type ballast, with a power factor greater than
90 percent that will start lamps at a minimum ambient temperature of -20 °F (-29 °C).
Comply with ANSI specifications.
(2) Sign lighting luminaries. Furnish material for a complete installation including:
(a) Die-cast aluminum housings with mounting bracket and door assembly;
(b) Thermal, shock-resistant, borosilicate glass refractors with gaskets;
(c) Aluminum reflectors; and
(d)
120/240 volt,
60 hertz constant-wattage ballasts with a power factor greater than
90 percent that will start lamps at a minimum ambient temperature of -20 °F (-29 °C).
729
Section 722
Section 722. — ANCHOR MATERIAL
722.01 Anchorage Devices. For post-tensioning, furnish anchorage devices capable of holding the
prestressing steel at a load producing a stress of not less than 95 percent of the guaranteed minimum
tensile strength of the prestressing steel.
Use a steel distribution plate or assembly to effectively distribute the compressive stresses from the
anchoring device to the concrete. If the anchorage device is sufficiently large and is used with a steel
grillage embedded in the concrete, the distribution plate or assembly may be omitted. Conform to the
following:
(a) Do not exceed 3,000 pounds per square inch (21 megapascals) for the final unit compressive stress
on the concrete directly beneath the plate or assembly.
(b) Do not allow bending stresses induced by prestressing to exceed the yield point of the material in
the plates or assemblies, or cause visible distortion in the anchorage plate when 100 percent of the
nominal load is applied.
722.02 Anchor Tendons. Furnish material conforming to the following:
(a) Prestressing steel. Conform to one of the following:
(1) Wire, uncoated stress-relieved for
ASTM A421
prestressed concrete
(2) Steel strand, uncoated seven-wire
AASHTO M 203
stress-relieved for prestressed concrete
(3) Steel strand, uncoated, seven-wire,
ASTM A779
compacted, stress-relieved for
prestressed concrete
(4) Uncoated high-strength steel bar for
AASHTO M 275
prestressed concrete
(b) Couplers. Supply couplers that are capable of developing 95 percent of the minimum specified
ultimate tensile strength of the tendon.
(c) Sheathing. Conform to one of the following:
(1) Free-stressing length.
(a) Polyethylene plastic tubing. Conform to ASTM D1248, Types II, III, or IV with a
minimum wall thickness of 60 mils (1.5 millimeters).
(b) Hot-melt extruded polypropylene tubing. Conform to ASTM D4101, cell classification
PP 210 B5554211 with a minimum wall thickness of 60 mils (1.5 millimeters).
(c) Hot-melt extruded polyethylene tubing. Conform to ASTM D3350 and ASTM D1248
Type III high-density with a minimum wall thickness of 60 mils (1.5 millimeters).
730
Section 722
(d) Steel tubing. Conform to ASTM A500 with a minimum wall thickness of 0.20 inches
(5 millimeters).
(e) Steel pipe. Conform to ASTM A53, Schedule 40 minimum.
(f) Plastic pipe. Conform to ASTM D1785, Schedule 40 minimum.
(2) Bonded length.
(a) High-density corrugated polyethylene tubing. Conform to AASHTO M 252 with a
minimum wall thickness of 30 mils (0.75 millimeters).
(b) Corrugated, polyvinyl chloride tubes. Conform to ASTM D1784, Class 13464-B.
(c) Fusion-bonded epoxy. Conform to ASTM A775 with a minimum film thickness of
15 mils (0.4 millimeters).
(d) Corrosion inhibiting compounds. Use grease conforming to PTI, Recommendations for
Prestressed Rock and Soil Anchors.
(e) Centralizers and spacers. Fabricate centralizers and spacers from material, except wood, that are
not deleterious to the prestressing steel.
(f) Anchorages. Furnish material conforming to PTI, Recommendations for Prestressed Rock and Soil
Anchors.
For strand tendons, supply anchorages that permit lift-off testing without the jack engaging the strand.
