STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND BRIDGES ON FEDERAL HIGHWAY PROJECTS (FP-14) - page 1

 

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STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND BRIDGES ON FEDERAL HIGHWAY PROJECTS (FP-14) - page 1

 

 

Standard Specifications
for Construction of
Roads and Bridges on
Federal Highway Projects
FP-14
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT
OF TRANSPORTATION
Federal Highway Administration
PREFACE
These Standard Specifications for the Construction of Roads and Bridges on Federal Highway Projects are
issued primarily for constructing roads and bridges on Federal Highway projects under the direct
administration of the Federal Highway Administration. These specifications are cited as "FP-14"
indicating "Federal Project" Standard Specifications issued in 2014 and contain both United States
Customary and Metric units of measure.
When designated in a contract, the FP-14 becomes part of the contract and binding upon all parties to the
contract. Construction contracts of the Federal Highway Administration are also governed by the
following regulations:
● Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), Title 48, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 1; and
● Transportation Acquisition Regulation (TAR), Title 48, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 12.
The FAR and TAR regulations are not included in the FP-14. A complete copy of the FAR is available
from the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, DC 20402.
U.S. Customary units of measure are used in the FP-14 as provided in the November 25, 2008
Memorandum from Jeffrey F. Paniati entitled Update on Metric Use Requirements for FHWA Documents.
Metric units are noted in parentheses following the U.S. Customary Units. The references to Metric or
Metric units apply only when the project or portion of the project expressly calls for Metric units of
measure.
i
METRIC TO U.S. CUSTOMARY CONVERSION FACTORS (approximate)
Symbol
When You Know
Multiply By
To Find
Symbol
LENGTH
µm
micrometers
3.9 × 10-5
inches
in
mm
millimeters
0.039
inches
in
m
meters
3.28
feet
ft
m
meters
1.09
yards
yd
km
kilometers
0.621
miles
mi
AREA
mm2
square millimeters
0.0016
square inches
in2
m2
square meters
10.764
square feet
ft2
m2
square meters
1.195
square yards
yd2
ha
hectares
2.47
acres
ac
km2
square kilometers
0.386
square miles
mi2
VOLUME
mL
milliliters
0.034
fluid ounces
fl oz
L
liters
0.264
gallons
gal
m3
cubic meters
35.31
cubic feet
ft3
m3
cubic meters
1.308
cubic yards
yd3
MASS
g
grams
0.035
ounces
oz
kg
kilograms
2.2046
pounds
lb
Mg
megagrams
1.1023
short tons
T
(or "t")
(or "metric ton")
(2000 lb)
TEMPERATURE (exact)
°C
Celsius
1.8C +32
Fahrenheit
°F
temperature
temperature
ILLUMINATION
lx
lux
0.0929
foot-candles
fc
cd/m2
candela/m2
0.2919
foot-Lamberts
fl
MISCELLANEOUS
J
joule
0.7376
foot·poundforce
ft·lbf
N
newtons
0.225
poundforce
lbf
kPa
kilopascals
0.145
Poundforce
lbf/in2
per square inch
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 100 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1
Section 101. — TERMS, FORMAT, AND DEFINITIONS
2
Section 102. — BID, AWARD, AND EXECUTION OF CONTRACT
11
Section 103. — SCOPE OF WORK
14
Section 104. — CONTROL OF WORK
16
Section 105. — CONTROL OF MATERIAL
22
Section 106. — ACCEPTANCE OF WORK
25
Section 107. — LEGAL RELATIONS AND RESPONSIBILITY TO THE PUBLIC
36
Section 108. — PROSECUTION AND PROGRESS
41
Section 109. — MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT
45
DIVISION 150 PROJECT REQUIREMENTS
57
Section 151. — MOBILIZATION
58
Section 152. — CONSTRUCTION SURVEY AND STAKING
59
Section 153. — CONTRACTOR QUALITY CONTROL
66
Section 154. — CONTRACTOR SAMPLING AND TESTING
70
Section 155. — SCHEDULES FOR CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS
72
Section 156. — PUBLIC TRAFFIC
81
Section 157. — SOIL EROSION AND SEDIMENT CONTROL
85
Section 158. — WATERING FOR DUST CONTROL
91
DIVISION 200 EARTHWORK
93
Section 201. — CLEARING AND GRUBBING
94
Section 202. — ADDITIONAL CLEARING AND GRUBBING
96
Section 203. — REMOVAL OF STRUCTURES AND OBSTRUCTIONS
98
Section 204. — EXCAVATION AND EMBANKMENT
102
Section 205. — ROCK BLASTING
114
Section 206. — RESERVED
123
Section 207. — EARTHWORK GEOSYNTHETICS
124
Section 208. — STRUCTURE EXCAVATION AND BACKFILL
FOR SELECTED MAJOR STRUCTURES
128
Section 209. — STRUCTURE EXCAVATION AND BACKFILL
133
Section 210. — RESERVED
138
Section 211. — ROADWAY OBLITERATION
139
Section 212. — LINEAR GRADING
141
Section 213. — SUBGRADE STABILIZATION
143
iii
DIVISION 250 SLOPE REINFORCEMENT AND RETAINING WALLS
149
Section 251. — RIPRAP
150
Section 252. — ROCKERY, SPECIAL ROCK EMBANKMENT,
AND ROCK BUTTRESS
153
Section 253. — GABIONS AND REVET MATTRESSES
158
Section 254. — RESERVED
161
Section 255. — MECHANICALLY-STABLILIZED EARTH WALLS
162
Section 256. — PERMANENT GROUND ANCHORS
168
Section 257. — CONTRACTOR-DESIGNED RETAINING WALLS
176
Section 258. — REINFORCED CONCRETE RETAINING WALLS
180
Section 259. — SOIL NAIL RETAINING WALLS
182
Section 260. — ROCK BOLTS AND DOWELS
192
Section 261. — REINFORCED SOIL SLOPES
200
DIVISION 300 AGGREGATE AND BASE COURSES
203
Section 301. — UNTREATED AGGREGATE COURSES
204
Section 302. — MINOR CRUSHED AGGREGATE
212
Section 303. — ROAD RECONDITIONING
215
Section 304. — FULL DEPTH RECLAMATION
218
Section 305. — FULL DEPTH RECLAMATION WITH CEMENT
221
Section 306. — FULL DEPTH RECLAMATION WITH ASPHALT
227
Section 307. — RESERVED
237
Section 308. — RESERVED
237
Section 309. — EMULSIFIED ASPHALT-TREATED BASE COURSE
238
Section 310. — COLD IN-PLACE RECYCLED ASPHALT BASE COURSE
243
Section 311. — STABILIZED AGGREGATE SURFACE COURSE
252
Section 312. — DUST PALLIATIVE
258
Section 313. — AGGREGATE-TOPSOIL COURSE
260
Section 314. — STOCKPILED AGGREGATES
262
DIVISION 400 ASPHALT PAVEMENTS AND SURFACE TREATMENTS
265
Section 401. — ASPHALT CONCRETE PAVEMENT BY GYRATORY
MIX DESIGN METHOD
266
Section 402. — ASPHALT CONCRETE PAVEMENT BY HVEEM OR
MARSHALL MIX DESIGN METHOD
294
Section 403. — ASPHALT CONCRETE
309
Section 404. — RESERVED