Furnish steel plates conforming to ASTM A36 or ASTM A588 for bearing plates. Provide grout tube
holes in the bearing plates.
722.03 Rock Bolts. Furnish deformed bars (tendon), bearing plates, washer, nuts, and other accessories for
tendons conforming to ASTM F432 and as follows:
(a) Tendon. Furnish hollow core bars conforming to ASTM A615. Use minimum Grade 75 (520)
steel.
(b) Coupler. Supply couplers that are capable of developing 95 percent of the minimum specified
ultimate tensile strength of the tendon.
(c) Bearing plate. Furnish bearing plates with grout tube holes.
(d) Corrosion inhibiting compounds. Use grease conforming to PTI, Recommendations for
Prestressed Rock and Soil Anchors.
(e) Centralizers and spacers. Fabricate centralizers and spacers from any type of material, except
wood, that is not deleterious to the tendon.
(f) Corrosion protection. Furnish steel with either fushion bonded epoxy coating or hot dip
galvanizing for corrosion protection. Use fusion bonded epoxy coating conforming to ASTM A775
with a minimum film thickness of 15 mils (0.4 millimeters). Use hot dip galvanizing conforming to
ASTM A153 with a minimum thickness of 3.9 mils (0.1 millimeters).
731
Section 722
722.04 Soil Nails.
(a) Tendon. Furnish deformed bars conforming to one of the following:
(1) Deformed bars, Grade 60 (420) or Grade 75 (520)
ASTM A615
(2) Deformed bars, Grade 150 (1035)
ASTM A722
Provide new, straight, continuous, undamaged, bare, epoxy-coated, or encapsulated bars.
(b) Coupler. Furnish couplers that are capable of developing the full, ultimate tensile strength of the
tendon as certified by the manufacturer.
(c) Fusion bonded epoxy coating. Apply epoxy coating conforming to ASTM A775, with the
exception of the bend test requirements. Electrostatically apply the coating to a minimum thickness of
12 mils (0.3 millimeters). The coating at the wall anchorage end of epoxy-coated bars may be omitted
over the length provided for threading the nut against the bearing plate.
(d) Encapsulation. Furnish corrugated polyethylene pipe conforming to AASHTO M
252 or
corrugated polyvinyl chloride pipe conforming to ASTM D1784, Class 13464.
732
Section 723. — RESERVED
Section 724. — RESERVED
733
Section 725
Section 725. — MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL
725.01 Water. Conform to the following:
(a) Water for mixing or curing cement concrete, mortar, or grout. Conform to AASHTO M 157.
Potable water of known quality may be used without testing according to AASHTO T 26. Potable
water is safe for human consumption as defined by the public health authority having jurisdiction.
(b) Water for planting or care of vegetation. Furnish water that is free of substances injurious to
plant life (such as oils, acids, alkalies, or salts).
(c) Water for earthwork, pavement courses, dust control, and incidental construction. Furnish
water free of substances detrimental to the work.
725.02 Calcium Chloride, Magnesium Chloride, and Lignosulfonate.
(a) Calcium chloride liquid. Furnish a water solution conforming to the following:
(1) Calcium chloride liquid
AASHTO M 144, Type L
(2) Calcium chloride by mass
35 percent min.
(b) Calcium chloride flake. Conform to AASHTO M 144, Type S, Grades 1, 2, or 3, Class A.
(c) Magnesium chloride liquid. Furnish a water solution conforming to the following:
(1) Magnesium chloride by mass
28 percent min.
(2) Specific gravity, ASTM D1298
1.29 to 1.33
(d) Lignosulfonate liquid. Furnish a water solution with a base cation of ammonia, calcium, or
sodium. Conform to the following:
(1) Dry solids (1)
50 percent
(2) Specific gravity, ASTM D1475
1.20 min.
(3) pH, ASTM E70
3.0 to 8.0
Note (1) Use Pulp and Paper Technical Association of Canada standard test Method H.1, Determination of Solids
Content of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents.
725.03 Lime.
(a) Lime for masonry. Conform to ASTM C207, Type NA.
(b) Lime for soil stabilization. Conform to AASHTO M 216.
(c) Lime for asphalt mixtures. Conform to AASHTO M 303.
734
Section 725
725.04 Pozzolans.
(a) Fly ash. Conform to AASHTO M 295,
1.5 percent max.
Class C or Class F.
When used to mitigate alkali-silica reactivity,
also available alkalies as equivalent Na2O
(b) Ground granulated blast-furnace slag.
1.0 percent max.
Conform to AASHTO M 302, Grade 100 or
Grade 120. When used to mitigate alkali-silica
reactivity, also total alkalies as equivalent Na2O
(c) Silica fume (microsilica).
1.0 percent max.
Conform to AASHTO M 307.
When used to mitigate alkali-silica reactivity,
also total alkalies as equivalent Na2O
725.05 Mineral Filler. Conform to AASHTO M 17.
725.06 Concrete Building Brick. Conform to ASTM C55, normal weight.
725.07 Concrete Masonry Units. Conform to one of the following:
(a) Loadbearing concrete masonry units
ASTM C90, normal weight
(b) Concrete masonry units for constructing
ASTM C139
catch basins and manholes
(c) Nonloadbearing concrete masonry units
ASTM C129, normal weight
725.08 Paving Brick. Conform to one of the following:
(a) Pedestrian and light traffic paving brick
ASTM C902, Class SX,
Type I
(b) Heavy vehicular paving brick
ASTM C1272, Type F,
Application PS
725.09 Precast Concrete Units and Accessories. Conform to the following:
(a) Precast reinforced concrete manhole sections
AASHTO M 199
(b) Precast concrete barrier
ASTM C825
(c) Concrete grid paving units
ASTM C1319
(d) Underground precast concrete utility structures
ASTM C858
(e) Precast concrete water and wastewater structures
ASTM C913
(f) Solid concrete interlocking paving units
ASTM C936
735
Section 725
(g) Other precast concrete units and accessories
Section 601
725.10 Frames, Grates, Covers, and Ladder Rungs. Fabricate metal grates and covers to evenly bear
on the frames. Correct bearing inaccuracies by machining. Assemble units before shipment. Mark pieces
to facilitate reassembly at the installation site. Uniformly coat castings with a commercial preservative
according to the manufacturer’s standard practice. Conform to the following:
(a) Gray iron castings
AASHTO M 105
(b) Carbon steel castings
AASHTO M 103
(c) Structural steel
ASTM A36
(d) Galvanizing
AASHTO M 111
(e) Malleable iron castings
ASTM A47
(f) Aluminum alloy ladder rung material
ASTM B221, alloy 6061-T6
(g) Aluminum castings
ASTM B26, alloy 356.0-T6
725.11 Corrugated Metal Units. Conform to AASHTO M 36 for steel corrugated units. Conform to
AASHTO M 196 for aluminum corrugated units. For coatings, conform to the following:
(a) Bituminous-coated corrugated units
AASHTO M 190, Type A
(b) Polymer-precoated corrugated units
AASHTO M 245,
Grade 250/250
725.12 Plastic Lining. Furnish a film or fabric that is serviceable for the duration of the installation.
725.13 Grout.
(a) Neat hydraulic cement grout.
(1) Ground anchors, micropiles, and soil nails. Furnish a pumpable mixture of portland cement,
sand, water, and admixtures. Use Type II portland cement conforming to AASHTO M 85. Furnish
sand according to Subsection 703.01. Furnish water according to Subsection 725.01(a). Provide the
minimum water content necessary for placement and a maximum water/cementitious material
ratio of 0.45 by mass.
Chemical admixtures that control bleed or retard set may be used provided the additives conform
to Subsection 711.03 and are mixed according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Do not use
admixtures containing more than trace (from impurities, not as an intended constituent) quantities
of chlorides, fluorides, aluminum, zinc, or nitrates.