313
Section 405. — OPEN-GRADED ASPHALT FRICTION COURSE
314
Section 406. — FOG SEAL
321
iv
Section 407. — CHIP SEAL
324
Section 408. — RESERVED
332
Section 409. — MICRO SURFACING
333
Section 410. — SLURRY SEAL
339
Section 411. — ASPHALT PRIME COAT
344
Section 412. — ASPHALT TACK COAT
346
Section 413. — ASPHALT PAVEMENT MILLING
348
Section 414. — ASPHALT PAVEMENT CRACK SEALING AND FILLING
350
Section 415. — PAVING GEOTEXTILES
353
Section 416. — RESERVED
355
Section 417. — RESERVED
355
Section 418. — ASPHALT CONCRETE PAVEMENT PATCHING
356
DIVISION 500 RIGID PAVEMENTS
359
Section 501. — MINOR CONCRETE PAVEMENT
360
Section 502. — CONCRETE PAVEMENT RESTORATION
370
DIVISION 550 BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION
381
Section 551. — DRIVEN PILES
382
Section 552. — STRUCTURAL CONCRETE
395
Section 553. — PRESTRESSED CONCRETE
419
Section 554. — REINFORCING STEEL
433
Section 555. — STEEL STRUCTURES
436
Section 556. — BRIDGE RAILING
453
Section 557. — TIMBER STRUCTURES
456
Section 558. — DAMPPROOFING
461
Section 559. — WATERPROOFING
462
Section 560. — REMOVAL OF CONCRETE BY HYDRODEMOLITION
467
Section 561. — STRUCTURAL CONCRETE INJECTION AND CRACK REPAIR
470
Section 562. — TEMPORARY WORKS
474
Section 563. — PAINTING
479
Section 564. — BEARING DEVICES
488
Section 565. — DRILLED SHAFTS
491
Section 566. — SHOTCRETE
502
Section 567. — MICROPILES
511
Section 568. — HIGH PERFORMANCE CONCRETE
519
Section 569. — CONCRETE OVERLAYS FOR BRIDGE DECKS
528
v
DIVISION 600 INCIDENTAL CONSTRUCTION
543
Section 601. — MINOR CONCRETE STRUCTURES
544
Section 602. — CULVERTS AND DRAINS
547
Section 603. — STRUCTURAL PLATE STRUCTURES
550
Section 604. — MANHOLES, INLETS, AND CATCH BASINS
552
Section 605. — UNDERDRAINS, SHEET DRAINS, AND
PAVEMENT EDGE DRAINS
555
Section 606. — CORRUGATED METAL SPILLWAYS
560
Section 607. — CLEANING, RELAYING, AND REPAIRING EXISTING
DRAINAGE STRUCTURES
561
Section
608. — PAVED WATERWAYS
562
Section
609. — CURB AND GUTTER
566
Section
610. — HORIZONTAL DRAINS
571
Section
611. — WATER SYSTEMS
573
Section
612. — SANITARY SEWER SYSTEMS
575
Section
613. — SIMULATED STONE MASONRY SURFACE
577
Section
614. — LEAN CONCRETE BACKFILL
580
Section
615. — SIDEWALKS, PADS, AND PAVED MEDIANS
582
Section
616. — SLOPE PAVING
585
Section
617. — GUARDRAIL
588
Section
618. — CONCRETE BARRIERS AND PRECAST GUARDWALLS
592
Section
619. — FENCES, GATES, CATTLE GUARDS AND BOLLARD POSTS
595
Section
620. — STONE MASONRY
601
Section
621. — MONUMENTS AND MARKERS
608
Section
622. — RENTAL EQUIPMENT
609
Section
623. — GENERAL LABOR
610
Section
624. — TOPSOIL
611
Section
625. — TURF ESTABLISHMENT
613
Section
626. — PLANTS, TREES, SHRUBS, VINES, AND GROUNDCOVERS
616
Section
627. — SOD
620
Section
628. — RESERVED
622
Section
629. — ROLLED EROSION CONTROL PRODUCTS AND
CELLULAR CONFINEMENT SYSTEMS
623
Section 630. — RESERVED
626
Section 631. — RESERVED
626
Section 632. — RESERVED
626
Section 633. — PERMANENT TRAFFIC CONTROL
627
vi
Section 634. — PERMANENT PAVEMENT MARKINGS
630
Section 635. — TEMPORARY TRAFFIC CONTROL
634
Section 636. — TRAFFIC SIGNAL, TRAFFIC COUNTER, LIGHTING,
AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
640
Section 637. — FACILITIES AND SERVICES
644
DIVISION 700 MATERIAL
649
Section 701. — CEMENT
650
701.01 Hydraulic Cement
650
701.02 Masonry and Mortar Cement
650
Section 702. — ASPHALT MATERIAL
651
702.01 Asphalt Binder
651
702.03 Material for Dampproofing and Waterproofing Concrete and
Masonry Surfaces
651
702.04 Asphalt Mastic
653
702.05 Antistrip Additive
653
702.06 Mineral Fiber
653
Section 703. — AGGREGATE
654
703.01 Fine Aggregate for Concrete
654
703.02 Coarse Aggregate for Concrete
654
703.03 Granular Backfill
655
703.04 Reserved
655
703.05 Subbase, Base, and Surface Course Aggregate
655
703.06 Crushed Aggregate
657
703.07 Asphalt Concrete Aggregate
657
703.08 Open-Graded Asphalt Friction Course Aggregate
659
703.09 Chip Seal Aggregate
660
703.10 Slurry Seal and Micro Surfacing Aggregate
660
703.11 Reserved
661
703.12 Blotter
661
703.13 Aggregate for Aggregate-Topsoil Course
661
703.14 Sand
662
703.15 Aggregate for Lean Concrete Backfill
662
703.16 Shotcrete Aggregate
662
703.17 Granular Rock Backdrain
663
Section 704. — SOIL
664
vii
704.01 Foundation Fill
664
704.02 Bedding Material
664
704.03 Backfill Material
664
704.04 Structural Backfill
664
704.05 Topping
664
704.06 Unclassified Borrow
665
704.07 Select Borrow
665
704.08 Select Granular Backfill
665
Section 705. — ROCK
667
705.01 Gabion and Revet Mattress Rock
667
705.02 Riprap
667
705.03 Rock for Masonry Structures
669
705.04 Rock for Special Rock Embankment
669
705.05 Rock for Buttresses
669
705.06 Rock for Rockeries
670
Section 706. — CONCRETE PIPE
671
706.01 Non-Reinforced Concrete Pipe
671
706.02 Reinforced Concrete Pipe
671
706.03 Perforated Concrete Pipe
671
706.04 Reinforced Arch-Shaped Concrete Pipe
671
706.05 Reinforced Elliptically-Shaped Concrete Pipe
671
706.06 Reinforced D-Load Concrete Pipe
671
706.07 Precast Reinforced Concrete Box Sections
671
706.08 Gaskets for Concrete Pipe
671
706.09 Supplemental Concrete Pipe Ties
671
Section 707. — METAL PIPE
672
707.01 Ductile Iron Culvert Pipe
672
707.02 Metallic-Coated Corrugated Steel Pipe
672
707.03 Aluminum-Alloy Corrugated Pipe
672
707.04 Asphalt-Coated Pipe
672
707.05 Steel Structural Plate Structures
672
707.06 Aluminum-Alloy Structural Plate Structures
672
707.07 Asphalt-Coated Structural Plate Structures
672
707.08 Polymer-Coated Steel Pipe
672
707.09 Reserved
672
viii
707.10 Slotted Drain Pipe
673
707.11 Metallic-Coated Spiral Rib Pipe
673
707.12 Aluminum-Alloy Spiral Rib Pipe
673
707.13 Concrete-Lined Corrugated Steel Pipe
673
707.14 Invert-Paved Corrugated Steel Pipe
673
707.15 Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
673
707.16 Seamless Copper Water Tube and Fittings
673
707.17 Gaskets for Metal Pipe
673
707.18 Gaskets for Ductile Iron Pipe
673
Section 708. — PLASTIC PIPE
674
708.01 Smooth Wall Polyethylene Pipe
674
708.02 Corrugated Polyethylene Pipe
674
708.03 Profile Wall (Ribbed) Polyethylene Pipe
674
708.04 Corrugated Polyethylene Drainage Tubing
674
708.05 Smooth Wall Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipe
674
708.06 Profile Wall (Ribbed) Polyvinyl Chloride Pipe
675
708.07 Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Pipe
675
708.08 Gaskets for Plastic Pipe
675
Section 709. — REINFORCING STEEL AND WIRE ROPE
676
709.01 Reinforcing Steel
676
709.02 Prestressing Steel
677
Section 710. — FENCE AND GUARDRAIL
678
710.01 Barbed Wire
678
710.02 Woven Wire
678
710.03 Chain Link Fence
678
710.04 Fence Posts and Bollards
678
710.05 Fence Gates
678
710.06 Rail Elements
678
710.07 Guardrail Posts
679
710.08 Guardrail Blocks
679
710.09 Guardrail Nuts, Bolts, and Cables
679
710.10 Guardrail Hardware
679
710.11 Temporary Plastic Fence
680
Section 711. — CONCRETE CURING MATERIAL AND ADMIXTURES
681
711.01 Curing Material
681
ix
711.02 Air-Entraining Admixtures
681
711.03 Chemical Admixtures
681
711.04 Latex Emulsion
681
711.05 Concrete Coloring Agents
681
Section 712. — JOINT MATERIAL
682
712.01 Sealants, Fillers, and Seals
682
712.02 Mortar
683
Section 713. — ROADSIDE IMPROVEMENT MATERIAL
684
713.01 Topsoil
684
713.02 Agricultural Limestone
684
713.03 Fertilizer
684
713.04 Seed
685
713.05 Mulch
685
713.06 Plant Material
687
713.07 Cellular Confinement Systems
688
713.08 Miscellaneous Planting Material
689
713.09 Sod
689
713.10 Pegs for Sod
689
713.11 Tackifiers
690
713.12 Fiber Rolls and Socks
690
713.13 Gravel Bags
691
713.14 Sandbags
691
713.15 Temporary Culvert Pipe
691
713.16 Silt Fence
691
713.17 Temporary Rolled Erosion Control Products
692
713.18 Turf Reinforcement Mats
695
713.19 Sediment Filter Bags
696
713.20 Prefabricated Filter Insert
696
713.21 Floating Turbidity Curtains
696
Section 714. — GEOSYNTHETIC MATERIAL
698
714.01 Geotextile
698
714.02 Geocomposite Drain
699
714.03 Stabilization Geogrid
700
714.04 Reinforcement Geotextile and Geogrid
701
714.05 Geomembrane
703
x
Section 715. — PILING
704
715.01 Untreated Timber Piles
704
715.02 Treated Timber Piles
704
715.03 Concrete Piles
704
715.04 Steel Shells
705
715.05 Steel Pipes
705
715.06 Steel H-Piles
706
715.07 Sheet Piles
706
715.08 Pile Shoes
706
715.09 Splices
706
Section 716. — MATERIAL FOR TIMBER STRUCTURES
707
716.01 Untreated Structural Timber and Lumber
707
716.02 Hardware
707
716.03 Treated Structural Timber and Lumber
707
716.04 Structural Glued Laminated Timber
707
Section 717. — STRUCTURAL METAL
708
717.01 Structural Steel
708
717.02 Steel Forgings
709
717.03 Pins and Rollers
709
717.04 Castings
709
717.05 Welded Stud Shear Connectors
710
717.06 Steel Pipe
710
717.07 Galvanized Coatings
710
717.08 Sheet Lead
710
717.09 Steel Grid Floors
710
717.10 Bearings
710
717.11 Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Surfaces for Bearings
710
717.12 Aluminum Alloy for Bridge Rail
711
717.13 Aluminum Bolt Heads and Nuts
711
717.14 Aluminum Welding Wire
712
Section 718. — TRAFFIC SIGNING AND MARKING MATERIAL
713
718.01 Retroreflective Sheeting
713
718.02 Reserved
713
718.03 Panels
713
718.04 Sign Posts
714
xi
718.05 Object Marker and Delineator Posts
715
718.06 Hardware
715
718.07 Legends and Borders
715
718.08 Delineator and Object Marker Retroreflectors
715
718.09 Solventborne Traffic Paint
716
718.10 Waterborne Traffic Paint
716
718.11 Epoxy Markings
718
718.12 Thermoplastic Markings
719
718.13 Preformed Pavement Marking Tape
719
718.14 Glass Beads
719
718.15 Pavement Markers
719
718.16 Temporary Pavement Markings
719
718.17 Epoxy Resin Adhesives
720
Section 719. — PAINT
721
719.01 General
721
719.02 Paint for Timber Structures
722
719.03 Paint for Masonry Block Structures
722
719.04 Paint for Steel Structures
722
719.05 Paint for Concrete Structures
722
719.06 Paint for Aluminum Structures
722
719.07 Paint for Other Metal Structures
722
719.08 Penetrating Stain
723
719.09 Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits)
723
Section 720. — STRUCTURAL WALL AND STABILIZED
EMBANKMENT MATERIAL
724
720.01 Mechanically-Stabilized Earth Wall Material
724
720.02 Gabion and Revet Mattress Material
725
Section 721. — ELECTRICAL AND ILLUMINATION MATERIAL
726
721.01 Electrical Material
726
721.02 Lighting Material
727
Section 722. — ANCHOR MATERIAL
730
722.01 Anchorage Devices
730
722.02 Anchor Tendons
730
722.03 Rock Bolts
731
722.04 Soil Nails
732
xii
Section 723. — RESERVED
733
Section 724. — RESERVED
733
Section 725. — MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL
734
725.01 Water
734
725.02 Calcium Chloride, Magnesium Chloride, and Lignosulfonate
734
725.03 Lime
734
725.04 Pozzolans
735
725.05 Mineral Filler
735
725.06 Concrete Building Brick
735
725.07 Concrete Masonry Units
735
725.08 Paving Brick
735
725.09 Precast Concrete Units and Accessories
735
725.10 Frames, Grates, Covers, and Ladder Rungs
736
725.11 Corrugated Metal Units
736
725.12 Plastic Lining
736
725.13 Grout
736
725.14 Polymer Concrete and Mortar
737
725.15 Color Coating
737
725.16 Slurry (Drilling Fluids)
738
725.17 Reinforcing Fibers
738
725.18 Epoxy Resin Adhesives
738
xiii
xiv
DIVISION 100
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1
Section 101
Section 101. — TERMS, FORMAT, AND DEFINITIONS
101.01 Meaning of Terms. These specifications are generally written in the imperative mood. In
sentences using the imperative mood, the subject, "the Contractor", is implied. Also implied in this
language are "shall", "shall be", or similar words and phrases. In material specifications, the subject may
also be the supplier, fabricator, or manufacturer supplying material, products, or equipment for use on the
project.
Wherever "directed", "required", "prescribed", or "ordered" are used, the "direction", "requirement",
"prescription", or "order" of the Contracting Officer is intended. Wherever something is to be "submitted",
"submitting to", the Contracting Officer is intended. Similarly, wherever "approved", "acceptable",
"suitable", "satisfactory", or similar words are used, the words mean "approved by", "acceptable to", or
"satisfactory to" the Contracting Officer.
The word "will" generally pertains to decisions or actions of the Contracting Officer.