The maximum water-soluble chloride ion (Cl-) content of the grout is 0.06 percent Cl- by mass of
cement when tested according to ASTM C1218.
736
Section 725
Furnish grout conforming to the following minimum compressive strengths:
(a) Ground anchors
3,500 lb/in2 (25 MPa) at 7 days
(b) Micropiles
2,500 lb/in2 (17.5 MPa) at 7 days and
5,000 lb/in2 (35 MPa) at 28 days
(c) Soil nails
1,500 lb/in2 (10.5 MPa) in 3 days and
3,000 lb/in2 (21 MPa) in 28 days
(2) Miscellaneous applications. Furnish a grout consisting of a mixture of hydraulic cement,
water, and admixtures. Do not exceed a water/cementitious material ratio of 0.44. Do not exceed
20 percent of the cement by mass if fly ash is used. Admixtures to reduce water content, improve
the flowability, control bleeding, or control shrinkage may be added according to the
manufacturer’s recommendations. Furnish admixtures free of chlorides, fluorides, sulphites, and
nitrates.
(b) Nonshrink grout. Conform to ASTM C1107. Provide a minimum compressive strength of
5,000 pounds per square inch (35 megapascals) in 3 days.
(c) Grout for post-tensioned structures. Conform to the requirements of the PTI, Guide
Specification for Grouting of Post-Tensioned Structures.
(d) Polyester resin grout. Furnish polyester resin grout with a minimum ultimate compressive
strength of 14,000 pounds per square inch (97 megapascals), a minimum ultimate tensile strength of
2,500 pounds per square inch
(17 megapascals), and a minimum ultimate shear strength of
4,500 pounds per square inch (31 megapascals) when fully cured. Conform to ASTM F432, except
where noted.
Furnish polyester resin grout consisting of an unsaturated polyester resin, evenly filled with
nonreactive, inorganic aggregate of suitable size, and a separated catalyst filled with nonreactive
inorganic filler. Supply resin in cartridge form. Provide cartridge lengths and diameters according to
the manufacturer recommendations for the specified drill hole and reinforcing bar size. Provide resin
cartridges readily and individually identified as to their respective gel times.
725.14 Polymer Concrete and Mortar. Furnish a polymer binder and fine aggregate in the proportions
recommended by the polymer manufacturer with a minimum compressive strength of 3,500 pounds per
square inch (25 megapascals) in 4 hours. Conform to the following:
(a) Epoxy mortar. Conform to ACI 503.4.
(b) Other polymer concrete or mortar. Conform to ASTM C1438, Type II.
725.15 Color Coating. Furnish a semi-opaque colored toner containing methyl methacrylate-ethyl
acrylate copolymer resins or equivalent resins, solvents, and color-toning pigments suspended in solution
by a chemical suspension agent. Provide color-toning pigments consisting of laminar silicates, titanium
dioxide, and inorganic oxides. Conform to the following:
(a) Mass per liter, ASTM D1475
8.3 lb (38 kg) min.
(b) Solids by mass, ASTM D2369
30 percent min.
737
Section 725
(c) Solids by volume
21 percent min.
(d) Drying time, ASTM D1640
30 minutes at 70 °F
(21 °C) and 50 percent max.
humidity
(e) Color change, ASTM D822, 1000 hours
No appreciable change
(f) Resistance to acids, alkalies, gasoline,
Excellent
and mineral spirits, ASTM D543
(g) Water vapor transmission from interior
Transmittable
concrete, ASTM D1653
(h) Oxidation over time
None
725.16 Slurry (Drilling Fluids).
(a) Mineral slurry. Furnish sodium bentonite or attapulgite in potable water. Use a mineral grain size
that remains in suspension with sufficient viscosity and gel characteristics to transport drilled material
out of the hole.
(b) Polymer slurry. Furnish a slurry compatible with soil type and water chemistry.