101.02 Specifications Format. These specifications are divided into 10 Divisions.
Division 100 consists of general contract requirements for which no direct payment is made. The
requirements contained in Division 100 are applicable to all contracts.
Division 150 consists of project contract requirements that are applicable to all contracts. Work under
Division 150 is paid for directly or indirectly according to Subsection 109.05 and the Section ordering the
work. When there is no pay item in the bid schedule, no direct payment is made.
Divisions 200 through 600 consist of construction contract requirements for specific items of work. Work
under these Divisions is paid for directly or indirectly according to Subsection 109.05 and the Section
ordering the work. When there is no pay item in the bid schedule, no direct payment is made.
Division 700 contains the material requirements for Divisions 150 through 600. No direct payment is
made in Division 700. Payment for material is included as part of the work required in Divisions
150 through 600.
The first three digits of the pay item number in the bid schedule identify the Section under which the work
is performed.
101.03 Abbreviations. Whenever these abbreviations are used in the contract, they represent the
following:
(a) Acronyms.
AASHTO — American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
ACI — American Concrete Institute
AGC — Associated General Contractors of America
AISC — American Institute of Steel Construction
AITC — American Institute of Timber Construction
ANSI — American National Standards Institute
2
Section 101
APWA — American Public Works Association
ARTBA — American Road and Transportation Builders Association
ASME — American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASTM — ASTM International
ATSSA — American Traffic Safety Services Association
AWPA — American Wood Protection Association
AWS — American Welding Society
AWWA — American Water Works Association
BMP — Best Management Practice
CFR — Code of Federal Regulations
CO — Contracting Officer and authorized representatives
CRSI — Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute
EPA — Environmental Protection Agency
FAR — Federal Acquisition Regulations (48 CFR Chapter 1)
FHWA — Federal Highway Administration
FICA — Federal Insurance Contributions Act
FLH — Federal Lands Highway
FSS — Federal Specifications and Standards
FED-STD — Federal Standards
FUTA — Federal Unemployment Tax Act
ISO — International Organization for Standardization
ISSA — International Slurry Surfacing Association
JMF — Job-Mix Formula
MASH — Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware
MPI — Master Painters Institute
MSDS — Material Safety Data Sheet
MUTCD — Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways
NCHRP — National Cooperative Highway Research Program
NEMA — National Electrical Manufacturers Association
NIST — National Institute of Standards and Technology
OSHA — Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PCI — Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute
PVC — Polyvinyl Chloride
PTI — Post-Tensioning Institute
3
Section 101
SEP — Sand Equivalent Passing
SF — Standard Form
SI — International System of Units
SSPC — The Society for Protective Coatings
SWPPP — Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan
TAR — Transportation Acquisition Regulations (48 CFR Chapter 12)
UL — Underwriter's Laboratory
U.S. — United States of America
USC — United States Code
(b) U.S. Customary unit abbreviations and symbols.
°F
degree Fahrenheit
temperature
ft
feet
length
ft2
square feet
area
ft3
cubic feet
volume
in
inches
length
in2
square inches
area
in3
cubic inches
volume
lb
pound
mass
mi
mile
length
oz
ounces
mass
psi
pounds per square inch
pressure
T
ton (2000 lb)
mass
yd
yards
length
yd2
square yards
area
yd3
cubic yards
volume
s
second
time
°
degree
plane angle
'
minute
plane angle
"
second
plane angle
(c) Metric unit abbreviations and symbols.
A
— ampere
electric current
cd
— candela
luminous intensity
°C
— degree Celsius
temperature
4
Section 101
d
day
time
g
gram
mass
H
Henry
inductance
ha
hectare
area
Hz
hertz (s-1)
frequency
J
joule (N•m)
energy
K
kelvin
temperature
kg
kilogram
mass
L
liter
volume
lx
lux
illuminance
m
meter
length
mm
millimeter
length
m2
square meter
area
m3
cubic meter
volume
min
minute
time
N
newton (kg•m/s
2)
force
Pa
pascal (N/m2)
pressure
t
metric ton
mass
V
volt (W/A)
electric potential
W
watt (J/s)
power
ohm V/A
electric resistance
(d) Metric prefix symbols.
E
— exa
1018
P
— peta
1015
T
— tera
1012
G
— giga
109
M
— mega 106
k
— kilo
103
c
— centi
10-2
m
— milli
10-3
µ
— micro 10-6
n
— nano
10-9
p
— pico
10-12
f
— femto 10-15
5
Section 101
a
— atto
10-18
(e) Slope notation (vertical : horizontal). For slopes flatter than 1V:1H, express the slope as the ratio
of one unit vertical to a number of units horizontal. For slopes steeper than 1V:1H, express the slope as
the ratio of a number of units vertical to one unit horizontal.
101.04 Definitions. The following definitions apply to this contract:
Award — The written acceptance of a bid by the CO.
Backfill — Material used to replace or the act of replacing material removed during construction. Material
placed or the act of placing material adjacent to structures.
Base — The layer or layers of material placed on a subbase or subgrade to support a surface course.
Bid — A written offer by a bidder to perform work at a quoted price.
Bidder — An individual or legal entity submitting a bid.
Bid Guarantee — A form of security assuring that the bidder will not withdraw a bid within the period
specified for acceptance and will execute a written contract and furnish required bonds.
Bid Schedule — The prepared schedule included with the bid forms, containing the estimated quantities
of pay items for which unit bid prices are invited.
Bridge — A structure more than 20 feet (6 meters) long, including supports, spanning and providing
passage over a depression, waterway, railroad, highway, or other obstruction.
Clear Zone — The portion of the roadside, including the shoulder, available for the safe use by an errant
vehicle in which the driver may regain control of the vehicle.
Commercial Certification — See Subsection 106.03.
Construction Limits — The limits on each side of the project that establish the area disturbed by
construction operations and beyond which no disturbance is permitted. Typically the construction limits
are the same as the clearing limits, except when additional clearing is required.
Contract — The written agreement between the Government and the Contractor setting forth the
obligations of the parties for the performance of and payment for the prescribed work.
Contracting Officer (CO) An official of the Government with the authority to enter into, administer,
and terminate contracts and make related determinations and findings. The term includes certain
authorized representatives of the CO acting within the limits of their authority as delegated by the CO.
Contract Modification A written change in the terms of the contract. Contract modifications are of the
following forms:
(a) Administrative change. A unilateral contract change, in writing, that does not affect the
substantive rights of the parties (such as a change in the paying office or the appropriation data).
6
Section 101
(b) Change order. A written order, signed by the CO, directing the Contractor to make a change that
FAR Clause 52.243-4 Changes authorizes the CO to order without the Contractor's consent.
(c) Supplemental agreement. A contract modification that is accomplished by the signature of the CO
(unilateral contract modification) or by the signature of the CO and the Contractor (bilateral contract
modification).
Contractor — The individual or legal entity contracting with the Government for performance of
prescribed work.
Contract Time — The specified time allowed for completion of contract work.
Crashworthy — A highway feature that has been successfully crash tested under MASH or the NCHRP
Report 350, Recommended Procedures for the Safety Performance Evaluation of Highway Features, or
accepted through analysis by FHWA based on similarity to other crashworthy features.
Cross-Section — A vertical section of the ground or structure at right angles to the centerline or baseline
of the roadway or other work.
Culvert — A structure, not classified as a bridge, that provides an opening under the roadway.
Day — A calendar day beginning and ending at midnight.
Density — Mass per unit volume of material. Specific gravity multiplied by the density of water.
Detour — A temporary rerouting of public traffic onto alternate existing roadways to avoid the work or
part of the work.
Diversion — Defined as follows:
(a) A temporary rerouting of public traffic onto a temporary alignment within the project limits to
bypass the work or a portion of the work.
(b) A temporary rerouting of water into a temporary channel or through a system of structures within
the project limits to maintain water flow through or around the project.
Drawings — Design sheets or fabrication, erection, or construction details submitted to the CO by the
Contractor according to FAR Clause 52.236-21 Specifications and Drawings for Construction. Also refers
to submissions and submittals.
Federal Land Management Agencies — Federal agencies including the National Park Service, U.S.
Forest Service, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Land
Management, and Bureau of Reclamation.
Government — The Government of the United States of America.
Highway, Street, or Road — A general term denoting a public way for purposes of vehicular travel,
including the entire area within the right-of-way.
Lane Mile (Lane Kilometer) — An area of pavement one mile (kilometer) long and one lane wide; not
including turn lanes, turnouts, parking area lanes, or other auxiliary lanes.
7
Section 101
Layer — See "lift".
Lift — Defined as follows:
(a) When placing and compacting soils, aggregates, or pavement; a lift is a single, continuous layer of
material that receives the same compactive effort throughout during a single work operation.
(b) When installing culvert pipe less than or equal to 48 inches (1200 millimeter) in diameter; the
backfill material placed on both sides of the pipe is considered to be contained in the same lift when
the material is placed to the same elevation on both sides of the culvert, the compactive effort applied
to one side of the culvert is the same as that applied to the other, and the compactive effort is applied to
both sides of the pipe in a continuous operation.
Material — Substances specified or necessary to satisfactorily complete the contract work.
Measurement — The process of identifying the dimensions, quantity, or capacity of a pay item. See
Section 109 for measurement methods, terms, and definitions.
Notice to Proceed — Written notice to the Contractor to begin the contract work.
Pavement Structure — The combination of subbase, base, paving geotextiles, and surface courses placed
on a subgrade to support and distribute the traffic load to the roadbed.
Pay Item — A specific item of work for which a unit and price is provided in the contract.
Payment Bond — The security executed by the Contractor and surety or sureties and furnished to the CO
to ensure payments as required by law to persons supplying labor or material according to the contract.
Performance Bond — The security executed by the Contractor and surety or sureties furnished to the CO
to guarantee completion of the contract work.
Plans — The contract plans furnished by the Government showing the location, type, dimensions, and
details of the work.
Production Certification — See Subsection 106.03.
Professional Engineer — Engineers holding valid state licenses permitting them to offer engineering
services directly to the public. Engineers that are experienced in the work for which they are responsible,
take legal responsibility for their engineering designs, and are bound by a code of ethics to protect the
public health.
Profile Grade — The trace of a vertical plane intersecting a particular surface of the proposed road
construction located according to the plans, usually along the longitudinal centerline of the roadbed.
Profile grade means either elevation or gradient of the trace according to the context.
Project — The specific section of the highway or other property on which construction is to be performed
under the contract.
Right-of-Way — Real property necessary for the project, including roadway, buffer areas, access, and
drainage areas.
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Section 101
Roadbed — The graded portion of a highway prepared as a foundation for the pavement structure and
shoulders.
Roadside — The area between the outside shoulder edge and the right-of-way limits. The area between
roadways of a divided highway may also be considered roadside.
Roadway — In general, the portion of a highway, including shoulders, for vehicular use. A divided
highway has two or more roadways. In construction specifications, the portion of a highway within the
construction limits.
Roadway Prism — The volume defined by the area between the original terrain cross-section and the
final design cross-section multiplied by the horizontal distance along the centerline of the roadway.
Roller Pass— One trip of a roller in one direction over one spot.
Shoulder — A portion of the roadway contiguous with the traveled way that accommodates pedestrians,
bicycles, stopped vehicles, and emergency use; as well as for lateral support of the subbase, base, and
surface courses.
Sieve — See AASHTO M 92.
Solicitation — The complete assembly of documents (whether attached or incorporated by reference)
furnished to prospective bidders.
Special Contract Requirements (SCR) — Additions and revisions to the standard specifications
applicable to an individual project.
Specifications — The written requirements for performing work.
Standard Forms (SF) Numbered forms issued by the General Services Administration for use as
contract documents.
Standard Specifications — The Standard Specifications for Construction of Roads and Bridges on
Federal Highway Projects approved for general application and repetitive use.
Station — A precise location along a survey line.
Structures — Bridges, culverts, catch basins, drop inlets, retaining walls, cribbing, manholes, endwalls,
buildings, sewers, service pipes, underdrains, foundation drains, and other constructed features that may be
encountered in the work.
Subbase — The layer or layers of material placed on a subgrade to support a base.
Subcontract — The written agreement between the Contractor and an individual or legal entity
prescribing the performance of a specific portion of the work.
Subcontractor — An individual or legal entity with which the Contractor sublets part of the work. This
includes subcontractors in all tiers.
Subgrade — The top surface of a roadbed upon which the pavement structure, shoulders, and curbs are
constructed.
9
Section 101
Substantial Completion — The point at which the project is complete such that it can be safely and
effectively used by the public without further delays, disruption, or other impediments. For conventional
bridge and highway work, the point at which bridge deck, parapet, pavement structure, shoulder, drainage,
sidewalk, major demolition, roadway obliteration, permanent signing and markings, traffic barrier, safety
appurtenance, utility, and lighting work is complete.
Substructure — Components of a bridge below the bearings of simple and continuous spans, skewbacks
of arches, and tops of footings of rigid frames including backwalls, wingwalls, and wing protection
railings.
Suitable Material — Rock or earth material that will provide stable foundations, embankments, or
roadbeds, and is free of organic matter, muck, frozen lumps, roots, sod, or other deleterious material.
Suitable material may require drying or adding water, root picking, and other methods of manipulation
before use. Suitable material includes the classifications of material for which the project was designed.
Superintendent — The Contractor's onsite representative who has authority to act for the Contractor and
is responsible for directing and supervising construction operations on behalf of the Contractor.
Superstructure — The entire bridge, except the substructure.
Surety — An individual or corporation legally liable for the debt, default, or failure of a Contractor to
satisfy a contract obligation.
Surface Course — The top layer or layers of a pavement structure designed to accommodate the traffic
load and resist skidding, traffic abrasion, and weathering.
Target Value — A number established as a center for operating a given process. Once established,
adjustments should be made in the process as necessary to maintain a central tendency about the target
value. Test results obtained from a well-controlled process should cluster closely around the established
target value and the mean of the test results should be equal to or nearly equal to the established target
value.
Traveled Way — The portion of the roadway designated for the movement of vehicles, exclusive of
shoulders.
Unsuitable Material — Material not capable of creating stable foundations, embankments, or roadbeds.
Unsuitable material includes muck, sod, or soils with high organic contents.
Work — The furnishing of labor, material, equipment, and other incidentals necessary to complete the
project according to the contract.
10
Section 102
Section 102. — BID, AWARD, AND
EXECUTION OF CONTRACT
102.01 Acquisition Regulations. Bid, award, and execution of the contract is governed by the FAR and
TAR.
102.02 Preparation of Bids. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause
52.214-18 Preparation of
Bids - Construction.
Execute and submit required standard forms, bid schedules, and solicitation provisions contained in the
solicitation as part of the bid.
Complete SF 1442, Solicitation, Offer, and Award, and sign as follows:
(a) Individuals. Sign your individual signature. For individuals doing business as a firm, follow the
individual signature with the individual's typed, stamped, or printed name and the words, "an
individual doing business as
(name of firm)
".
(b) Limited liability partnerships and partnerships. Submit a list of partners having authority to
bind the partnership. One of the listed partners must sign on behalf of the partnership.