725.17 Reinforcing Fibers.
(a) Fibers for shotcrete. Use deformed steel or fibrillated polyolefin fibers conforming to ASTM
A820 or ASTM D7508.
(b) Fibers for concrete. Use fully oriented, collated, fibrillated, white, ¾-inch (19-millimeter) long
fibers of 100 percent virgin polyolefin conforming to ASTM D7508. Dose at 1.5 to 3 pounds per cubic
yard (0.9 to 1.8 kilograms per cubic meter) of concrete.
725.18 Epoxy Resin Adhesives. Furnish epoxy resin adhesives conforming to AASHTO M 235 for
structural concrete injection and crack repair.
738
INDEX
Abbreviations
2
Acceptance
partial and final
34
Acceptance of work
25
Accidents (report)
39
Acquisition regulations
11
Acronyms
2
Agreements
36
Anchor bases (lighting material)
728
Anchor bolt covers (lighting material)
729
Archeological
36
As-built drawings
See Drawings
Authority of
Contracting Officer (CO)
16
inspectors
16
Backer rod
683
Backfilling
pipe culverts
134
structural plate structures
134
Backing mat (MSE wall material)
725
Balled and burlapped plants
688
Bars
dowel
676
fabricated deformed steel
677
low alloy steel deformed
677
Bedding
other than pipe culverts
133
pipe culverts
134
Bid
guarantee
12
opening of
13
preparation
11
rejection of
12
Blended hydraulic cement
650
Bolts, nuts, and washers (lighting material)
728
Bonded fiber matrix hydromulch
687
Bonds (performance and payment)
13
Boring logs (drilled shafts)
493
Bulletin board
37
Certificates of insurance
38
Certification
commercial
27
production
27
Channel preservation
129
Chromium alloy steel castings
709
739
Circuit breakers and panels (electrical material)
726
Claims
38
release
55
Clean Water Act
See Environmental protection
Clearances
contractor-selected, noncommercial
40
Clevis connector (MSE wall material)
725
Cofferdams
129
Coir rolls
691
Cold-drawn steel wire
677
Commercial weighing systems
48
Compost socks
691
Concrete
curing
411
finishes
411
Concrete face panels (MSE wall material)
724
Concrete-lined corrugated steel pipe
673
Conduit (electrical material)
726
Conformance
measured or tested
27
Conformity with contract requirements
25
Connector bars (MSE wall material)
725
Contactors and control transformers (electrical material)
727
Contract
conformity with requirements
25
intent of
14
time
determination and extension
41
liquidated damages
43
stop order
44
Contract quantity
46
Contractor records
14
Contractor-located sources
See Material Sources
Control cabinet (electrical material)
727
Control strip
298
Coordination of contract documents
21
Crack fillers
682
Curing concrete
411
Definitions
measurement units
46
Subsection 101.04
6
Deformed steel wire
677
Direct & indirect payment
See Payment
Direct costs
51
Direct payment
See Payment
Disposal
excess material
106
material
99
740
unsuitable material
106
Disputes
14
Dowel bars
676
Drawings
16
As-built
18
Earthwork geotextile
698
Elastomeric bearings (plain or laminated)
710
Embankment
construction
104
Environmental protection
39
Epoxy mortar
737
Epoxy-coated reinforcing bars
676
Excavation
borrow
103
subexcavation
103
Excelsior fiber rolls
690
Fabricated deformed steel bar or rod mats
677
Fasteners (MSE wall material)
725
Federal Lands Highway Field Materials Manual (FMM)
25
Fillers
crack
682
preformed expansion joint
682
Final acceptance
See Acceptance
Final payment
55
Fly ash (pozzolan material)
735
FP (definition)
i
Geotextile
earthwork
698
paving
699
Geotextile (silt fence)
691
Government-provided
material stockpile
See Material Sources
sources
See Material Sources
Grading standards (nursery stock)
688
Grass straw cellulose fiber (mulch)
686
Gray iron castings
709
Ground granulated blast-furnace slag (pozzolan material)
735