(c) Corporations. Sign in the corporate name, followed by the word "by" and the signature and title of
the person authorized to sign. Submit evidence from the corporation that the person signing has
authority to bind the corporation.
(d) Joint ventures. Submit a copy of the Joint Venture agreement. Sign the SF 1442 according to the
Joint Venture agreement.
(e) Limited liability company. Sign in the company name, followed by the word "by" and the
signature of the person authorized to sign. Submit evidence that the individual executing the document
has authority to bind the company.
(f) Agents. When an agent signs, other than as stated in Subsection 102.02(a) through (e), furnish
satisfactory evidence that the agent has authority to bind the bidder.
Insert a numeric unit bid price for each pay item for which a quantity appears in the bid schedule. Multiply
the unit bid price by the quantity for each pay item and show the amount bid. When mathematical checks
made by the Government show a mistake in the amount bid, the corrected unit price extension governs.
When the words "lump sum" appear as a unit bid price, insert an amount bid for each lump sum pay item.
When the words "contingent sum" or "fixed rate" appears as a unit bid price, include the Government
inserted amount bid for the pay item in the total bid amount.
Total the amounts bid for each pay item and show the total bid amount.
11
Section 102
The quantities listed in the bid schedule are approximate, unless designated as a contract quantity, and are
used for the comparison of bids. Payment will be made for the actual quantities of work performed and
accepted or material furnished according to the contract. The scheduled quantities may be increased,
decreased, or deleted. Bid schedule quantities are considered the original contract quantities.
102.03 Bid Guarantee. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause 52.228-1 Bid Guarantee.
(a) General. Submit the bid guarantee on SF 24, Bid Bond. If the bid guarantee is other than a
corporate or individual surety, sign the SF 24 as the principal and make a statement on the form
pledging the security. Make checks or money orders payable to the agency issuing the solicitation.
(b) Power of attorney. A corporate surety shall submit a current power of attorney for the signing
agent or attorney-in-fact with each SF 24.
(c) Evidence of guarantee assistance. A surety that has a guarantee of assistance from the Small
Business Administration (SBA) shall submit a copy of SBA Form 990, Surety Bond Guarantee
Agreement with each SF 24. In addition, submit a power of attorney for the surety representative
identified in the agreement.
102.04 Individual Surety. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause 52.228-11 Pledges of Assets.
Complete and date the SF 28, Affidavit of Individual Surety after the solicitation date. The individual
surety shall personally sign the SF 28. Bidders cannot serve as their own surety. See FAR 28.203
Acceptability of Individual Sureties.
After reviewing the SF 28, the surety may be requested to submit further documentation with respect to its
assets, debts, or encumbrances. The information may be required to be furnished under oath. Failure of the
surety to respond with the requested documentation within 7 days of receipt of the request is cause for
rejection of the surety.
Any material misstatement by the surety, overstatement of assets (either as to ownership or value), or
understatement of liabilities is cause for rejection of the surety. Substitution of individual sureties to
support a bid bond after the bid opening will not be permitted.
Furnish documentary evidence as to the ownership and value of the assets pledged in support of the
bond and details of the security interest in the assets by the individual sureties for the apparent low
bidder within 14 days after the opening of bids. Failure to submit evidence within the time required will
be grounds for declaring the surety unacceptable.
In addition the CO may, after reviewing the SF 28 and documentary information on the security interest
and the assets pledged; request the surety to submit further information and documents with respect to
the documents submitted. The CO may require such information to be furnished under oath. Failure of
the surety to accept such mail or failure of the surety to respond with the requested information or
documents within 7 days of receipt of the request; will be cause for rejection of the surety.
These requirements are in addition to the requirements in FAR Subpart 28.203, except where in conflict
with the requirements in the FAR, in which case the FAR controls.
12
Section 102
102.05 Public Opening of Bids. Bids will be publicly opened at the time specified in the SF 1442,
Solicitation, Offer, and Award. Their contents will be made public information. The Government reserves
the right to reject bids as set forth in the FAR, Part 14.
102.06 Performance and Payment Bonds. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause
52.228-15
Performance and Payment Bonds - Construction.
Use SF 25, Performance Bond and SF 25A, Payment Bond for submitting the bonds.
The requirements contained in Subsections 102.03 and 102.04 relating to power of attorney, evidence of
guarantee assistance, and individual sureties also apply to performance and payment bonds.
Submit the documentary evidence for individual sureties at the same time as the Affidavit of Individual
Surety and security interest in assets pledged. A Contractor submitting an unacceptable individual surety
in satisfaction of a performance or payment bond before the issuance of the Notice to Proceed will be
permitted one opportunity to substitute an acceptable surety or sureties within 7 days of receipt of
notification that the surety is unacceptable.
The Government's right to direct the substitution of sureties to ensure the continuing acceptability of the
bonds during the performance of the Contract according to FAR Clause 52.228-2 Additional Bond
Security is not restricted.
These requirements are in addition to the requirements in FAR Subpart 28.203, except where in conflict
with the requirements in the FAR, in which case the FAR controls.
13
Section 103
Section 103. — SCOPE OF WORK
103.01 Intent of Contract. The intent of the contract is to provide for the construction and completion of
the work described. The precise details of performing the work are not described, except as considered
essential for the successful completion of the work. Furnish labor, material, equipment, tools,
transportation, and supplies necessary to complete the work according to the contract.
103.02 Disputes. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause 52.233-1 Disputes (Alternate I).
When requesting a CO's decision on an interpretation of contract terms for the recovery of increased costs;
quantify the amount and certify the amount if required by FAR Clause 52.233-1 Disputes (Alternate I).
Include an explanation of the interpretation of contract terms, the contract clause under which the claim is
made, supporting documentation, and adequate cost data to support the amount claimed.
103.03 Value Engineering. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause
52.248-3 Value
Engineering - Construction.
Before undertaking significant expenditures, submit a written description of the value engineering change
proposal (VECP) concept. Within 14 days the CO will inform the Contractor as to whether the concept
appears to be viable or if the concept is unacceptable. If the CO indicates that the concept appears to be
viable, prepare and submit the formal VECP proposal.
103.04 Contractor Records. Upon request, provide records related to the contract to the Government for
up to 3 years after final payment or for longer periods as provided by law.
Include a provision in subcontracts at all tiers giving the Government the same rights as provided above
with respect to the subcontractor's records.
103.05 Partnering. To facilitate this contract, the CO offers to participate in a formal partnership with the
Contractor. This partnership draws on the strengths of each organization to identify and achieve reciprocal
goals. Partnering strives to resolve problems in a timely, professional, and non-adversarial manner. If
problems result in disputes, partnering encourages, but does not require, alternative dispute resolution
instead of the formal claim process. The objective is effective and efficient contract performance to
achieve a quality project within budget and on schedule.
Acceptance of this partnering offer by the Contractor is optional, and the partnership is bilateral.
If the partnering offer is accepted, mutually agree with the CO on the level of organizational involvement
and the need for a professional to facilitate the partnering process. Engage the facilitator and other
resources for key Contractor representatives and the CO to attend a partnership development and
team-building workshop usually between the time of award and the Notice to Proceed. Hold additional
progress meetings upon mutual agreement.
14
Section 103
The direct cost of partnering facilities, professional facilitation, copying fees, and other miscellaneous
costs directly related to partnering meetings will be shared by the Contractor and Government. Secure and
pay for facilities, professional fees, and miscellaneous requirements. Submit invoices to the CO. The
Government will reimburse the Contractor for 50 percent of the agreed costs incurred for the partnering
process. The Government’s share will not exceed $5,000.
Each party is responsible for making and paying for its own travel, lodging, and meal arrangements. No
time extension for the completion of the project will be made for the use of partnering.
15
Section 104
Section 104. — CONTROL OF WORK
104.01 Authority of the Contracting Officer (CO). The CO may delegate authority to representatives to
decide on acceptability of work, progress of work, suspension of work, interpretation of the contract, and
acceptable fulfillment of the contract. The term "CO" includes authorized representatives of the CO,
including inspectors, acting within the limits of their authority as delegated by the CO.
104.02 Authority of Inspectors. Inspectors are authorized to inspect work including the preparation,
fabrication, or manufacture of material for the project. The inspector is not authorized to alter or waive
contract requirements, issue instruction contrary to the contract, act as foreman for the Contractor, or direct
the Contractor's operations. The inspector has authority to identify non-conforming work until the issue
can be referred to and decided by the CO. The inspector may take necessary action to prevent imminent
and substantial risk of death or injury including stopping work.
104.03 Specifications and Drawings. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause 52.236-21 Specifications
and Drawings for Construction.
(a) General. Review and submit documents required to construct the work for accuracy, completeness,
and compliance with the contract for approval by the CO. Documents submitted without evidence of
Contractor approval may be returned for resubmission. Time for approval starts over when documents
are returned for revision or if additional information is requested by the CO. Do not perform work
related to submitted documents or drawings before approval of the CO. Obtain written approval before
changing or deviating from the approved drawings.
(1) Documents other than drawings. Documents other than drawings include descriptive
literature, illustrations, schedules, performance and test data, and similar material submitted by the
Contractor to certify or explain, in detail, specific portions of the work required by the contract.
Unless otherwise indicated in the contract, submit 3 paper copies and an electronic copy for
review. Allow 14 days for approval by the CO unless otherwise specified.
(2) Drawings. Drawings include:
(a) Layouts that show the relative position (vertical and horizontal as appropriate) of work to
be performed;
(b) Fabrication details for manufactured items and assemblies;
(c) Installation and erection procedures;
(d) Details of post-tensioning and other systems;
(e) Detailed trench and excavation procedures that conform to OSHA requirements;
(f) Traffic control implementation drawings; and
(g) Methods for performing work near existing structures or other areas to be protected.
Show drawing dimensions in the same units as shown in the plans. Limit drawings to a maximum
size of 24 by 36 inches (610 by 920 millimeters). Include on each drawing and calculation sheet,
the project number, name, and other identification as shown in the contract.
16
Section 104
Submit 3 paper sets of drawings, an electronic set of the drawings, and supporting calculations.
Drawings will be reviewed in the order they are received. Allow 40 days for CO approval of
railroad structure drawings and 30 days for approval of other drawings. Submit additional specific
drawings for unique situations to clarify layout, construction details, or method when requested by
the CO.
(b) Specific requirements for concrete and miscellaneous structures.
(1) Submit drawings for the following:
(a) Site-specific layouts for all wall types and gabion installations;
(b) Gabion and revet mattress details and installation procedures;
(c) Forms and falsework for cast-in-place non-bridge concrete structures and retaining walls
less than or equal to 6 feet (1.8 meters) in height;
(d) Fabrication drawings for bridge railings and parapets;
(e) Fabrication drawings for prestressed members;
(f) Fabrication and installation drawings for expansion joint assemblies;
(g) Fabrication drawings for bearing assemblies;
(h) Construction joint location and concrete deck placement sequences not according to the
plans;
(i) Erection diagrams for Soil-Corrugated Metal Structure interaction systems (multi-plate
structures);
(j) Structural steel fabrication drawings;
(k) Utility hangar details;
(l) Fabrication and installation drawings for precast items; and
(m) Site-specific layouts for rockeries.
(2) Submit drawings that bear the seal and signature of a professional engineer proficient in the
pertinent design field for the following:
(a) Forms and falsework for cast-in-place concrete structures greater than 6 feet (1.8 meters)
in height;
(b) Shoring systems and cofferdams greater than 6 feet (1.8 meters) in height;
(c) Shoring systems that support traffic loadings;
(d) Bridge concrete forms, including deck forms; except for railings, parapets, and
components less than 6 feet (1.8 meters) in height;
(e) Containment structures for bridge work;
(f) Girder erection plans;
(g) Partial demolition of structural bridge elements;
17
Section 104
(h) Post-tensioning systems;
(i) Concrete box culvert and headwall details;
(j) Reinforced soil slopes details;
(k) Ground anchors, soil nail, rock bolt, driven pile, drilled shaft, and micropile assembly
details, layout, and installation and testing procedures;
(l) MSE and tie back wall details;
(m) Alternate retaining wall details; and
(n) Details and installation procedures for proprietary wall systems.
(3) Submit drawings that bear the seal and signature of a professional engineer who is proficient
in forms and falsework design and licensed in the state where the project will be constructed for
the following:
(a) Falsework for structures with spans exceeding 16 feet (4.8 meters);
(b) Falsework for structures with heights exceeding 14 feet (4.3 meters);
(c) Falsework for structures where traffic, other than workers involved in constructing the
structure, will travel under the structure; and
(d) Temporary bridge structures for public use.
(c) As-built drawings. Use one set of Government-provided plans exclusively for as-built drawings.
Use the color "red" to identify changes. Use approved methods to accurately and neatly record
changes. Include details and notes on additional information discovered during construction. Note
additions or revisions to the location, character, and dimensions of work. Strikeout details shown
that are not applicable to the completed work.
As work progresses, continuously update plan sheets to reflect the as-built details. Check and initial
plan sheets that were incorporated into the completed work without change. Include the following:
(1) Title sheet.
(a) "AS-BUILT DRAWINGS" (bold text);
(b) Name of Contractor;
(c) Name of CO’s on-site representative;
(d) Project completion date;
(e) Revisions to project length;
(f) Revisions to begin and end stations of project;
(h) Revisions to index to sheets;
(i) Revisions to curve widening table;
(j) Strikeout schedules or options not awarded;
(k) A note stating "Work was constructed as designed unless otherwise noted."; and
18
Section 104
(l) Plan notes.
(2)Typical section sheets.
(a) Revisions in dimensions;
(b) Revisions in material;
(c) Revisions in station range;
(d) Revisions to begin and end stations of project; and
(e) Strikeout schedules or options not awarded.
(3) Summary of Quantities and tabulation sheets.
(a) Revisions to quantities, locations, notes/remarks, including totals;
(b) Strikeout unused pay items;
(c) Revisions to application rates; and
(d) Revisions to location, type, end treatments, riprap, and skew on the drainage summary.
(4) Plan and profile sheets. Note additions or revisions to the
location,
character,
and
dimensions of the following items:
(a) Plan.
(1) Alignment and curve and spiral information;
(2) Construction limits;
(3) Right-of-way;
(4) Road approaches;
(5) Sub-excavation and roadway obliteration;
(6) Underdrains;
(7) Trenches and drains;
(8) Channels and ditches;
(9) Monuments and permanent references;
(10) Constructed, relocated, or encountered utilities; and
(11) Walls.
(b) Profile.
(1) Grades, elevations, and stationing of points of intersection;
(2) Equations;
(3) Culvert diameter, length, type, and stationing;
(4) Culvert extension and length of existing culvert;
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Section 104
(5) Walls; and
(6) Guardrail, guardwall, and end treatment.