Grounding and bonding equipment (electrical material)
727
Grout (post-tensioned structures)
737
Grouted riprap
150
Handling and storing material
23
Hardware cloth (MSE wall material)
725
Health
38
High load rotational spherical bearings
710
High-strength low-alloy structural (HSLA) steel
708
High-strength quenched and tempered (QT) steel
708
Hook bolts
676
Indirect payment
See Payment
741
Industry standards
27
Inspection
at the plant
34
Government’s rights
25
visual
26
Inspection and Quarantine (nursery stock)
688
Inspectors
OSHA & others
39
Insurance
automobile liability
38
certificates of
38
comprehensive/general
38
worker's compensation
38
Invoices (weighing)
49
Joint
sealants
682
Keyed riprap
150
Laws
36
Liquidated damages
43
Load restrictions
21, 415
Low-modulus silicone joint sealant
683
Luminaries (lighting material)
729
Maintaining roadways
during non-work periods
82
during work
81
Malleable iron castings
709
Masonry cement
650
Material
disposal
99
Handling and storing
23
salvaging
98
source
management
23
source restoration
24
sources
22
Material found in work
24
Materials Manual
See Federal Lands Highway Materials Manual
Mature compost (mulch)
686
Meaning of terms
2
Measurement record format
45
Meter cabinet (electrical material)
727
Metric
prefix symbols
5
symbols
4
Mineral filler
735
Mineral slurry (drilling fluids)
738
Mortar cement
650
Neat hydraulic cement grout
736
Non-native plants
40
742
Nonshrink grout
737
Notice to Proceed
8
Operations
limitations on
82
nighttime
82
Overhead
52
Painting
steel
430
Paleontological
36
Partial acceptance
See Acceptance
Partnering
14
Pavement markers (temporary pavement markings)
719
Paving geotextile
699
Pay factor
concrete
181
Payment
final
55
scope of
50
Peat moss (mulch)
686
Permits
36
Placed riprap
150
Plank floors
458
Plant names
688
Planting material (antidesiccant)
689
Planting material (braces and anchors)
689
Planting material (hose)
689
Planting material (tree wound dressing)
689
Planting material (twine)
689
Planting material (wire)
689
Planting material (wrapping material)
689
Pole arms (lighting material)
728
Poles (lighting material)
727
Polyester resin grout
737
Polymer concrete or mortar
737
Polymer slurry (drilling fluids)
738
Portland cement
650
Posts (silt fence)
691
Post-work pricing
See Pricing
Preconstruction conference
41
Preformed
expansion joint fillers
682
joint seals
683
sleeves
683
Preformed polychloroprene elastomeric joint seal for bridges
683
Preformed retroreflective tape (temporary pavement markings)
719
Prework meeting
361
Pricing
adjustments
51
743
direct costs
51
overhead
52
post-work
51
profit
52
unilateral determination
51
Profit
52
Progress payments
53
Project weighing systems
49
Protection
archeological
36
environmental
See Environmental protection
forests, parks, and public lands
40
paleontological
36
property
36
railroad
37
utilities
36
workers
37
Pull boxes, frames, and covers (electrical material)
726
Quality of plant material
687
Railroad
37
Receiving procedures
50
Recycled pulp fiber (mulch)
687
Regulations
blasting
114
FAR
i
TAR
i
Reinforcing bars
676
Reinforcing mesh (MSE wall material)
725
Reinforcing strips (MSE wall material)
725
Reset curb
568
Restoration
material
source
24
Right-of-Way
furnishing
38
Roadways
maintaining during non-work periods
See Maintaining roadways
maintaining during work
See Maintaining roadways
Safety
38
audible alarms
39
traffic and safety supervisor
83
Safety disconnect switches (electrical material)
727
Salvaging
material
98
Sample
labeling
70
Sand
bags (material)
691
744

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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