(5) Bridge sheets. Note additions or revisions to the location, character, and dimensions of the
following items:
(a) Stationing of bridge ends;
(b) Elevations including footing, bearing pads, deck, and top of walls;
(c) Pile driving record with pile length, size, type, and tip elevation;
(d) Modifications or repairs to drilled shafts or micropiles;
(e) Micropile installation records with drilling duration and observations, drill log, final
location and inclination, final tip elevation, cut-off elevation, modification or repairs, grout
pressures and quantities, and test records;
(f) Post-tensioning records including stressing sequence, jacking force, and duct size and
layout;
(g) Construction and concrete placement sequences;
(h) Bearing details with orientation;
(i) Expansion joints including actual clearance with atmospheric temperature at time of
setting joints; and
(j) Changes in plan or dimensions including changes in reinforcing.
(6) Miscellaneous sheets. Note additions or revisions to the location, character, and dimensions
of the following items:
(a) Parking areas and turnouts;
(b) Curbs and sidewalks;
(c) Fencing;
(d) Landscaping and planting;
(e) Pavement markings;
(f) Signs;
(g) Permanent erosion control measures; and
(h) Plan notes.
(7) Standard and detail sheets. Note the additions or revisions to the character and dimensions
of details.
Retain the drawings at the project site.
Keep the as-built drawings current and maintain a revision log of changes made. Meet with the CO
to jointly review the as-built drawings and log for accuracy, completeness, and legibility before
submission of each monthly invoice.
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Section 104
Submit the final as-built drawings and revision logs before the final inspection. Correct errors and
omissions found during the final inspection and resubmit the final as-built drawings for approval
within 7 days after the final inspection.
When the final as-built drawings are approved, submit the finalized set of as-built drawings and a
single file, electronic color copy of the drawings. Submit the electronic copy in an approved format on
a CD-R, DVD-R, or other approved electronic media. Include the latest version of the approved reader
on the electronic media. Provide a resolution quality where color, text, and lines are clearly discernible.
104.04 Coordination of Contract Documents. The FAR, TAR, special contract requirements, plans, and
standard specifications are contract documents. A requirement in one document is binding as though
occurring in all the contract documents. The contract documents are intended to be complementary and to
describe and provide for a complete contract. In case of discrepancy, calculated and shown dimensions
govern over scaled dimensions. The contract documents govern in the following order:
(a) Federal Acquisition Regulations;
(b) Transportation Acquisition Regulations;
(c) Special contract requirements;
(d) Plans; and
(e) Standard specifications.
104.05 Load Restrictions. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause 52.236-10 Operations and Storage
Areas.
Comply with legal load restrictions when hauling material and equipment on public roads and bridges to
and from the project. A special permit does not relieve the Contractor of liability for damage resulting
from the moving of material or equipment.
Unless otherwise permitted, do not operate equipment or vehicles that exceed the legal load limits over
new or existing structures, or pavements within the project; except those pavements to be removed during
the same construction season.
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Section 105
Section 105. — CONTROL OF MATERIAL
105.01 Source of Supply and Quality Requirements. Follow the requirements of FAR Clause 52.236-5
Material and Workmanship.
Select sources and submit acceptable material. Notify the CO of proposed sources before delivery to the
project to expedite material inspection and testing. Do not incorporate material requiring submittal into the
work until approved.
Material may be approved at the source of supply before delivery to the project. Approval of a material
source does not constitute acceptance of material submitted from the source. If an approved source fails to
supply acceptable material during the life of the project, further use of that source may be denied.
Submit samples of material for source quality verification testing for material required to conform to
Sections 703, 704, and 705.
105.02 Material Sources.
(a) Government-provided sources. The Government will acquire the permits and rights to remove
material from provided sources identified in the contract and to use such property for a plant site and
stockpiles. Test reports and available historical material data will be furnished to the Contractor upon
request.
Do not perform work within a source until a source development plan is approved. Allow 7 days for
approval. Include the following as applicable:
(1) Requirements of written agreements;
(2) Requirements in Sections 107, 157, 204, 205, 624, and 625;
(3) Source development details;
(4) Restoration details; and
(5) Abandonment details.
Perform work necessary to produce acceptable material including work required by the approved
source development plan.
The quality of material is generally acceptable. Variations in quality should be expected as it is not
feasible to ascertain the quality of material for an entire deposit from exploratory samples. Determine
the quantity, type of equipment, and work necessary and produce acceptable material to be
incorporated into the work. Do not perform aggregate source quality tests listed in the Sampling,
Testing, and Acceptance Requirements table of other Sections when using Government-provided
sources. Perform quality control sampling and testing according to the approved Contractor Quality
Control Plan in Section 153 and the applicable Sampling, Testing, and Acceptance Requirements
tables included at the end of each Section. Allow the CO the opportunity to witness sampling and
splitting of the test material.
22
Section 105
(b) Government-provided material stockpile. The quality of the material in the stockpile has been
preapproved unless otherwise noted and is considered acceptable for the application for which it has
been designated. Perform quality control sampling and testing according to the approved Contractor
Quality Control Plan in Section
153 and the applicable Sampling, Testing, and Acceptance
Requirements table included at the end of each Section. Test results submitted will be for the
Government’s information only. Allow the CO the opportunity to witness sampling and splitting of the
test material.
(c) Contractor-located sources. The Contractor is responsible for Contractor-located material
sources, including established commercial material sources. Use sources that fulfill the contract
quantity and quality requirements. Determine the quantity, type of equipment, and work necessary to
select and produce an acceptable material. Secure permits and clearances for use of the source and
submit copies of the documents to the CO. Follow the environmental requirements of Subsection
107.10(d). Submit available historical data indicating acceptable material can be produced from the
source. Perform quality control sampling and testing according to the approved Contractor Quality
Control Plan in Section 153, aggregate source quality tests, and applicable Sampling, Testing, and
Acceptance Requirements table included at the end of each Section. Allow the CO the opportunity to
witness sampling and splitting of the test material.
105.03 Material Source Management. Notify the CO at least 14 days before starting operations in the
source. Develop and operate according to the approved source development plan for
Government-provided sources or written agreement for Contractor-located sources.
Before developing a material source, measure the sediment content of bodies of water adjacent to the work
area that will receive drainage from the work area. Perform erosion and sediment control according to the
source development plan and the "Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP)" or "Erosion Control
Plan".
Do not remove material measured in-place from borrow sources or Government-provided stockpiles until
initial ground survey measurements have been taken according to Subsection 204.16(b) and approved.
Perform final ground survey measurements according to Subsection 204.16(b).
Dispose of rejected material in an approved manner.
105.04 Handling and Storing Material. Handle and store material to preserve its quality and fitness for
the work. Stored material approved before storage may again be inspected before use in the work. Locate
stored material to facilitate prompt inspection.
Use only approved portions of the right-of-way for storing material or equipment. Provide additional space
as needed. Do not use private property for storage without written permission of the owner or lessee.
Submit copies of agreements and documents.
Provide security for stored material.
Restore Government-provided storage sites to their original condition.
23
Section 105
105.05 Use of Material Found in the Work. Stone, gravel, sand, or other material found in the
excavation may be used for another pay item when approved. If material found in the excavation is used
for another pay item, material will be paid both as excavation and as the other pay item for which it is
used. Replace excavation used with acceptable material at no cost to the Government. Excavate or remove
material only from within the grading limits, as indicated by the slope and grade lines.
The right to use and process material found in the work excludes the use and processing of material for
nongovernment contract work, except for the disposal of waste material. If the Contractor produces or
processes material from Government lands in excess of the quantities required for the contract, the
Government may:
(a) Take possession of the excess material and direct its use, paying the Contractor only for the cost of
production or
(b) Require removal of the material and restoration of the land to a satisfactory condition at no cost to
the Government.
105.06 Material Source Restoration. Restore Government-provided sources according to the approved
source development plan. Restack the unused portion of the Government-provided stockpiles upon
completion of the work at no cost to the Government. Do not measure restoration of material sources for
payment.
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